Occupational name derived from Polish krawiec
in German, perhaps a nickname for a person with a crab-like walk.
in Czech, ultimately from Latin crux
in Polish. The name referred to one who acted like a king or was connected in some way with a king's household.
Kron German, Swedish
From German Krone
and Swedish krona
(from Latin corona
), perhaps a nickname for one who worked in a royal household.
Nickname for a crippled person or someone who walked with a cane, from Middle High German krücke
Krüger 1 German
In northern Germany an occupational name for a tavern keeper, derived from Middle Low German kroch
Krüger 2 German
In southern Germany an occupational name for a potter, derived from Middle High German kruoc
meaning "jug, pot"
From Japanese 久 (ku)
meaning "long time ago" and 保 (ho)
in Czech, a nickname for a person with curly locks of hair.
Occupational surname for a baker who made small cakes or cookies, derived from Middle High German kuoche "cake, pastry"
in Czech, a nickname for someone with curly hair.
in Estonian, ultimately of Germanic origin.
From Finnish kulma
with the suffix -la
indicating a place.
Kumar Indian, Hindi, Marathi, Telugu, Kannada, Punjabi, Bengali, Assamese, Gujarati, Odia, Malayalam, Tamil
Means "boy, prince"
Possibly from Polish kum "godfather, friend"
or komięga "raft, barge"
From Turkish kundak
meaning "stock, wooden part of a rifle"
Occupational name for a maker of distaffs, from Middle High German kunkel "distaff, spindle"
, of Latin origin.
From Japanese 黒 (kuro)
meaning "black" and 沢, 澤 (sawa)
meaning "marsh". A notable bearer was Akira Kurosawa (1910-1998), a Japanese film director.
Derived from the Hungarian word kuruc
, referring to rebels who fought against the Habsburgs in the late 17th to early 18th century.
in German, ultimately from Latin curtus
Habitational name for someone from any of the various locations named Kwiatków
, named from a diminutive of Polish kwiat
Derived from Gaelic caol
meaning "narrows, channel, strait"
, originally given to a person who lived by a strait.
in Czech. It was most likely used to denote a person known for having a bad mood.
Originally indicated a person from the town of Abriola in southern Italy.
Means "chance, luck"
in French, a nickname for a lucky person.
Means "the chapel"
in French, most likely used to denote a person who lived by a church or a chapel.
Means "the cross"
in French. It denoted one who lived near a cross symbol or near a crossroads.
Derived from Lassy
, the name of a town in Normandy. The name of the town was Gaulish in origin, perhaps deriving from a personal name that was Latinized as Lascius
Occupational name for a greengrocer, meaning "vegetables"
in southern Italian dialects, ultimately from Greek λάχανον (lachanon)
From a nickname derived from Ligurian lagö
, referring to a type of lizard, the European green lizard. This little reptile is respected because it supposedly protects against vipers.
Occupational name meaning "sentry, sentinel"
in Italian, also a locative name referring to a person who lived near a watchtower. Fiorello Laguardia (1882-1947) was the first mayor of New York of Italian origin.
Patronymic name derived from Russian лагун (lagun)
meaning "water barrel"
. It was used to denote the descendants of a person who made water barrels.
Derived from the name place Lama
, common in Italy.
Lamar French, English
Originally from a place name in Normandy, derived from Old French la mare
meaning "the pool".
From the name of the animal, perhaps a nickname for a shy person.
From the name of the village of Lamon near the city of Belluno in Veneto, Italy.
Landau German, Jewish
Derived from the town of Landau in the Palatinate region of Germany, of Old High German origin meaning "land valley".
Lane 1 English
Originally designated one who lived by a lane, a narrow way between fences or hedges, later used of any narrow pathway, including one between houses in a town.
Lane 2 French
Derived from a French word meaning "wool"
, designating one who worked in the wool trade.
Lane 3 Irish
From Irish Ó Luain
meaning "descendant of Luan"
, a given name meaning "warrior".
From the name of a small town in the province of Utrecht, Holland, derived from lang
means "wide" and broek
Derived from various places names, of Old English origin meaning "long hill"
Langley 1 English
From any of the various places with this name, all derived from Old English lang
"long" and leah
Derived from Czech lán
, a measure of land equal to approximately 18 hectares. The name loosely translates as "farmer" and is considered a Moravian equivalent of Sedlák
Means "minstrel, bard, lutist"
in Hungarian, from lant
Means "the point (of a lance)"
in French, possibly a nickname for a soldier.
From the name of the town of Laterza near Taranto in Apulia. It is typical of southern Italy.
From a nickname for a person who took big steps, from Finnish laukka
meaning "canter, gallop"
From the name of the town of Laurito, near Salerno in the area of Naples.
Means "the vineyard"
in French, referring to a person who lived close to a vineyard, or was from the town of Lavigny.
Means "the road, the lane"
in French, a name for someone who lived close to a road.
Derived from the given name Laurence 1
. Famous bearers include revolutionary T. E. Lawrence (1888-1935) and author D. H. Lawrence (1885-1930).
Derived from the name of English towns, meaning "town with a leek garden" in Old English.
Originally indicated a person who was a physician, from the medieval practice of using leeches to bleed people of ills.
From the name of various places called Livet in Normandy, France. They are possibly of Gaulish origin.
Nickname for a handsome person, from French le
"the" and beau
Means "the white"
, from French blanc
"white". The name referred to a person who was pale or whose hair was blond.
From a nickname meaning "the brown"
, from French brun
Originally indicated a person from Lecce, southern Italy. The town was known as Licea
in Latin, earlier Lupiae
From French écuyer
meaning "squire, shield-bearer"
From the name of English places called Lydford
, derived from hlud
meaning "loud, noisy" and ford
meaning "ford, river crossing".
Lee 1 English
Originally given to a person who lived on or near a leah
, Old English meaning "woodland, clearing"
Means "lion's corner"
in Dutch. The first bearer of this name lived on the corner (Dutch hoek
) of the Lion's Gate (Dutch Leeuwenpoort
) in the city of Delft.
Occupational name meaning "blacksmith"
in Old French, derived from Latin faber
From Middle High German lehenman
meaning "vassal, liege man"
From Old High German loh
meaning "meadow, clearing"
Referred to one who lived on a hillside, from Middle High German lite "slope"
Either from Leitzkau
, the name of a town in Saxony-Anhalt, or from a diminutive of the given name Leutz
, a variant of Lutz
Means "the mayor"
in French. It was a title given to a town official, or else a nickname for someone who was pompous and officious.
Derived from the place name Leymieux
, a town in the Rhône-Alpes region of France.
Means "the monk"
in French. This was typically a nickname or a occupational name for a person who worked in a monastery.
Lenin Russian (Modern)
Surname adopted by the Russian revolutionary and founder of the former Soviet state Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1870-1924), whose birth surname was Ulyanov
. He probably adapted it from the name of the River Lena in Siberia.
Anglicized form of the Irish name Ó Leannáin
, which means "descendant of Leannán"
. The given name Leannán
means "lover". The name was borne by the musician John Lennon (1940-1980).
From the name of a district in Scotland, called Leamhnachd
in Gaelic, possibly meaning "place of elms".
From a nickname meaning "springtime"
León 1 Spanish
Referred to a person from the city of León in northern Spain, derived from Latin legio
) meaning "legion"
, so named because the Roman 7th Legion Gemina was stationed there.
Means "the red"
, from Old French ros
"red". This was a nickname for a person with red hair.
From a Scottish clan name, earlier Lesselyn
, derived from a place name in Aberdeenshire, itself probably from Gaelic leas celyn
meaning "garden of holly".
From the Polish estate name Lewandów
, which is itself possibly derived from a personal name or from lawenda
Lewis 1 English
Derived from the given name Lewis
. The author C. S. Lewis (1898-1963) was a bearer of this surname.
Li 1 Chinese
From Chinese 李 (lǐ)
meaning "plum, plum tree"
. This was the surname of Chinese emperors of the Tang dynasty.
From Chinese 梁 (liáng)
referring to the ancient state of Liang, which existed from the 8th to 7th centuries BC in what is now Shaanxi province.
From Chinese 廖 (liào)
referring to the ancient state of Liao, which was located in present-day Henan province.
From Norwegian li
, Old Norse hlíð
meaning "hillside, slope"
Originally indicated that the bearer was from the English city of Lincoln, called Lindum Colonia
by the Romans, derived from Brythonic lindo
"lake, pool" and Latin colonia
"colony". A famous bearer was Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), president of the United States during the American Civil War.
From Swedish lind
meaning "linden tree" and gren
(Old Norse grein
) meaning "branch". A famous bearer of this name was Swedish author Astrid Lindgren (1907-2002).
Ornamental name derived from Swedish lind
meaning "linden tree" and qvist
(Old Norse kvistr
) meaning "twig, branch".
in Finnish. A famous namesake is Väinö Linna (1920-1992), Finnish author of The Unknown Soldier
Originally from place names meaning either "flax town" or "linden tree town" in Old English.
Originally from place names meaning "linden tree forest" in Old English.
in Polish, a nickname for a sly person.
Anglicized form of the Gaelic Mac an Fleisdeir
meaning "son of the arrow maker"
Habitation name meaning derived from Celtic roots meaning "pool hollow". A famous bearer of this name is actor John Lithgow (1945-).
Meaning simply "little"
, it was originally a nickname given to a short person.
From Chinese 刘 (liú)
meaning "kill, destroy"
. This was the surname of Chinese emperors of the Han dynasty.
Ornamental name derived from Swedish ljung
(Old Norse lyng
) meaning "heather" and gren
(Old Norse grein
) meaning "branch".
Originally a nickname from the Welsh word llwyd
From Locatello, a town in Lombardy, northern Italy, near the city of Bergamo.
Ornamental name derived from Swedish löv
(Old Norse lauf
) meaning "leaf" and gren
(Old Norse grein
) meaning "branch".
From a Scottish place name meaning "little hollow"
, derived from Gaelic lag
From various place names in the Netherlands, derived from Old Dutch loh
meaning "meadow, clearing".
Originally indicated someone who came from the Lombardy region of northern Italy, which was named for the Lombards, a Germanic tribe who invaded in the 6th century. Their name is derived from the Germanic roots lang
"long" and bard
From the name of the capital city of the United Kingdom, the meaning of which is uncertain.
Originally a nickname for a person who had long limbs or who was tall.
Occupational name for an official who was equipped with a ceremonial staff, or a nickname for a tall person.
From the Old English given name Lufu