Means "tanner, leather dresser"
in German, derived from Old High German garawen
meaning "to prepare".
Means "hackle, hatchel"
in Hungarian (a hackle is a tool used to comb out fibers).
Occupational name for a barley farmer, derived from Old High German gersta "barley"
Variant of WILLIAM
. A famous bearer of the name is cartoonist and filmmaker Terry Gilliam (1940-).
From the old Italian given name Bonagiunta
(derived from bono
"good" and aggiunto
GLASS English, German
From Old English glæs
or Old High German glas
. This was an occupational name for a glass blower or glazier.
Means "glass worker, glazier"
, from Old English glæs
Derived from Gaelic gleann "valley"
. A famous bearer was American astronaut John Glenn (1921-2016).
Derived from Middle High German glocke "bell"
. It may have referred to a person who worked at or lived close to a bell tower.
Occupational name for a person who made or sold gloves, from Middle English glovere
Derived from the given name Göbel
, a diminutive of the Old German name Godebert
, which is derived from god
"God" and beraht
Derived from Breton or Cornish goff
, referring to a metalworker.
Derived from Polish gomółka
, a type of round cheese, ultimately from an old Polish word meaning "round".
From a nickname meaning "good"
, referring to a kindly person.
From the name of a place in Berwickshire, Scotland, derived from Brythonic words meaning "spacious fort"
From the Old English word gara
meaning "triangular plot of land"
Originally indicated a person from Górka, the name of various towns in Poland, ultimately from Polish góra
GORMAN (2) Irish
From the Irish Ó Gormáin
meaning "descendant of Gormán"
. The given name Gormán
means "little blue one".
From the name of the city of Gouveia in Portugal, of unknown meaning.
From the German noble title Graf
, ultimately from Greek γραφευς (grapheus)
Derived from the English place name Grantham
, which probably meant "gravelly homestead" in Old English. The surname was first taken to Scotland in the 12th century by William de Graham.
Originally denoted a person from Gran, the German name for Esztergom, a city in northern Hungary.
GRANGER English, French
Means "farm bailiff"
from Old French grangier
, ultimately from Latin granum
meaning "grain". It is borne in the Harry Potter novels by Harry's friend Hermione Granger.
Occupational name for a steward, derived from Middle English greyve
, related to the German title Graf
From a nickname for a person who had grey hair or grey clothes.
Descriptive name for someone who often wore the colour green or someone who lived near the village green.
Anglicized form of German Grünspan
. Verdigris is the green-blue substance that forms on copper.
Occupational name meaning "steward, farm manager"
in Middle English, related to the German title Graf
GRIFFIN (2) English
Nickname from the mythological beast with body of a lion with head and wings of an eagle. It is ultimately from Greek γρυψ (gryps)
From an Italian nickname meaning "cricket"
, perhaps given originally to a cheerful person (the cricket is associated with cheerfulness).
From the given name GRIMALDO
. It is the surname of the royal family of Monaco, which came from Genoa.
From the Tuscan word gronchio
meaning "numb, bent"
. This is an Italian regional surname typical of Tuscany. A famous bearer was the Italian president Giovanni Gronchi (1887-1978).
Means "thick, fat, big"
in French, from Late Latin grossus
, possibly of Germanic origin.
From Old High German groz
meaning "tall, big"
From Old English graf
. This originally indicated a person who lived near a grove (a group of trees).
GRÜNBERG German, Jewish
From German grün
"green" and Berg
"mountain". This name indicated a person who lived on or near a forest-covered mountain.
Means "green forest"
from German grün
"green" and Wald
in Spanish, an occupational name for a soldier. It is derived from Late Latin werra
"war", of Germanic origin.
Variant of MCGUINNESS
. The name is well known because of the Guinness brand of ale, established in 1759 by Arthur Guinness.
Means "son of a snake"
from the Bosnian word guja
Nickname for a big person, from Middle English golias
meaning "giant" (ultimately from GOLIATH
, the Philistine warrior who was slain by David in the Old Testament).
Means "son of GUSTAF"
. The actress Greta Garbo (1905-1990) was originally named Greta Gustafsson.
Derived from Middle High German guot
meaning "good" and muot
meaning "mind, spirit". It was a nickname for an optimistic person.
From a Sicilian nickname meaning "sad"
. It was name of the famous Italian painter Renato Guttuso (born 1912).
From the name of the town of Guzmán in Burgos, Spain.
Derived from either archaic Polish gwozd
Occupational name meaning "peddler"
Originally indicated a person from Haanrade, a small village in the south of the province of Limburg in the Netherlands.
HABER German, Jewish
Occupational name for one who grew or sold oats, derived from Old High German habaro "oat"
. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
Occupational name for a dealer in oats, derived from Old High German habaro
"oat" and korn
From a diminutive of the medieval byname Hake
, which was of Old Norse origin and meant "hook".
From a place name derived from Old English hæþ
"heath" and dun
Means "son of the pilgrim"
from Bulgarian хаджия (hadzhiya)
meaning "pilgrim", ultimately derived from Arabic حجّي (hajji)
Occupational name for a potter, derived from Old High German havan "pot, vessel"
From a nickname meaning "wild, untamed, worn"
, from Old French, ultimately from a Germanic root.
From a nickname for a proud or pugnacious person, from Old High German hano
meaning "rooster, cock"
Topographic name for someone who lived at the top of a hill, derived from Old English heahþu "height, summit"
in Czech, a diminutive of háj
Derived from Old English halh
meaning "nook, recess, hollow"
From the name of an English town meaning "hay clearing", from Old English heg
"hay" and leah
From Irish Ó hAllmhuráin
meaning "descendant of Allmhurán"
. The given name Allmhurán
means "stranger from across the sea".
Derived from Hungarian halom
meaning "mound, small hill"
. Originally the name was given to someone who lived near or on a hill.
From various English place names, derived from Old English hamel
"crooked, mutilated" and tun
"enclosure, yard, town".
HAMILTON English, Scottish
From an English place name, derived from Old English hamel
"crooked, mutilated" and dun
"hill". This was the name of a town in Leicestershire, England (which no longer exists).
From the name of multiple towns in England, derived from Old English ham
"home" or ham
"water meadow, enclosure" and tun
"enclosure, yard, town".
HAN Chinese, Korean
From Chinese 韩 (hán)
referring to the ancient state of Han, which existed from the 5th to 3rd centuries BC in what is now Shanxi and Henan provinces.
From various English place names meaning "high meadow"
in Old English.
From a place name meaning "hare valley" in Old English.
Derived from the given name HEARD
. A famous bearer was American president Warren G. Harding (1865-1923).
HARDY English, French
From Old French and Middle English hardi
meaning "bold, daring, hardy"
, of Germanic origin.
Ornamental name adopted from a biblical place name meaning "altar, mountain of God" in Hebrew.
Habitational name from places called Harford in Gloucestershire and Devon, meaning "hart ford" or "army ford".
From various place names meaning "hare land"
in Old English.
Derived from a place name meaning "hare clearing", from Old English hara
"hare" and leah
Habitational name derived from a number of locations named Harlow, from Old English hær
"rock, heap of stones" or here
"army", combined with hlaw
Originally belonged to a person who played the harp or who made harps.
Means "son of HAROLD"
. A famous bearer of this surname is the American actor Woody Harrelson (1961-).
Means "male deer"
. It was originally acquired by a person who lived in a place frequented by harts, or bore some resemblance to a hart.
From Middle High German and Middle Low German hase
meaning "hare, rabbit"
. This was a nickname for a person who was quick or timid.
From a northern German place name meaning "rabbit field"
, from Old Saxon haso
"hare" and kamp
"field" (from Latin campus
Habitational name for someone who lived near a path across a heath, from Old English hæþ
"heath" and weg
Derived from Middle High German houwen "to chop"
, referring to a butcher or woodchopper.
in Norwegian, referring to a person who lived on a hilltop.
Derived from Middle High German houwen
"to chop" and man
"man", referring to a butcher or woodchopper.
Name for someone who lived in a house with no land, derived rom Old High German word hus
Originally a nickname for a person who had a hawk-like appearance or who acted in a fierce manner, derived from Old English heafoc "hawk"
From a diminutive of HAWK
. A famous bearer was the British physicist Stephen Hawking (1942-2018).
Denoted a person who lived near a hawthorn bush, a word derived from Old English hagaþorn
, from haga
meaning "haw berry" and þorn
meaning "thorn bush". A famous bearer was the American writer Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864), author of The Scarlet Letter
HAYDEN (1) English
From place names meaning either "hay valley"
or "hay hill"
, derived from Old English heg
"hay" and denu
"valley" or dun
HAYES (1) English
From various English place names that were derived from Old English hæg
meaning "enclosure, fence"
. A famous bearer was American President Rutherford B. Hayes (1822-1893).