From Middle Low German wrok
From Chinese 吴 (wú)
referring to the ancient state of Wu, which was located in present-day Jiangsu province.
Meaning uncertain, possibly referred to a dweller in a narrow bay with steep shores.
From the name of the town of Wymondham, meaning "home belonging to Wigmund", from the given name WIGMUND
combined with Old English ham
meaning "home, settlement".
Possibly from the Polish place name Wyrzyki
, of uncertain meaning, maybe "away from the river".
From Chinese 徐 (xú)
meaning "slowly, calmly"
From Greek ξυλον (xylon)
meaning "wood, forest" and ανδρος (andros)
meaning "man". This surname was a Greek translation of German surnames of the same meaning.
From Japanese 山 (yama)
meaning "mountain" and 口 (kuchi)
meaning "mouth, entrance". Olympic figure-skating champion Kristi Yamaguchi (1971-) bears this name.
From a nickname for a clever or cunning person, from Middle English yap
meaning "devious, deceitful, shrewd"
From Old English geat
, a name for a gatekeeper or someone who lived near a gate.
From the name of the English city of York, which was originally called Eburacon
(Latinized as Eboracum
), meaning "yew" in Brythonic, but was altered by association with Old English Eoforwic
, meaning "pig farm".
Derived from Old English geong
. This was a descriptive name to distinguish father from son.
Originally indicated a person from the town of Yoxall in Staffordshire, itself derived from Old English geoc
"oxen yoke" and halh
YU (1) Chinese
From Chinese 于 (yú)
meaning "in, on, at"
. According to legend, King Wu of Zhou bestowed the realm of Yu to his second son, who subsequently adopted this as his surname.
YU (4) Chinese
From Chinese 虞 (yú)
meaning "concerned, anxious"
and also referring to the ancient state of Yu, which was situated in what is now Shanxi province.
Originally denoted someone who lived in a place of this name in Biscay. It is derived from Basque zabal
meaning "large, wide".
From Polish zab "tooth"
and a diminutive suffix.
Possibly a habitational name for someone from Zambrana, a town in the province of Álava in Spain.
Originally denoted a person from Zamora, the name of both a province in Spain and its capital city.
Derived from a diminutive of the given name GIOVANNI
. A famous bearer is Argentinian soccer player Javier Zanetti (1973-).
From Italian zappa
meaning "hoe, mattock"
, probably denoting a farmer. Two musicians of Italian origin have bore this name: Francesco Zappa (1717-1803) and Frank Zappa (1940-1993).
Denoted a person from one of the various towns named Zduny in Poland, which is derived from Polish zdun
meaning "potter". It can also be an occupational surname derived directly from zdun
ZELLWEGER German (Swiss)
Originally denoted a person from the Appenzell region of Switzerland. The place name is derived from Latin abbatis cella
meaning "estate of the abbot"
. A famous bearer is actress Renée Zellweger (1969-).
, derived from Czech zem
"land". A famous bearer is the soccer coach Zdeněk Zeman (1947-).
Originally indicated a person from the city of Senta in Serbia (formerly a part of Hungary and called Zenta
From Chinese 张 (zhāng)
meaning "stretch, extend"
. It may have denoted a bowmaker whose job it was to stretch bow wood.
From Chinese 赵 (zhào)
, which refers to an ancient city-state in what is now Shanxi province. According to legend, King Mu rewarded his chariot driver Zaofu with the city, at which time Zaofu adopted this surname. The later historic state of Zhao, which existed from the 5th to 3rd centuries BC, was named after this city.... [more]
From Chinese 郑 (zhèng)
, which refers to the ancient state of Zheng. Zheng existed between the 9th to 4th centuries BC in present-day Henan province. A famous bearer of this surname was the 15th-century explorer Zheng He.
From Chinese 周 (zhōu)
referring to the Zhou dynasty, which held power from 1046 to 771 BC, continuing for a few more centuries as figureheads.
From Chinese 朱 (zhū)
meaning "vermilion red, cinnabar"
and also referring to the ancient state of Zhu, which existed in what is now Shandong province. This was the surname of the emperors of the Ming dynasty.
in German, from Middle High German ziegel
From Polish zieleń
. It was possibly a nickname for a person who dressed in green clothing.
Possibly from a diminutive of Polish zięć
Occupational name for a silversmith from Yiddish zilber
"silver" and schlag
ZIMA Czech, Slovak, Polish, Russian
From a Slavic word meaning "winter"
. This may have been a nickname for a person with a chilly personality.
ZIMMERMANN German, Jewish
From the German word for "carpenter"
, derived from Middle High German zimber
"timber, wood" and mann
From Middle High German zingel "defensive wall"
. This name was originally applied to a person who lived near the outermost wall of a castle.
Derived from the given name Zino
, a short form of names ending with -zino
, such as Lorenzino
, a diminutive of LORENZO
, or Vincenzino
, a diminutive of VINCENZO
Ornamental name meaning "sweet child"
, from Yiddish זיס (zis)
meaning "sweet" and קינד (kind)
meaning "child", both words of Germanic origin.
ŽITNIK Slovene, Czech
From the Slavic root žito
. This was an occupational name for a dealer in rye or a baker.
Means "old bridge"
, from Basque zubia
"bridge" and zahar
"old". A famous bearer is the Spanish soccer player Andoni Zubizarreta (1961-).
From the name of a Spanish town, formerly named Estuniga in Basque, possibly derived from Basque istuin
From Slavic župan
meaning "head of the district, community leader"
in Polish, a nickname for a tall person.