All Surnames

usage
Kohler German
From Middle High German koler meaning "charcoal burner" or "charcoal seller".
Kohout Czech
Czech cognate of Kohut.
Kohut Ukrainian
Means "rooster" in Ukrainian, a nickname for a proud person.
Koizumi Japanese
From Japanese (ko) meaning "small" and (izumi) meaning "spring, fountain". A notable bearer of this name is Junichiro Koizumi (1942-), who was Prime Minister of Japan.
Kokkinos Greek
From a nickname meaning "red" in Greek.
Kokot Slovene, Croatian
Slovene and Croatian cognate of Kohut.
Kolář Czech
Means "wheelwright", a derivative of Czech kolo "wheel".
Kolar Croatian, Slovene
Croatian and Slovene cognate of Kolář.
Kolarić Croatian
Patronymic form of Kolar.
Kolbe German
From Middle High German kolbe meaning "club".
Kolen Dutch
From the given name Nicolaas.
Kolijn Dutch
From the given name Nicolaas.
Kollen Dutch
From the given name Nicolaas.
König German
German cognate of King.
Königsmann German
Means "king's man", or someone who played a king in a play.
Koning Dutch
Dutch cognate of King.
Konishi Japanese
From Japanese (ko) meaning "small" and 西 (nishi) meaning "west".
Kontos Greek
Means "short" in Greek.
Kool Dutch
Derived from a short form of the given name Nicolaas.
Koole Dutch
Derived from a short form of the given name Nicolaas.
Koolen Dutch
Derived from the given name Nicolaas.
Kools Dutch
Derived from the given name Nicolaas.
Koopman Dutch
Occupational name meaning "merchant" in Dutch.
Kopecký Czech
Derived from Czech kopec meaning "hill". The name was given to a person who lived close to a hill.
Kopitar Slovene
From Slovene kopito meaning "hoof", an occupational name for a shoer.
Kopp German
Derived from a diminutive of the given name Jakob.
Koppel Estonian, Danish
From Low German koppel meaning "paddock, pasture" (a word borrowed into Estonian).
Korhonen Finnish
Possibly from archaic Finnish korho meaning "deaf, hard of hearing". This is the most common surname in Finland.
Korošec Slovene
Originally indicated a person from Koroška (Carinthia), a medieval Slovene state, now divided between Slovenia and Austria.
Korrapati Indian, Telugu
From an area called Korra or Korrapalem combined with Telugu పతి (pati) meaning "belongs to".
Kos Slovene
Means "blackbird" in Slovene.
Košar Croatian
From Croatian koš meaning "basket", originally indicating a person who made or sold baskets.
Koskinen Finnish
Derived from Finnish koski meaning "rapids". This is the second most common surname in Finland.
Kosmatka Polish
Derived from Polish kosmaty meaning "shaggy, hairy".
Kostelecký Czech
Originally denoted a person from a village named Kostelec, derived from Czech kostel meaning "church".
Koszorús Hungarian
Derived from Hungarian koszorú meaning "garland, wreath, girdle", a name for someone who made garlands.
Koumans Dutch
Variant of Koopman.
Kováč Slovak, Czech
Slovak and Czech cognate of Kovač.
Kovac Slovak, Croatian, Serbian, Czech
Simplified spelling of Kováč or Kovač.
Kovač Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Slovene
Means "blacksmith", a derivative of Slavic kovati meaning "to forge".
Kovachev Bulgarian
Patronymic derived from Bulgarian ковач (kovach) meaning "blacksmith".
Kovačić Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian
Patronymic derived from South Slavic kovač meaning "blacksmith".
Kovačič Slovene
Slovene form of Kovačić.
Kovács Hungarian
Hungarian form of Kovač.
Kovalchuk Ukrainian, Russian
Derived from Ukrainian and Russian коваль (koval) meaning "blacksmith".
Kovalenko Ukrainian
Derived from Ukrainian коваль (koval) meaning "blacksmith".
Kovalev Russian
Alternate transcription of Russian Ковалёв (see Kovalyov).
Kovalyov Russian
Patronymic from Russian коваль (koval) meaning "blacksmith".
Kovář Czech
Czech cognate of Kovač.
Kövér Hungarian
Means "fat" in Hungarian.
Kowalczyk Polish
Patronymic derived from Polish kowal "blacksmith".
Kowalski Polish
From Polish kowal meaning "blacksmith". This is the second most common surname in Poland.
Kozel Czech
Czech cognate of Kozioł.
Kozioł Polish
Means "male goat" in Polish, probably used to denote a goatherd.
Kozlov Russian
Patronymic from Russian козёл (kozyol) meaning "male goat", probably used to denote a goatherd.
Kozłowski Polish
Originally a name for a person from Kozłów, Kozłowo, or other places with a name derived from Polish kozioł meaning "male goat".
Krajnc Slovene
Originally denoted a person from Carniola (Slovene Kranjska), a region that makes up a large part of central Slovenia.
Krakowski Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for a person from the city of Kraków in southern Poland.
Král Czech
Czech form of Król.
Kráľ Slovak
Slovak form of Król.
Kralj Slovene, Croatian, Serbian
Slovene, Croatian and Serbian form of Król.
Kramář Czech
Czech form of Krämer.
Krämer German
Means "shopkeeper, merchant" in German, derived from Old High German kram meaning "tent, trading post".
Kramer Low German, Jewish
Low German and Jewish form of Krämer.
Kranz German, Jewish
Derived from Old High German kranz meaning "wreath", an occupational name for a maker of wreaths or an ornamental Jewish name.
Krastev Bulgarian
Means "son of Krastyo".
Kratochvil Czech
Derived from Czech kratochvíle meaning "pastime".
Kraus German
From Middle High German krus meaning "curly", originally a nickname for a person with curly hair.
Krause German
Variant of Kraus.
Krauss German
Variant of Kraus.
Krauß German
Variant of Kraus.
Kravchenko Ukrainian
Derived from Ukrainian кравець (kravets) meaning "tailor".
Kravitz Jewish
Occupational name derived from Polish krawiec meaning "tailor".
Krawczyk Polish
From a diminutive of krawiec meaning "tailor".
Krawiec Polish
Means "tailor" in Polish.
Krebs German
Means "crab" in German, perhaps a nickname for a person with a crab-like walk.
Krejči Czech
Means "tailor" in Czech.
Krikorian Armenian
Alternate transcription of Armenian Գրիգորյան (see Grigoryan).
Kristensen Danish
Means "son of Kristen 1".
Kříž Czech
Means "cross" in Czech, ultimately from Latin crux.
Križman Slovene
From Slovene križ meaning "cross".
Król Polish
Means "king" in Polish. The name referred to one who acted like a king or was connected in some way with a king's household.
Kron German, Swedish
From German Krone and Swedish krona meaning "crown" (from Latin corona), perhaps a nickname for one who worked in a royal household.
Krstevski Macedonian
Means "son of Krste".
Krückel German
Nickname for a crippled person or someone who walked with a cane, from Middle High German krücke meaning "cane".
Krüger 1 German
In northern Germany an occupational name for a tavern keeper, derived from Middle Low German kroch meaning "tavern".
Krüger 2 German
In southern Germany an occupational name for a potter, derived from Middle High German kruoc meaning "jug, pot".
Krūmiņš Latvian
From Latvian krūms meaning "bush, shrub".
Krupa Polish
Means "groats, grain" in Polish.
Krupin Russian
Derived from Russian крупа (krupa) meaning "grain".
Kruse German
Variant of Kraus.
Krusen Dutch
Anglicized form of Cruyssen.
Kuang Chinese
From Chinese (kuàng), which refers to the clan of the same name.
Kubo Japanese
From Japanese (ku) meaning "long time ago" and (ho) meaning "protect".
Kučera Czech
Means "curl" in Czech, a nickname for a person with curly locks of hair.
Küchler German
Occupational surname for a baker who made small cakes or cookies, derived from Middle High German kuoche "cake, pastry".
Küçük Turkish
Means "small" in Turkish.
Kudrna Czech
Means "curl" in Czech, a nickname for someone with curly hair.
Kuhn German
Derived from a diminutive of the German given name Konrad.
Kuijlaars Dutch
Derived from Middle Dutch cule "hole, pit".
Kuijpers Dutch
Variant of Kuiper.
Kuiper Dutch
Means "cooper, barrel maker" in Dutch.
Kuipers Dutch
Variant of Kuiper.
Kukk Estonian
Means "rooster" in Estonian, ultimately of Germanic origin.
Kulkarni Indian, Marathi
Means "village clerk, revenue collector" in Marathi.
Kulmala Finnish
From Finnish kulma meaning "corner" with the suffix -la indicating a place.
Kumagai Japanese
From Japanese (kuma) meaning "bear" and (gai) meaning "valley".
Kumięga Polish
Possibly from Polish kum "godfather, friend" or komięga "raft, barge".
Kundakçı Turkish
From Turkish kundak meaning "stock, wooden part of a rifle".
Kundert German
Derived from the given name Konrad.
Kunkel German
Occupational name for a maker of distaffs, from Middle High German kunkel "distaff, spindle", of Latin origin.
Kunkle German
Variant of Kunkel.
Kuntz German
Derived from a diminutive of the given name Konrad.
Kunz German
Derived from a diminutive of the given name Konrad.
Kunze German
Derived from a diminutive of the given name Konrad.
Kurata Japanese
From Japanese (kura) or (kura) both meaning "granary, storehouse" and (ta) meaning "field, rice paddy".
Kuroda Japanese
From Japanese (kuro) meaning "black" and (ta) meaning "field, rice paddy".
Kuroki Japanese
From Japanese (kuro) meaning "black" and (ki) meaning "tree, wood".
Kurosawa Japanese
From Japanese (kuro) meaning "black" and 沢 or 澤 (sawa) meaning "marsh". A notable bearer was Akira Kurosawa (1910-1998), a Japanese film director.
Kurucz Hungarian
Derived from the Hungarian word kuruc, referring to rebels who fought against the Habsburgs in the late 17th to early 18th century.
Kurz German
Means "short" in German, ultimately from Latin curtus.
Kurzmann German
Means "short man" in German.
Kusumoto Japanese
From Japanese (kusu) meaning "camphor tree" and (moto) meaning "base, root, origin".
Kuznetsov Russian
Patronymic form of Russian кузнец (kuznets) meaning "blacksmith".
Kwan Chinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of Guan.
Kwiatkowski Polish
Habitational name for someone from any of the various locations named Kwiatków, Kwiatkowo or Kwiatkowice, named from a diminutive of Polish kwiat meaning "flower".
Kwok Chinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of Guo.
Kyle Scottish
Derived from Scottish Gaelic caol meaning "narrows, channel, strait", originally given to a person who lived by a strait.
Kyler Dutch (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of Cuyler.
Kyles Scottish
Variant of Kyle.
Kynaston English
Originally derived from a place name meaning "Cynefrith's town" in Old English.
Kyselý Czech
Means "sour" in Czech. It was most likely used to denote a person known for having a bad mood.
Laakkonen Finnish
Possibly from a diminutive of the given name Niklas.
Laaksonen Finnish
Derived from Finnish laakso meaning "valley".
Labelle French
Means "fair, beautiful" in French.
Labriola Italian
Originally indicated a person from the town of Abriola in southern Italy.
Lacey English
Derived from Lassy, the name of a town in Normandy. The name of the town was Gaulish in origin, perhaps deriving from a personal name that was Latinized as Lascius.
Lachance French
Means "chance, luck" in French, a nickname for a lucky person.
Lachapelle French
Means "the chapel" in French, most likely used to denote a person who lived by a church or a chapel.
Làconi Sardinian
From the name of the town of Làconi on Sardinia, Italy.
Lacroix French
Means "the cross" in French. It denoted one who lived near a cross symbol or near a crossroads.
Lacy English
Variant of Lacey.
Lafrentz German
Derived from the given name Lorenz.
Lafrenz German
Derived from the given name Lorenz.
Laganà Italian
Occupational name for a greengrocer, meaning "vegetables" in southern Italian dialects, ultimately from Greek λάχανον (lachanon).
Lager Swedish
Means "laurel" in Swedish.
Lagomarsino Italian
Derived from the name of the village of Lagomarsino near Genoa.
Lagorio Italian
From a nickname derived from Ligurian lagö, referring to a type of lizard, the European green lizard. This little reptile is respected because it supposedly protects against vipers.
Lagounov Russian
Alternate transcription of Russian Лагунов (see Lagunov).
Laguardia Italian
Occupational name meaning "sentry, sentinel" in Italian, also a locative name referring to a person who lived near a watchtower. Fiorello Laguardia (1882-1947) was the first mayor of New York of Italian origin.
Lagunov Russian
Patronymic name derived from Russian лагун (lagun) meaning "water barrel". It was used to denote the descendants of a person who made water barrels.
Lahti Finnish
Means "bay, cove" in Finnish.
Lahtinen Finnish
From Finnish lahti meaning "bay, cove".
Laine Finnish, Estonian
Means "wave" in Finnish and Estonian.
Laird Scottish
Means "landowner" in Scots, derived from northern Middle English laverd "lord", from Old English hlafweard.
Laitinen Finnish
Finnish surname of unknown origin.
Lakatos Hungarian
Means "locksmith" in Hungarian, a word of Romance origin.
Lam Chinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of Lin.
Lama Italian
Derived from the name place Lama, common in Italy.
Lamar French, English
Originally from a place name in Normandy, derived from Old French la mare meaning "the pool".
Lamarre French
Variant of Lamar.
Lamb English
From the name of the animal, perhaps a nickname for a shy person.
Lambert French
Derived from the given name Lambert.
Lamberti Italian
Derived from the given name Lamberto.
Lamon Italian
From the name of the village of Lamon near the city of Belluno in Veneto, Italy.
Lamont Scottish
From the medieval Gaelic given name Lagmann, derived from Old Norse lǫgmaðr meaning "law man".
Landau German, Jewish
Derived from the town of Landau in the Palatinate region of Germany, of Old High German origin meaning "land valley".
Landi Italian
Derived from the given name Lando.
Lando Italian
Derived from the given name Lando.
Landolfi Italian
From the given name Landolfo, Italian form of the Germanic name Landulf.
Landvik Norwegian
From the name of a Norwegian town meaning "land inlet".
Lane 1 English
Originally designated one who lived by a lane, a narrow way between fences or hedges, later used of any narrow pathway, including one between houses in a town.
Lane 2 French
Derived from a French word meaning "wool", designating one who worked in the wool trade.
Lane 3 Irish
From Irish Ó Luain meaning "descendant of Luan", a given name meaning "warrior".
Lång Swedish
Swedish cognate of Long.
Lang German, Danish, Norwegian
German, Danish and Norwegian cognate of Long.
Langbroek Dutch
From the name of a small town in the province of Utrecht, Holland, derived from lang means "wide" and broek means "meadow".
Langdon English
Derived from various places names, of Old English origin meaning "long hill" (effectively "ridge").
Lange German, Danish, Norwegian
German, Danish and Norwegian cognate of Long.
Langenberg German, Dutch
From various place names meaning "long mountain" in German and Dutch.
Langer German, Jewish
German cognate of Long.
Langlais French
Means "the Englishman" in French.
Langley 1 English
From any of the various places with this name, all derived from Old English lang "long" and leah "woodland, clearing".
Langley 2 French (Anglicized)
Americanized spelling of Langlais.
Láník Czech
Derived from Czech lán, a measure of land equal to approximately 18 hectares. The name loosely translates as "farmer" and is considered a Moravian equivalent of Sedlák.
Laninga Frisian
From Frisian lân meaning "land".
Lannon Irish
Variant of Lennon.
Lantos Hungarian
Means "minstrel, bard, lutist" in Hungarian, from lant meaning "lute".
Lapointe French
Means "the point (of a lance)" in French, possibly a nickname for a soldier.
Larsen Danish, Norwegian
Means "son of Lars".
Larsson Swedish
Means "son of Lars".
Larue French
Means "the street" in French.
Łaska Polish
Means "grace, mercy" in Polish.
Láska Czech, Slovak
Means "love" in Czech and Slovak.
László Hungarian
Derived from the given name László.
Laterza Italian
From the name of the town of Laterza near Taranto in Apulia. It is typical of southern Italy.
Lau Chinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of Liu.
Laukkanen Finnish
From a nickname for a person who took big steps, from Finnish laukka meaning "canter, gallop".
Laurens Dutch
From the given name Laurens.
Laurent French
From the given name Laurent.
Laurenz German
Derived from the given name Lorenz.
Laurito Italian
From the name of the town of Laurito, near Salerno in the area of Naples.
Lauritsen Danish
Means "son of Laurits".
Laursen Danish
Means "son of Laur", a short form of Laurits.
Lauwens Dutch
From the given name Laurens.
Lauwers Dutch
From the given name Laurens.
Lavigne French
Means "the vineyard" in French, referring to a person who lived close to a vineyard, or was from the town of Lavigny.
Lavoie French
Means "the road, the lane" in French, a name for someone who lived close to a road.
Law English
Derived from Old English hlaw "hill".
Ławniczak Polish
From Polish ławnik meaning "alderman".
Lawrence English
Derived from the given name Laurence 1. Famous bearers include revolutionary T. E. Lawrence (1888-1935) and author D. H. Lawrence (1885-1930).
Lawrenz German
Derived from the given name Lorenz.
Lawson English
Means "son of Laurence 1".
Layton English
Derived from the name of English towns, meaning "town with a leek garden" in Old English.
Lázár Hungarian
From the given name Lázár.
Lazarov Bulgarian
Means "son of Lazar".
Lazzari Italian
Means "son of Lazzaro".
Vietnamese
Vietnamese form of Li 2, from Sino-Vietnamese (). This is the third most common surname in Vietnam.
Leach English
Originally indicated a person who was a physician, from the medieval practice of using leeches to bleed people of ills.
Léandre French
Derived from the given name Léandre.
Leary Irish
Variant of O'Leary.
Leavitt English
From the name of various places called Livet in Normandy, France. They are possibly of Gaulish origin.
Lebeau French
Nickname for a handsome person, from French le "the" and beau "beautiful, handsome".
Lebedev Russian
From Russian лебедь (lebed) meaning "swan".
Leblanc French
Means "the white", from French blanc "white". The name referred to a person who was pale or whose hair was blond.
Lebrun French
From a nickname meaning "the brown", from French brun "brown".
Lecce Italian
Originally indicated a person from Lecce, southern Italy. The town was known as Licea or Litium in Latin, earlier Lupiae.
Leccese Italian
Variant of Lecce.
Leclair French
Either a variant of Leclerc or from French clair meaning "bright".
Leclerc French
Means "the clerk" in French.
Lécuyer French
From French écuyer meaning "squire, shield-bearer".
Ledford English
From the name of English places called Lydford, derived from hlud meaning "loud, noisy" and ford meaning "ford, river crossing".
Lee 1 English
Originally given to a person who lived on or near a leah, Old English meaning "woodland, clearing".
Lee 2 Korean, Chinese
Korean form of Li 1, from Sino-Korean (i). It is also a variant Chinese romanization of Li 1.
Leeuwenhoek Dutch
Means "lion's corner" in Dutch. The first bearer of this name lived on the corner (Dutch hoek) of the Lion's Gate (Dutch Leeuwenpoort) in the city of Delft.
Lefèvre French
Occupational name meaning "blacksmith" in Old French, derived from Latin faber.
Leggièri Italian
Means "light, thin" in Sicilian.
Legrand French
Means "the tall, the large" in French.
Lehmann German
From Middle High German lehenman meaning "vassal, liege man".
Lehr German
From Old High German loh meaning "meadow, clearing".
Lehrer Jewish
Means "teacher" in German (Yiddish לערער (lerer)).
Lehtinen Finnish
Derived from Finnish lehti meaning "leaf".
Lehtonen Finnish
Derived from Finnish lehto meaning "grove, small forest".
Leifsson Icelandic, Swedish
Means "son of Leif".
Leigh English
Variant of Lee 1.
Leitner German
Referred to one who lived on a hillside, from Middle High German lite "slope".
Leitz German
Derived from the archaic given name Leutz, a variant of Lutz.
Leitzke German
Either from Leitzkau, the name of a town in Saxony-Anhalt, or from a diminutive of the given name Leutz, a variant of Lutz.
Lemaire French
Means "the mayor" in French. It was a title given to a town official, or else a nickname for someone who was pompous and officious.
Lémieux French
Derived from the place name Leymieux, a town in the Rhône-Alpes region of France.
Lemmi Italian
From a short form of the given name Guglielmo. It is typical of Tuscany.
Lemoine French
Means "the monk" in French. This was typically a nickname or a occupational name for a person who worked in a monastery.
Lengyel Hungarian
Means "Polish" in Hungarian.
Lenin Russian (Modern)
Surname adopted by the Russian revolutionary and founder of the former Soviet state Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1870-1924), whose birth surname was Ulyanov. He probably adapted it from the name of the River Lena in Siberia.
Lennartsson Swedish
Means "son of Lennart".
Lennon Irish
Anglicized form of the Irish name Ó Leannáin, which means "descendant of Leannán". The byname Leannán means "lover". The name was borne by the musician John Lennon (1940-1980).
Lennox Scottish
From the name of a district in Scotland, called Leamhnachd in Gaelic, possibly meaning "place of elms".
Lenox Scottish
Variant of Lennox.
Lenz German
From a nickname meaning "springtime" in German.
León 1 Spanish
Referred to a person from the city of León in northern Spain, derived from Latin legio (genitive legionis) meaning "legion", so named because the Roman 7th Legion Gemina was stationed there.
León 2 Spanish
From the given name León.
Leonard English
Derived from the given name Leonard.
Leonardi Italian
From the given name Leonardo.
Leonardson English
Means "son of Leonard".
Leone Italian
Derived from the given name Leone 1.
Leoni Italian
Derived from the given name Leone 1.
Leroux French
Means "the red", from Old French ros "red". This was a nickname for a person with red hair.
Leroy French
Variant of Rey 1, using the definite article.
Lesauvage French
French form of Savage.
Leslie Scottish
From a Scottish clan name, earlier Lesselyn, derived from a place name in Aberdeenshire, itself probably from Gaelic leas celyn meaning "garden of holly".
Lestrange French
From Old French estrange, a cognate of Strange.
Leung Chinese (Cantonese)
Cantonese romanization of Liang.