Submitted Surnames Starting with C

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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
CLAWEnglish
The surname Claw is a very rare English surname.
CLAYBERGEnglish
Meaning is unknown, but it most likely means "clay mountain", from surnames Clay "clay" and Berg "mountain".
CLEAVELANDEnglish
Spelling variant of Cleveland.
CLELANDBelgian, Scottish, Irish
Scottish and Irish reduced form of McClelland. ... [more]
CLEMENTSEnglish
Means "son of Clement".
CLEMMONSEnglish
Derived from the Latin first name Clement, Clemmons means "merciful".
CLEMOEnglish
From a Cornish form of the personal name CLEMENT.
CLERIHEWScottish
A Scottish surname of unknown origin and meaning. A clerihew is a humorous or satirical verse consisting of two rhyming couplets in lines of irregular metre about someone who is named in the poem. It was invented by the British author Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956; Clerihew was his mother's maiden name)... [more]
CLERKEnglish
Variant spelling of Clark.
CLEVELANDOld English, English, Popular Culture
English regional name from the district around Middlesbrough named Cleveland ‘the land of the cliffs’, from the genitive plural (clifa) of Old English clif ‘bank’, ‘slope’ + land ‘land’... [more]
CLEVELANDNorwegian (Anglicized)
Americanized spelling of Norwegian Kleiveland or Kleveland, habitational names from any of five farmsteads in Agder and Vestlandet named with Old Norse kleif "rocky ascent" or klefi "closet" (an allusion to a hollow land formation) and land "land".
CLEVERLEYEnglish
Probably means "person from Cleveley", Lancashire ("woodland clearing by a cliff").
CLINGEREnglish (American)
Americanized spelling of German Klinger.Possibly a variant of Clinker. an English occupational name for a maker or fixer of bolts and rivets.
CLINKENBEARDLow German
Possibly an Americanized form of North German Klingebiel, a variant of Klingbeil.
CLINKEREnglish (British, ?)
Possibly a varient of Clinger.
CLIVEEnglish
English surname meaning "cliff" in Old English, originally belonging to a person who lived near a cliff.
CLOPTONEnglish
Habitational name from any of various places, for example in Essex, Suffolk, and Warwickshire, named Clopton from Old English clopp(a) meaning "rock", "hill" + tūn meaning "settlement".
CLOREEnglish (American)
Americanized spelling of German Klor (from a short form of the medieval personal name Hilarius (see Hillary) or Klar).
CLOUDEnglish
Topographic name for someone who lived near an outcrop or hill, from Old English clud "rock" (only later used to denote vapor formations in the sky).
CLOUDFrench
From the Germanic personal name Hlodald, composed of the elements hlod "famous, clear" and wald "rule", which was borne by a saint and bishop of the 6th century.
CLOYDWelsh (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of Clwyd.
CLUFFEnglish
Derived from pre 7th century word "cloh" meaning a ravine or steep-sided valley.
CLUTEDutch
From kluit, meaning "lamp"
CLWYDWelsh
This indicates familial origin near the River Clwyd.
CLYNavajo
From Navajo tłʼaaí meaning ‎"lefty, left-handed one", from the verb nishtłʼa ‎"to be left-handed".
CLYDEScottish
A river in the south-west of Scotland, running through Inverclyde, Ayrshire, Dunbartonshire, Lanarkshire, and the city of Glasgow. The second longest in Scotland; and the eighth longest in the United Kingdom... [more]
CMIELPolish
From the Polish noun 'trzmiel', which means "bumblebee."
COAKLEYIrish
From Irish Gaelic Mac Caochlaoich "son of Caochlaoch", a personal name meaning literally "blind warrior".
COARDGerman
Derived from the first name Konrad.
COATHEnglish
Derived from the Cornish word for smith, goff.
COBAINScottish
This unusual surname is of Old Norse origin and is found particularly in Scotland. It derives from an Old Norse personal name Kobbi, itself from an element meaning large, and the Gaelic bain, denoting a fair person, with the diminutive ('little' or 'son of') form Cobbie.
COBALTEnglish
Name given to a person who mined cobalt.
ÇOBANTurkish
Means "shepherd" in Turkish.
COBBOLDEnglish
From the medieval male personal name Cubald (from Old English Cūthbeald, literally "famous-brave").
COBERLEYEnglish
Possibly from a village in England called Coberley
COCHRANEScottish, Scottish Gaelic, Irish
Derived from the 'Lowlands of Cochrane' near Paisley, in Renfrewshire, Scotland. Origin is uncertain, the theory it may have derived from the Welsh coch meaning "red" is dismissed because of the historical spelling of the name Coueran.... [more]
COCIÑAGalician
It literally means "kitchen".
COCKEEnglish
nickname from Middle English cok ‘cock’, ‘male bird or fowl’ (Old English cocc), given for a variety of possible reasons. Applied to a young lad who strutted proudly like a cock, it soon became a generic term for a youth and was attached with hypocoristic force to the short forms of many medieval personal names (e.g. Alcock, Hancock, Hiscock, Mycock)... [more]
COCUZZAItalian
From cocuzza "gourd", "pumpkin", applied either as an occupational name for a grower or seller of gourds or a nickname for a rotund individual.
CODEYIrish
Based off of the given name Cody
CODREANURomanian, Moldovan
A common surname in Romania and Moldova.... [more]
COEEnglish
English (Essex and Suffolk): nickname from the jackdaw, Middle English co, Old English ca (see Kay). The jackdaw is noted for its sleek black color, raucous voice, and thievish nature, and any of these attributes could readily have given rise to the nickname.
COERSGerman, Dutch
Derived from the given name Konrad
COFFEEIrish
Variant of Coffey.
COFFEYIrish
Ireland County Cork
COGGESHALL?
Usually used to keep the mothers maiden name in the family.
COILLIrish
Meaning, "hazel tree."
COITMedieval Welsh French English
The surname Coit was first found in Carnarvonshire, a former country in Northwest Wales, anciently part of the Kingdom of Gwynedd, and currently is divided between the unitary authorities of Gwynedd and Conwy, where they held a family seat... [more]
COITOMedieval Italian (Tuscan, Latinized, ?)
That means a wedding or the nuptials.
COJUANGCOFilipino
Hispanicized form of Xu
COKAYNEEnglish
Medieval English nickname which meant "idle dreamer" from Cockaigne, the name of an imaginary land of luxury and idleness in medieval myth. The place may derive its name from Old French (pays de) cocaigne "(land of) plenty", ultimately from the Low German word kokenje, a diminutive of koke "cake" (since the houses in Cockaigne are made of cake).
COLDENEnglish, Scottish
English: habitational name from a place in West Yorkshire named Colden, from Old English cald ‘cold’ col ‘charcoal’ + denu ‘valley’.... [more]
COLELLAItalian
diminutive of personal name Cola, a short form of Nicola, an Italian equivalent of Nicholas... [more]
COLESEnglish, Scottish, Irish, German (Anglicized), English (American)
English: from a Middle English pet form of Nicholas.... [more]
COLEYEnglish
With variant Colley can mean "dark" or "blackbird" or it can be a nickname for Nicholas.
COLFAXEnglish
From a medieval nickname for someone with dark or black hair, from Old English cola "charcoal" and feax "hair".
COLLABRUSCOItalian
From the region Calabria in southern Italy; widely moved to US.
COLLARDEnglish, French
English and French: from the personal name Coll + the pejorative suffix -ard.
COLLETFrench
From a pet form of Colle.
COLLEYEnglish
With variant Coley, can mean "dark" or "blackbird" or it can be a nickname for Nicholas. Colley was used as a surname for generations of students from the same family taught by a teacher over many years in James Hilton's sentimental novel "Goodbye, Mr... [more]
COLLIEREnglish
This name is derived from Middle English cole, from Old English col meaning "coal", combined with the agent suffix (i)er, which denotes someone who does/works with something. Thus, the surname was originally used for a burner, gatherer or seller of coal.
COLLINESFrench
French for "hillbanks".
COLLINSWORTHEnglish
Variant spelling of Collingsworth, itself a variant of Collingwood.
COLLISEnglish
A variant of Collins, itself a patronymic of given names Collin or Colin, both ultimately nicknames for Nicholas.
COLLUMNorthern Irish
Reduced form of northern Irish McCollum.
COLMENARESSpanish
It literally means "apiaries", denoting someone who either worked at some or lived near some.
COLOItalian
From the personal name Colo, a short form of Nicolo (see Nicholas). (Colò) nickname from medieval Greek kolos ‘lame’, classical Greek kylos.
COLOMBRESAsturian
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous parish in Ribadeva.
COLONELAmerican
From a French word for a military rank of an officer who led a column of regimental soldiers. Could be a nickname for someone with a military bearing or demeanor.
COLTRANEEnglish
Cole-train, meaning literally "cole train", in the UK, was made famous by the Jazz musician John Coletrane in the 1960's (??)
COMBEFERRELiterature (?)
Combeferre is the surname of one of the strong, persuasive members of the ABC in Victor Hugo's novel Les Misérables. Meaning is unknown.
COMEAUFrench, French (Acadian), Louisiana Creole
French: from a Gascon diminutive of Combe.
COMEAUXFrench (Acadian), French Creole
Variant spelling of French Comeau.
COMIMItalian
It mans waiter in italian.
COMINEROMedieval Spanish (Latinized, Rare)
Means "gatherer of cumin" from the spanisgh word "comino".
COMMANDERAnglo-Saxon, French
From Middle English comander, comandor and comandour and also from Old French comandeor, all meaning "commander", "leader" or "ruler". The first recorded use of the name is through a family seat held in Somerset.
COMPTONEnglish
Habitational name from any of the numerous places throughout England (but especially in the south) named Compton, from Old English cumb meaning "short, straight valley" + tūn meaning "enclosure", "settlement".
CONAHANIrish (Anglicized)
Irish reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Connachaín (see Cunningham).
CONATSEREnglish (Anglicized)
A variant of the German last name Konitzer.
CONDONIrish (Anglicized, Modern)
Anglicized form of Gaelic Condún, itself a Gaelicized form of the Anglo-Norman habitational name de Caunteton. This seems to have been imported from Wales, but probably derives ultimately from Caunton in Nottinghamshire, which is named with the Old English personal name Caluno{dh} (composed of the elements calu "bald" + no{dh} "daring") + Old English tun "enclosure", "settlement".
CONEIrish
Reduced form of McCone. Americanized spelling of North German Kohn or Köhn, or Kuhn.
CONEYEnglish
Means "seller of rabbits", or from a medieval nickname for someone thought to resemble a rabbit (in either case from Middle English cony "rabbit").
CONG TANG TON NUVietnamese
Often written with the middle two words uncapitalized when with a full name; example: Con tang ton Nu Hue Hue. The first name is Hue Hue, and the surname is Cong tang ton Nu. It is a female royal Vietnamese surname created by the NGUYEN Dynasty.
CONKLINIrish, Dutch
Origin unidentified. Most likely of Dutch origin (the name is found in the 18th century in the Hudson Valley), or possibly a variant of Irish Coughlin.
CONLEYIrish
Variant of Connolly. Also derived from the given name Conley.
CONLONIrish
Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Conalláin or Ó Caoindealbháin.
CONNICKYiddish
Variation on Koenig.
CONQUESTEnglish
Probably from a medieval nickname, perhaps applied to a domineering person. This surname is borne by the British poet, historian and critic Robert Conquest (1917-).
CONRADGerman
Americanized spelling of KONRAD.
CONRADIGerman, Danish (Rare), Norwegian (Rare)
Derived from a patronymic from the given name Konrad.
CONRANIrish
The surname Conran is derived from 'O Conarain', and Conran is a more anglicized version.... [more]
CONROYIrish
meaning, "hound of prosperity"
CONSIGLIOItalian
Meaning "Counselor" or "One who gives good advice".
CONTEItalian
Italian: from the title of rank conte ‘count’ (from Latin comes, genitive comitis ‘companion’). Probably in this sense (and the Late Latin sense of ‘traveling companion’), it was a medieval personal name; as a title it was no doubt applied ironically as a nickname for someone with airs and graces or simply for someone who worked in the service of a count.
CONTINOItalian
Diminutive of Italian Conte or Conti.
CONTRACTORIndian (Parsi)
Parsi occupational surname for a contractor, or someone who works on the basis of a contract. As the British rule of India demanded for all Parsees to adopt a surname, many adopted English vocabulary based on their occupation (i.e. Engineer or Merchant).
CONTRERASSpanish
Habitual name for someone from Conteraras, a region in the province of Burgos, Spain. The name "Conteraras" is derived from Late Latin contraria meaning "surrounding area", "region", from contra meaning "opposite, against, hard by".
CONWAYWelsh, Scottish, Irish
As a Welsh surname, it comes from the name of a fortified town on the coast of North Wales (Conwy formerly Conway), taken from the name of the river on which it stands. The river name Conwy may mean "holy water" in Welsh.... [more]
COOGANIrish
Anglicized form of the Gaelic name "MacCogadhain"; composed of the Gaelic prefix "mac," which means "son of," and the Gaelic personal name "Cuchogaidh", which means "Hound of War". The name is also found in Ireland as Cogan, Coggan, Coggen, Cogin, Coggon, Coogan and Goggin(s).
COOGLANIrish
Irish surname of unknown meaning. May be a variant of Coghlan.
COOLEYIrish
Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac Giolla Chúille ‘son of the servant of (Saint) Mochúille’, a rare Clare name.
COOLIDGEEnglish
Probably an occupational name for a college servant or someone with some other association with a university college, for example a tenant farmer who farmed one of the many farms in England known as College Farm, most of which are or were owned by university colleges.
COONRODDutch
Americanized spelling of Dutch Coenraet or Koenraadt or German Kühnrat (Konrad).
COOTEREnglish
A Sussex, England surname of uncertain meaning. Could be a local pronunciation of Cotter, meaning "cottage dweller" for a serf in the feudal system allowed to live in a cottage in exchange for labor on the cottage owner's estate.
COPELANDEnglish
Some sources say that Copeland is English: "one that is good at coping". Another says Copeland is Northern English and Scottish, from Cumberland and Northumberland meaning "bought land". Old Norse, kaupa-land for‘bought land’.
COPPENHAVERGerman
Americanized spelling, probably originally spelled Kopenhaver or Koppenhaver. Means "owner of a hill".
COPPOLAItalian
Coppola is an occupational name for someone who makes 'coppolas', which are a type of hat. The word 'coppola' literally means 'hat' in Neapolitan dialect. The name also could have been for someone who frequently wore a coppola too.... [more]
COPUSEnglish
For full analysis of the origin for the name Copus/Copas I would refer you to my family website copusfamily.co.uk
CORBALÁNAragonese
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous municipality.
CORBEDDUSardinian
Means "son of Corbu" in Sardinian.
CORBETTEnglish, Scottish, Welsh
Nickname from Norman French corbet meaning 'little crow, raven'. This surname is thought to have originated in Shropshire. The surname was taken by bearers to Scotland in the 12th Century, and to Northern Ireland in the 17th Century.... [more]
CORDNorthern Irish
Reduced form of McCord.
CORDASCOItalian
From the given name Corda or Cordio (a short form of Accord(i)o, literally "agreement") + the suffix -asco denoting kinship.
CORDERFrench (Anglicized, Archaic), English (American)
Linked to both English, French and Spanish origin. Cordier, Cordero, Corder- one who makes cord. Can refer to both the act of making cords (rope), cores of fire wood, or actual location names.... [more]
CÓRDOBASpanish
Indicates someone who was originally from the city of Córdoba (Cordova) in Andalusia, Spain. The name itself is derived from Phonecian Qʾrtuba meaning "Juba’s city", itself from Phonecian qʾrt meaning "city" and juba referring to King Juba I of Numidia.
CORDOVEIRUAsturian
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous parish of the municipality of Pravia.
CORDRAYEnglish
From a medieval nickname for a proud man (from Old French cuer de roi "heart of a king").
CORDSGerman
Derived from the first name Konrad.
COREEnglish (American), German (Anglicized)
Core is the anglicized form of the German surname Kohr, also spelled Kürr. Alternately, it is an English name of Flemish origin.
CORIOItalian
Variant of COIRO.
CORKEnglish
Metonymic occupational name for a supplier of red or purple dye or for a dyer of cloth, Middle English cork (of Celtic origin; compare Corkery).
CORKEEnglish
Variant of Cork.
CORKERYIrish
Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Corcra "descendant of Corcra", a personal name derived from corcair "purple" (ultimately cognate with Latin purpur).
CORLETTManx
From Manx Gaelic Mac Thorliot "son of Thorliot", a male personal name derived from Old Norse Thórrljótr, literally "Thor-bright".
ĆORLUKACroatian
Derived from Turkish körlük, meaning "blindness".... [more]
CORMICANScottish
From a pet form of the Gaelic personal name Cormac (see McCormick).
CORMIERFrench
French topographic name for someone who lived near a sorb or service tree, Old French cormier (from corme, the name of the fruit for which the tree was cultivated, apparently of Gaulish origin).
CORNISHCeltic
One who came from Cornwall, a county in the South West of England.
CORNWALLCeltic
One who came from Cornwall, a county in the South West of England.
CORNWALLISScottish
Example: Lord Charles Cornwallis.
CORNWELLEnglish
Habitational name from Cornwell in Oxfordshire, named from Old English corn, a metathesized form of cron, cran ‘crane’ + well(a) ‘spring’, ‘stream’.variant of Cornwall.
CORPUSAnglo-Saxon
It was a name given to a dark-haired person. In Yorkshire and Suffolk, the surname Corpus is derived from the Old Norse word korpr, which means raven; in Oxfordshire, the surname is derived from the Old French word corp, which has the same meaning.
CORRIrish
Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Corra "descendant of CORRA".
CORRADOItalian
From the personal name CORRADO.
CORRALESSpanish
denoting someone who worked on a barn or a farm . Corral means "barnyard", "corral", "yard" ,"sheepshed"
CORRAOItalian
Reduced form CORRADO.
CORREAPortuguese, Spanish
From Spanish, meaning "leather garment."
CORREIAPortuguese
meaning "leather strap" or "belt", "rein", or "shoelace"; denoting a person who worked with leather products
CORRIEEnglish
Habitational name from places in Arran, Dumfries, and elsewhere, named Corrie, from Gaelic coire "cauldron", applied to a circular hanging valley on a mountain.
CORRIEScottish
Scottish spelling of MCCORRY.
CORRIGANEnglish
Traditionally an Irish surname meaning "spear". From the Irish Gaelic corragán which is a double diminutive of corr 'pointed'.
CORSIItalian
Patronymic or plural form of CORSO.
CORSONEnglish
Nickname from Old French 'corson', a diminutive of curt ‘short’
CORTPolish, Russian, Jewish
Derived from the surname "Kutalczuk", "Kotelchik", "Cuttlechuck", or "Kuttlechuck"
CORTÉSSpanish
From Old French corteis, curteis which means "courteous, polite". It could also serve as a habitual surname for people from Cortes in Spain or Portugal.
CORTÈSCatalan
Catalan form of Cortés.
CORTÊSPortuguese
Portuguese form of Cortés.
CORTRIGHTEnglish
Habitational surname from the Dutch Kortrijk for a person from a place of this name in Flanders. Perhaps also a respelling of English Cartwright.
CORVINUSHungarian
dirived from Corvin, maning raven.
COSCAItalian
Topographic name from the Calabrian dialect word c(u)oscu "oak", also "wood".
COSCOItalian
Masculinized form of COSCA.
COSCOLLOLACatalan
This indicates familial origin within or within the vicinity of the eponymous farmhouse in the municipality of Lladurs.
COSGROVEEnglish
Habitational name from Cosgrove in Northamptonshire, named with an Old English personal name Cof + Old English graf "grove", "thicket".
COSGROVEIrish
From the Gaelic name Ó Coscraigh "descendant of COSCRACH."
ĆOSIĆCroatian, Serbian
Means ''beardless''.
ČOSIĆCroatian
Variant spelling of Ćosić.
COSSEnglish
English short form of Cossio.
COSTABILEItalian
Italian name.... [more]
COSTELLOIrish, Italian
Costello (Irish: Mac Coisdealbha) is a common Irish surname originating in County Mayo. The surname derives from Jocelyn de Angulo (fl.1172), an Anglo-Norman knight.... [more]
COSTINIURomanian
Meaning unknown.
COTONIItalian
means "cottons" in Italian
COTTEREnglish
"A cottage dweller", a name in the feudal system for a serf allowed to live in a cottage in exchange for labor on the cottage owner's estate.
COTTONEnglish, French
English: habitational name from any of numerous places named from Old English cotum (dative plural of cot) ‘at the cottages or huts’ (or sometimes possibly from a Middle English plural, coten)... [more]
COTTRELLEnglish French
First found in Derbyshire where the family "Cottrell" held a family seat and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege lord for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings, 1066CE... [more]
COULIBALYWestern African, Manding
Meaning uncertain. One popular folk etymology suggests that it is derived from Bambara kulun-bari meaning "without a canoe", referring to someone who crossed a river or other body of water without the use of a canoe... [more]
COURCELLESFrench
The name of several places in France, Belgium and Canada. In Middle French the word courcelle was used to describe a "small court" or a "small garden". The word is derived from the medieval Gallo-Romance and Gallo-Italian word corticella, which was formed from the Latin word cohors, meaning "court" or "enclosure", and the diminutive –icella.... [more]
COURFEYRACLiterature
Courfeyrac is the surname that Victor Hugo used for Marius' closest friend in the friend of the ABC. Meaning is unknown.
COURTIERFrench, Medieval French, Medieval English
French: habitational name from places called Courtier (Seine-et-Marne, Aples-de-Haute-Provence), Courtié (Tarn), or Courtière (Loir-et-Cher). ... [more]
COURTOISFrench
French form of Curtis.... [more]
COUSINMaltese
(Definitely doesn't come from the word meaning " a child of one's uncle or aunt".
COUSINSFrench
"Relative" in Old French.
COUTEREnglish
The couter (also spelled "cowter") is the defense for the elbow in a piece of plate armour. Initially just a curved piece of metal, as plate armor progressed the couter became an articulated joint.... [more]
COVACatalan, Galician
Topographic name from Catalan and Galician cova ‘cave’, or a habitational name from a place named with this word, in the provinces of Lugo, Ourense, Pontevedra, Catalonia and Valencia.
COVERDALEEnglish (British)
From the valley (Dale) of the river Cover.... [more]
COVERTEnglish, French
The surname is probably topographical, for someone who either lived by a sheltered bay, or more likely an area sheltered by trees. The formation is similar to couvert, meaning a wood or covert, and originally from the Latin "cooperio", to cover... [more]
COVEYIrish, English
Irish: reduced form of MacCovey, an Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac Cobhthaigh (see Coffey).... [more]
COWANScottish (Anglicized), Northern Irish (Anglicized)
This surname, widespread in Scotland and Ulster, is an Anglicized form of the old Gaelic MacEoghain or MacEoin. The Gaelic prefix "mac" means "son of", plus the personal name Eoghan from the old Celtic "Oue(i)n", well-born, but believed to derive ultimately from the Greek "Eugenious", "born lucky" or "well-born"... [more]
COWARDEnglish
several origins... [more]
COWENScottish, English (British)
Scottish and northern English: variant spelling of Cowan.
COWIEScottish
habitational name from any of several places, especially one near Stirling, named Cowie, probably from Gaelic colldha, an adjective from coll ‘hazel’
COYIrish
Reduced form of McCoy.
COYLEIrish
Irish reduced variant of McCool.
CRABBEnglish, Scottish, German, Dutch, Danish
English and Scottish, from Middle English crabbe, Old English crabba ‘crab’ (the crustacean), a nickname for someone with a peculiar gait. English and Scottish from Middle English crabbe ‘crabapple (tree)’ (probably of Old Norse origin), hence a topographic name for someone who lived by a crabapple tree... [more]
CRABBEEnglish, Literature, Popular Culture
The character 'Vincent Crabbe' has this surname in the Harry Potter series.
CRĂCIUNRomanian
Crăciun is the Romanian word for Christmas.
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