Anglicized form of Gaelic Mag Shamhradháin
meaning "son of Samhradháin", a given name meaning "summer".
Anglicized form of Irish Mag Uidhir
meaning "son of Odhar", a given name meaning "pale-coloured".
From Scottish Gaelic Mac an tSaoir
meaning "son of the carpenter".
From Gaelic Mac Leòid
meaning "son of Leod", a given name derived from Old Norse ljótr
From Irish Mac Conmara
meaning "son of Conmara". The given name Conmara
is composed of cú
"hound" and muir
From the name of a Spanish city, whose name is derived from the Arabic word for "city".
Derived from the Hungarian village named Meggyesfalva
, literally meaning "cherry village" from meggy
"cherry" and falu
From the place name Malleville
meaning "bad town" in Norman French.
MENCHER Polish, Jewish
Occupational surname for a miller or flour dealer (derived from Polish maczarz
MENDEL Jewish, German
Derived from the given name MENDEL
. A famous bearer was Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), a Czech monk and scientist who did experiments in genetics.
Occupational name for a trader, from Old French mercier
MERLO Italian, Spanish
Means "blackbird", ultimately from Latin merula
. The blackbird is a symbol of a naive person.
From the name of the Sicilian city Messina. The city was named for the original Greek settlers' homeland Messene.
Occupational surname for one who made knives, from German messer
Derived from Greek μεταξι (metaxi)
meaning "silk", and most likely referred to a silk merchant or another occupation that dealt with silk.
Refers to a place or institute of learning or where knowledge is provided.
METZ (1) German
Occupational name for a cutler derived from Middle High German metze
Means "butcher" in German, given to people who practiced that profession.
MEYER (1) German
From the Middle High German word meier
meaning "higher, superior". It was used for landholder's stewards or great farmers or leaseholders (nowadays a Meier
is a dairy farmer). Meier
are used more often in northern Germany while Maier
are used in southern Germany.
From a village in England called Midgley which meant "midge (insect) wood" in Old English.
Derived from a place name meaning "mill stream" in Old English.
Originally derived from various place names all meaning "ford by a mill" in Old English.
Occupational surname referring to a person who owned or worked in a grain mill, from Middle English mille
Name for someone whose house was in a mill or who worked in a mill.
MILLIGAN Irish, Scottish
From the Gaelic given name Maolagán
, a derivative of maol
meaning "bald" or "tonsured".
Originally given to one who lived near a mill or who worked in a mill, from Middle English mille
From Scots and Middle English milne
(a variant of mille
) meaning "mill".
Derived from an English place name meaning "mill town" in Old English. A famous bearer was John Milton (1608-1674), the poet who wrote "Paradise Lost".
From the medieval given name Minne
, derived from the Germanic element minna
From Japanese 宮 (miya)
meaning "temple, shrine, palace" and 本 (moto)
meaning "base, root, origin". A notable bearer is video game pioneer Shigeru Miyamoto (1952-).
MLAKAR Slovene, Croatian
Derived from mlaka
"pool". The name referred to someone who lived close to a pool.
From the town Modugno, in Apulia in southern Italy. It is the surname of the Italian actor and singer Domenico Modugno (1928-1994), the songwriter of 'Volare'.
From Irish Ó Maol Dhomhnaigh
meaning "descendant of a church servant".
From Irish Ó Manacháin
meaning "descendant of Manacháin". The given name Manacháin
meant "little monk", from manach
"monk" and a diminutive suffix.
Means "fleece selector" from Old Italian emendatore
. This was an occupational name for someone who chose the best fleeces to be made into wool.
MONDAY (1) English
Derived from the Old Norse given name Mundi
which was a diminutive of names beginning with the element mundr
MONDAY (2) English
Denoted a person for whom this was a significant day, often the day they would pay their feudal service.
Derived from either of the given names HAMON
. A famous bearer was the French impressionist painter Claude Monet (1840-1926).
Designated a person who had originally lived near the mouth of the Roe River in Derry, Ireland.
MONTGOMERY English, Scottish
From a place name in Calvados, France meaning "GUMARICH
's mountain". A notable bearer was Bernard Montgomery (1887-1976), a British army commander during World War II.
MOON (2) English
Originally indicated a person from the town of Moyon in Normandy.
MOORE (3) English
Nickname for a person of dark complexion, from Old French more
From the Italian medieval given name Morando
From Irish Ó Muircheartach
meaning "descendant of MUIRCHERTACH
". This was the surname given by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle to the antagonist in the Sherlock Holmes series.
Locative surname derived from Morra De Sanctis, a place near Naples, Italy.
Means "housefly" in Italian, perhaps originally a nickname for an annoying person.
Name for someone who lived near a peat bog, from the Middle High German word mos
From Japanese 本 (moto)
meaning "base, root, origin". More commonly it is the final character in Japanese surnames.
From various names of places around Italy. It is derived from a Gaulish word meaning "hill".
Derived from the name of a lost place in Cheshire, from the Old English byname Motere
which meant "speaker" and Middle English heved
Possibly an Americanized form of the German given name Manz
Originally denoted someone who came from the Armenian town of Moush.
Means "mortar" in Polish. It probably referred to someone who worked with or sold mortar.
Locative surname from the area of Trieste, the capital city of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region. Muggia is a town near the Croatian border.
From the Irish Ó Maoláin
meaning "descendant of Maolán". The given name Maolán
German equivalent of MILLER
, derived from Middle High German mülnære
From the Irish Maol Bhréanáin
meaning "devotee of Saint BRENDAN
". The name originated in the North West of Ireland, in Roscommon.
Patronymic formed from the Norman French nickname moun
MURRAY (1) Scottish
Derived from the region in Scotland called Moray
meaning "seaboard settlement". A notable bearer of this surname was General James Murray (1721-1794), who was the first British Governor-General of Canada.
From the Sardinian word murta
meaning "myrtle". This surname has a locative origin.
Means "the one who had to", from the past participle of the verb must
Referred to someone who took care of sheep (a shepherd), or else someone who in some way resembled a sheep.