All Surnames

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RICHTER German
Means "judge" in German, from Middle High German rihtære.
RICKARD English
From the given name RICHARD.
RIDER English
Variant of RYDER.
RIDGE English
Denoted a person who lived near a ridge, from Old English hrycg.
RIDLEY English
Denoted a person who hailed from one of the various places of this name in England. The places are derived from Old English geryd "channel" or hreod "reed" combined with leah "woodland, clearing".
RIESE German, Jewish
Means "giant" in German.
RIETVELD Dutch
Means "reed field", from Dutch riet "reed" and veld "field". It is found mostly in the western part of the Netherlands (the Holland area).
RIGBY English
Originally derived from a the name of a town in Lancashire, itself from Old Norse hryggr "ridge" and býr "farm".
RIGGI Italian
From the name of the Italian city of Reggio Calabria, from Latin Rhegium, of Greek origin.
RIGHI Italian
From the given name ARRIGO.
RIGÓ Hungarian
Means "thrush" in Hungarian.
RILEY (1) English
From the name of the town of Ryley in Lancashire, derived from Old English ryge "rye" and leah "clearing".
RIMMER English
Occupational name meaning "poet", from Middle English rime meaning "rhyme".
RINALDI Italian
Derived from the given name RINALDO.
RINNE (1) Irish
Anglicized form of Ó RINN.
RINNE (2) Finnish
Means "hillside" in Finnish.
RÍOS Spanish
Spanish cognate of RIOS.
RIOS Portuguese
Originally denoted a person who lived near a river, from Portuguese rios "river", ultimately from Latin rivus.
RITTER German
From Middle High German riter meaning "rider, knight", a cognate of RYDER.
RIVA Italian
Means "bank, shore" in Italian, from Latin ripa, denoting one who lived by a river or a lake.
RIVERA Spanish
From Spanish ribera meaning "bank, shore", from Latin riparius.
RIVERO Spanish
Variant of RIVERA.
RIVERS English
Denoted a person who lived near a river, from Middle English, from Old French riviere meaning "river", from Latin riparius meaning "riverbank".
RIZZO Italian
Variant of RICCI.
ROACH English
From Middle English and Old French roche meaning "rock", from Late Latin rocca, a word that may be of Celtic origin. It indicated a person who lived near a prominent rock, or who came from a town by this name (such as Les Roches in Normandy).
ROBBINS English
Derived from the given name ROBIN.
ROBERT English, French, Dutch
From the given name ROBERT.
ROBERTS English
Means "son of ROBERT".
ROBERTSEN Danish
Means "son of ROBERT".
ROBERTSON English
Means "son of ROBERT".
ROBERTSSON Swedish
Means "son of ROBERT".
ROBINSON English
Means "son of ROBIN".
ROBLEDO Spanish
Means "oak wood" from Spanish roble "oak", ultimately from Latin robur.
ROBLES Spanish
Originally indicated a person who lived near an oak tree or forest, from Spanish roble "oak", from Latin robur.
ROBSON English
Means "son of ROB".
ROBUSTELLI Italian
From a nickname for a strong person, from Italian robusto "strong", from Latin robustus "firm, solid, oaken".
ROCCA Italian
Italian cognate of ROACH.
ROCCHI Italian
Derived from the given name ROCCO.
ROCCO Italian
Derived from the given name ROCCO.
ROCHA Portuguese, Galician
Portuguese and Galician cognate of ROACH.
ROCHE French
French cognate of ROACH.
RODERICK English
Derived from the given name RODERICK.
RODGERS English
Derived from the given name RODGER.
RODRIGUES Portuguese
Means "son of RODRIGO" in Portuguese.
RODRÍGUEZ Spanish
Means "son of RODRIGO" in Spanish.
RÓG Polish
Means "animal horn" in Polish.
ROGERS English
Derived from the given name ROGER.
ROGERSON English
Means "son of ROGER".
ROGGEVEEN Dutch
Means "rye field" in Dutch. A famous bearer was Jacob Roggeveen (1659-1729), the first European explorer to Easter Island.
ROIG Catalan
Means "red" in Catalan, from Latin rubeus, originally a nickname for a person with red hair or a red complexion.
ROJAS Spanish
Variant of ROJO.
ROJO Spanish
Means "red" in Spanish, referring to the colour of the hair or complexion.
ROLDÁN Spanish
Derived from the given name ROLDÁN.
ROLLINS English
From a diminutive of the given name ROLAND.
ROLVSSON Norwegian
Means "son of ROLF".
ROMÀ Catalan
Catalan form of ROMANO (1) or ROMANO (2).
ROMAGNA Italian
From the region of Romagna, on the Adriatic coast of Italy. It is derived from Latin Romania meaning "land of the Romans".
ROMANO (1) Italian
Derived from the given name ROMANO.
ROMANO (2) Italian
Denoted a person from the city of ROME, either a resident or someone who visited as a pilgrim. In Calabria it was also used to designate a person from New Rome, a name for Constantinople.
ROMANOV Russian
Means "son of ROMAN". This was the surname of the last dynasty of Russian tsars.
ROMÃO Portuguese
Portuguese form of ROMANO (1) or ROMANO (2).
ROME French, English
English and French form of ROMANO (2).
ROMEIJN Dutch
Derived from the given name ROMEIN.
ROMEIJNDERS Dutch
From Dutch Romein meaning "Roman, person from ROME".
ROMEIJNSEN Dutch
Means "son of ROMEIN" in Dutch.
ROMERO Spanish
Derived from Spanish romero meaning "pilgrim to ROME".
ROMIJN Dutch
Derived from the given name ROMEIN.
ROMIJNSEN Dutch
Means "son of ROMEIN" in Dutch.
ROMILLY English, French
Originally denoted a person who came from any of the various places in northern France called ROMILLY or from ROMILEY in England.
ROMPA Dutch
Variant of VAN ROMPA.
RONCALLI Italian
From the names of places like Ronco or Ronchi, quite common in northern Italy, derived from ronco meaning "cleared land, terraced land". It was the surname of Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (1881-1963), the pope John XXIII.
RONCHI Italian
From Italian places named Ronchi, derived from ronco meaning "cleared land, terraced land". It is most common in northern and central Italy.
ROOIJAKKERS Dutch
Means "red field", from Dutch rood "red" and akker "field".
ROOSA Dutch
From Dutch roos meaning "rose".
ROOSEVELT Dutch
Means "rose field" from Dutch roos "rose" and veld "field". This was the surname of American presidents Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) and Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945).
ROSA Italian, Catalan
Italian and Catalan form of ROSE (1).
ROSALES Spanish
Means "rose bushes" in Spanish.
ROSÁRIO Portuguese
Means "rosary" in Portuguese. This name was often given to people born on the day of the festival of Our Lady of the Rosary.
ROSARIO Spanish
Spanish form of ROSÁRIO.
ROSCOE English
From the name of a town in Lancashire, derived from Old Norse "roebuck" and skógr "wood, forest".
ROSE (1) English, French, German, Jewish
Means "rose" from Middle English, Old French and Middle High German rose, all from Latin rosa. All denote a person of a rosy complexion or a person who lived in an area abundant with roses. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental, from Yiddish רויז (roiz).
ROSE (2) English
Derived from the feminine given name ROSE.
ROSENBERG German, Swedish, Jewish
Means "rose mountain" in German and Swedish. As a Swedish and Jewish name it is ornamental.
ROSENFELD German, Jewish
Means "field of roses" in German. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
ROSS English, Scottish
From various place names (such as the region of Ross in northern Scotland), which are derived from Scottish Gaelic ros meaning "promontory, headland".
ROSSI Italian
Derived from a nickname for a red-haired person, from Italian rosso, Latin russus meaning "red". This is the most common surname in Italy.
ROSSINI Italian
Diminutive form of ROSSI. A famous bearer was the Italian composer Gioachino Rossini (1792-1868).
ROSTAMI Persian
Derived from the given name ROSTAM.
ROT German, Jewish
Variant of ROTH.
ROTH German, Jewish
From Middle High German rot meaning "red". It was originally a nickname for a person with red hair.
ROTHBAUER German
From Old High German riuten "to clear land" and bur "peasant, farmer".
ROTHENBERG German, Jewish
From Middle High German rot meaning "red" and berg meaning "mountain". As a Jewish name it may be ornamental.
ROTHSCHILD Jewish
From Middle High German rot "red" and schilt "shield", or Yiddish רויט (roit) and שילד (shild). The famous Rothschild family of bankers took their name from a house with a red shield on it.
ROTOLO Italian
From the Italian word for a measure of weight, from southern Italian dialects, derived from Greek via Arabic.
ROUNDS English
Patronymic derived from Middle English rond meaning "round, plump", ultimately from Latin rotundus.
ROUSSEAU French
Diminutive of ROUX. A famous bearer was the philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) whose ideas influenced the French Revolution.
ROUSSEL French
French form of RUSSELL.
ROUX French
Derived from Old French ros meaning "red", from Latin russus, a nickname for a red-haired person.
ROVIGATTI Italian
From the name of the city of Rovigo in northeastern Italy near Venice. It was called Rodigium in Latin, and is of unknown meaning.
ROWAN Irish
Anglicized form of Ó RUADHÁIN.
ROWBOTTOM English
Originally indicated a person who lived in an overgrown valley, from Old English ruh "rough, overgrown" and boðm "valley".
ROWE (1) English
Means "row" in Middle English, indicating a dweller by a row of hedges or houses.
ROWE (2) English
From the medieval name Row, which is either a variant of ROUL or short form of ROLAND.
ROWLAND English
Derived from the given name ROLAND.
ROWNTREE English
Originally given to a person who lived near a rowan tree or mountain ash.
ROXAS Filipino
Filipino form of the Spanish ROJAS.
ROY (2) Scottish
From Gaelic ruadh meaning "red-haired".
ROYCE English
Originally derived from the medieval given name Royse, a variant of ROSE.
ROYDON English
Originally derived from a place name meaning "rye hill", from Old English ryge "rye" and dun "hill".
ROYER French
From French roue meaning "wheel", ultimately from Latin rota, an occupational name for a wheelwright.
ROYLE English
Originally derived from a place name meaning "rye hill" from Old English ryge "rye" and hyll "hill".
ROYSTON English
Originally taken from an Old English place name meaning "Royse's town". The given name Royse was a medieval variant of ROSE.
RÓZSA Hungarian
From the feminine given name RÓZSA.
RUAN Chinese
From Chinese (ruǎn), which refers to a type of musical instrument, similar to a lute.
RUANE Irish
Anglicized form of Ó RUADHÁIN.
RUBIO Spanish
Nickname for a person with red hair, from Latin rubeus "red".
RUDAWSKI Polish
Indicated a person who lived near the Rudawa, a river in Poland.
RUGGERI Italian
Derived from the given name RUGGERO.
RUGGIERO Italian
From the given name RUGGIERO.
RUGGLES English
From a medieval diminutive of the given name ROGER.
RUIZ Spanish
Means "son of RUY" in Spanish.
RUNDSTRÖM Swedish
Ornamental name derived from Swedish rund "round" and ström "stream".
RUOHO Finnish
Means "grass" in Finnish.
RUOTSALAINEN Finnish
Means "Swede" in Finnish.
RUSH English
Indicated a person who lived near rushes, the grasslike plant that grows in a marsh, from Old English rysc.
RUSKIN (1) Scottish
From Gaelic rusgaire meaning "tanner".
RUSKIN (2) English
From a diminutive of the feminine given name ROSE.
RUSNAK Polish
Means "Russian" in Polish.
RUSSELL English
From a Norman French nickname that meant "little red one", perhaps originally describing a person with red hair.
RUSSO Italian
Variant of ROSSI.
RUSTICI Italian
From Italian rustico meaning "rustic, rural".
RUTHERFORD Scottish
From the name of places in southern Scotland and northern England, derived from Old English hryðer meaning "cattle, ox" and ford meaning "ford, river crossing".
RUTKOWSKI Polish
Originally a name for a person from Rutki, Poland.
RUTTEN Dutch
Derived from the given name RUTGER.
RUUD Norwegian
Derived from Old Norse ruð meaning "clearing".
RŮŽIČKA Czech
Means "little rose" in Czech.
RUZSA Hungarian
Dialectical variant of RÓZSA.
RUZZIER Italian
From a dialectal variant of RUGGIERO. It is typical of northeastern Italy, the area around Trieste.
RYAN Irish
Anglicized form of Ó RIAIN, or else a simplified form of MULRYAN.
RYBA Czech, Polish
Means "fish" in Czech and Slovak, an occupational name for a fisher.
RYBÁR Slovak
Slovak form of RYBÁŘ.
RYBÁŘ Czech
Means "fisher" in Czech, from ryba meaning "fish".
RYDER English
Occupational name for a mounted warrior, from Old English ridere meaning "rider".
RYE English
Topographic name. It could be a misdivision of the Middle English phrases atter ye meaning "at the island" or atter eye meaning "at the river". In some cases it merely indicated a person who lived where rye was grown or worked with rye (from Old English ryge).
RYER German (Anglicized)
Possibly an Americanized form of REIHER.
RYSKAMP Dutch
Meaning unknown, probably ending with Dutch kamp meaning "camp".
SAAB Arabic
Possibly from the Arabic given name SABAH.
SAARI Finnish
From Finnish saari meaning "island".
SABBADIN Italian
From a nickname from Italian sabbato "Saturday", a name for one born on that day of the week.
SACCO Italian
Occupational name for a maker of sacks, from Italian sacco, Latin saccus.
SACHS German
Originally indicated a person from Saxony (German Sachsen). The region was named for the Germanic tribe of the Saxons, ultimately derived from the Germanic word sahs meaning "knife".
SACKVILLE English
From the name of the Norman French town of Saqueneville.
SADIK Turkish
From the given name SADIK.
SADLER English
Occupational name for a make of saddles, from Old English sadol "saddle".
SADOWSKI Polish
Denoted someone who lived in Sadowo, Sadowice or other places beginning with Polish sad "garden, orchard".
SAITO Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 斎藤 (see SAITŌ).
SAITŌ Japanese
From Japanese (sai) meaning "purification, worship" and () meaning "wisteria". The latter character could indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan.
SAITOU Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 斎藤 (see SAITŌ).
SALA Italian, Spanish, Catalan, Romanian
Occupational name for a worker at a manor house, from the Romance word sala meaning "hall, large room", of Germanic origin.
SALAMANCA Spanish
Originally indicated a person from Salamanca, a city in western Spain that is of unknown meaning.
SALAMON Hungarian
Derived from the given name SALAMON.
SALAZAR Basque
From Spanish sala meaning "hall" and Basque zahar meaning "old". It can also refer to the town of Salazar in Burgos, Spain, which is of the same origin.
SALCEDO Spanish
Derived from Latin salix meaning "willow tree". The name was originally given to one who lived near a willow tree.
SALIHOVIĆ Bosnian
Means "son of SALIH".
SALINAS Spanish
Occupational name for a salt worker or someone who lived bear a salt works, from Spanish salina "salt works, salt mine", ultimately from Latin sal "salt".
SALLER (1) German
Originally denoted a person from the town of Sallern in Bavaria, possibly from a Celtic element meaning "stream".
SALLER (2) German
Denoted a person who lived by a prominent sallow tree, from Middle High German salhe "sallow tree".
SALMON English, French
Derived from the given name SOLOMON.
SALOMON French, Jewish
Derived from the given name SALOMON.
SALUCCI Italian
From Italian sale meaning "salt".
SALVAGGI Italian
Italian form of SAVAGE.
SALVATICI Italian
Italian form of SAVAGE.
SALVI Italian
From the given name SALVO or SALVIO.
SALZWEDEL German
Originally denoted a person from Salzwedel, Germany, which is of Old Saxon origin meaning "salt ford".
SAMARA Arabic
Meaning unknown.
SAMPSON English
Derived from a medieval form of the given name SAMSON.
SAMS English
Derived from the given name SAMUEL.
SAMSA Hungarian
Derived from a diminutive of the given name SÁMUEL.
SAMSON English, French
Derived from the given name SAMSON.
SAMUEL English, French, German, Jewish
Derived from the given name SAMUEL.
SAMUELS English
Derived from the given name SAMUEL.
SAMUELSON English
Means "son of SAMUEL".
SÁNCHEZ Spanish
Means "son of SANCHO".
SANCHEZ Spanish
Americanized form of SÁNCHEZ.
SANDER German, Danish
Derived from the given name ALEXANDER.
SANDERS English
Patronymic of the given name Sander, a medieval form of ALEXANDER.
SANDERSON English
Means "son of ALEXANDER".
SANDFORD English
Indicated a person from Sandford, England, which means simply "sand ford".
SÁNDOR Hungarian
Derived from the given name SÁNDOR.
SANDOVAL Spanish
Derived from the name of a town in Spain, ultimately from Latin saltus "forest, glade" and novalis "unploughed land".
SANDS English
From Old English, indicated the original nearer lived on sandy ground.
SANGSTER English, Scottish
Occupational name or nickname for a singer, from Old English singan "to sing, to chant".
SANNA Italian
From Italian sanna or zanna meaning "tusk, fang", a nickname for a person with a protruding tooth.
SAN NICOLÁS Spanish
Indicated the original bearer was from a place named after Saint NICHOLAS.
SANSONE Italian
Derived from the given name SANSONE.
SANTANA Spanish, Portuguese
From any of the numerous places named after Saint ANNA.
SANTIAGO Spanish, Portuguese
From various Spanish and Portuguese places called SANTIAGO.
SANTINI Italian
Diminutive form of SANTO.
SANTO Italian
Italian form of SANTOS.
SANTORO Italian
Means "all saint's day" in Italian, a nickname for one born on that day.
SANTOS Portuguese, Spanish
Means "saint" in Portuguese and Spanish, ultimately from Latin sanctus. This was a nickname for a pious person.
SAPIENTI Italian
Means "wise, learned" in Italian.
SAPPINGTON English
Possibly from the city of Sapperton, England, derived from Old English sapere meaning "soap maker" and tun meaning "enclosure, yard, town".
SAQQAF Arabic
From Arabic سقف (saqaf) meaning "roof".
SARGSYAN Armenian
Means "son of SARGIS" in Armenian.
SARKA Hungarian (Anglicized)
Americanized form of SZARKA.
SARKISIAN Armenian
Alternate transcription of Armenian Սարգսյան (see SARGSYAN).
SARKISSIAN Armenian
Alternate transcription of Armenian Սարգսյան (see SARGSYAN).
SARKISYAN Armenian
Alternate transcription of Armenian Սարգսյան (see SARGSYAN).
SÁRKÖZI Hungarian
Originally indicated someone from Sárköz, a region in Hungary, derived from sár "mud" and köz "margin, lane".
SARNO Italian
Originally denoted a person from Sarno in Italy, named for the Sarno River (called Sarnus in Latin).
SARTI Italian
Variant of SARTO.
SARTINI Italian
Diminutive form of SARTO.
SARTO Italian
Occupational name meaning "tailor" in Italian, from Latin sartor, from sarcire meaning "to mend".
SARTOR Italian
Variant of SARTO.
SARTORE Italian
Variant of SARTO.
SARTRE French
French cognate of SARTO.
SAS Hungarian
Means "eagle" in Hungarian.
SASAKI Japanese
From Japanese (sa) meaning "help, aid" (repeated, indicated by the iteration mark ) and (ki) meaning "tree, wood".
SASS Hungarian
Variant of SAS.
SASTRE Spanish
Spanish cognate of SARTO.
SATO Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 佐藤 (see SATŌ).
SATŌ Japanese
From Japanese (sa) meaning "help, aid" and () meaning "wisteria". The final character might indicate a connection to the Fujiwara clan. This is the most common surname in Japan.
SATOU Japanese
Alternate transcription of Japanese Kanji 佐藤 (see SATŌ).
SAUBER German
Means "clean, tidy" in German.
SAULT French
French cognate of SOTO.
SAUTER German
Occupational name for a cobbler, from Latin sutor "sewer, cobbler".
SAUVAGE French
French form of SAVAGE.
SAUVAGEAU French
French diminutive form of SAVAGE.
SAUVAGEON French
French diminutive form of SAVAGE.
SAUVAGEOT French
French diminutive form of SAVAGE.
SAUVETERRE French
From the name of various towns in France, derived from French sauve "safe" and terre "land".
SAVAGE English
English nickname meaning "wild, uncouth", derived from Old French salvage or sauvage meaning "untamed", ultimately from Latin silvaticus meaning "wild, from the woods".
SAVATIER French
From Old French savatier "shoemaker", derived from savate "shoe", of uncertain ultimate origin.
SAVONA Italian
From the name of the city of Savona in northern Italy, called Savo by the Romans, of uncertain meaning.
SAWYER English
Occupational name meaning "sawer of wood, woodcutter" in Middle English, ultimately from Old English sagu meaning "saw". Mark Twain used it for the main character in his novel The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876).
SAYER Welsh
From Welsh saer meaning "carpenter".
SAYLOR English
Occupational name meaning "acrobat, dancer", derived from Old French sailleor, from Latin sallitor.
SCARLETT English
Denoted a person who sold or made clothes made of scarlet, a kind of cloth, possibly derived from Persian سقرلاط (saghrilat).
SCARPA Italian
Means "shoemaker" from Italian scarpa meaning "shoe".
SCARSI Italian
Nickname for a poor or miserly person, from Italian scarso "scarce, scant".
SCAVO Italian
Means "serf, slave", from Old Sicilian scavu.
SCHÄFER German
From Old High German scaphare meaning "shepherd".
SCHEER German
Variant of SCHERER.
SCHEINBERG Jewish
Ornamental name meaning "beautiful mountain" from old German schön "beautiful" and berg "mountain".
SCHENCK German
Variant of SCHENK.
SCHENK German, Dutch
From Middle High German, Middle Dutch schenke meaning "wine server" (from Old High German scenken "to pour out").
SCHERER German
Occupational name for a cutter of cloth or a sheep-shearer, from Old High German skeran "to cut".
SCHERMER Dutch, Low German
Dutch and Low German form of SCHIRMER.
SCHINDLER German
Occupational name for a roof tiler, from Middle High German schindel "shingle". A famous bearer was Oskar Schindler (1908-1974), who saved over a thousand Polish Jews during World War II.
SCHIRMER German
Means "fencer, fencing master", from Old High German skirmen meaning "to defend".
SCHLENDER German
From Middle High German slinderen "to dawdle" or Middle Low German slinden "to swallow, to eat".
SCHLIMME German
From German schlimm "bad, crooked, awry".
SCHLOSSER German
Occupational name for a locksmith, derived from Old High German sloz meaning "lock".
SCHMELING German
From Middle Low German smal meaning "small, slender".
SCHMID German
Variant of SCHMIDT.
SCHMIDT German
Occupational name derived from Middle High German smit "smith, metalworker", a cognate of SMITH.
SCHMITZ German
Variant of SCHMIDT, originating in the Rhine area in western Germany.
SCHNEIDER German, Jewish
From German schneider or Yiddish shnayder, making it a cognate of SNYDER.
SCHNELL German
German cognate of SNELL.
SCHNOOR German
Variant of SCHNUR.
SCHNUR German, Jewish
From Old High German snuor meaning "rope, cord", an occupational name for a maker of rope.
SCHOOL Dutch
From Dutch school, ultimately from Latin schola meaning "school", indicating a person who worked at or lived near a school.
SCHOORL Dutch
Originally indicated a person from the town of Schoorl in the province of Noord-Holland in the Netherlands. It means "forest by the shore" in Dutch.
SCHOREL Dutch
Variant of SCHOORL.
SCHÖTTMER German
Originally indicated a person from Schötmar, Germany (now part of the city of Bad Salzuflen in North Rhine-Westphalia).
SCHOVAJSA Czech
Means "hide yourself", of Moravian origin.