Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Means "son of Meytl
", a Yiddish female personal name, literally "little Meyte
", a Yiddish female personal name derived from Middle High German maget
MAJ Polish, Jewish
Surname adopted with reference to the month of May, Polish maj. Surnames referring to months were sometimes adopted by Jewish converts to Christianity, with reference to the month in which they were baptized or in which the surname was registered.
MAKOWSKI Jewish, Polish, Ukrainian
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Maków, Makowa, or Makowo, all named from mak
from the Yiddish for "a teacher of young children".
From the Jewish female personal name Margolis
, literally (in Hebrew) "pearls".
MARGULIS מרגלית Hebrew
Margulis is a surname that is derived from the Ashkenazi Hebrew pronunciation of the Hebrew word מרגלית (Israeli Hebrew /maʁɡaˈlit/), meaning 'pearl,'
MASLOV Russian, Jewish
Derived from Russian масло (maslo)
meaning "butter", originally used as an occupational name for someone who worked as a dairyman or sold dairy products.
MAUER German, Jewish
Topographic name for someone who lived near a wall, Middle High German mure
MECKLENBURG German, Jewish
Regional name for someone from this province in northern Germany. Derived from Old Saxon mikil
"big, great" and burg
MEGHNAGI Jewish, Northern African
Sephardic Jewish, originating from the Libyan Jewish community. Most were from Tripoli, with a much smaller contingent from Benghazi.
This is the surname of British Labour Party politicians Ed and David Miliband, who are ethnically Jewish.
MIODOWNIK Polish, Jewish
The literal translation is "honey cake", from the Polish word/root surname miod
, meaning "honey." An occupational surname to those in the honey business, mainly beekeepers and bakers.... [more]
MIRANDA Spanish, Portuguese, Jewish
Habitational name from any of numerous places in Spain and Portugal called Miranda. The derivation of the place name is uncertain; it may be of pre-Roman origin, or from Latin miranda
Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic): metronymic from the Yiddish female personal name MIRKE
, a pet form of the Biblical Hebrew name MIRYAM
MIZRAHI מזרחי Hebrew
From Hebrew מִזְרָחִי (mizrakhí)
meaning "East, eastern".
MODZELEWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from places in Poland called Modzel or Modzele, from modzel meaning "hard place", "callus".
MONTEFIORE Italian, Jewish
Derived from Montefiore
, which is the name of several places in Italy. For example, there is Castle Montefiore in the town of Recanati (province of Macerata), the municipality of Montefiore Conca (province of Rimini) and the municipality of Montefiore dell'Aso (province of Ascoli Piceno)... [more]
MORAG מוֹרַג Hebrew
Means "threshing sledge", "flail" in Hebrew. Morag is a hand-held threshing tool.
Morpurgo (Hebrew: מורפורגו) is an Italian surname of Jewish origin. Originally Marpurg, from the Austrian city Marburg an der Drau (today Maribor in Slovenia). Key ancestor was Moises Jacob, father of Petachia, in Bad-Rackersburg, Austria... [more]
MOSSBERG Jewish, Swedish
Ornamental name composed of the elements mosse
"peat bog" + berg "mountain", "hill".
MOST Polish, Jewish
Topographic name from Slavic most
meaning "bridge", or a habitational name from any of several places named with this word.
NADEL German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a maker of needles, or in some cases for a tailor, from Middle High German nadel(e)
, German Nadel
NADOLNY Polish, Jewish, Sorbian
Topographic name from Polish nadól
, Sorbian nadol
"downwards", denoting someone who lived lower down in a village on a slope, or on relatively low-lying ground.
NAIMAN Ukrainian, Jewish
Before Genghis Khan conquered the world, he conquered his neighbors, and his last great victory, in 1204, was over a tribe of Turkic Christians called the Naiman. (Some Naimans today are Christian but most are Jewish.)... [more]
NATES English, Jewish
It's probably from the given name NATE
, the origin is said to be Jewish*, but the ancestors immigrated to English speaking countries.
NEGRO Italian, Spanish, Galician, Portuguese, Jewish
Nickname or ethnic name from negro
"black" (continuation of Latin niger
), denoting someone with dark hair, dark eyes, a dark complexion, someone who wore dark clothes, someone who worked a job in the night, or was otherwise associated with the night.
Variant of the Ashkenazic Jewish surname Nierenberg
, which is derived from Nirnberg
, the Yiddish form of Nuremberg (German Nürnberg), hence becoming an Ashkenazic Jewish habitational surname for someone living in that city.
NEUHAUS German, Jewish
Topographical name for someone who lived in a new house, Middle High German niuwe hus, modern German neu Haus, or a habitational name for someone from any of several places named Neuhaus ('new house') in various parts of Germany and Austria, also in Bohemia.
NICHTER נײַטער German, Yiddish
Means "negator, negate" from Middle High German nicht
meaning "not." Perhaps it originally denoted a person who was a philosopher or judge. Can possibly also be a variant of RICHTER
OFEK אופק Hebrew
Means "horizon" in Hebrew, used both as a given name and a surname.
OHAYON אוחיון Judeo-Spanish
Means "son of Chayyim" from the Berber prefix ou-
meaning "son (of)" and the given name CHAYYIM
OPHIR אוֹפִיר Hebrew
From the given name OPHIR
. Ophir (or OFIR
) is originally a biblical place name. In the days of KING SOLOMON
, Ophir was metioned as the name of a land, full of abudant natural treasures such as gold, silver, etc.
OSGOOD English, Jewish
English: Old Norse personal name Asgautr, composed of the elements as'god'+the tribal name Gaul. This was established in England before the Conquest, in the late old English forms Osgot or Osgod and was later reinforce by the Norman Ansgot.... [more]
Eastern Ashkenazic occupational name for the president of a Jewish community, from Yiddish parnes
(from Hebrew parnas
PELED פלד Hebrew
Derived from Hebrew פְּלָדָה (pladá)
Habitational name for someone from Pelki in Poland.
PELTZ German, Jewish
Occupational name for a furrier, from Middle High German bellez
, (modern German pelz
) "fur", "animal skin".
Jewish (Ashkenazic): ornamental name from German Perlmutter ‘mother-of-pearl'.
Ornamental name composed of German Perle
‘pearl’ + Stein
PETITO פטיטו Jewish (Archaic)
Jewish family surname. Family originally settled in South of Italy, but also spread in Rome. According family's background stories, ancestors ( פטיטו ) sailed from Palestine to (south) of Italy, where they settled, at time of the big diaspora as an effect of Bar Kochba defeat (135 A.D.). There are still today in Israel people with Petito surname in the major Israel cities, as well elsewhere (check Petito in www.israelpb.com --or here, letter P: http://www.genami.org/en/belgian-file/belgian-file-p.php).
PFEFFER German, Jewish
Occupational name for a spicer, or a nickname for a person with a fiery temper, for a small man, or for a dark-haired person. Derived from German Pfeffer
PLUM English, German, Jewish
English and North German: from Middle English plum(b)e, Middle Low German plum(e) ‘plum’, hence a topographic name for someone who lived by a plum tree, or a metonymic occupational name for a fruit grower... [more]
PNIEWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from Pniewy in the district of Poznań, or from any of the many places in Poland named Pniewo.
POLSKI Polish, Jewish
Nickname for a Polish person, originating in areas of mixed populations.
PORTUGAL Spanish, Portuguese, English, Catalan, French, Jewish
Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, English, French, and Jewish surname meaning ethnic name or regional name for someone from Portugal or who had connections with Portugal. The name of the country derives from Late Latin Portucale, originally denoting the district around Oporto (Portus Cales, named with Latin portus ‘port’, ‘harbor’ + Cales, the ancient name of the city)... [more]
POZNANSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name from the city of Poznan in west-central Poland, or possibly from other places of this name, in Katowice and Siedlce voivodeships.
PREMINGER פרמינגר Jewish
Meaning unknown, possibly a nickname for a person deported to Spain, derived from the name of a location in Portugal.
This is the surname of American actress Laura Prepon (born March 7, 1980).
PRESS English, Jewish
A nickname for a pious individual from the Middle English form of "priest" or possibly someone employed by a priest. In the Jewish sense, one whose occupation was to iron clothes.
PRINS Dutch, Jewish
Means "prince" in Dutch, but almost never a surname for a prince. Instead, it's an occupational surname for someone in the service of a prince or a nickname for someone who acted in a regal manner. The surname is also Jewish Dutch and is used as an ornamental adoption of Dutch prins still meaning "prince".
RABINOVICH ראבינאוויטש Yiddish, Russian
Means "son of the rabbi" (through the name Rabin
), referring to a scholar or teacher of the Torah in Judaism.
Polish Jewish name meaning son of rabbi from the root rabi
meaning "rabbi" combined with the Polish patronymic suffix -owicz
From the root rabi
"rabbi" combined with the Polish suffix -ski
RAK Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Hungarian, Jewish
Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovenian, Hungarian (Rák), and Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic): from Slavic rak ‘crab’, ‘lobster’, or ‘crayfish’. This was applied as an occupational name for someone who caught and sold crayfish, crabs, or lobsters, or as a nickname to someone thought to resemble such a creature... [more]
RATHER German, Jewish
1. Occupational name for a counsellor or nickname for a wise person, from Middle High German rater ‘adviser’. ... [more]
RAVIV רביב Hebrew
From Hebrew רָבִיב (raviv)
meaning "droplet, rain, drizzle".
RECHT German, Jewish
Nickname for an upright person, from Middle High German reht
, German recht
"straight". As a Jewish name it is mainly of ornamental origin.
REICH German, Jewish
Nickname for a wealthy or powerful man, from Middle High German rīch
"of noble descent, powerful, rich", German reich
REICHENBERG German, Jewish
Habitational name from various places named Reichenberg
in several different areas of Germany. As an ornamental name, it is composed of German reich(en)
meaning "rich" and berg
meaning "mountain, hill".
Jewish (Ashkenazic) nickname for a traveler, from an agent derivative of German reisen
‘to travel’ (see REISE
). Also a variant of REIS
RENLEY Jewish (Rare), English (Rare)
Possibly derived from the Old English rinc
"man, warrior" or rim
'edge, circular edge' or possibly wraenna
'wren', and leah
Means "red leaf" in Yiddish. This is somewhat rare, chiefly used by Jews from Russia and Ukraine.
Metronymic from the Yiddish female given name Rifke
from the Hebrew given name RIVKA
), with the addition of the Slavic suffix -in
Variant of RIFKIN
. The final element was changed due to the influence of the Yiddish noun kind
"child" (German: "Kinder").
Habitational name from any of various villages named Rogi or from Rogin, all in Belarus.
ROHR German, Jewish
Topographic name for someone who lived in an area thickly grown with reeds, from Middle High German ror
. Also a habitational name from one of the several places named with this word.
Ornamental adoption of modern German Rosenbaum
ROSENTHAL German, Jewish
name for any of numerous places named rosenthal or rosendahl. means " rose valley"
A shortened form of the surname Horowitz, a variant of the surname Horovic, from the town of Horovice, Czech Republic.
RYBAK Polish, Russian, Belarusian, Ukrainian, Jewish
Means "fisherman" in some Slavic languages. Derived from the word ryba
"fish". A famous bearer is Byelarusian-Norwegian artist Alexander Rybak (b. 1986) who won the Eurovision Song Contest in 2009.
Jewish (Ashkenazi) ornamental name from German Sabbat
SAENGER German, Jewish
Occupational name for a chorister or a nickname for someone who liked singing, from Middle High German senger, German Sänger meaning "singer".
SAFIR Jewish, Yiddish
Ornamental name from northeastern Yiddish dialect safir and German Saphir ‘sapphire’.
SALZMANN German, Jewish
Occupational name for a producer or seller of salt, from German salz
"salt" + mann
SAMET German, Jewish, Yiddish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) metonymic occupational name for a maker or seller of velvet, from Yiddish samet
‘velvet’ (German Samt
, ultimately from Greek hexamiton, a compound of hex
‘six’ + mitos
SARFATI צרפתי Judeo-Spanish
From Hebrew צרפתית (tsar'fatít)
meaning "French". It was traditionally used to refer to the Biblical location of Tzarfat, which is sometimes identified as modern-day France.
SARVER English, Jewish
English and Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic) occupational name from Old French serveur
(an agent derivative of server
‘to serve’), Yiddish sarver
SCHATTNER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of several places named Schaten or Schatten, or a topographic name for someone living in a shady location, from Middle High German schate
SCHATZ German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) metonymic occupational name for a treasurer, from German Schatz
‘treasure’, Middle High German scha(t)z
. It may also have been a nickname for a rich man (or ironically for a miser), or else for a well-liked person or a ladies’ favorite, from the use of the vocabulary word as a term of endearment... [more]
SCHENKEL German, Dutch, Jewish
German, Dutch, and Jewish (Ashkenazic): nickname for someone with long or otherwise notable legs, from Middle High German schenkel
, Middle Dutch schenkel
‘thigh’, ‘lower leg’, German Schenkel
From German Schild "shield", "(house) sign", applied either as an ornamental name or as a habitational name for someone who lived in a house distinguished by a sign.
SCHOEN German, Jewish, Dutch
German (Schön) nickname for a handsome or pleasant man, from Middle High German schoene
‘fine’, ‘beautiful’; ‘refined’, ‘friendly’, ‘nice’. ... [more]
SCHOTTLANDER German, Jewish, Dutch
From German Schottland
, 'Scotland' and, in some cases, denoted an immigrant from Scotland or Ireland. Numerous Irish fled to continental Europe after the Anglo-Norman invasion in the 13th century.... [more]
SCHRAM German, English, Yiddish
Derived from German Schramme
(Middle High German schram(me)
) and Yiddish shram
, all of which mean "scar".
Occupational name for a Talmudic scholar or the sexton of a synagogue, from an agent derivative of Yiddish shul
SCHWAB German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): regional name for someone from Swabia (German Schwaben), from Middle High German Swap, German Schwabe ‘Swabian’. The region takes its name from a Germanic tribe recorded from the 1st century BC in the Latin form Suebi or Suevi, of uncertain origin; it was an independent duchy from the 10th century until 1313, when the territory was broken up.
Nickname for a dark-skinned or dark-haired person, from German schwarz
meaning "black" and man
meaning "man, person".
SCHWIMER German, Jewish
Occupational name meaning "swimmer" in German. As a Jewish name, it may be ornamental.
SEGEV שגב Hebrew
Means "exaltation, greatness" in Hebrew.
Metonymic occupational name from German Seide
and Yiddish zayd
SEIDE German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): from Middle High German side, German Seide ‘silk’ (from Late Latin seta, originally denoting animal hair), hence a metonymic occupational name for a manufacturer or seller of silk.
SEIDENBERG German, Jewish
Derived from several places with the same name. As an ornamental name, it is derived from German seide
meaning "silk" and berg
SEIF German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a soap maker, from Middle High German seife, German Seife 'soap'.
SEINFELD German, Jewish
From the German word sein
"to be" and the word of German Jewish origin feld
which means "field". It was a name given to areas of land that had been cleared of forest.
SHALIT שליט Hebrew
From Hebrew שליט (shalit)
meaning "ruler" or "ruling, governing, dominant".
SHARABI שרעבי Judeo-Arabic
Denotes someone originally from the district of Sharab in western Yemen.
SHARON שרון Hebrew
From an Old Testament place name, in Hebrew שָׁרוֹן (Sharon), which means "plain", referring to the fertile plain near the coast of Israel.
SHATNER German (Anglicized), Jewish (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of SCHATTNER
. A notable bearer was Canadian actor William Shatner (1931-), who is known for his roles as Captain James T. Kirk in 'Star Trek', T.J. Hooker in 'T.J. Hooker', Denny Crane in 'Boston Legal', and the Priceline Negotiator in Priceline.com commercials.
SHEMTOV שמטוב, שם-טוב Hebrew (Modern)
Means "good name", derived from Hebrew שם (shem
) means "name" and טוב (tov
) means "good".
SHERESHEVSKY שרשבסקי Russian, Jewish
Russian Jewish surname derived from Шерешёво (Shereshyovo)
, the Russian name for the Belarusian city of Шарашова (Sharashova)
, itself probably derived from the Belarusian dialectal word шэраш (sherash)
meaning "ice on (a) river" or "gray"... [more]
SHOSHAN שושן Hebrew
From Hebrew שׁוֹשָׁן (shoshán)
SHULMAN שולמן Jewish
It is a Jewish-Polish surname that first appeared around 1090. It means Rabai, Gabbai, or Shamash. These are occupations that take place in a Shul-Synagogue. Shul is the Yiddish word for Synagogue. The name litterally means 'man that goes to the Synagogue'.
SHULTS שולץ Jewish (Anglicized, Rare)
The name Shults comes from one of those ancient dukedoms, territories and states that would eventually form a part of present day Germany. At its birth in the Middle Ages, it was used to indicate someone who worked as a town-mayor derived from the medieval name "Schultheis" which has the same meaning.... [more]
SILBER German, Jewish
From Middle High German "silber," meaning "silver." Metonymic occupational name for a silversmith, or often, in the case of the Jewish surname, an ornamental name.
The meaning of the name is "silver mountain" and comes from Germany
SILBERSTEIN German, Jewish
From Middle High German silber
"silver" and stein
"stone"; a habitational name from a place so named in Bavaria, or a topographic name.... [more]
SIMANTOV סימנטוב, סימן-טוב Hebrew (Modern)
Means "good sign", derived from Hebrew סימן (siman
) means "sign" and טוב (tov
) means "good".
Means "son of Simke", Simke
being a diminutive of the Yiddish feminine name Sime
(from Hebrew SIMCHA
, literally "joy").
Habitational name from Slonim, a city in Belarus.
Habitational name for someone from Slutsk, a city in Belarus.
Unknown meaning. A notable bearer is YouTube Personality Matt Sohinki, better known simply as Sohinki, who is a member of Smosh Games.
Means "son of the son of Sore
", a Yiddish female personal name (from Hebrew SARA
, literally "princess"), with the addition of the Slavic possessive suffix -in
and German Sohn
SOROKA Ukrainian, Jewish
From the nickname Soroka
meaning "magpie", which indicates a thievish person or a person with a white streak of hair among black hair.
Occupational name from Polish szpektor
"teacher's assistant in a Jewish school", a derivative of Polish inspecktor