All Surnames

usage
Jernigan English
Possibly derived from the old Breton name Iarnogon meaning "iron famous".
Jérôme French
Derived from the given name Jérôme.
Jerome English
Derived from the given name Jerome. A famous bearer of this surname was the American-born Jennie Jerome (1854-1921), Lady Randolph Churchill, mother of Sir Winston Churchill.
Jervis English
Variant of Jarvis.
Jespersen Danish
Means "son of Jesper".
Jesus Portuguese
Derived from the given name Jesus.
Jewel English
Variant of Jewell.
Jewell English
Derived from the Breton given name Judicaël.
Jež Slovene, Czech
Cognate of Jeż.
Jeż Polish
Means "hedgehog" in Polish. It may have originally been given to a person who resembled a hedgehog in some way.
Ježek Czech
Diminutive form of Jež.
Jiang 1 Chinese
From Chinese (jiāng) meaning "river, Yangtze".
Jiang 2 Chinese
From Chinese (jiāng) meaning "ginger".
Jiménez Spanish
Means "son of Jimeno".
Jin Chinese
From Chinese (jīn) meaning "gold".
Jinks English
Means "son of Jenk", a short form of Jenkin, a diminutive of Jen, itself a Middle English form of John.
Jo Korean
Alternate transcription of Korean Hangul (see Cho).
Hungarian
Means "good" in Hungarian.
Johansen Norwegian, Danish
Means "son of Johan". This is the second most common Norwegian surname.
Johansson Swedish
Means "son of Johan". This is the second most common surname in Sweden.
John English
Derived from the given name John. A famous bearer is British musician Elton John (1947-), born Reginald Dwight.
Johns English
Derived from the given name John.
Johnsen Norwegian, Danish
Means "son of John".
Johnson English
Means "son of John". Famous bearers include American presidents Andrew Johnson (1808-1875) and Lyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973).
Johnsson Swedish
Means "son of John".
Johnston Scottish
From the name of a Scottish town, which meant "John's town".
Joiner English
Occupational name for a carpenter (that is, a person who joins wood together to make furniture).
Jokela Finnish
Derived from Finnish joki "river".
Jokinen Finnish
Derived from Finnish joki "river".
Jokumsen Danish
Means "son of Jokum".
Jöllenbeck German
From the name of a village in western Germany, itself derived from the name of the Jölle, a small river, combined with Low German beck "stream".
Joly French
From Old French joli meaning "happy, jolly, pretty".
Jonaitis Lithuanian
From the given name Jonas 1.
Jónás Hungarian
Derived from the given name Jónás.
Jonasen Danish
Means "son of Jonas 2".
Jonasson Swedish
Means "son of Jonas 2".
Jonckers Dutch
Patronymic form of Jonker.
Jones English, Welsh
Derived from the given name Jon, a medieval variant of John.
Jonker Dutch
From the Dutch title jonkheer meaning "young lord". It was originally a medieval noble designation (not an actual title) for a young nobleman.
Jonkers Dutch
Patronymic form of Jonker.
Jonkheer Dutch
Variant of Jonker.
Jönsson Swedish
Means "son of Jöns".
Jonsson Swedish
Means "son of Jon 1".
Joó Hungarian
Variant of .
Joossens Flemish
Means "son of Joos".
Joosten Dutch
Derived from the given name Joost.
Jordà Catalan
Derived from the given name Jordà.
Jordan 1 English, French, German
Derived from the given name Jordan.
Jordan 2 Jewish
Derived from the name of the Jordan river, which is from Hebrew יָרַד (yarad) meaning "descend" or "flow down".
Jørgensen Danish
Means "son of Jørgen".
Joseph English, French
Derived from the given name Joseph.
Josephs English
Derived from the given name Joseph.
Josephson English
Means "son of Joseph".
Joshi Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Nepali
From Sanskrit ज्योतिश (jyotisha) meaning "astronomer".
Joubert French
From the given name Gaubert.
Jovanović Serbian
Means "son of Jovan".
Jovanovski Macedonian
Means "son of Jovan".
Joyce English, Irish
From the given name Joyce.
Joyner English
Variant of Joiner.
Judd English
Derived from the medieval name Judd.
Jughashvili Georgian (Rare)
Meaning uncertain. One theory suggests Ossetian roots with the meaning "son of the herder", derived from Ossetian дзуг (dzug) meaning "herd, flock, troop". Alternately, it could be derived from the name of the village of ჯუღაანი (Jughaani) in eastern Georgia. The most notable bearer was Joseph Stalin (1878-1953), born Ioseb Jughashvili, a leader of the Soviet Union.
Jugovac Croatian
From Croatian jug meaning "south".
Juhász Hungarian
Occupational name meaning "shepherd" in Hungarian.
Julien French
From the given name Julien.
Jundt German
Derived from a diminutive of the feminine given name Judith.
Jung 1 German
Means "young" in German, from Middle High German junc.
Jung 2 Korean
Alternate transcription of Korean Hangul (see Jeong).
Junge German
Variant of Jung 1.
Jurić Croatian
Means "son of Jure".
Juriša Croatian
Derived from a diminutive form of Jure.
Jusić Bosnian
Perhaps means "son of Josip".
Kaczka Polish
Means "duck" in Polish.
Kaczmarek Polish
Occupational name for a person who worked as an innkeeper, derived from Polish karczma meaning "inn".
Kádár Hungarian
Means "cooper, barrel maker" in Hungarian.
Kader Arabic
Alternate transcription of Arabic قادر (see Qadir).
Kadeř Czech
Variant of Kudrna.
Kadlec Czech
From Czech tkadlec meaning "weaver".
Kafka Czech
Derived from Czech kavka "jackdaw".
Kahler German
From a nickname derived from German kahl meaning "bald".
Kaiser German
From Middle High German keiser meaning "emperor", originally a nickname applied to someone who acted kingly. The title ultimately derives from the Roman name Caesar.
Kalb German
Occupational name meaning "calf (animal)" in German.
Kalbfleisch German
Occupational name for a butcher who dealt in veal, from German kalb meaning "calf" and fleisch meaning "meat".
Kalmár Hungarian
Occupational name meaning "merchant, shopkeeper" in Hungarian, of German origin.
Kalniņš Latvian
From Latvian kalns meaning "mountain, hill".
Kaloyanov Bulgarian
Means "son of Kaloyan".
Kałuża Polish
Means "puddle" in Polish.
Kaluža Slovene, Czech
Czech and Slovene form of Kałuża.
Kamau Eastern African, Kikuyu
Derived from the given name Kamau.
Kamiński Polish
From Polish kamień meaning "stone", a name for a stonecutter or for one who lived at a place with this name.
Kamiya Japanese
From Japanese (kami) meaning "god" and (ya) meaning "valley".
Kanda Japanese
From Japanese (kan) meaning "god" and (ta) meaning "field, rice paddy".
Kane Irish
Anglicized form of Ó Catháin.
Kaneko Japanese
From Japanese (kane) meaning "gold, metal, money" and (ko) meaning "child".
Kang Korean
Korean form of Jiang 2, from Sino-Korean (gang).
Kanzaki Japanese
From Japanese (kan) meaning "god" and (saki) meaning "cape, peninsula".
Kapanadze Georgian
Means "son of the one from Kapan", originally denoting someone who came from the city of Kapan in present-day Armenia (from Armenian կապել (kapel) meaning "to tie, to fasten").
Kappel German, Dutch
Name for a person who lived near or worked at a chapel, ultimately from Late Latin cappella, a diminutive of cappa "cape", arising from the holy relic of the torn cape of Saint Martin, which was kept in small churches.
Karamazov Literature
Created by Russian author Fyodor Dostoyevsky for his novel The Brothers Karamazov (1879), about three brothers and their murdered father. Dostoyevsky may have based it on Tartar/Turkic кара (kara) meaning "black" and Russian мазать (mazat) meaning "stain". The connection to black is implied in the novel when one of the brothers is accidentally addressed as Mr. Черномазов (Chernomazov), as if based on Russian чёрный meaning "black".
Kardos Hungarian
From Hungarian kard meaning "sword". It could have been applied to soldiers, sword makers, or one with a pugnacious nature.
Karga Turkish
Nickname meaning "crow" in Turkish.
Karim Arabic
Derived from the given name Karim.
Karimi Arabic, Persian
Derived from the given name Karim.
Kariuki Eastern African, Kikuyu
Derived from the given name Kariuki.
Karjalainen Finnish
Derived from Finnish Karjala meaning "Karelia". Karelia is an area on the border between Finland and Russia.
Karl German
From the given name Karl.
Karlsen Danish, Norwegian
Means "son of Karl".
Karlsson Swedish
Means "son of Karl".
Kárpáti Hungarian
Derived from Kárpátok, the Hungarian name of the Carpathians.
Karppinen Finnish
From Finnish karppi meaning "carp", of Germanic origin.
Kartal Turkish
From a nickname meaning "eagle" in Turkish.
Kasabian Armenian
Alternate transcription of Armenian Ղասաբյան (see Ghasabyan).
Kask Estonian
Means "birch" in Estonian.
Kašpar Czech
Derived from the given name Kašpar.
Kaspar German
Derived from the given name Kaspar.
Kaspersen Danish
Means "son of Kasper".
Kasprzak Polish
Means "son of Kacper".
Kästner German
Means "cabinet maker", derived from Middle High German kaste "box".
Kasun Croatian
Possibly derived from the old Slavic word kazati meaning "to order, to command".
Katırcı Turkish
Derived from Turkish katır meaning "mule", a name for a person who made transports by mule.
Kato Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 加藤 (see Katō).
Kató Hungarian
Derived from a diminutive of the Hungarian feminine given name Katalin.
Katō Japanese
From Japanese (ka) meaning "add, increase" and () meaning "wisteria". The latter character may indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan.
Katona Hungarian
Means "soldier" in Hungarian.
Katou Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 加藤 (see Katō).
Katsaros Greek
Means "curly" in Greek, referring to a person with curly hair.
Katz Jewish
Derived from Hebrew כֹּהֵן צֶדֶק (kohen tzedek) meaning "priest of justice", indicating a descendant of Aaron.
Kaube German
From the name of the town of Kaub in Germany.
Käufer German
Variant of Kaufer.
Kaufer German
Means "trader" in German.
Kaufmann German, Jewish
Means "trader, merchant" in German.
Kaur Indian (Sikh)
Means "princess", ultimately from Sanskrit कुमारी (kumari) meaning "girl". In 1699 Guru Gobind Singh gave all his Sikh female followers the surname Kaur and all males Singh. In many instances, it is also used as a middle name with the family name serving as the surname.
Kavaliauskas Lithuanian
Lithuanian form of Kowalski.
Kavalioŭ Belarusian
Alternate transcription of Belarusian Кавалёў (see Kavalyow).
Kavalyow Belarusian
Patronymic from Belarusian каваль (kaval') meaning "blacksmith".
Kavanagh Irish
Derived from the Irish Gaelic name Caomhánach, which means "a student of saint Caomhán". It was the name used by a 12th-century king of Leinster, Domhnall Caomhánach, the eldest son of the historic Irish king Diarmait Mac Murchada.
Kawa Polish
Derived from Polish kawka "jackdaw".
Kawaguchi Japanese
Means "mouth of the river", from Japanese (kawa) meaning "river, stream" and (kuchi) meaning "mouth, entrance".
Kawakami Japanese
From Japanese (kawa) meaning "river, stream" and (kami) meaning "above, top, upper".
Kawasaki Japanese
From Japanese (kawa) meaning "river, stream" and (saki) meaning "cape, peninsula".
Kay 1 English
Derived from the given name Kay 2.
Kay 2 English
Derived from Old French kay meaning "wharf, quay", indicating one who lived near or worked on a wharf.
Kayode Western African, Yoruba
From the given name Kayode.
Kazama Japanese
From Japanese (kaza) meaning "wind, style" and (ma) meaning "among, between".
Kazlauskas Lithuanian
Lithuanian form of Kozłowski. This is the most common surname in Lithuania.
Kazloŭ Belarusian
Alternate transcription of Belarusian Казлоў (see Kazlow).
Kazlow Belarusian
Patronymic from Belarusian казёл (kaziol) meaning "male goat", probably used to denote a goatherd.
Kean Irish
Anglicized form of Ó Catháin.
Keane Irish
Anglicized form of Ó Catháin.
Kearney Irish
From the Irish name Ó Ceithearnaigh meaning "descendant of Ceithearnach", a given name meaning "warrior".
Kecskeméti Hungarian
Originally indicated a person who came from the Hungarian city of Kecskemét, derived from kecske meaning "goat".
Kedves Hungarian
Means "nice, kind" in Hungarian.
Kędzierski Polish
From a nickname meaning "curly", describing a person with curly hair.
Keefe Irish
Anglicized form of the Irish Ó Caoimh meaning "descendant of Caomh".
Keegan Irish
From Irish Mac Aodhagáin meaning "descendant of Aodhagán". The given name Aodhagán is a double diminutive of Aodh.
Keeley Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Caolaidhe meaning "descendant of Caoladhe", a given name derived from caol "slender".
Keely Irish
Variant of Keeley.
Keen English
From Old English cene meaning "bold, brave".
Keighley English
Derived from an English place name meaning "clearing belonging to Cyhha". The Old English given name Cyhha is of unknown meaning.
Keil German
Means "wedge shaped" in German. It was used to denote a person who owned a wedge-shaped piece of land.
Keir Scottish
Variant of Kerr.
Keith Scottish
From a place name that is probably derived from the Brythonic element cet meaning "wood". This was the surname of a long line of Scottish nobles.
Kelemen Hungarian
Derived from the given name Kelemen.
Keller German
Means "cellar" in German, an occupational name for one in charge of the food and drink.
Kelley Irish
Variant of Kelly 1.
Kellogg English
Occupational name for a pig butcher, from Middle English killen "to kill" and hog "pig, swine, hog".
Kelly 1 Irish
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Ceallaigh meaning "descendant of Ceallach".
Kelly 2 Scottish
From a Scottish place name derived from coille meaning "grove".
Kelsey English
From an English place name meaning "Cenel's island", from the Old English name Cenel "fierce" in combination with eg "island".
Kemény Hungarian
Means "firm, hard, tough" in Hungarian.
Kemp English
Derived from Middle English kempe meaning "champion, warrior".
Kempf German
German cognate of Kemp.
Kendall English
Derived from the town of Kendal in England, so-called from the river Kent, on which it is situated, and Old English dæl meaning "valley, dale".
Kendrick 1 English
From the Old English given names Cyneric or Cenric.
Kendrick 2 Welsh
Derived from the given name Cynwrig.
Kennard English
Derived from the given names Cyneweard or Cyneheard.
Kennedy Irish
From the Irish name Ó Cinnéidigh meaning "descendant of Cennétig". This surname was borne by assassinated American president John F. Kennedy (1917-1963).
Keo Khmer
Means "glass" in Khmer.
Kerekes Hungarian
Occupational name for a maker of wheels, from Hungarian kerék meaning "wheel".
Kermit Manx
Anglicized form of Mac Diarmada (see McDermott).
Kermode Manx
Anglicized form of Mac Diarmada (see McDermott).
Kerner German
Derived from Old High German kerno "seed", an occupational name for one who sold or planted seeds.
Kerper German
Variant of Gerber.
Kerr Scottish, English
From Scots and northern Middle English kerr meaning "thicket, marsh", ultimately from Old Norse kjarr.
Kersey English
From an English place name meaning derived from Old English cærse "watercress" and eg "island".
Kertész Hungarian
Occupational name meaning "gardener" in Hungarian.
Kevorkian Armenian
Alternate transcription of Armenian Գեւորգյան (see Gevorgyan).
Key 1 English
Variant of Kay 1 or Kay 2.
Key 2 Irish
Anglicized form of Mac Aodha.
Keyes 1 English
Variant of Kay 1 or Kay 2.
Keyes 2 Irish
Anglicized form of Mac Aodha.
Keys 1 English
Variant of Kay 1 or Kay 2.
Keys 2 Irish
Anglicized form of Mac Aodha.
Khachaturian Armenian
Alternate transcription of Armenian Խաչատրյան (see Khachaturyan).
Khachaturyan Armenian
Means "son of Khachatur" in Armenian. A famous bearer was the Armenian composer Aram Khachaturyan or Khachaturian (1903-1978).
Khan Urdu, Pashto, Bengali
From a title meaning "king, ruler", probably of Mongolian origin but used in many languages.
Khoroushi Persian
Derived from the given name Kurosh.
Kidd English
From a nickname meaning "young goat, kid" in Middle English, of Old Norse origin.
Kiefer 1 German
Means "pine tree" in German.
Kiefer 2 German
Occupational name for a barrel maker, derived from Old High German kuofa meaning "barrel".
Kijek Polish
Means "small stick", from Polish kij "stick".
Kikkert Dutch
Derived from Dutch kikker meaning "frog".
Kilduff Irish
From the Irish Mac Giolla Dhuibh meaning "son of the black-haired man".
Killam English
Denoted one who hailed from the English town of Kilham, meaning "kiln homestead".
Killough Irish
Indicated a person who was from Killough (County Down, Northern Ireland) or Killough (Wicklow, Ireland). The place name Killough means "church on the lake", derived from the Irish cill "church" and loch "lake".
Kilpatrick Irish
From the Irish Mac Giolla Phádraig meaning "son of the servant of Saint Patrick".
Kim Korean
Korean form of Jin, from Sino-Korean (gim) meaning "gold". This is the most common surname in Korea.
Kimball English
Derived from the Welsh given name Cynbel or the Old English given name Cynebald.
Kimberley English
From various English places called Kimberley. They mean either "Cyneburga's field", "Cynebald's field" or "Cynemær's field".
Kimura Japanese
From Japanese (ki) meaning "tree, wood" and (mura) meaning "town, village".
King English
From Old English cyning "king", originally a nickname for someone who either acted in a kingly manner or who worked for or was otherwise associated with a king. A famous bearer was the American civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968).
Kingsley English
From a place name meaning "king's clearing" in Old English.
Kingston English
From a place name meaning "king's town" in Old English.
Kinley Scottish
Anglicized form of MacFhionnlaigh.
Kinnaird Scottish
From the name of a place in Scotland, in Gaelic An Ceann Ard, meaning "high headland". In the 12th century a Norman nobleman received a charter of land here from King William the Lion (King of Scots), and was thereafter known by this name.
Kinsey English
Derived from the given name Cynesige.
Kinsley English
From the name of a town in West Yorkshire, meaning "clearing belonging to Cyne". The Old English given name Cyne is a short form of longer names beginning with cyne meaning "royal".
Kipling English
From the name of a town in Yorkshire, of Old English origin meaning "Cyppel's people", from a given name Cyppel of unknown meaning. A famous bearer of this name was the author Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936).
Király Hungarian
Means "king" in Hungarian, of Slavic origin (a cognate of Król).
Kirby English
From numerous towns in northern England named Kirby or Kirkby, derived from Old Norse kirkja "church" and býr "farm, settlement".
Kirch German
German cognate of Church.
Kirchner German
Derived from Middle High German kirchenaere meaning "sexton".
Kirk English
From northern Middle English kirk meaning "church", from Old Norse kirkja (cognate of Church). A famous fictional bearer is the starship captain James Kirk from the Star Trek television series (1966-1969), and subsequent films.
Kis Hungarian
Variant of Kiss.
Kishimoto Japanese
From Japanese (kishi) meaning "beach, shore, bank" and (moto) meaning "base, root, origin".
Kiss Hungarian
Nickname meaning "small" in Hungarian.
Kistler German
Occupational name meaning "chest maker, cabinetmaker" from Middle High German kiste.
Kita Japanese
From Japanese (kita) meaning "north".
Kitagawa Japanese
From Japanese (kita) meaning "north" and (kawa) meaning "river, stream".
Kitchen English
Occupational name for a person who worked in a kitchen (of a monastery for example), derived from Old English cycene, ultimately from Latin coquina.
Kjær Danish
Topographic name for someone living near a wetland, from Danish kær "marsh", from Old Norse kjarr "thicket".
Kjeldsen Danish
Means "son of Kjeld".
Kjellsson Swedish
Means "son of Kjell".
Klaasen Dutch
Means "son of Klaas".
Kladivo Czech
Means "hammer" in Czech, a nickname for a blacksmith.
Klasson Swedish
Means "son of Klas".
Klausen Danish
Means "son of Klaus".
Kleid Jewish
Occupational name for a tailor, from Old High German kleid meaning "garment, clothing".
Klein German, Dutch, Jewish
Means "small, little" from German klein or Yiddish kleyn. A famous bearer of this name is clothes designer Calvin Klein (1942-).
Klement Czech, Slovak
From the given name Klement.
Klerk Dutch
Variant of De Klerk.
Klerks Dutch
Variant of De Klerk.
Klerkx Dutch
Variant of De Klerk.
Klerx Dutch
Variant of De Klerk.
Klíma Czech
Derived a diminutive of Kliment.
Klímek Czech
Derived from a diminutive of Kliment.
Klimek Polish
Derived from a diminutive of Klemens.
Kloet Dutch
Possibly from Middle Dutch cloet meaning "lump, ball". In some cases this was a nickname for an oafish person. In other cases it may have been a name for someone who lived near a sign that had a globe on it.
Kloeten Dutch
Variant of Kloet.
Klossner German
Derived from German Klausner, Middle High German klosenære meaning "hermit".
Knaggs English
From Middle English knagg meaning "small mound, projection". It is found most commonly in the north of England, in particular Yorkshire.
Knef German
Occupational name for a shoemaker, derived from Low German knif meaning "shoemaker's knife".
Kneib German
Variant of Knef.
Kneller German
Originally a nickname for a noisy or disruptive person, derived from Old German knellen "to make noise, to cause a disturbance".
Knepp German
Variant of Knopf.
Knežević Croatian, Serbian
Patronymic of Serbo-Croatian knez meaning "prince" (ultimately of Germanic origin).
Knight English
From Old English cniht meaning "knight", a tenant serving as a mounted soldier.
Knochenmus German
From German Knochen "bone" and Mus "sauce". It probably referred to someone who worked in the butcher trade.
Knopf German
Means "button" in German, originally belonging to a button maker or button seller.
Knopp German
Variant of Knopf.
Knowles English
From Middle English knoll, Old English cnoll meaning "small hill, knoll". A famous bearer is American singer Beyoncé Knowles (1981-).
Knox Scottish
From the name of various places in Scotland and northern England, derived from Scottish Gaelic cnoc "round hill".
Knudsen Danish
Means "son of Knud".
Knutsen Norwegian
Means "son of Knut".
Knutsson Swedish
Means "son of Knut".
Ko Chinese (Cantonese), Chinese (Hokkien)
Cantonese and Min Nan romanization of Gao.
Kobayashi Japanese
From Japanese (ko) meaning "small" and (hayashi) meaning "forest".
Kóbor Hungarian
From Hungarian kóbor meaning "wanderer, ranger".
Koç Turkish
Means "ram" in Turkish.
Koch German
German cognate of Cook.
Kock Low German
Low German cognate of Cook.
Kocsis Hungarian
Means "coachman" in Hungarian.
Koeman Dutch
Variant of Koopman.
Koemans Dutch
Variant of Koopman.
Koenig German
German cognate of King.
Köhl German
Variant of Kohl.
Kohl German
Derived from Middle High German kol "cabbage".
Köhler German
Variant of Kohler.