From Swedish frisk "healthy"
, which was derived from the Middle Low German word vrisch
"fresh, young, frisky".
From a nickname derived from Middle High German vrom
meaning "noble, honourable"
Frost English, German
From Old English and Old High German meaning "frost"
, a nickname for a person who had a cold personality or a white beard.
From Old English frig
(a variant of freo
) meaning "free"
From Old High German fuhs
. It was originally a nickname for a person with red hair.
Means "spring, well"
in Spanish, derived from Latin fons
Derived from Middle High German vuorman
Denoted a person who was from Fukui prefecture in Japan.
Occupational name for a fuller, a person who thickened and cleaned coarse cloth by pounding it. It is derived via Middle English from Latin fullo
From the name of the English town of Foulden, Norfolk, meaning "bird hill" in Old English.
Furlan Italian, Slovene
From the name of the Italian region of Friuli
, in the northeast of Italy, which is derived from the name of the Roman town of Forum Iulii meaning "forum of Julius".
From a nickname meaning "(sovereign) prince"
in German. The word fürst
itself is derived from Old High German furisto
From Italian fosco
, from Latin fuscus
. This was a nickname for a person with dark features.
Occupational name for someone who made or sold forks, from Old High German gabala "fork"
Habitational name from the villsage of Gaddesby in Leicestershire, so named from Old Norse gaddr
"spur, spike (of land)" and býr
Gage French, English
Occupational name derived either from Old French jauge "measure"
(a name for an assayer) or gage "pledge, payment"
(a name for a moneylender). Both words were ultimately of Frankish origin.
Derived from Old French gagnier
meaning "to farm, to cultivate"
Derived from old French gagnon "guard dog"
. The name most likely originated as a nickname for an aggressive or cruel person.
Derived from Polish gaj
meaning "grove, thicket"
Originally indicated a person from Galicia, a region in northwestern Spain.
Gallo Italian, Spanish
, ultimately from Latin gallus
. This was a nickname for a proud person.
Probably from the feminine medieval given name Allegranza or Alleganza, a derivative of Allegra
. It comes from northern Lombardy.
From a nickname meaning "politeness"
in Italian. A famous bearer of this name was the Swedish actress Greta Garbo (1905-1990), born Greta Lovisa Gustafsson.
From a medieval given name of unknown meaning, possibly related to the Basque word hartz
meaning "bear". This is the most common surname in Spain.
Occupational surname for one who was a gardener, from Old French jardin
meaning "garden" (of Frankish origin).
Originally denoted a person from Gárdony, a town near Budapest in Hungary.
Originally denoted one from the region of Garfagnana in Tuscany, Italy, near the historical city of Lucca.
Means "triangle field"
in Old English. A famous bearer was American president James A. Garfield (1831-1881).
Means "triangle land"
from Old English gara
. It originally belonged to a person who owned a triangle-shaped piece of land.
Garner 1 English
From Old French gernier
, a derivative of Latin granum
meaning "grain". This name could refer to a person who worked at a granary or lived near one.
Garnett 1 English
Occupational name referring to a person who made hinges, from Old French carne "hinge"
From a nickname, from a southern variant of the Italian word garofano
From the Basque word arratz
"bush" combined with the suffix sta
denoting a place.
Name for someone who lived on a street in a city, from German gasse
Originally denoted a person who lived near the town gates.
Gatsby English (Rare), Literature
Rare variant of Gadsby
. This name was used by the American author F. Scott Fitzgerald for the central character in his novel The Great Gatsby
(1925). In the book, James Gatz renames himself as Jay Gatsby at age 17 because he believes it sounds more sophisticated.
in Italian, originally a nickname for an agile person.
Derived from a Norman given name that was a short form of Germanic names starting with the element ger
Habitational name for someone who lived in Gebara, a village in the province of Álava in Spain.
Derived from a short form of Germanic names starting with the element ger
in German, a nickname for a greedy person.
Means "fiddle player"
in German, derived from Old High German giga
Occupational name for a goat herder, from southern German Geiss
meaning "goat" and the suffix ler
signifying an occupation.
Means "tanner, leather dresser"
in German, derived from Old High German garawen
meaning "to prepare".
Means "hackle, hatchel"
in Hungarian (a hackle is a tool used to comb out fibers).
Occupational name for a barley farmer, derived from Old High German gersta "barley"
Originally indicated someone who lived near a ravine, from Middle English gil
(of Old Norse origin).
Variant of William
. A famous bearer of the name is cartoonist and filmmaker Terry Gilliam (1940-).
From the old Italian given name Bonagiunta
(derived from bono
"good" and aggiunto
Glass English, German
From Old English glæs
or Old High German glas
. This was an occupational name for a glass blower or glazier.
Means "glass worker, glazier"
, from Old English glæs
Derived from Gaelic gleann "valley"
. A famous bearer was American astronaut John Glenn (1921-2016).
Derived from Middle High German glocke "bell"
. It may have referred to a person who worked at or lived close to a bell tower.
Occupational name for a person who made or sold gloves, from Middle English glovere
Glynn Welsh, Cornish
Topographic name for someone who lived in a valley, from Welsh glyn
and Cornish glin
, or a habitational name from a place named with this word.
Derived from the given name Göbel
, a diminutive of the Old German name Godebert
, which is derived from god
"God" and beraht
Derived from Breton or Cornish goff
, referring to a metalworker.
Gold English, German, Jewish
From Old English and Old High German gold
, an occupational name for someone who worked with gold or a nickname for someone with yellow hair. As a Jewish name it is ornamental.
Derived from Polish gomółka
, a type of round cheese, ultimately from an old Polish word meaning "round".
From a nickname meaning "good"
, referring to a kindly person.
From the name of a place in Berwickshire, Scotland, derived from Brythonic words meaning "spacious fort"
From the Old English word gara
meaning "triangular plot of land"
Originally indicated a person from Górka, the name of various towns in Poland, ultimately from Polish góra
Gorman 2 Irish
From the Irish Ó Gormáin
meaning "descendant of Gormán"
. The given name Gormán
means "little blue one".
Nickname for a red-haired person, from Welsh coch "red"
From the name of the city of Gouveia in Portugal, of unknown meaning.
Habitational name for someone from any of the various places called Grabów
, all derived from Polish grab
meaning "hornbeam tree".
Derived from the English place name Grantham
, which probably meant "gravelly homestead" in Old English. The surname was first taken to Scotland in the 12th century by William de Graham.
Originally denoted a person from Gran, the German name for Esztergom, a city in northern Hungary.
Granger English, French
Means "farm bailiff"
from Old French grangier
, ultimately from Latin granum
meaning "grain". It is borne in the Harry Potter novels by Harry's friend Hermione Granger.
Occupational name for a steward, derived from Middle English greyve
, related to the German title Graf
From a nickname for a person who had grey hair or grey clothes.
Descriptive name for someone who often wore the colour green or someone who lived near the village green.
Anglicized form of German Grünspan
. Verdigris is the green-blue substance that forms on copper.
Occupational name meaning "steward, farm manager"
in Middle English, related to the German title Graf
Griffin 2 English
Nickname from the mythological beast with body of a lion with head and wings of an eagle. It is ultimately from Greek γρύψ (gryps)
From an Italian nickname meaning "cricket"
, perhaps given originally to a cheerful person (the cricket is associated with cheerfulness).
From the given name Grimaldo
. It is the surname of the royal family of Monaco, which came from Genoa.
From the Tuscan word gronchio
meaning "numb, bent"
. This is an Italian regional surname typical of Tuscany. A famous bearer was the Italian president Giovanni Gronchi (1887-1978).
Means "thick, fat, big"
in French, from Late Latin grossus
, possibly of Germanic origin.
From Old High German groz
meaning "tall, big"
From Old English graf
meaning "grove of trees"
. A famous bearer was the American president Grover Cleveland (1837-1908).
From Old English graf
. This originally indicated a person who lived near a grove (a group of trees).
Gruber Upper German
From German Grube
, indicating a person who lived or worked in a pit or depression. This is the most common surname in Austria.
Grünberg German, Jewish
From German grün
meaning "green" and Berg
meaning "mountain". This name indicated a person who lived on or near a forest-covered mountain.
Means "green forest"
from German grün
"green" and Wald
in Spanish, an occupational name for a soldier. It is derived from Late Latin werra
"war", of Germanic origin.
Variant of McGuinness
. The name is well known because of the Guinness brand of ale, established in 1759 by Arthur Guinness.
Means "son of a snake"
from the Bosnian word guja
Nickname for a big person, from Middle English golias
meaning "giant" (ultimately from Goliath
, the Philistine warrior who was slain by David in the Old Testament).
Gump German (Rare), Popular Culture
Possibly from a nickname derived from Middle High German gumpen
meaning "to hop, to jump"
. This surname was used by author Winston Groom for the hero of his novel Forrest Gump
(1986), better known from the 1994 movie adaptation.