Means "son of HENRY
". A bearer of this surname was the poet Robert Henryson (1425-1500).
HEPBURN English, Scottish
From northern English place names meaning "high burial mound" in Old English. It was borne by Mary Queen of Scot's infamous third husband, James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwall. Other famous bearers include the actresses Katharine Hepburn (1907-2003) and Audrey Hepburn (1929-1993).
HERSCHEL German, Jewish
Diminutive form of HIRSCH (1)
or HIRSCH (2)
. A famous bearer was the British-German astronomer William Herschel (1738-1822), as well as his sister Caroline Herschel (1750-1848) and son John Herschel (1792-1871), also noted scientists.
Derived from Middle High German herze
meaning "heart", a nickname for a big-hearted person.
From a German title meaning "duke", a nickname for a person who either acted like a duke or worked in a duke's household.
From a nickname meaning "tallest" in Middle English. It is most common in the southwest of England in the county of Devon.
Anglicized form of Irish Ó hÍcidhe
meaning "descendant of the healer".
From Irish Ó hUiginn
meaning "descendant of Uiginn". Uiginn
is a byname meaning "Viking".
Originally given to a person who lived on or near a hill, derived from Old English hyll
From English places by this name, derived from Old English hyll
From various English place names derived from Old English hyll
"hill" and tun
"enclosure, town". Famous bearers of this name include the Hilton family of hotel heirs.
From Japanese 緋 (hi)
meaning "scarlet, dark red" and 村 (mura)
meaning "town, village".
Anglicized form of Irish Ó hEidhin
meaning "descendant of Eidhin", a given name or byname of unknown origin.
HIRSCH (1) German
Means "deer, hart" in German. This was a nickname for a person who resembled a deer in some way, or who raised or hunted deer.
From a nickname for a person with an oddly-shaped head, derived from Czech hlava
Derived from the medieval given name HOB
. A famous bearer of this name was British political philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), the author of 'Leviathan'.
Occupational name for a hat maker, from Dutch hoed
"hat" and maker
Occupational name for a farmer, from German Hof
"farm", from Old High German hof
"house, estate, courtyard".
Means "master of the household", from Old High German hof
"house, estate, courtyard" and meistar
"master" (from Latin magister
From Irish Ó hÓgáin
meaning "descendant of Ógán". The given name Ógán
is a diminutive of óg
Occupational name meaning "pig herder", from Old English hogg
"hog" and hierde
Possibly from Spanish holgar
"to rest, to enjoy oneself".
HOLLAND (1) English
From various English places of this name, derived from Old English hoh
"point of land, heel" and land
Referred to someone living by a group of holly trees, from Old English holegn
HOLME English, Scottish
Referred either to someone living by a small island (northern Middle English holm
, from Old Norse holmr
) or near a holly tree (Middle English holm
, from Old English holegn
HOLMES English, Scottish
Variant of HOLME
. A famous fictional bearer was Sherlock Holmes, a detective in Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's mystery stories beginning in 1887.
HOLST Danish, Low German, Dutch
Originally referred to a person from the region of HOLSTEIN
between Germany and Denmark. A famous bearer of this name was the English composer Gustav Holst (1874-1934).
Occupational name for a forester's helper, from Old High German holz
"wood" and kneht
Derived from Old High German holz
"wood" and man
"man", a name for someone who lived close to a wood or worked with wood.
From various place names derived from Old English ham
meaning "home" and wudu
From Japanese 本 (hon)
meaning "root, origin, source" and 田 (ta)
Derived from the name of the English town of Hunnacott, derived from Old English hunig
"honey" or the given name Huna
combined with cot
Originally applied to one who lived near a river bend or corner of some natural feature, from Old English hoc
Occupational name for someone who put the metal hoops around wooden barrels.
Derived from Middle English hop
meaning "small valley".
Occupational name for an acrobat or a nickname for someone who was nervous or restless. A famous bearer was the American actor Dennis Hopper (1936-2010).
HORN English, German, Norwegian, Danish
From the Germanic word horn
meaning "horn". This was an occupational name for one who carved objects out of horn or who played a horn, or a person who lived near a horn-shaped geographical feature, such as a mountain or a bend in a river.
From the German name of Hořovice, a town in the Czech Republic. Its name is derived from Czech hora
From a minor place in Yorkshire derived from Old English hors
"horse" and fall
From the names of various places in England, which are derived from Old English horh
"dirt, mud" and tun
"enclosure, yard, town".
Referred to a person who lived or worked in a house, as opposed to a smaller hut.
HOWARD (2) English
Occupational name meaning "ewe herder", from Old English eowu
"ewe" and hierde
Name for one who lived on a hill, from Middle English how
"hill" (of Norse origin).
Means "count" in Czech, perhaps used to denote someone who worked for a count or acted like a count.
Means "pear" in Czech, most likely used to denote a person who grew or sold pears.
From Chinese 胡 (hú)
meaning "beard, whiskers, recklessly, wildly, barbarian".
Occupational name for a farmer, derived from Old High German huoba
"plot of land, farm".
From the name of a town in the Yorkshire region of England, which means "Hudel's town" in Old English.
From various English place names, derived from the Old English given name Huda
combined with halh
Means "garden, orchard" in Spanish, ultimately from Latin hortus
Means "spur of a hill", from Old English hoh
HUMMEL (2) German, Dutch
Nickname for a busy person, from Middle Low German and Middle Dutch hommel
, Middle High German hummel
, all meaning "bee".
HUNTER English, Scottish
Occupational name that referred to someone who hunted for a living, from Old English hunta
Originally a name for a person who lived near a thicket of trees, from Old English hyrst
From the name of a town in Cheshire. The final element is Old English leah
"woodland, clearing", while the first element might be hux
"insult, scorn". A famous bearer was the British author Aldous Huxley (1894-1963).
Derived from the name of an English place meaning "hook post", from Old English hoc
"hook" and stapol
HYLAND (1) English
Topographic name meaning "high land", from Old English heah
Means "son of IB
". A famous bearer was the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906).
From Spanish iglesia
meaning "church", from Latin ecclesia
(of Greek origin).
From the name of the town of Ingersleben, Germany, which meant "Inge's village".
From the name of an English town, of Old English origin meaning "INGA
Means "above the well", from Japanese 井 (i)
meaning "well, mine shaft, pit", an unwritten possessive marker の (no)
, and 上 (ue)
meaning "above, top, upper".
Variant of IONESCU
. French-Romanian playwright Eugène Ionesco (1909-1994), born Ionescu
, is a famous bearer of this surname.
From the name of the Jordan river, which is from Hebrew יָרַד (yarad)
meaning "descend" or "flow down".
IRVING Scottish, English
Originally derived from a Scottish place name (in North Ayrshire) meaning "green water".
From Japanese 伊 (i)
meaning "this" and 藤 (tou)
meaning "wisteria". The final character may indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan.
Means "by the fountain" in Basque, from iturri
Referred to a person belonging to the Iyer subcaste of the larger Brahmin caste. The Iyer subcaste is traditionally devoted to the God Vishnu.
Means "son of JACK
". Famous bearers of this name are the American president Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) and the singer Michael Jackson (1958-2009).
Means "hunter" in German, from Old High German jagon
meaning "to hunt".
JAIN Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati
Referred to a person who followed the principles of Jainism, a religion practiced in India. Jains are the followers of Lord Mahavira (599-527 BC).
Habitational name for a person from a town named Jankowo
, all derived from the given name JANEK
Habitational name for a person from a town named Janowo
, all derived from the given name JAN (1)
Either from the given name JANVIER
or the French word janvier
meaning "January", perhaps indicating a person who was baptized in that month.
Derived from Finnish järvi
meaning "lake". It is one of the most common surnames in Finland.
Originally indicated a person from various Polish towns named Jaskółki
, derived from Polish jaskółka
Derived from Basque jats
meaning "sorghum", a type of cereal grass.
Derived from Czech jedle
meaning "fir tree", perhaps given to a person who lived near a prominent one.
Patronymic from the given name JEFFREY
. A famous bearer was poet Robinson Jeffers (1887-1962).
From Czech jehla
meaning "needle", most likely borne by tailors in reference to their occupation.
Derived from the Breton given name JUDICAËL
. This name was used by Robert Louis Stevenson for the character of Dr Henry Jekyll in the book 'Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde' (1886).
From a nickname meaning "stag" in Czech.