From the name of a town in Northamptonshire, itself meaning "Blæcwulf's meadow" in Old English. Blæcwulf
is a byname meaning "black wolf".
in French. The name referred to a person who was pale, or whose hair was blond.
in Spanish. The name most likely referred to a person who was pale or had blond hair.
in German, most likely used to refer to a person who wore blue clothes.
Occupational name for someone who worked with tin or sheet metal, from German blech "tin"
Occupational name for a worker of lead, derived from German blei "lead"
Originally indicated someone from the town of Blidworth in Nottinghamshire, which was derived from the Old English byname Blīþa
(meaning "happy, blithe") combined with worð
From a place name meaning "Blocca's homestead". The Old English byname Blocca
is of uncertain origin.
From a nickname for a person with blue eyes or blue clothing.
Originally denoted someone living near the Bodrog, a river in northeastern of Hungary.
Possibly an adaptation of French beurre fin
meaning "good butter"
Derived from the name of several German towns called Boll
, meaning "hill".
Originally indicated a person from the region of BOHEMIA
Occupational name for a bean grower, derived from Middle High German bone "bean"
Nickname for a wine drinker, from Old French boi
"to drink" and vin
Topographic name derived from Hungarian bokor "bush"
. This is also the name of a village in Hungary.
, the name of a small Basque village, derived from Basque bolu
"mill" and ibar
"meadow". This name was borne by the revolutionary Simón Bolívar (1783-1830).
From the name of the city of Bologna in northern Italy. It may derive from a Celtic word meaning "settlement".
From any of the many places in England called Bolton, derived from Old English bold
"house" and tun
Occupational name for a peasant farmer, from Middle English bonde
Venetian name derived from the name of the town of Bondeno in northern Italy.
Derived from Old French bon fils
meaning "good son"
From Old French bonne heure
meaning "good time"
From Middle English boneire "kind, courteous"
, derived from Norman French bon aire
From northern Middle English boni
meaning "pretty, attractive"
BOON (2) English
Originally indicated a person from the town of Bohon, in Manche in France. The town's name is of unknown origin.
Topographic name derived from Middle English both
meaning "hut, stall"
Occupational name meaning "boatman"
, derived from Dutch boot
From Frankish bord
meaning "board, plank"
. This name belonged to a person who lived in a house made of planks.
From Swedish borg
meaning "fortification, castle"
Locative origin, from the common place name Borgo
Italian form of BORJA
. This was the name of an Italian noble family who were influential during the Renaissance period.
From nickname derived from the Piedmontese dialect word borgno
. This was the real surname of American actor Ernest Borgnine (1917-2012).
From the name of the French region of Burgundy (called Bourgogne in French), which is named after the Germanic tribe the Burgundians, itself meaning "people from the high land".
Originally indicated a person from the Spanish town of Borja in Aragon, derived from Arabic بُرْج (burj)
Derived from Hungarian bor "wine"
. Originally it could have indicated someone who made or sold wine.
From a nickname derived from Dutch borst "chest"
Occupational name for a maker of bottles, from Galician bottela
Occupational name meaning "cooper, barrel maker"
Probably indicated someone from the town of Les Bottereaux in Normandy, itself derived from Old French bot
Derived from an Italian nickname meaning "bull, ox"
Occupational name for an archer, derived from Middle English bowe
, Old English boga
From Old French bois
, originally given to someone who lived by or in a wood.
From the name of the Scottish island of Bute (Bód
in Gaelic), which is of unknown meaning.
Originally indicated a member of the Boykos, an ethnic group of western Ukraine.
From Irish Ó Baoighill
meaning "descendant of Baoigheall"
. The meaning of the given name Baoigheall
is uncertain, but it is thought to be connected to Irish geall
Derived from the name of the region of Brabant in the Netherlands and Belgium. It possibly means "ploughed region" or "marshy region" in Old High German.
From various locations derived from Old English meaning "broad oak"
Derived from the name of the city of Bradford in West Yorkshire, which meant "broad ford" in Old English. This is also the name of other smaller towns in England.
Anglicized form of the Irish name Ó Brádaigh
meaning "descendant of BRÁDACH"
Derived from the given name ABRAHAM
. A famous bearer of this surname was the German composer Johannes Brahms (1833-1897).
Derived from the Italian town of Brembilla in Lombardy, itself named after the Brembo river.
BRAND (2) German
From Old High German brant "fire"
, originally a name for a person who lived near an area that had been cleared by fire.
From the name of various places in England meaning "hill covered with broom"
in Old English.
Means "brass worker"
, derived from Old English bræs
From a place name, which derived from Old English meaning "enclosure by a steep path".
From an English place name place name meaning "Bracca's town" in Old English.
From a place name derived from Cornish bre "hill"
BRECKENRIDGE Scottish, English
Originally indicated someone from Brackenrig in Lanarkshire, derived from northern Middle English braken
meaning "bracken" (via Old Norse brækni
) and rigg
meaning "ridge" (via Old Norse hryggr
From the name of a town near Venice, possibly derived from a Germanic (Lombardic) word meaning "field".
Anglicized form of Irish Ó Braoin
meaning "descendant of Braon"
, a byname meaning "rain, moisture, drop".
Originally denoted one who came from the town of Breisach, in Germany. The town's name is possibly from a Celtic word meaning "breakwater".
From Old High German breit
"broad" and bart
"beard", originally a nickname for someone with a full beard.
From Irish Ó Braonáin
meaning "descendant of Braonán"
, a byname meaning "rain, moisture, drop" (with a diminutive suffix).
Originally derived from the name of a hill (or the village nearby) in Somerset, perhaps derived from a Celtic word meaning "hill".
Originally a name given to someone who was a Breton or a person from Brittany.
Indicated a person from the town of Breetz in Brandenburg, Germany. The meaning of the town's name is unknown.
Originally referred to one who came from a town called Brigham, meaning "homestead by the bridge" in Old English. This is the name of towns in Cumberland and Yorkshire.
Possibly from English places named Brindley
, derived from Old English berned
"burned" and leah
Derived from the town of Briosco, near Milan. It may be of Lombardic origin.
Referred to a person who cleared land, from Old French briser
"to cut" and bois
From the name of a city in England meaning "the site of the bridge".
From the name of the city of Bristol, originally Brycgstow
in Old English, meaning "the site of the bridge".
Originally given to a person who was a Briton (a Celt of England) or a Breton (an inhabitant of Brittany).
From the name of the town of Brivio in Lombardy. Supposed it derives from a Celtic word meaning "bridge".
Derived from Old English brocc
, ultimately of Celtic origin.
Means "bread baker"
from Middle High German brot
"bread" and becke
Originally derived from a place in Moray, Scotland. It is probably from Gaelic broth
meaning "ditch, mire".
Occupational name derived from Irish bróg
Denoted a person who lived near a brook, a word derived from Old English broc
Originally a nickname for a person who had brown hair or skin. A notable bearer is Charlie Brown from the Peanuts
comic strip by Charles Schulz.
From Old English brun
meaning "brown" and hlaw
meaning "mound, small hill". The name was probably given to a family living on a small hill covered with bracken.
Derived from Broz
, a diminutive of AMBROZIJE
. This was the birth surname of the Yugoslavian dictator Josip Broz Tito (1892-1980).
Possibly from the name of the town of Brix in Normandy, which is of unknown meaning. It was brought to Scotland in the 12th century by the Anglo-Norman baron Robert de Brus. It was later borne by his descendant Robert the Bruce, a hero of the 14th century who achieved independence from England and became the king of Scotland.
From Middle High German brun
. It was originally a nickname for a person who had brown hair or skin.
in Italian, a nickname for a person with brown hair or brown clothes.
From the name of a region in Stirlingshire, Scotland, which means "house of the canon" in Gaelic.
From Middle High German buoche
"beech" and holz
BUCKLEY (2) Irish
From Irish Ó Buachalla
meaning "descendant of Buachaill"
, a nickname meaning "cowherd, servant".
Originally indicated a person from the Hungarian city of BUDA
(one of the two cities that were joined to make Budapest in 1873).
Possibly from Polish buda
meaning "hut, cabin"
Derived from the name of the Bükk Mountains, which means "beech tree" in Hungarian (probably of Slavic origin).
Originally denoted someone who came from a place called Bukowo
, which derive from Polish buk
Originally denoted a person who came from Bulgaria, which is named after the Turkic tribe of the Bulgars, itself possibly from a Turkic root meaning "mixed".
From a nickname for a person who acted like a bull.
Possibly a nickname derived from Middle English bole "fraud, deceit"
Derived from Old French bon cuer
meaning "good heart"
From the name of Bunnag, an 18th-century general of Persian heritage.
Originally indicated a person from the Dutch town of Bunschoten, which might mean "raised, enclosed land".
From the medieval Italian given name Buonarroto
meaning "good increase". This was the surname of the Renaissance painter and sculptor Michelangelo (1475-1564).
From Old French burel
, diminutive of bure
, a type of woolen cloth. It may have originated as a nickname for a person who dressed in the material or as an occupational name for someone who worked with it.
Derived from a diminutive of the old Slavic given name Burian
, of uncertain meaning.
From German Burg
"fortress, castle" and Stelle
"place, position". This was a name given to a person dwelling at or near such a site.
BURKE English, Irish
Derived from Middle English burgh
meaning "fortress, fortification, castle"
. It was brought to Ireland in the 12th century by the Norman invader William FitzAdelm de Burgo.
From the name of various towns in England, typically derived from Old English burna
"stream, spring" and ham
BURNS (1) English, Scottish
Derived from Old English burna "stream, spring"
. A famous bearer was the Scottish poet Robert Burns (1759-1796).
From a common English place name, derived from Old English meaning "fortified town".
in German, a name for someone who lived close to a thicket.
Originally a name for a person who lived near a prominent bush or thicket.
BUSTO Spanish, Italian
From the name of towns in Spain and Italy, derived from Late Latin bustum
meaning "ox pasture".
Occupational name for a butcher, derived from Old French bouchier
Possibly from a given name that was derived from Lithuanian būti
meaning "to be, to exist".
BUTLER English, Irish
Occupational name derived from Norman French butiller "wine steward"
, ultimately from Late Latin butticula
"bottle". A famous bearer of this surname is the fictional character Rhett Butler, created by Margaret Mitchell for her novel Gone with the Wind
From a nickname meaning "thick, stumpy"
, from Middle English butt