Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Metonymic occupational name for a nail maker, ultimately from Latin clavellus
"nail", but in some cases possibly from the same word in the sense "smallpox, rash". A fictional bearer is Miss Clavel, a nun and teacher in Ludwig Bemelmans's 'Madeline' series of children's books (introduced in 1939).
The first documented records of the surname Clavell appear in Catalunya between 1291 and 1327. The word clavell traces back to the Indo-European words "kleu", later "klawo" meaning a metal tool. In Latin "clavus", it eventually became a surname "Clavell".
Probably derived from the French given name CLÉMENT
. A famous bearer was Georges Clemenceau (1841-1929), who was the 54th Prime Minister of France during the First World War.
From the Germanic personal name Hlodald
, composed of the elements hlod
"famous, clear" and wald
"rule", which was borne by a saint and bishop of the 6th century.
Possibly an altered spelling of French Coache, from the Norman and Picard term for a damson, probably applied as a metonymic occupational name for a grower or seller of plums.
COIT Medieval Welsh, French, English
The surname Coit was first found in Carnarvonshire, a former country in Northwest Wales, anciently part of the Kingdom of Gwynedd, and currently is divided between the unitary authorities of Gwynedd and Conwy, where they held a family seat... [more]
COMMANDER Anglo-Saxon, French
From Middle English comander
and also from Old French comandeor
, all meaning "commander", "leader" or "ruler". The first recorded use of the name is through a family seat held in Somerset.
CORBIN English, French
Derived from French corbeau
meaning "raven," originally denoting a person who had dark hair.
Either from the French word corde
meaning "cord/rope/string", or from the Latin word cor
meaning "heart." This was the surname of Charlotte Corday, the assassin who killed Jacobin leader Jean-Paul Marat during the French revolution.
An occupational surname for a cordwainer or shoemaker, and derived from Old French cordouanier
, literally meaning "cobbler".
French topographic name for someone who lived near a sorb or service tree, Old French cormier
, the name of the fruit for which the tree was cultivated, apparently of Gaulish origin).
COSSART English, French
From French, referring to "a dealer of horses" (related to the English word "courser"). This surname was brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066, and became one of the many Anglo-Norman words that made up Middle English.
COTTON English, French
English: habitational name from any of numerous places named from Old English cotum
(dative plural of cot
) ‘at the cottages or huts’ (or sometimes possibly from a Middle English plural, coten
COTTRELL English, French
First found in Derbyshire where the family "Cottrell" held a family seat and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege lord for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings, 1066CE... [more]
The name of several places in France, Belgium and Canada. In Middle French the word courcelle was used to describe a "small court" or a "small garden". The word is derived from the medieval Gallo-Romance and Gallo-Italian word corticella
, which was formed from the Latin word cohors
, meaning "court" or "enclosure", and the diminutive –icella
COURT English, French, Irish
A topographic name from Middle English, Old French court(e)
, meaning ‘court’. This word was used primarily with reference to the residence of the lord of a manor, and the surname is usually an occupational name for someone employed at a manorial court.... [more]
Derived from either of two communes in the departments of Marne and Eure-et-Loir in France. It is named with Latin curba villa
, denoting a settlement in the curve of a road.
COVERT English, French
The surname is probably topographical, for someone who either lived by a sheltered bay, or more likely an area sheltered by trees. The formation is similar to couvert, meaning a wood or covert, and originally from the Latin "cooperio", to cover... [more]
French (adjectival form Crété
‘crested’): nickname for an arrogant individual, from Old French creste
‘crest (of a hill)’ (Late Latin crista
), used with reference to the comb of a rooster... [more]
CROZIER English, French
English and French occupational name for one who carried a cross or a bishop’s crook in ecclesiastical processions, from Middle English, Old French croisier
Occupational name for a farm hand, from Old French éscuerie
From the Latin personal name Quiricus or Cyricus, Greek Kyrikos or Kyriakos, ultimately from Greek kyrios 'lord', 'master'.
Means "of Abbeville" Abbeville is a commune in France. Takes its name from Latin Abbatis Villa meaning "Abbot's Village".
Surname Dalmas was first found in Limousin. Literally means "of the sea."
French form of DAMASCUS
. Famous bearer Léon-Gontran Damas (1912-1978) was a French poet and politican from French Guiana, cofounder of the Négritude Mouvement and author of the collection "Black Label".
Denoted a person from Amboise
, a commune located in the Indre-et-Loire department in central France.
DAME French, English
From the old French dame
, "lady" ultimately from Latin domina
Nickname for a foppish or effeminate young man, Old French dameron
, a derivative of Latin dominus
"lord", "master" plus two diminutive endings suggestive of weakness or childishness.
DAMIAN French, Spanish, Italian, Czech, Slovak, Polish
From the medieval personal name Damian
, Greek Damianos
"to subdue"). St. Damian was an early Christian saint martyred in Cilicia in ad 303 under the emperor Domitian, together with his brother Cosmas... [more]
D'Aoust, denotes someone from Aoust(e) in France. Aouste is situated in the Ardennes department (Champagne-Ardenne region) in the north-east of France at 29 km from Charleville-Mézières, the department capital... [more]
D'ARTAGNAN French, Literature
Surname given to a person from Artagnan, France. It is also used by Charles de Batz-Castelmore d'Artagnan, the captain of the Musketeers from the novel, "The Three Musketeers".
DAUGHTRY English, Norman
English (of Norman origin) habitational name, with fused French preposition d(e), for someone from Hauterive in Orne, France, named from Old French haute rive
‘high bank’ (Latin alta ripa
D'AUREVALLE French (Archaic)
This medieval surname literally means "from Aurevalle". Aurevalle can refer to any of the three French communes that are nowadays known by the more modern spelling Orival. All of them ultimately derive their name from Latin aurea vallis
meaning "golden vale" or "golden valley".
This surname literally means "from Aureville". Aureville is a commune in southwestern France, which was established in late medieval times. It derives its name from Latin aurea villa
or villa aurea
which literally means "golden country-house, golden farm" but of course later came to mean "golden village".
This indicates familial origin within the commune of Bailleu.
Denoted someone from Beauvais
, a city and commune in northern France.
French surname meaning "From Blois", a town in Mid-Western France. The origins of the surname started back in the 1600s when a man named Grégoire Guérard traveled to Flanders (Now Belgium) and immigrated to New France (Now Canada) in 1658... [more]
From the given name Debus
, a variant of Thebs
, which was an altered short form of MATTHEUS
. This was borne by American union leader Eugene V. Debs (1855-1926).
DE CLERMONT French
Means "of the bright hill" from the French de
meaning "of" and clair
'bright', 'clear' + mont
Meaning uncertain. Probably a habitual surname for someone from Deaux in Gare.
Variant of DUFORT
meaning "son of the strong" from French de-
, "of" and fort
, "strong". Notable namesake is author Frank
This is a surname of French origins. Introduced into England after the famous Invasion and Conquest of 1066, it is residential, but also possibly occupational. It is a surname which in its different forms is widely recorded heraldically, and particularly in the French regions of Brittany and Normandy... [more]
DE LA BOULAYE French
This indicates familial origin within the Bourgignon commune of La Boulaye.
Probably based off the term "de la cœur", meaning "on the court".
From Old French de la foy
meaning "of the faith". This is probably a name given to a cleric or a very pious person among the French Catholics.
Habitational name for someone from Lagardelle, a place in Haute Garonne.
French surname, pronounced /dølalɑ̃də/, which means "from the moor", "from the heath". Famous bearer Michel-Richard Delalande (1657-1726), French baroque composer and organist nicknamed "the Latin Lully", changed its spelling in "de Lalande" in order to give it aristocratic looks.
DELEURAN French (Huguenot), Danish
Huguenot surname of unknown origin. This family emigrated to Denmark in the 16th century, and now most members of the family are Danish
DELEVINGNE French, English
Means "of the vine" in French. It is the surname of Poppy Delevingne and Cara Delevingne, both English actresses and models; it is also the surname of French-born photojournalist Lionel Delevingne
DE LÉVIS French
This indicates familial origin within the Orléanais commune of Lévis-Saint-Nom.
DE LINIERS French
This indicates familial origin within the Poitevin commune of Liniers.
DELOREY French (Anglicized)
Anglicized version of DESLAURIERS
, a topographic name for someone living among laurels, a combination of the fused preposition and plural definite article des ‘from the’ + the plural of Old French lorier ‘laurel’.
DEMAR French, English
Combination of the French word de
, meaning "from" and the Old French word maresc
, meaning "marsh".
From French meaning "of the seas". A famous bearer of this surname was Modeste Demers, a bishop in 18th century Vancouver.
It's an occupational word coming from Latin. It means "master". It is of French origin.
DESANGES French (Rare)
Means "from the angels", possibly connected to the French title of the Virgin Mary Notre Dame des Anges
, meaning "Our Lady of the Angels". Bearers of this surname include Louis William Desanges (1822-1905), an English artist of French descent, and French historian Jehan Desanges (1929-).
DESCHAIN French, Literature
Of French origin. This is the last name of the character of the Gunslinger Roland in Stephen King’s The Dark Tower series.
"Chenes" is French for "oak tree". In French, "Des" means more than one. "Des"+ "Chenes"= Deschenes meaning "Many oak trees."
DESLAURIERS French (Quebec)
A topographic name for someone living among laurels, a combination of the fused preposition and plural definite article des ‘from the’ + the plural of Old French lorier ‘laurel’.
Habitational name for someone from any of various places named with Old French mareis, maresc ‘marsh’, as for example Les Marets, in Seine-et-Marne, Centre, Nord, and Picardy.
DESNOYERS French (Quebec)
Means "of the walnut trees", from French word "noyer", meaning walnut. "Des noyers" literally translates to "the walnuts".
DES ROCHES French
Either a topographic name for someone living among rocks or a habitational name from any of several places named with this word, meaning "from the rocks" in French.
Derived from Estaing
, a commune in the Aveyron department in southern France.
DEVALL French, English
Devall (also DeVall) is a surname of Norman origin with both English and French ties.Its meaning is derived from French the town of Deville, Ardennes. It was first recorded in England in the Domesday Book.In France, the surname is derived from 'de Val' meaning 'of the valley.'
French surname meaning, 'The Village', from French De- 'the' and Ville- 'Village'.
French: variant of De Var
, a habitational name for someone from a place named Var, for example in Charente. Respelling of French Devors
, a habitational name, with the preposition de
, for someone from Vors in Aveyron.
From Old French Dieu la foy
meaning "God the faith". Famous bearers were the married couple of French archeologists Marcel Dieulafoy (1844-1920) and Jane Dieulafoy (1951-1916). A medical condition of the stomach causing gastric bleeding called "Dieulafoy's lesion" was named after Dr... [more]
Meaning uncertain. It may be a habitational name from any of various locations called Dion or Dionne, derived from the Gaulish element divon-
meaning "(sacred) spring" or Celtic dēwos
meaning "god, deity"... [more]
Meaning “given to God”, surname given to a child because they were given to a priest or monastery or either an orpan.
Denoted someone from Orve
, a commune in the Doubs department in eastern France.
Nickname for a softie, possibly derived from Old French do(u)ille
meaning "soft, tender".
Meaning "lives near willow trees" or possibly someone who made goods, such as baskets, from willow wood.
DRAGON French, English
Nickname or occupational name for someone who carried a standard in battle or else in a pageant or procession, from Middle English, Old French dragon
"snake, monster" (Latin draco
, genitive draconis
, from Greek drakōn
, ultimately from derkesthai
"to flash")... [more]
DRAGOO American, French (Huguenot)
Americanized form of Dragaud
, a French (Huguenot) surname derived from the Germanic given name Dragwald
, itself derived from the elements drag-
meaning "to carry" and wald
Derived from the Old Norse given name Draki or the Old English given name Draca both meaning "dragon".
Probably a derogatory nickname, from a derivative of the regional term drouiller
"to defecate", which also has various figurative senses.
DRURY English, French, Irish
Originally a Norman French nickname, derived from druerie
"love, friendship" (itself a derivative of dru
"lover, favourite, friend" - originally an adjective, apparently from a Gaulish word meaning "strong, vigourous, lively", but influenced by the sense of the Old High German element trut
"dear, beloved").... [more]
DuBosque means 'of the forest' in french and was a surname given typically to someone from a rural treed area.
A topographic name for someone who lived in an area of scrub land or by a prominent clump of bushes, derived from Old French buisson
meaning "small tree, bush, scrub".
French: topographic name for someone who lived by an oak tree, from Old French casse ‘oak (tree)’ (Late Latin cassanos, a word of Celtic origin), with the fused preposition and article du ‘from the’... [more]
Means "from the oak (tree)" in French, used to denote a person who lived near an oak tree or an oak forest.
The name DUFAU come from two French words DU which means « of the » and FAU which is old French for a beech tree. Surnames in France were given later so the person with this name meant he/she had a beech tree in his property... [more]
Alternate spelling of Dufau, meaning "of the beech tree."
Topographic name for someone who lived near a prominent ash tree from Old French fraisne fresne
"ash" from Latin fraxinus
Topographic name for someone who lived in a hamlet, from Old French hamel, a diminutive of ham "homestead", with fused preposition and definite article du.
Means "of the bread" in French, probably used as an occupational name for a baker.
Means "of the pine tree" in French, referring to a person who lived near a pine tree or was from any of various locations named Le Pin.
Derived from the place called D'urban or D'urbin in Languedoc
Derived from French dur
meaning "hard, tough".
Means "from the alder grove," from Gaulish vern
meaning "alder" combined with Latin -etum
, whence Modern French -aie
, forming names of orchards or places where trees/plants are grown)... [more]
French surname, pronounced /dyvilaʁ/, whose bearers mainly live in Haute-Savoie. It means "from Le Villard", a village in the Rhône-Alpes region, whose name comes from the Latin 'villare' which means 'hamlet'... [more]
ELEAZAR Jewish, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French, German, Greek, Filipino, Assyrian, Indian (Christian), Malayalam
From the given name ELEAZAR
ENGELBERT German, English, French
From a Germanic personal name composed of engel
) + berht
‘bright’, ‘famous’. The widespread popularity of the name in France during the Middle Ages was largely a result of the fact that it had been borne by a son-in-law of Charlemagne
; in the Rhineland it was more often given in memory of a bishop of Cologne (1216–25) of this name, who was martyred.
ERMAN German (Modern), French (Modern)
Erman is a shortened French adaption of the Swiss-German surname ERMENDINGER
, itself derived from the older surname ERMATINGER
, a name connected to the village of Ermatingen on the Swiss shore of Lake Constance, and came into existence during the early or middle 18th century when Jean-Georges Ermendinger (1710-1767), a Swiss fur trader from Geneva, married into a French speaking Huguenotte family... [more]
Possibly derived from the french 'fard' meaning 'made-up' or 'make-up'. This is in a theatrical sense and does not imply lying. Very possibly a derivation form a theatrical occupation
Reduced or Americanized form of La Farge/Lafarge.
FARRAGUT Breton, French, Catalan, American
A Breton-French surname of unknown origin. A notable bearer was American naval flag officer David Farragut (1801-1870), who is known for serving during the American Civil War. His father was of Catalan ancestry... [more]
FAYE French, English
Refers to one who came from Fay or Faye (meaning "beech tree") in France.
FERRAND French, English
This French surname can be derived from a given name (thus making it a patronymic surname) as well as from a nickname (thus making it a descriptive surname). In the case of a patronymic surname, the surname is derived from the medieval French masculine given name Ferrand
, which was a variant form of the name FERNAND
, itself a contraction of FERDINAND
FERRANDIN French (Rare)
This French surname can be derived from a given name (thus making it a patronymic surname) as well as from the name of a profession (thus making it an occupational surname). In the case of a patronymic surname, the surname is derived from the masculine given name Ferrandin
, which was a diminutive of the medieval French given name Ferrand
This is actually a standard word in French, correctly pronounce like "furry" without the r's. It means "leaf", or "sheet" (i.e. feuille de papier).
"son", used to identify the younger of two bearers of the same personal name in a family.
French form of FLAVINIUS
. The Flavigny Abbey, in the French region of Burgundy, became famous because of the candies made by its Benedictine monks, called the anise of Flavigny... [more]
FORET French, French Creole
From Old French forest
‘forest’, a topographic name for someone who lived in or near a royal forest, or an occupational name for a keeper or worker in one. See also FORREST
Means 'strong shield' from French elements fort
meaning "strong" and escu
FOUQUEREAU French (Quebec)
Jean Fouquereau was born on November 6, 1617, in Anjou, Isère, France, his father, Louis, was 23 and his mother, Catherine, was 20. He married Renee Bataille on December 31, 1639, in Angers, Maine-et-Loire, France... [more]
From a medieval nickname based on Old French foi
"faith", applied either to a notably pious person or to one who frequently used the word as an oath; also, from the medieval French female personal name Foy
, from Old French foi
Topographic name for someone who lived near a prominent ash tree from Old French fraisne fresne
"ash" from Latin fraxinus
Ethnic name for an inhabitant of France, a country in Europe.
Dutch spelling of Frere (brother); another variant spelling is Frear.
FRINK Anglo-Saxon, Norman
It was a name given to a person who was referred to as being free or generous. The surname was originally derived from the Old French franc, which meant "liberal, generous." ... The surname also has origins from the Norman official title, the frank which also means free.
GABRIEL English, Cornish, Welsh, Scottish, French, German, Catalan, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Slovene, Jewish, Indian (Christian)
Derived from the given name GABRIEL
GAINES English, Norman, Welsh
English (of Norman origin): nickname for a crafty or ingenious person, from a reduced form of Old French engaine
‘ingenuity’, ‘trickery’ (Latin ingenium
‘native wit’). The word was also used in a concrete sense of a stratagem or device, particularly a trap.... [more]
GALANTE Italian, French, Jewish
Comes from the ancient French word "galant" meaning someone in love or who has fun. In the case of Mordecai Galante, a Spanish exile in 16th century Rome, his courteous manners won for him from the Roman nobles the surname "Galantuomo" (gentleman), from which Galante was eventually derived.... [more]
From pet form of any of the compound personal names formed with gamal, related to Old Norse gamall, Old German gamel "old", "aged". ... [more]
From the French gandin
, pronounced /ɡɑ̃dœ̃/, which is a word used for a dandy, an elegant young man with affected, quite often ridiculous, manners.
From Old French gaaigner
meaning "to win, to earn" or "to till, to cultivate", possibly used as an occupational name for a farmer.
GAY English, French
Nickname for a lighthearted or cheerful person, from Middle English, Old French gai
GAY English, Norman
Habitational name from places in Normandy called Gaye, from an early proprietor bearing a Germanic personal name cognate with Wade.
Either a diminutive of French gendre
meaning "son-in-law" or a habitational name for someone from the town of Gendron in Belgium.
From the English word, which is in turn from French gentrie
, referring to that which is "noble," or the "nobility." From earlier gentillece
, which was originally from gentil
GERMAN English, Norman, German, Jewish, Greek
From Old French germain
meaning "German". This sometimes denoted an actual immigrant from Germany, but was also used to refer to a person who had trade or other connections with German-speaking lands... [more]
GILLIARD French, Swiss
French and Swiss French from a derivative of Gillier
, from the Germanic personal name GISELHER
, composed of gisil
‘hostage’, ‘pledge’, ‘noble offspring’ (see Giesel
) + heri
GISCARD D'ESTAING French
Combination of GISCARD
. A famous bearer is former French president Valéry Giscard d'Estaing (1926-), whose father had the surname legally changed from "Giscard" to "Giscard d'Estaing" in 1922, claiming the name of a family line extinct since the French Revolution.