All Surnames

usage
Merx Dutch, Flemish
From the given name Mark.
Messer German
Occupational name for a person who made knives, from Middle High German messer "knife".
Messerli German (Swiss)
Swiss diminutive form of Messer.
Messina Italian
From the name of the Sicilian city of Messina, founded by Greek colonists. The city was named after the Greek city Μεσσήνη (Messene).
Messner German
Occupational name for a sexton or churchwarden, from Old High German mesinari.
Mészáros Hungarian
Means "butcher" in Hungarian.
Metaxas Greek
Derived from Greek μέταξα (metaxa) meaning "silk", most likely referring to a silk merchant or another occupation dealing with silk.
Metharom Thai
Possibly refers to a place or institute of learning or where knowledge is provided.
Metz 1 German
Occupational name for maker of knives, from Middle High German metze "knife".
Metz 2 German
Derived from Mätz, a diminutive of the given name Matthias.
Metzger German
Means "butcher" in German.
Meunier French
Means "miller" in French.
Meyer 1 German
From Middle High German meier meaning "bailiff, administrator", derived from Latin maior meaning "greater". Later it also denoted a tenant farmer. The spellings Meier and Meyer are more common in northern Germany while Maier and Mayer are more common in southern Germany.
Meyer 2 Jewish
From Hebrew מֵאִיר (meir) meaning "enlightened".
Meyrick Welsh
Variant of Merrick.
Mhasalkar Indian (Rare), Marathi (Rare)
Derived from the name of the town of Mhasla in Maharashtra, India.
Miazga Polish
Derived from Polish miazga "pulp, crush".
Michael English, German
From the given name Michael.
Michaelis German
Derived from the given name Michael.
Michaels English
Derived from the given name Michael.
Michaelson English
Means "son of Michael".
Michalak Polish
Derived from the given name Michał.
Michalski Polish
Habitational name for a person from a village named Michale or Michały, both derived from the given name Michał.
Michaud French
Derived from the given name Michel.
Michel French, German, Dutch, Basque
Derived from the given name Michel, Michiel or Mitxel.
Michelakakis Greek
Patronymic meaning "son of Michail".
Michelakis Greek
Patronymic meaning "son of Michail".
Michelakos Greek
Patronymic meaning "son of Michail".
Micheli Italian
From the given name Michele 1.
Michiels Dutch, Flemish
Means "son of Michiel".
Midgley English
From the English village of Midgley in West Yorkshire, meaning "midge (insect) wood" in Old English.
Mihailović Serbian
Means "son of Mihailo".
Mihajlović Serbian
Means "son of Mihajlo".
Mihaljević Croatian
Means "son of Mihael".
Mihaylov Bulgarian
Means "son of Mihail".
Mihov Bulgarian
Means "son of Miho", the given name Miho being a diminutive of Mihail.
Mikaelsson Swedish
Means "son of Mikael".
Mikhailov Russian
Means "son of Mikhail".
Mikkelsen Danish
Means "son of Mikkel".
Mikolajczak Polish
From the Polish given name Mikołaj.
Milani Italian
Variant of Milano.
Milano Italian
Originally indicated someone who came from Milan.
Milburn English
Derived from various place names meaning "mill stream" in Old English.
Miles English
From the given name Miles.
Milford English
Originally derived from various place names all meaning "ford by a mill" in Old English.
Milić Serbian, Croatian
Means "son of Mile".
Miller English
Occupational surname referring to a person who owned or worked in a grain mill, from Middle English mille "mill".
Millhouse English
Name for someone whose house was in a mill or who worked in a mill.
Milligan Irish
Anglicized form of the Irish Ó Maolagáin meaning "descendant of Maolagán", a given name derived from maol meaning "bald" or "tonsured".
Mills English
Originally given to one who lived near a mill or who worked in a mill, from Middle English mille.
Millward English
Means "guardian of the mill" in Old English.
Milne Scottish
From Scots and Middle English milne (a variant of mille) meaning "mill".
Milojević Serbian
Means "son of Miloje".
Milošević Serbian
Means "son of Miloš".
Milton English
Derived from an English place name meaning "mill town" in Old English. A famous bearer was John Milton (1608-1674), the poet who wrote "Paradise Lost".
Minami Japanese
From Japanese (minami) meaning "south".
Minett English
From the medieval given name Minna.
Mingo Spanish
From the given name Domingo.
Minkov Bulgarian
Means "son of Minko", a Bulgarian diminutive of Mihail.
Miranda Spanish, Portuguese
Habitational name from any of the numerous places in Spain and Portugal bearing this name, possibly derived from Latin mirandus "admirable, wonderful".
Mishra Indian, Hindi, Marathi
Means "mixed, mingled, honourable" in Sanskrit.
Misra Indian, Hindi
Alternate transcription of Hindi मिश्र (see Mishra).
Mitchell 1 English, Scottish
Derived from the given name Michael.
Mitchell 2 English
Originally a nickname for a large person, from Old English micel "big".
Mittelman Jewish
Nickname for a man of moderate means, from Yiddish, ultimately from Old High German mittil "means, resources".
Miura Japanese
From Japanese (mi) meaning "three" and (ura) meaning "bay, inlet".
Miyagawa Japanese
From Japanese (miya) meaning "temple, shrine, palace" and (kawa) meaning "river, stream".
Miyajima Japanese
From Japanese (miya) meaning "temple, shrine, palace" and (shima) meaning "island".
Miyake Japanese
From Japanese (mi) meaning "three" and (yake) meaning "house, home".
Miyamoto Japanese
From Japanese (miya) meaning "temple, shrine, palace" and (moto) meaning "base, root, origin". A notable bearer is video game pioneer Shigeru Miyamoto (1952-).
Miyashita Japanese
From Japanese (miya) meaning "temple, shrine, palace" and (shita) meaning "under, below".
Miyata Japanese
From Japanese (miya) meaning "temple, shrine, palace" and (ta) meaning "field, rice paddy".
Miyazaki Japanese
From Japanese (miya) meaning "temple, shrine, palace" and (saki) meaning "cape, peninsula".
Mizuno Japanese
From Japanese (mizu) meaning "water" and (no) meaning "field, wilderness".
Mizushima Japanese
From Japanese (mizu) meaning "water" and (shima) meaning "island".
Mizutani Japanese
From Japanese (mizu) meaning "water" and (tani) meaning "valley".
Mlakar Slovene, Croatian
Referred to someone who lived near a pool, derived from South Slavic mlaka meaning "pool, puddle".
Mlynář Czech
Means "miller" in Czech.
Mochizuki Japanese
Means "full moon" in Japanese, a compound of (mochi) meaning "wish, desire" and (tsuki) meaning "moon".
Modugno Italian
From the town of Modugno, in Apulia in southern Italy. It is the surname of the Italian actor and singer Domenico Modugno (1928-1994).
Moe Norwegian
Means "sandy ground" in Norwegian.
Moen Norwegian
Means "the sandy ground" in Norwegian.
Moffett Scottish
From the town of Moffat in Scotland, meaning "long field" in Gaelic.
Mogensen Danish
Means "son of Mogens".
Mohammad Persian, Urdu, Bengali
Derived from the given name Mohammad.
Mohammed Arabic, Urdu, Bengali
Derived from the given name Muhammad.
Mohan Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Mocháin meaning "descendant of Mochán".
Mohren German
Derived from the given name Maurus.
Moles Catalan
From Catalan mola meaning "millstone".
Molina Spanish
Means "mill" in Spanish.
Möller Low German, Swedish
Low German and Swedish form of Müller.
Møller Danish
Danish form of Müller.
Mollown Irish
Variant of Malone.
Molnár Hungarian
Occupational name meaning "miller" in Hungarian.
Moloney Irish
From Irish Ó Maol Dhomhnaigh meaning "descendant of a church servant".
Monahan Irish
From Irish Ó Manacháin meaning "descendant of Manacháin". The given name Manacháin meant "little monk", from manach "monk" and a diminutive suffix.
Mondadori Italian
From Italian mondatore meaning "weeder". This was an occupational name for someone who kept fields clear of weeds.
Monday 1 English
Derived from the Old Norse given name Mundi.
Monday 2 English
Denoted a person for whom this was a significant day, often the day they would pay their feudal fees.
Monday 3 Irish
Anglicized form of Mac Giolla Eoin. The last part of the surname was mistakenly taken as the Gaelic word for "Monday", Luain.
Mondo Italian
From a given name, a short form of names such as Raimondo or Edmondo.
Monet French
Derived from either of the given names Hamon or Edmond. A famous bearer was the French impressionist painter Claude Monet (1840-1926).
Monette French
Variant of Monet.
Monk English
Nickname or occupational name for a person who worked for monks. This word is derived from Latin monachus, from Greek μοναχός (monachos) meaning "alone".
Monroe Scottish
Anglicized (typically American) form of Munro.
Montagna Italian
Means "mountain" in Italian, indicating a person who lived on or near one.
Montagne French
French cognate of Montagna.
Montague English
From a Norman place name meaning "sharp mountain" in Old French.
Montaña Spanish
Spanish cognate of Montagna.
Montanari Italian
Means "from the mountain" in Italian.
Monte Italian
Variant of Monti.
Montero Spanish
Derived from Spanish monte "mountain".
Montgomery English, Scottish
From a place name in Calvados, France meaning "Gumarich's mountain". A notable bearer was Bernard Montgomery (1887-1976), a British army commander during World War II.
Monti Italian
Means "mountain, hill" in Italian.
Moon 1 Korean
Korean form of Wen, from Sino-Korean (mun).
Moon 2 English
Originally indicated a person from the town of Moyon in Normandy.
Moon 3 Irish
Variant of Mohan.
Mooney Irish
Variant of O'Mooney.
Moore 1 English
Originally indicated a person who lived on a moor, from Middle English mor meaning "open land, bog".
Moore 2 English
Derived from the given name Maurus.
Moore 3 English
Nickname for a person of dark complexion, from Old French more, Latin maurus, meaning "Moorish".
Mooren Dutch
Derived from the given name Maurus.
Moors English
Variant of Moore 1.
Mooshian Armenian
Alternate transcription of Armenian Մուշյան (see Mushyan).
Mora Spanish
Derived from Spanish mora meaning "mulberry", of Latin origin.
Morales Spanish
Derived from Spanish moral meaning "mulberry tree", of Latin origin.
Morandi Italian
From the Italian medieval given name Morando meaning "steadfast".
Moravec Czech
Originally indicated a person from Moravia (Czech Morava).
Morce English
Variant of Morriss.
Moreau French
Derived from a diminutive of Maurus.
Morel French
Derived from a diminutive of Maurus.
Morello Italian
Derived from a diminutive of Mauro.
Moreno Spanish, Portuguese
From a nickname meaning "dark" in Spanish and Portuguese.
Moretti Italian
Derived from a diminutive of the Italian given name Mauro.
Morgan Welsh
Derived from the given name Morgan 1.
Morgenstern German, Jewish
Ornamental name meaning "morning star" in German.
Mori Japanese
From Japanese (mori) meaning "forest".
Moriarty Irish
From Irish Ó Muircheartach meaning "descendant of Muirchertach". This was the surname given by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle to a master criminal in the Sherlock Holmes series.
Morikawa Japanese
From Japanese (mori) meaning "forest" and (kawa) meaning "river, stream".
Morimoto Japanese
From Japanese (mori) meaning "forest" and (moto) meaning "base, root, origin".
Morin English
Variant of Moore 2 and Moore 3.
Morishita Japanese
From Japanese (mori) meaning "forest" and (shita) meaning "under, below".
Morita Japanese
From Japanese (mori) meaning "forest" and (ta) meaning "field, rice paddy".
Moriyama Japanese
From Japanese (mori) meaning "forest" and (yama) meaning "mountain, hill".
Morozov Russian
Derived from Russian мороз (moroz) meaning "frost".
Morra Italian
Locative name derived from Italian places such as Morra De Sanctis, Campania, or Morra del Villar, Piedmont.
Morris English, Irish, Scottish, Welsh
Derived from the given name Maurice.
Morrison English
Means "son of Morris".
Morriss English
Derived from the given name Morris.
Morse English
Variant of Morriss.
Mortensen Danish
Means "son of Morten".
Mortimer English
From the name of a town in Normandy meaning "dead water, still water" in Old French.
Morton English
Derived from a place name meaning "moor town" in Old English.
Moschella Italian
From a diminutive of Italian mosca meaning "housefly", perhaps originally a nickname for an annoying person.
Moser German
Name for someone who lived near a peat bog, from Middle High German mos.
Moses Jewish, English
Derived from the given name Moses.
Moss 1 English
From Middle English mos meaning "bog, moss".
Moss 2 English
From the given name Moses.
Moto Japanese
From Japanese (moto) meaning "base, root, origin". More commonly it is the final character in Japanese surnames.
Motta Italian
From various names of places around Italy. It is derived from a Gaulish word meaning "hill".
Mottershead English
From the name of a lost place in Cheshire, derived from the Old English byname Motere meaning "speaker" and heafod meaning "headland".
Mould English
From the given name Mauld, a medieval form of Matilda.
Moulin French
Means "mill" in French.
Mounce German (Anglicized)
Possibly an Americanized form of German Manz.
Moździerz Polish
Means "mortar" in Polish. It probably referred to someone who worked with or sold mortar.
Muggia Italian
From the town of Muggia in northeastern Italy near the Slovenian border. It was called Muglae in Latin.
Muhammad Arabic, Urdu, Bengali
Derived from the given name Muhammad.
Muhlfeld German
Means "mill field" in German.
Muir Scottish
Scots form of Moore 1. This name was borne by the Scottish-American naturalist John Muir (1838-1914).
Mulder Dutch
Dutch equivalent of Miller.
Mullane Irish
Variant of Mullen.
Mullen Irish
From the Irish Ó Maoláin meaning "descendant of Maolán". The given name Maolán meant "devotee".
Müller German
German equivalent of Miller, derived from Middle High German mülnære or müller.
Muller German
Variant of Müller.
Mullins 1 English
Derived from Norman French molin "mill".
Mulloy Irish
Variant of Molloy.
Mulryan Irish
Anglicized form of Ó Maoil Riain.
Mun Korean
Alternate transcription of Korean Hangul (see Moon 1).
Muñoz Spanish
Patronymic derived from the medieval Spanish given name Muño, from Latin Munnius, possibly of Germanic origin.
Munro Scottish
Designated a person who had originally lived near the mouth of the Roe River in Derry, Ireland. It is derived from Gaelic bun meaning "root, base" combined with the river's name.
Munroe Scottish
Anglicized (typically Canadian and American) form of Munro.
Munson English
Patronymic formed from the Norman French nickname moun meaning "monk".
Muraro Italian
Occupational name for a wall builder, from Italian murare meaning "to wall up".
Muratović Bosnian
Means "son of Murat".
Murdoch Scottish
Scottish form of Murdock.
Murdock Irish
Derived from the given name Murchadh.
Murgatroyd English
From a place name meaning "Margaret's clearing".
Murgia Sardinian
Means "brine" in Sardinian, perhaps a nickname for someone who pickled foods.
Murphy Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Murchadha meaning "descendant of Murchadh". This is the most common Irish surname.
Murray 1 Scottish
Derived from the region in Scotland called Moray (Gaelic Moireabh), possibly of Pictish origin, meaning "seashore, coast". A notable bearer of this surname was General James Murray (1721-1794), who was the first British Governor-General of Canada.
Murray 2 Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Muireadhaigh meaning "descendant of Muireadhach".
Murtas Sardinian
From Sardinian murta meaning "myrtle".
Mushyan Armenian
Originally denoted someone who came from the Armenian town of Mushi.
Musiał Polish
Polish cognate of Musil.
Musil Czech
Possibly from a nickname meaning "the one who had to", from the past participle of the verb muset meaning "must" (of Germanic origin).
Mussolini Italian
From Italian mussolina meaning "muslin", a type of cloth, itself derived from the city of Mosul in Iraq. This name was borne by the Italian dictator Benito Mussolini (1883-1945).
Mustonen Finnish
Derived from Finnish musta meaning "black".
Mutō Japanese
From Japanese (mu) meaning "military, martial" and () meaning "wisteria". The final character may indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan.
Mutton English
Referred to a shepherd or else someone who in some way resembled a sheep, derived from Norman French mouton "sheep".
Muyskens Dutch
Means "little mouse" in Dutch.
Mwangi Eastern African, Kikuyu
Derived from the given name Mwangi.
Myers English
Patronymic form of Mayer 3.
Myles English
From the given name Miles.
Mynatt English
Variant of Minett.
Myška Czech
From nickname derived from Czech myš meaning "mouse".
Naaji Arabic
From the given name Naaji.
Nacar Turkish
Turkish form of Najjar.
Næss Norwegian
Variant of Ness.
Naess Norwegian
Variant of Ness.
Nagarkar Indian, Marathi
Derived from the name of the town of Nagar in Maharashtra, India.
Nagasawa Japanese
From Japanese (naga) meaning "long" and 沢 or 澤 (sawa) meaning "marsh".
Nagel German, Dutch
Means "nail" in German and Dutch, an occupational name for a carpenter or nailsmith.
Naggi Italian
Originally denoted a person from the town of Naggio in Lombardy, Italy.
Naggia Italian
Variant of Naggi.
Nagi Arabic
Alternate transcription of Arabic ناجي (see Naaji).
Nagy Hungarian
From a nickname meaning "big, great" in Hungarian, referring to one's characteristics. This is the most common Hungarian surname.
Najjar Arabic
Means "carpenter" in Arabic.
Najm Arabic
From the given name Najm.
Nakagawa Japanese
From Japanese (naka) meaning "middle" and (kawa) meaning "river, stream".
Nakahara Japanese
From Japanese (naka) meaning "middle" and (hara) meaning "field, plain".
Nakai Japanese
From Japanese (naka) meaning "middle" and (i) meaning "well, mine shaft, pit".
Nakajima Japanese
From Japanese (naka) meaning "middle" and (shima) meaning "island".
Nakamura Japanese
From Japanese (naka) meaning "middle" and (mura) meaning "town, village".
Nakano Japanese
From Japanese (naka) meaning "middle" and (no) meaning "field, wilderness".
Naldi Italian
From given names like Arnaldo and Rinaldo.
Namgung Korean
From Sino-Korean (nam) meaning "south" combined with (gung) meaning "palace, house". This is the most common Korean compound surname.
Nana Italian
From a diminutive of Giovanni.
Nani Italian
Variant of Nana.
Nanni Italian
Variant of Nana.
Nannini Italian
From Nanni, a diminutive of the given name Giovanni.
Naoumov Russian, Bulgarian
Alternate transcription of Russian/Bulgarian Наумов (see Naumov).
Napoleoni Italian
From the medieval given name Napoleone.
Napoletani Italian
Originally indicated a person from Naples in Italy.
Napoli Italian
Originally indicated a person from Naples in Italy.
Napoliello Italian
Originally indicated a person from Naples in Italy.
Narang Indian, Hindi
From the name of a Pakistani town that was in undivided India.
Nardi Italian
From the given name Nardo, which was originally a short form of names like Bernardo or Leonardo.
Nardo Italian
Variant of Nardi.
Nardovino Italian (Rare)
Either from Nardo, a short form of names like Bernardo or Leonardo, or from Ardovino, a variant of Arduino.
Narváez Spanish
From the name of a town in central Spain.
Nasato Italian
Nickname for someone with a prominent nose, from Italian naso "nose".
Nascimbeni Italian
From the medieval given name Nascimbene, typical of the Venetian region.
Nash English
Derived from the Middle English phrase atten ash "at the ash tree". A famous bearer was the mathematician John Nash (1928-2015).
Nass Norwegian
Variant of Ness.
Natale Italian
From the given name Natale.
Nathans Jewish
Derived from the given name Nathan.
Nathanson Jewish
Means "son of Nathan".
Naumov Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of Naum".
Navarro Spanish
Denoted a person who came from Navarre in northern Spain (Spanish Navarra). The name of the region is of Basque origin, possibly from nabar meaning "brown".
Nave Italian
From various Italian places called Nave.
Navrátil Czech
Means "returned" in Czech, from the verb navrátit "to return", perhaps used to denote a person who came home following a long absence.
Nazaretian Armenian
Alternate transcription of Armenian Նազարեթյան (see Nazaretyan).
Nazaretyan Armenian
Means "son of Nazaret".
Nazarian Armenian
Alternate transcription of Armenian Նազարյան (see Nazaryan).
Nazario Italian
From the given name Nazario.
Nazaryan Armenian
Means "son of Nazar".
Neal English
Derived from the given name Neil.
Necchi Italian
Possibly from Italian neccio, a type of flat bread.
Nedbálek Czech
From Czech nedbalý meaning "careless".
Nedvěd Czech
Czech cognate of Medved, derived from the dialectal nedvěd.
Negrescu Romanian
Patronymic derived from Romanian negru "black".
Negri Italian
Nickname derived from Italian negro "black", used to refer to someone with dark hair or dark skin.
Negrini Italian
Variant of Negri.
Neil Scottish, English, Irish
Derived from the given name Neil.
Nejem Arabic
Alternate transcription of Arabic نجم (see Najm).
Nelissen Dutch
Means "son of Cornelis".
Nelli Italian
Derived from the given name Nello.
Nelson 1 English
Means "son of Neil". This name was borne by the British admiral Horatio Nelson (1758-1805).
Němec Czech
Means "German" in Czech.
Němeček Czech
Diminutive form of Němec.
Nemes Hungarian
Means "noble, gentle" in Hungarian.
Németh Hungarian
Means "German" in Hungarian.
Nenci Italian
Means "son of Nencio", a Tuscan diminutive of the name Lorenzo.
Nepi Italian
From the town of Nepi in central Italy, which is of uncertain origin.
Neri Italian
From Italian nero "black", indicating a person with a dark complexion or dark hair.