Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
SPICER English, Jewish, Polish
English: occupational name for a seller of spices, Middle English spic(i)er
(a reduced form of Old French espicier
, Late Latin speciarius
, an agent derivative of species
‘spice’, ‘groceries’, ‘merchandise’).... [more]
SPIEGEL German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a maker or seller of mirrors, from Middle High German spiegel
, German Spiegel
"mirror" (via Old High German from Latin speculum
, a derivative of specere
SPIEGLER German, Jewish
Occupational name for a maker or seller of mirrors, from Middle High German spiegel
, German Spiegel
"mirror" and the agent suffix -er
SPIELBERG Jewish, German
From Old High German spiegel
"lookout point" or German Spiel
"game, play" and berg
"mountain". Locational surname after a town in Austria. A famous bearer is American director Steven Spielberg (1946-present).
SPINDLER English, German, Jewish
Occupational name for a spindle maker, from an agent derivative of Middle English spindle
, Middle High German spindel
, German Spindel
, Yiddish shpindl
SPRINGER German, English, Dutch, Jewish
Nickname for a lively person or for a traveling entertainer. It can also refer to a descendant of LUDWIG
der Springer (AKA LOUIS
the Springer), a medieval Franconian count who, according to legend, escaped from a second or third-story prison cell by jumping into a river after being arrested for trying to seize County Saxony in Germany.
STANG German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) from Middle High German stang
, German Stange
‘pole’, ‘shaft’, hence a nickname for a tall, thin person, a metonymic occupational name for a maker of wooden shafts for spears and the like, or a metonymic occupational name for a soldier.
STAR German, Dutch, Jewish, English
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): nickname from German Star, Middle High German star
, ‘starling’, probably denoting a talkative or perhaps a voracious person.... [more]
STAUB German (Swiss), German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) occupational nickname for a miller, from Middle High German stoup
, German Staub
‘dust’. The Jewish surname may also be ornamental.
STEINBACH German, Jewish
German habitational name from any of the many places named Steinbach, named with Middle High German stein
‘stone’ + bach
‘stream’, ‘creek’. ... [more]
STEINMETZ German, Jewish
Occupational name from Middle High German steinmetze
, German steinmetz
"stonemason", "worker in stone".
STORCH German, Jewish
From Middle High German storch
"stork", hence a nickname for someone thought to resemble the bird.
STOSS German, Jewish
Nickname for a quarrelsome person, from Middle High German stoz 'quarrel', 'fight'.
STRANDHEIM German, Jewish
From a location name meaning "beach home" in German, from Middle High German strand
meaning "beach" and heim
meaning "home". As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
Ornamental name composed of German Strasse
"street" and Berg
STRASSMANN German, Jewish
Topographic name for someone living on a main street, from Middle High German strasse
, German Strasse
"street, road" and man
STRAUSS German, Jewish
From the German word strauß
, meaning "ostrich." In its use as a Jewish surname, it comes from the symbol of the building or family that the bearer occupied or worked for in the Frankfurter Judengasse... [more]
Metonymic occupational name for a seller of tobacco, from German Tabak, Yiddish and Ukrainian tabik (all ultimately from Spanish tabaco, a word of Caribbean origin). Tobacco was introduced to Europe in the 16th century.
TANNEN German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from any of several places in Lower Saxony or Baden named with German Tannen
‘pine’, or from a short form of any of the many compound names formed with this element... [more]
TANNENBAUM Jewish, German
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) topographic name or Jewish ornamental name from German Tannenbaum
‘fir tree’, ‘pine tree’.
TARTAKOVSKY טרטקובסקי Jewish, Russian
Russian Jewish surname denoting someone originally from the village of Tartakov (Тартаків) in Ukraine. The village's name itself is derived from Ukrainian тартак (tartak)
referring to a sawmill or cutting device.
THAL Jewish, German
Ornamental and topographic name derived from German Tal
TISCH Jewish, German
Metonymic occupational name for a joiner, from German "Tisch", Yiddish "tish" meaning table
Ashkenazi Jewish and Ukrainian surname meaning tailor.
This surname is a Hungarian surname that has been used by the Jewish population.
TREU German, Jewish
From a nickname for a trustworthy person, from late Middle High German triuwe
‘loyal’. As a Jewish surname it is mainly ornamental.
TZVI צבי Hebrew
From the given name TZVI
, means "gazelle, roebuck" in Hebrew.
URBAN English, French, German, Czech, Slovak, Polish, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Hungarian, Jewish
From a medieval personal name (Latin Urbanus meaning "city dweller", a derivative of urbs meaning "town", "city").
URBANSKY אורבאַנסקי, אורבנסקי Czech, Slovak, Polish, Russian, Jewish
In Czech and Slovak usage, it is a habitational name for someone from a place called Urbanice. In Polish usage, it is a habitational name for someone from a place named with the personal name URBAN
VALENTIN French, Italian, Romanian, German, Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Czech, Russian, Bulgarian, Slovene, Croatian, Macedonian, Jewish
From the given name VALENTIN
. It was sometimes adopted as a personal name by Jews.
WAHL German, Jewish
From Middle High German Walhe
"foreigner from a Romance country", hence a nickname for someone from Italy or France, etc. This surname is also established in Sweden.
WALDSTEIN German, Jewish
Habitational surname for a person from a place in Bohemia called Waldstein, which is derived from Middle High German walt
"forest" + stein
WEIL German, Jewish
South German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from any of various places so named in Baden, Bavaria, and Württemberg, from Latin villa ‘country house’, ‘estate’ (later used of a group of houses forming a settlement).
WEILER German, Jewish
Habitational name from any of several places so named in southern Germany. Jewish (Ashkenazic): variant of WEIL
WEININGER German (Swiss), Jewish
Denoted a person from Weiningen
, a municipality in the Canton of Zürich, Switzerland. It is also a Jewish ornamental name derived from German wein
meaning "wine" and the suffix -inger
WEINMANN German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) occupational name for a viticulturalist or wine merchant, Middle High German winman
, German Weinmann
WEINSTEIN ויינסטין Jewish
Means "wine stone" from German wein
meaning "wine" and stein
meaning "stone". It originally referred to the potassium bitartrate crystals produced from the process of fermenting grape juice.
WEINSTOCK English, German, Hebrew
This surname of WEINSTOCK is the English variant of the German surname WENSTOCK, an occupational name for a producer or seller of wine, derived originally from the Old German WEIN. The name was also adopted by Ashkenazic Jews, largely recollecting the prominence of wine in the Jewish Scriptures and its used in Jewish ceremonies... [more]
WEISENBURGER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of numerous places named Weissenburg "white fortress".
WILD Medieval English, English, German, Jewish
English: from Middle English wild
‘wild’, ‘uncontrolled’ (Old English wilde
), hence a nickname for a man of violent and undisciplined character, or a topographic name for someone who lived on a patch of overgrown uncultivated land.... [more]
WINEHOUSE Jewish, German
Anglicized variant of German and Yiddish 'Weinhaus'. From German wein
, 'vine, grapevine' and haus
'house, building, home', likely indicating a house with a vineyard. ... [more]
WINKEL German, Jewish, Dutch, Belgian
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): topographic name for someone who lived on a corner of land in the country or a street corner in a town or city, from Middle High German winkel, German Winkel ‘corner’... [more]
WINKELMANN German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): topographic name for someone who lived on a corner or kept a corner shop (see WINKEL
), with the addition of Middle High German man, German Mann ‘man’... [more]
Eastern Ashkenazic, from the Yiddish female personal name Vitle
, a pet form of Vite
combined with the eastern Slavic suffix -in
WITZ German, Jewish
From the medieval personal name Witzo
, a short form of any of several Germanic compound names beginning with wig ‘battle’... [more]
Habitual surname from Włodawa, Poland. First seen in a 1806 revision list of the city Kobryn (Grodno Guberniya), now Kobryn Belarus. ... [more]
This is the surname of the character Howard in the American television show "The Big Bang Theory".
YARCHI ירחי Hebrew
From Hebrew יָרֵחַ (yareach
), meaning "moon".
YOMTOV יומטוב, יום-טוב Hebrew (Modern)
Means "good day", derived from Hebrew יום (yom
) means "day" and טוב (tov
) means "good".
YOSOPOVA יוסופובה Uzbek, Avar, Tajik, Turkmen, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tatar, Crimean Tatar, Chechen, Jewish
Alternate transcription of YUSUPOVA
YOVEL יוֹבֵל Hebrew
Means "jubilee" or "anniversary" in Hebrew, usually refers to a 50 years anniversary.
YUSSUPOVA יוסופובה Uzbek, Avar, Tajik, Turkmen, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tatar, Crimean Tatar, Chechen, Jewish
Alternate transcription of YUSUPOVA
YUSUPOV יוסופוב Uzbek, Avar, Tajik, Turkmen, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tatar, Crimean Tatar, Jewish
Means "son of YUSUP
", also used by Central Asian Jews. This was the name of a Russian family of nobility of Crimean Tatar ancestry.
YUSUPOVA יוסופובה Uzbek, Avar, Tajik, Turkmen, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Russian, Tatar, Crimean Tatar, Chechen, Jewish
Feminine transcription of YUSUPOV
, the surname of a Russian family of nobility of Crimean Tatar ancestry. It is also used by Central Asian Jews.
ZAHAVI זהבי Jewish
From Hebrew זהב (zahav)
meaning "gold", commonly used as a replacement for Ashkenazi surnames containing the element gold
(such as Goldman
ZASLAVSKY זסלבסקי Russian, Jewish
Russian Jewish surname derived from Iziaslav (also called Zaslav), the name of a city in Volhynia, Ukraine.
Abbreviation of the Hebrew phrase Zera TSadikim
"seed of the righteous", assumed in a spirit of pious respect for one’s ancestors.
Occupational name from Yiddish tsekh meaning "guild" or "craft corporation" and man "man".
Means "son of Zelde
", a Yiddish female personal name based on Middle High German sælde
ZELLER German, Dutch, English, Jewish
Originally denoted someone from Celle, Germany or someone living near a hermit's cell from German zelle
"cell". It is also occupational for someone employed at a zelle
, for example a small workshop.
Occupational name for a tax collecter, comes from Yiddish tselnik
which means haberdashery
ZILBERMAN זילבערמאן Jewish
From nickname meaning "silver man", from Yiddish זילבער (zilber
) and מאן (man
), possibly a nickname for a person with grey hair.
ZOHAR זהר, זוהר Hebrew
Derived from the the given name ZOHAR
meaning "light, brilliance" in Hebrew.
Means "sugar mountain" from German zucker
meaning "sugar" and berg
meaning "mountain, hill".
ZWILLING German, Jewish
Means "a twin", as in a twin brother or twin sister. Often given to those who were twins.