From Japanese 真 (sana)
meaning "real, genuine" and 田 (ta)
meaning "field, rice paddy".
Indicated a person from Sandford, England, which means simply "sand ford".
Derived from the name of a town in Spain, ultimately from Latin saltus
"forest, glade" and novalis
From Old English, indicated the original nearer lived on sandy ground.
From Italian sanna
meaning "tusk, fang"
, a nickname for a person with a protruding tooth.
Means "all saint's day"
in Italian, a nickname for one born on that day.
SANTOS Portuguese, Spanish
in Portuguese and Spanish, ultimately from Latin sanctus
. This was a nickname for a pious person.
Possibly from the city of Sapperton, England, derived from Old English sapere
meaning "soap maker" and tun
meaning "enclosure, yard, town".
Originally indicated someone from Sárköz
, a region in Hungary, derived from sár
"mud" and köz
Originally denoted a person from Sarno in Italy, named for the Sarno River (called Sarnus
Occupational name meaning "tailor"
in Italian, from Latin sartor
, from sarcire
meaning "to mend".
From Japanese 佐 (sa)
meaning "help, aid" (repeated, indicated by the iteration mark 々
) and 木 (ki)
meaning "tree, wood".
From Japanese 佐 (sa)
meaning "help, aid" and 藤 (tō)
meaning "wisteria". The final character might indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan. This is the most common surname in Japan.
in German, a nickname for an embittered or cantankerous person.
Occupational name for a cobbler, from Latin sutor "sewer, cobbler"
From the name of various towns in France, derived from French sauve
"safe" and terre
English nickname meaning "wild, uncouth"
, derived from Old French salvage
meaning "untamed", ultimately from Latin silvaticus
meaning "wild, from the woods".
From Old French savatier "shoemaker"
, derived from savate
"shoe", of uncertain ultimate origin.
From the name of the city of Savona in northern Italy, called Savo
by the Romans, of uncertain meaning.
Occupational name meaning "sawer of wood, woodcutter"
in Middle English, ultimately from Old English sagu
meaning "saw". Mark Twain used it for the main character in his novel The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
Occupational name meaning "acrobat, dancer"
, derived from Old French sailleor
, from Latin sallitor
Denoted a person who sold or made clothes made of scarlet, a kind of cloth, possibly derived from Persian سقرلاط (saghrelat)
from Italian scarpa
Nickname for a poor or miserly person, from Italian scarso "scarce, scant"
Ornamental name meaning "beautiful mountain"
from old German schön
"beautiful" and berg
SCHENK German, Dutch
From Middle High German, Middle Dutch schenke
meaning "wine server"
(from Old High German scenken
"to pour out").
Occupational name for a cutter of cloth or a sheep-shearer, from Old High German skeran
Occupational name for a roof tiler, from Middle High German schindel
"shingle". A famous bearer was Oskar Schindler (1908-1974), who saved over a thousand Polish Jews during World War II.
Means "fencer, fencing master"
, from Old High German skirmen
meaning "to defend".
From Middle High German slinderen "to dawdle"
or Middle Low German slinden "to swallow, to eat"
Occupational name for a locksmith, derived from Old High German sloz
Occupational name derived from Middle High German smit "smith, metalworker"
, a cognate of SMITH
SCHNUR German, Jewish
From Old High German snuor
meaning "rope, cord"
, an occupational name for a maker of rope.
From Dutch school
, ultimately from Latin schola
, indicating a person who worked at or lived near a school.
Originally indicated a person from the town of Schoorl in the province of Noord-Holland in the Netherlands. It means "forest by the shore" in Dutch.
Originally indicated a person from Schötmar, Germany (now part of the city of Bad Salzuflen in North Rhine-Westphalia).
From Middle High German schrecken
meaning "to frighten, to scare"
SCHREIER German, Jewish
Occupational name for a town crier, from Old High German scrian
meaning "to shout, to yell".
Occupational name for a cabinet maker, from Dutch schrijn
"box, container" and maker
Means "beer-porter, wine-porter"
in German, an occupational name for a carrier of wine or beer barrels.
From Middle High German schuochwürte
meaning "shoemaker, cobbler"
From the Middle High German occupational name schuochmacher
Means "scholar, student"
in German, ultimately from Latin schola
Occupational name derived from Middle High German schultheiße
meaning "mayor, judge"
Means "shoemaker, cobbler"
, from Middle High German schuoch
"shoe" and suter
, from Latin sutor
Means "watchman, guard"
from Middle High German schützen
From the name of a town in southern Germany, possibly related to German Schwan
SCHWARZ German, Jewish
in German, from Old High German swarz
. It originally described a person with black hair or a dark complexion.
From a place name, derived from Old High German swarz
meaning "black" and ecka
meaning "edge, corner". A famous bearer of this name is actor and politician Arnold Schwarzenegger (1947-).
Occupational name for a blacksmith, literally meaning "swing hammer"
Originally denoted someone from Sciacca, Sicily, Italy, which is of uncertain origin.
From Sicilian sciarra
meaning "quarrel, dispute"
, originally a nickname for a quarrelsome person.
SCOTT English, Scottish
Originally given to a person from Scotland or a person who spoke Scottish Gaelic.
Occupational name meaning "writer, clerk, scribe"
in Old French, derived from Latin scriba
Denoted a person from a town by this name in Buckinghamshire, England. It is derived from that of a river combined with Old English broc
From the unattested Old English given name Sæfaru
, derived from the Old English elements sæ
"sea, ocean" and faru
SEGAL (2) French
Occupational name for a grower or seller of rye, from Old French, from Latin secale "rye"
From Italian segreto
, a nickname for a confidant.
From the name of a village that meant "willow farm" in Old English.
From the name of various towns named Saint Pierre
in Normandy, all of which commemorate Saint PETER
SENFT (1) German
Occupational name for a mustard seller, from German Senf "mustard"
SENFT (2) German
Nickname for a helpful, kind person, from Old High German semfti
meaning "soft, accommodating"
Derived from the name of the Sepúlveda Valley in the mountains of Segovia, and was originally used to denote people from that region. It is possibly derived from Spanish sepultar
SERGEANT English, French
Occupational name derived from Old French sergent
, ultimately from Latin servire
From a nickname derived from Italian serpe "serpent, reptile"
Originally indicated a person from from Sessa or Sessa Cilento, Italy (from Latin Suessa
, of uncertain meaning).
From the name of the city of Soissons in northern France, itself derived from the name of the Celtic tribe of the Suessiones.
Occupational name derived from Czech švec
meaning "shoemaker, cobbler"
SEWARD (2) English
from Old English su
"sow, female pig" and hierde
Occupational name for a sexton (Middle English sexteyn
), a caretaker for a church or graveyard.
SEYMOUR (2) English
From an English place name, derived from Old English sæ
"sea" and mere
Nickname for a curly-haired person, from Greek σγουρος (sgouros)
Means "beautiful, handsome"
in Yiddish, from German schön
From a nickname for a warlike person, from Old English scacan
"to shake" and spere
"spear". A famous bearer was the English dramatist and poet William Shakespeare (1564-1616).
SHARMA Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Assamese, Gujarati, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil, Nepali
Means "joy, shelter, comfort"
Nickname for a keen person, from Old English scearp "sharp"
Originally a name for someone from Sharrow, England, derived from Old English scearu
"boundary" and hoh
"point of land, heel".
SHAW (1) English
Originally given to a person who lived near a prominent thicket, from Old English sceaga
meaning "thicket, copse"
SHAW (2) Scottish
From a given name or byname that was derived from Gaelic sithech
Ornamental name derived from German schön
"fine, beautiful" and feld
From the name of various English towns, meaning "shelf town" in Old English.
Occupational name meaning "shepherd, sheep herder"
, from Old English sceaphyrde
Denoted a person hailing from any of the various places called Sherborne or Sherburn in England, derived from Old English scir
"bright" and burna
"spring, fountain, stream".
From the Irish name Ó Sirideáin
meaning "descendant of Sirideán"
. The given name Sirideán
SHERMAN (1) English
Means "shear man"
, referring to someone who used shears in his line of work, such as a sheep-shearer.
Originally denoted someone who came from the city of Shiraz, located in southern Iran. The city's name is possibly of Elamite origin.
From an English place name, derived from Old English scir
"bright" and leah
From a nickname for a short person, from Middle English schort
From the name of various English towns, derived from Old English sid
"wide" and halh
Originally derived from various place names in England meaning "wide island", from Old English sid
"wide" and eg
"island". Another theory holds that it comes from the name of a town in Normandy called "Saint DENIS
", though evidence for this is lacking.
SIEGEL (1) German
Occupational name for a maker of seals or signet rings, ultimately from Latin sigillum
SIEGEL (2) German
Derived from the diminutive of Germanic given names beginning with the element sigu
Indicated a person from Siena in Italy, which was named after the Gaulish tribe of the Senones.
Patronymic from the given name Sienko
, an old diminutive of SZYMON
. This was the surname of the Polish writer Henryk Sienkiewicz (1846-1916).
Originally indicated a dweller on a hill range or ridge, from Spanish sierra "mountain range"
, derived from Latin serra
From a nickname for a person with grey hair, from Old English seolfor "silver"
SINAGRA (1) Italian
Originally denoted a person from Sinagra on Sicily, possibly derived from Latin sinus
"inlet" and ager
Occupational name for a fife player or piper, from Hungarian síp
Means "fine sieve"
in Polish, a diminutive of the Polish word sito
SITZ (1) German
Derived from a given name beginning with the Germanic element sigu
SITZ (2) German
Means "house owner"
, derived from Old High German siz
in Czech, indicating that the original bearer lived near a prominent rock.
SKALICKÝ Czech, Slovak
Indicated the original bearer came from a place named Skalice
in the Czech Republic or Slovakia, derived from the Slavic root skala
From the Old Norse nickname or byname skjótr
Occupational name for a person who skinned animals, from Old Norse skinn