From the name of the Ojeda river in Soria, Spain, possibly derived from Latin folia
From Basque ola
meaning "hut, small house, forge".
Means "Romanian" in Hungarian, from old Slavic volhu
"Romance-speaker" (of Germanic origin).
Denoted someone from the islands of Öland (eastern Sweden) or Åland
Means "Italian" in Hungarian, from old Slavic volhu
"Romance-speaker" (of Germanic origin).
Means "wild olive" in Spanish, originally indicating one who lived near such a tree.
Means "elm tree" in Spanish, ultimately from Latin ulmus
. The name originally indicated a person who lived near such a tree.
Ó MADAIDHÍN Irish
Means "descendant of Madaihín", a given name derived from Irish madadh
meaning "dog, mastiff".
Ó MÁILLE Irish
Means "descendant of a nobleman" from the Irish Gaelic mál
From Swedish ö
meaning "island" and man
Ó MAOL AODHA Irish
Means "descendant of a follower of Saint AODH
". It is derived from Irish maol
meaning "follower, servant".
Ó MAOLMHUAIDH Irish
Means "descendant of Maolmhuadh", Maolmhuadh
being a given name meaning "proud chief", derived from Gaelic maol
meaning "chief" and muadh
meaning "proud, noble".
Denoted a person hailing from any one of a number of farms in Norway called either Åmdal or Omdal meaning "elm valley".
Ó MEADHRA Irish
Means "descendant of Meadhra". The given name Meadhra
is derived from the Gaelic meadhar
meaning "merry, happy".
From the Irish Ó Maonaigh
meaning "descendant of Maonaigh". The given name Maonaigh
Patronymic derived from Middle Dutch oom
meaning "(maternal) uncle".
Originally indicated a person from Oppenheim, Germany, perhaps meaning "marshy home".
Originally indicated a person from the town of Okondo in Álava, northern Spain, possibly derived from Basque ukondo
Ó RAGHAILLIGH Irish
Means "descendant of Raghailligh", an Irish given name of unknown meaning.
Originally indicated a person from one of the two towns named Orellana
in Badajoz, Spain. Their names are probably derived from Latin Aureliana
meaning "of AURELIUS
Ó RINN Irish
Means "descendant of Rinn". The given name Rinn
means "star" in Irish.
From Catalan or
meaning "gold", originally a nickname for a person with blond hair.
Patronym derived from the Russian nickname Орёл (Oryol)
Ó RODAGH Irish
Means "descendant of Rodach" in Irish. The given name Rodach
is derived from from Irish rod
meaning "spirited, furious".
From a nickname meaning "little bear" in Italian, from Latin ursus
From a Spanish place name (belonging to various villages) derived from ortiga
Means "son of Orti", a byname deriving either from Latin fortis
meaning "brave, strong" or fortunius
Ó SEIGHIN Irish
Means "descendant of Seighin". The given name Seighin
means "small hawk" from Old Irish séigene
Ó SÍODA Irish
Means "descendant of Síoda", a byname meaning "silk" in Irish.
From Danish øst
meaning "east", originally denoting a dweller on the eastern side of a place.
Ó SUAIRD Irish
Means "descendant of Suart" in Irish. Suart
is derived from the Old Norse name SIGURD
Originally a name designating a person from Ursel (now Oberursel) in Hesse, Germany.
Denoted a person who hailed from one of the various places in England called Overton, meaning "upper settlement" or "riverbank settlement" in Old English.
Denoted a person who came from any one of the places in Britain called Ouston or Owston.
Derived from the Italian given name Pace
Originally indicated a person from Padmore in England, derived from Old English padde
"toad" and mor
Originally denoted one who came from the city of Padua in Italy, from Italian Padova
, itself from Latin Patavium
, of unknown meaning.
PAGE English, French
Occupational name meaning "servant, page". It is ultimately derived (via Old French and Italian) from Greek παιδιον (paidion)
meaning "little boy".
From Italian paladino
meaning "knight, defender", from Late Latin palatinus
meaning "palace officer".
Means "pilgrim", ultimately from Latin palma
"palm tree", since pilgrims to the Holy Land often brought back palm fronds as proof of their journey.
Locative name from the town of Palmi in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
From Italian palombo
meaning "pigeon" (also "dogfish"). This form is typical of southern Italy.
PAN (2) Chinese
From Chinese 潘 (pān)
meaning "water in which rice has been rinsed", and also referring to a river that flows into the Han River.
PAPP (2) German
Nickname perhaps related to Late Latin pappare
meaning "to eat".
PAQUET (1) French
Occupational name for a firewood gatherer, from Old French pacquet
PAREDES Portuguese, Spanish
Denoted a person who lived near a wall, from Portuguese parede
and Spanish pared
meaning "wall", both derived from Latin paries
PARENT English, French
Derived from Old French parent
meaning either "notable" (from Latin pārēre
meaning "to be apparent") or "parent" (from Latin parere
meaning "to produce, to give birth").
PARISH (1) English
Originally denoted a person who came from the French city of Paris, which got its name from the ancient Celtic tribe known as the Parisii.
PARK (2) English
From Middle English park
, from Latin parricus
, of Germanic origin. This was a name for someone who worked in or lived in a park.
Means "keeper of the park" in Middle English. It is an occupational name for a person who was a gamekeeper at a medieval park.
From the city of Parma in northern Italy, the name of which is probably of Etruscan origin.
From the name of a village near Genoa in northern Italy.
From a Sicilian variant of Italian padrino
Means "son of Parsam", possibly from an Assyrian name Barsauma
Originally denoted a son of a parson, a derivative of Latin persona
PASTERNAK Polish, Ukrainian, Russian, Yiddish
Means "parsnip" in various Slavic languages, ultimately from Latin pastinaca
. A famous bearer was Boris Pasternak (1890-1960), author of 'Doctor Zhivago'.
Derived from Hungarian patak
meaning "creek, brook". It was given to people who lived near a creek.
PATERNOSTER English, Italian
Occupational name for a maker of rosaries, also called paternosters. They are derived from the Latin phrase pater noster
"our Father", the opening words of the Lord's Prayer.
From the name of the city of Pavia in Lombardy, Italy. It is of unknown meaning.
PAVLOV Russian, Bulgarian
Means "son of PAVEL
". A famous bearer of this surname was the Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936), known for his discovery of the conditioned reflex.
Means "peacock" in Italian. It was originally a nickname for a proud or haughty person.
From an English place name meaning "Pœcc's town". Pœcc
is an Old English name of unknown meaning.
From a medieval given name or nickname derived from Latin paganus
meaning "heathen, pagan" (from an earlier sense "rural, rustic"), which was given to children whose baptism had been postponed or adults who were not overly religious.
From Middle English pecok
meaning "peacock". It was originally a nickname for a proud or haughty person.
Originally indicated a dweller by a pointed hill, from Old English peac
"peak". It could also denote a person from the Peak District in Derbyshire, England.
PECK (2) English
Occupational name for a maker of pecks (vessels used as peck measures), derived from Middle English pekke
Means "sheep" in Italian, an occupational name for a shepherd.
Nickname for a thin person, derived from Old French pel
, Latin palus
meaning "stake, post" (related to English pole
From Dutch meaning "pear tree", referring to someone who lived or worked at a pear orchard.
Means "pilgrim, traveller" in Italian, ultimately from Latin peregrinus
From the name of a town near Manchester, derived from Celtic penn
meaning "hill" combined with Old English bere
meaning "barley" and tun
meaning "enclosure, yard, town".
Originally denoted a person who lived near a jutting rock, from Spanish peña
meaning "rock, cliff".
PENDER (1) English
From Middle English pind
"to pen up". This was an occupational name for someone who penned animals.
From Middle Dutch paender
meaning "brewer", derived from panne
meaning "pan, pot", ultimately from Latin patina
PENN (1) English
Derived from various place names that were named using the Brythonic word penn
meaning "hilltop, head".
PENN (2) English
Occupational name for a person who kept penned animals, from Old English penn
Nickname meaning "penny, coin" from Old English penning
Denoted a person who came from Penzig, the German name for Pieńsk, a town in southwest Poland. It is derived from Polish pień
meaning "stump, tree trunk".
PEREIRA Portuguese, Galician
From Portuguese and Galician pereira
meaning "pear tree", ultimately from Latin pirum
From the name of a region in southern France, possibly of Gaulish origin.
PERRY (1) English
From Old English pirige
meaning "pear tree", a derivative of peru
meaning "pear", itself from Latin pirum
. A famous bearer was Matthew Perry (1794-1858), the American naval officer who opened Japan to the West.
From the name of the city of Perugia in Umbria, Italy. It was known as Perusia
in the classical period, and it is of Etruscan origin.
From the name of the city of Pesaro, in the Marche region (Latin Pisaurum
Means "fish" in Italian, referring either to a fisherman or to a person who resembled a fish in some way.
PETIT French, Catalan, English
Means "small, little" derived from Old French and Catalan petit
. It was perhaps used for a short, small person or to denote the younger of two individuals.