Means "son of Gustaf"
. The actress Greta Garbo (1905-1990) was originally named Greta Gustafsson.
Derived from Middle High German guot
meaning "good" and muot
meaning "mind, spirit". It was a nickname for an optimistic person.
From a Sicilian nickname meaning "sad"
. It was name of the famous Italian painter Renato Guttuso (born 1912).
From the name of the town of Guzmán in Burgos, Spain.
Derived from either archaic Polish gwozd
Meaning unknown. This name was used by the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen for the central character in his play Peer Gynt
(1867). Ibsen based the story on an earlier Norwegian folktale Per Gynt
Occupational name meaning "peddler"
Originally indicated a person from Haanrade, a small village in the south of the province of Limburg in the Netherlands.
Haber German, Jewish
Occupational name for one who grew or sold oats, derived from Old High German habaro "oat"
. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
Occupational name for a dealer in oats, derived from Old High German habaro
"oat" and korn
From a diminutive of the medieval byname Hake
, which was of Old Norse origin and meant "hook".
From a place name derived from Old English hæþ
"heath" and dun
Means "son of the pilgrim"
from Bulgarian хаджия (hadzhiya)
meaning "pilgrim", ultimately derived from Arabic حَجّ (hajj)
From Bosnian hadž
meaning "hajj, pilgrimage"
, ultimately derived from Arabic حَجّ (hajj)
. It originally denoted a person who had completed the hajj.
Occupational name for a potter, derived from Old High German havan "pot, vessel"
From a nickname meaning "wild, untamed, worn"
, from Old French, ultimately from a Germanic root.
From a nickname for a proud or pugnacious person, from Old High German hano
meaning "rooster, cock"
Topographic name for someone who lived at the top of a hill, derived from Old English heahþu "height, summit"
in Czech, a diminutive of háj
Derived from Old English halh
meaning "nook, recess, hollow"
From the name of an English town meaning "hay clearing", from Old English heg
"hay" and leah
From Irish Ó hAllmhuráin
meaning "descendant of Allmhurán"
. The given name Allmhurán
means "stranger from across the sea".
Derived from Hungarian halom
meaning "mound, small hill"
. Originally the name was given to someone who lived near or on a hill.
Derived from the region in southern Finland known as Häme, also called Tavastia.
From various English place names, derived from Old English hamel
"crooked, mutilated" and tun
"enclosure, yard, town".
Hamilton English, Scottish
From an English place name, derived from Old English hamel
"crooked, mutilated" and dun
"hill". This was the name of a town in Leicestershire, England (which no longer exists).
From the name of multiple towns in England, derived from Old English ham
"home" or ham
"water meadow, enclosure" and tun
"enclosure, yard, town".
Han Chinese, Korean
From Chinese 韩 (hán)
referring to the ancient state of Han, which existed from the 5th to 3rd centuries BC in what is now Shanxi and Henan provinces.
From various English place names meaning "high meadow"
in Old English.
Hansen Norwegian, Danish
Means "son of Hans"
. This is the most common surname in Norway, and the third most common in Denmark.
From a place name meaning "hare valley" in Old English.
Derived from the given name Heard
. A famous bearer was American president Warren G. Harding (1865-1923).
Hardy English, French
From Old French and Middle English hardi
meaning "bold, daring, hardy"
, of Germanic origin.
Ornamental name adopted from a biblical place name meaning "altar, mountain of God" in Hebrew.
Habitational name from places called Harford in Gloucestershire and Devon, meaning "hart ford" or "army ford".
From various place names meaning "hare land"
in Old English.
Derived from a place name meaning "hare clearing", from Old English hara
"hare" and leah
Habitational name derived from a number of locations named Harlow, from Old English hær
"rock, heap of stones" or here
"army", combined with hlaw
Originally belonged to a person who played the harp or who made harps.
Means "son of Harold"
. A famous bearer of this surname is the American actor Woody Harrelson (1961-).
Means "male deer"
. It was originally acquired by a person who lived in a place frequented by harts, or bore some resemblance to a hart.
Habitational name for someone originally from any of the various locations in England named Hartley, from Old English heort
"hart, male deer" and leah
From Middle High German and Middle Low German hase
meaning "hare, rabbit"
. This was a nickname for a person who was quick or timid.
From the Japanese place name 長谷
, not a standard reading) combined with 川 (kawa)
meaning "river, stream".
From a northern German place name meaning "rabbit field"
, from Old Saxon haso
"hare" and kamp
"field" (from Latin campus
Habitational name for someone who lived near a path across a heath, from Old English hæþ
"heath" and weg
Derived from Middle High German houwen "to chop"
, referring to a butcher or woodchopper.
in Norwegian, referring to a person who lived on a hilltop.
Derived from Middle High German houwen
"to chop" and man
"man", referring to a butcher or woodchopper.
Name for someone who lived in a house with no land, derived rom Old High German word hus
Originally a nickname for a person who had a hawk-like appearance or who acted in a fierce manner, derived from Old English heafoc "hawk"
From a diminutive of Hawk
. A famous bearer was the British physicist Stephen Hawking (1942-2018).
Denoted a person who lived near a hawthorn bush, a word derived from Old English hagaþorn
, from haga
meaning "haw berry" and þorn
meaning "thorn bush". A famous bearer was the American writer Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864), author of The Scarlet Letter
Hayden 1 English
From place names meaning either "hay valley"
or "hay hill"
, derived from Old English heg
"hay" and denu
"valley" or dun
Hayes 1 English
From various English place names that were derived from Old English hæg
meaning "enclosure, fence"
. A famous bearer was American President Rutherford B. Hayes (1822-1893).
Name for a person who lived on a hill, from Middle English heyt
Occupational name for a person who protected an enclosed forest, from Old English hæg
"enclosure, fence" and weard
From various place names meaning "fenced wood" in Old English.
From Chinese 何 (hé)
, representing a southern pronunciation of the name of the ancient state of Han (see Han
). After Han was destroyed by the state of Qin, those who resettled further south changed their name to this character in order to match the local pronunciation.
From Middle English hed
, from Old English heafod
. It may have referred to a person who had a peculiar head, who lived near the head of a river or valley, or who served as the village headman.
From place names meaning "heather clearing" in Old English.
Originally belonged to a person who was a dweller on the heath or open land.
From Dutch heer "lord, master"
, a nickname for a person who acted like a lord or who worked for a lord.
From Irish Ó hIfearnáin
meaning "descendant of Ifearnán"
. The byname Ifearnán
means "little demon".
Derived from the given name Hendrik
. A famous bearer was the American rock musician Jimi Hendrix (1942-1970).
Means "son of Henry"
. A bearer of this surname was the poet Robert Henryson (1425-1500).
Hepburn English, Scottish
From northern English place names meaning "high burial mound"
in Old English. It was borne by Mary Queen of Scot's infamous third husband, James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwall. Other famous bearers include the actresses Katharine Hepburn (1907-2003) and Audrey Hepburn (1929-1993).
Herschel German, Jewish
Diminutive form of Hirsch 1
or Hirsch 2
. A famous bearer was the British-German astronomer William Herschel (1738-1822), as well as his sister Caroline Herschel (1750-1848) and son John Herschel (1792-1871), also noted scientists.
Derived from Middle High German herze
, a nickname for a big-hearted person.
From a German title meaning "duke"
, a nickname for a person who either acted like a duke or worked in a duke's household.
From a nickname meaning "tallest"
in Middle English. It is most common in the southwest of England in the county of Devon.
Anglicized form of Irish Ó hÍcidhe
meaning "descendant of the healer"
in Spanish. The Spanish word is a contraction of the phrase hijo de algo
meaning "son of something". This surname was typically in origin a nickname or an occupational name for one who worked in a noble's household.
From southern German Hiedl
meaning "underground stream"
From Irish Ó hUiginn
meaning "descendant of Uiginn"
is a byname meaning "Viking".
Originally given to a person who lived on or near a hill, derived from Old English hyll
From English places by this name, derived from Old English hyll
From various English place names derived from Old English hyll
"hill" and tun
"enclosure, town". Famous bearers of this name include the Hilton family of hotel heirs.
From Japanese 緋 (hi)
meaning "scarlet, dark red" and 村 (mura)
meaning "town, village".
Anglicized form of Irish Ó hEidhin
meaning "descendant of Eidhin"
, a given name or byname of unknown origin.
From Japanese 日 (hi)
meaning "sun, day" or 火 (hi)
meaning "fire" and 野 (no)
meaning "field, wilderness".
From Japanese 平 (hira)
meaning "level, even, peaceful" and 野 (no)
meaning "field, wilderness".
Hirsch 1 German
Means "deer, hart"
in German. This was a nickname for a person who resembled a deer in some way, or who raised or hunted deer.
Variant of Hiedler
. This was spelling used by Alois Hitler, the father of German dictator Adolph Hitler (1889-1945), when he adopted his stepfather Johann Georg Hiedler's surname.
From a nickname for a person with an oddly-shaped head, derived from Czech hlava "head"
Derived from the medieval given name Hob
. A famous bearer of this name was British political philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), the author of Leviathan
From Bosnian hodža
meaning "master, teacher, imam"
, a word of Persian origin.
Occupational name for a hat maker, from Dutch hoed
"hat" and maker
Occupational name for a farmer, from German Hof "farm"
, from Old High German hof
"house, estate, courtyard".
Means "master of the household"
, from Old High German hof
"house, estate, courtyard" and meistar
"master" (from Latin magister
From Irish Ó hÓgáin
meaning "descendant of Ógán"
. The given name Ógán
is a diminutive of óg
Occupational name meaning "pig herder"
, from Old English hogg
"hog" and hierde
Possibly from Spanish holgar "to rest, to enjoy oneself"
Holland 1 English
From various English places of this name, derived from Old English hoh
"point of land, heel" and land
Referred to someone living by a group of holly trees, from Old English holegn
Ornamental name derived from Swedish holme
(Old Norse holmr
) meaning "small island" and berg
Holme English, Scottish
Referred either to someone living by a small island (northern Middle English holm
, from Old Norse holmr
) or near a holly tree (Middle English holm
, from Old English holegn
Holmes English, Scottish
Variant of Holme
. A famous fictional bearer was Sherlock Holmes, a detective in Arthur Conan Doyle's mystery stories beginning in 1887.
Holst Danish, Low German, Dutch
Originally referred to a person from the region of Holstein
between Germany and Denmark. A famous bearer of this name was the English composer Gustav Holst (1874-1934).
Occupational name for a forester's helper, from Old High German holz
"wood" and kneht
Derived from Old High German holz
"wood" and man
"man", a name for someone who lived close to a wood or worked with wood.
From various place names derived from Old English ham
meaning "home" and wudu
From Japanese 本 (hon)
meaning "root, origin, source" and 田 (ta)
meaning "field, rice paddy".
Derived from the name of the English town of Hunnacott, derived from Old English hunig
"honey" or the given name Huna
combined with cot
Originally applied to one who lived near a river bend or corner of some natural feature, from Old English hoc "angle, hook"
Occupational name for someone who put the metal hoops around wooden barrels.
Derived from Middle English hop
meaning "small valley"
Occupational name for an acrobat or a nickname for someone who was nervous or restless. A famous bearer was the American actor Dennis Hopper (1936-2010).