Jewish Submitted Surnames

These names are used by Jews. For more specific lists, see Hebrew names and Yiddish names. See also about Jewish names.
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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
MAITLIS Jewish
Means "son of Meytl", a Yiddish female personal name, literally "little Meyte", a Yiddish female personal name derived from Middle High German maget "maid".
MAJ Polish, Jewish
Surname adopted with reference to the month of May, Polish maj. Surnames referring to months were sometimes adopted by Jewish converts to Christianity, with reference to the month in which they were baptized or in which the surname was registered.
MAKOWSKI Jewish, Polish, Ukrainian
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Maków, Makowa, or Makowo, all named from mak "poppy (seeds)".
MALAMED Jewish
from the Yiddish for "a teacher of young children".
MALKA מלכה Hebrew
Means "queen" in Hebrew.
MANOR מנור Hebrew
Means "loom" or "weaving" in Hebrew.
MARGALIT מרגלית Jewish
Means "pearl" in Hebrew.
MARGOLIS Jewish
From the Jewish female personal name Margolis, literally (in Hebrew) "pearls".
MARGULIS מרגלית Hebrew
Margulis is a surname that is derived from the Ashkenazi Hebrew pronunciation of the Hebrew word מרגלית (Israeli Hebrew /maʁɡaˈlit/), meaning 'pearl,'
MASLOV Russian, Jewish
Derived from Russian масло (maslo) meaning "butter", originally used as an occupational name for someone who worked as a dairyman or sold dairy products.
MATAN מַתָן Hebrew (Modern, Rare)
From the given name MATAN which means "gift" or "to give" in Hebrew.
MATANA מַתָנָה Hebrew
Literally means "gift" in Hebrew.
MAUER German, Jewish
Topographic name for someone who lived near a wall, Middle High German mure "wall".
MECKLENBURG German, Jewish
Regional name for someone from this province in northern Germany. Derived from Old Saxon mikil "big, great" and burg "castle".
MEGHNAGI Jewish, Northern African
Sephardic Jewish, originating from the Libyan Jewish community. Most were from Tripoli, with a much smaller contingent from Benghazi.
MEIRON מירון Hebrew
From the given name MIRON (2).
MENDLSAN מענדלסאן Yiddish
Yiddish form of MENDELSSOHN.
MERL Jewish
Jewish (Ashkenazic) metronymic from the Yiddish female personal name MERL, a pet form of Hebrew MIRYAM (see MIRKIN).
MIKHELASHVILI מיכלשוילי Georgian, Jewish
Means "son of MIKHEIL" in Georgian.
MILIBAND Jewish
This is the surname of British Labour Party politicians Ed and David Miliband, who are ethnically Jewish.
MIODOWNIK Polish, Jewish
The literal translation is "honey cake", from the Polish word/root surname miod, meaning "honey." An occupational surname to those in the honey business, mainly beekeepers and bakers.... [more]
MIRANDA Spanish, Portuguese, Jewish
Habitational name from any of numerous places in Spain and Portugal called Miranda. The derivation of the place name is uncertain; it may be of pre-Roman origin, or from Latin miranda "view, outlook".
MIRKIN Jewish
Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic): metronymic from the Yiddish female personal name MIRKE, a pet form of the Biblical Hebrew name MIRYAM.
MIZRACHI מזרחי Hebrew
Variant transcription of MIZRAHI.
MIZRAHI מזרחי Hebrew
From Hebrew מִזְרָחִי (mizrakhí) meaning "East, eastern".
MODENA Italian, Judeo-Italian
Italian and Jewish (from Italy) habitational name from the city of Modena in Emilia-Romagna.
MODZELEWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from places in Poland called Modzel or Modzele, from modzel meaning "hard place", "callus".
MONTEFIORE Italian, Jewish
Derived from Montefiore, which is the name of several places in Italy. For example, there is Castle Montefiore in the town of Recanati (province of Macerata), the municipality of Montefiore Conca (province of Rimini) and the municipality of Montefiore dell'Aso (province of Ascoli Piceno)... [more]
MOR מור Hebrew (Modern)
From the given name MOR, means "myrrh" in Hebrew.
MORAG מוֹרַג Hebrew
Means "threshing sledge", "flail" in Hebrew. Morag is a hand-held threshing tool.
MORAN מורן Hebrew (Modern, Rare)
From the given name MORAN.
MORNINGSTAR English, Jewish
English transcription of MORGENSTERN.
MORPURGO Hebrew
Morpurgo (Hebrew: מורפורגו‎) is an Italian surname of Jewish origin. Originally Marpurg, from the Austrian city Marburg an der Drau (today Maribor in Slovenia). Key ancestor was Moises Jacob, father of Petachia, in Bad-Rackersburg, Austria... [more]
MOSHE משה Hebrew
From the given name MOSHE.
MOSSBERG Jewish, Swedish
Ornamental name composed of the elements mosse "peat bog" + berg "mountain", "hill".
MOST Polish, Jewish
Topographic name from Slavic most meaning "bridge", or a habitational name from any of several places named with this word.
MUCHNIK Russian, Jewish
Jewish name, from the Russian, meaning "flour merchant".
MUSHINSKI Jewish
Habitational name for someone from Moshny, in Ukraine.
NACHTIGALL German, Jewish
Nickname from Middle High German nachtegal "nightingale" from Old High German galan "to sing". Cognate to NIGHTINGALE.
NADEL German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a maker of needles, or in some cases for a tailor, from Middle High German nadel(e), German Nadel "needle".
NADOLNY Polish, Jewish, Sorbian
Topographic name from Polish nadól, Sorbian nadol "downwards", denoting someone who lived lower down in a village on a slope, or on relatively low-lying ground.
NAHUM נחום Hebrew
From the given name NAHUM.
NAIMAN Ukrainian, Jewish
Before Genghis Khan conquered the world, he conquered his neighbors, and his last great victory, in 1204, was over a tribe of Turkic Christians called the Naiman. (Some Naimans today are Christian but most are Jewish.)... [more]
NATAN נתן Hebrew
From the given name NATAN.
NATES English, Jewish
It's probably from the given name NATE, the origin is said to be Jewish*, but the ancestors immigrated to English speaking countries.
NATHAN נתן Jewish, English, French, German, Indian (Christian)
From the given name NATHAN.
NATHANIEL נתנאל Jewish, English, Indian (Christian)
From the given name NATHANIEL.
NAZARETH Hebrew
From the Hebrew for "To guard."
NEGRO Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Jewish
Nickname or ethnic name from negro "black" (Latin niger), denoting someone with dark hair or a dark complexion.
NEGRO Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Jewish
From a medieval continuation of the Latin personal name Niger.
NEGRO Italian, Spanish, Galician, Portuguese, Jewish
Nickname or ethnic name from negro "black" (continuation of Latin niger), denoting someone with dark hair, dark eyes, a dark complexion, someone who wore dark clothes, someone who worked a job in the night, or was otherwise associated with the night.
NEMIROV Russian, Hebrew, Ukrainian
Name derived from the city of Nemirov in Ukraine, The city was named after its founder, Prince Nemir.
NERENBERG Jewish
Variant of the Ashkenazic Jewish surname Nierenberg, which is derived from Nirnberg, the Yiddish form of Nuremberg (German Nürnberg), hence becoming an Ashkenazic Jewish habitational surname for someone living in that city.
NESHER נשר Hebrew (Modern)
Means "eagle" in Hebrew.
NESSIM Spanish, Jewish, Hebrew
Hebrew for 'miracles'. Name was originally Bar-Nisim; 'Children of the Miricle'
NETANYAHU נתניהו Jewish
From the given name NETANYAHU.
NEUHAUS German, Jewish
Topographical name for someone who lived in a new house, Middle High German niuwe hus, modern German neu Haus, or a habitational name for someone from any of several places named Neuhaus ('new house') in various parts of Germany and Austria, also in Bohemia.
NEWBERG Jewish (Americanized)
Americanized form of NEUBERG, an ornamental Jewish name meaning "new mountain" in German.
NICHTER נײַטער German, Yiddish
Means "negator, negate" from Middle High German nicht meaning "not." Perhaps it originally denoted a person who was a philosopher or judge. Can possibly also be a variant of RICHTER... [more]
NIKOLAISHVILI ניקולאישווילי Georgian, Jewish
Means "son of NIKOLOZ" in Georgian.
NÜRNBERGER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from the city of Nürnberg in Bavaria.
OFEK אופק Hebrew
Means "horizon" in Hebrew, used both as a given name and a surname.
OFER עפר, עופר Hebrew (Modern)
From the given name OFER, means "fawn" in Hebrew.
OFIR אוֹפִיר Hebrew (Modern)
Variant of OPHIR.
OHAYON אוחיון Judeo-Spanish
Means "son of Chayyim" from the Berber prefix ou- or au- meaning "son (of)" and the given name CHAYYIM.
OPHIR אוֹפִיר Hebrew
From the given name OPHIR. Ophir (or OFIR) is originally a biblical place name. In the days of KING SOLOMON, Ophir was metioned as the name of a land, full of abudant natural treasures such as gold, silver, etc.
OREN אורן Jewish
From the given name OREN.
ORNELAS אורנלס Jewish
Hebrew, Jewish, Judah...
OROWITZ Jewish, German
The name comes from a famous Rabbinical dynasty.... [more]
ORPAZ אורפז Hebrew (Modern)
From the given name ORPAZ, means "golden light" in Hebrew.
OSGOOD English, Jewish
English: Old Norse personal name Asgautr, composed of the elements as'god'+the tribal name Gaul. This was established in England before the Conquest, in the late old English forms Osgot or Osgod and was later reinforce by the Norman Ansgot.... [more]
OVADIA עובדיה Hebrew
From the given name OVADIA.
PANCEK Yiddish
Variant of PENZIG.
PARNES Jewish
Eastern Ashkenazic occupational name for the president of a Jewish community, from Yiddish parnes (from Hebrew parnas).
PARNESS Jewish
Variant of PARNES.
PAZ פז Hebrew (Rare)
From the given name PAZ (2), means "gold" in Hebrew. ... [more]
PELED פלד Hebrew
Derived from Hebrew פְּלָדָה (pladá) meaning "steel".
PELKA Jewish
Habitational name for someone from Pelki in Poland.
PELTZ German, Jewish
Occupational name for a furrier, from Middle High German bellez, (modern German pelz) "fur", "animal skin".
PELZ German, Jewish
Variant of PELTZ.
PERETZ פרץ Jewish
From the given name PEREZ.
PERLMUTTER Jewish
Jewish (Ashkenazic): ornamental name from German Perlmutter ‘mother-of-pearl'.
PERLSTEIN Jewish
Ornamental name composed of German Perle ‘pearl’ + Stein ‘stone’.
PETITO פטיטו Jewish (Archaic)
Jewish family surname. Family originally settled in South of Italy, but also spread in Rome. According family's background stories, ancestors ( פטיטו ) sailed from Palestine to (south) of Italy, where they settled, at time of the big diaspora as an effect of Bar Kochba defeat (135 A.D.). There are still today in Israel people with Petito surname in the major Israel cities, as well elsewhere (check Petito in www.israelpb.com --or here, letter P: http://www.genami.org/en/belgian-file/belgian-file-p.php).
PFEFFER German, Jewish
Occupational name for a spicer, or a nickname for a person with a fiery temper, for a small man, or for a dark-haired person. Derived from German Pfeffer "pepper".
PINSON פינסון Jewish, Russian
Derived from Spanish "pinzon", meaning "finch".
PLUM English, German, Jewish
English and North German: from Middle English plum(b)e, Middle Low German plum(e) ‘plum’, hence a topographic name for someone who lived by a plum tree, or a metonymic occupational name for a fruit grower... [more]
PNIEWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from Pniewy in the district of Poznań, or from any of the many places in Poland named Pniewo.
POLACK Polish, Jewish
Anglicized from POLAK.
POLEY French, German, Jewish
French: variant of POLET, PAULET, pet forms of PAUL.... [more]
POLSKI Polish, Jewish
Nickname for a Polish person, originating in areas of mixed populations.
POLYAKOV פוליאקוב‎‎ Russian, Jewish, Belarusian, Ukrainian
Patronymic from the ethnic name Polak meaning "Pole".
POMERANTZ Jewish
From the Yiddish word pomerants "orange"
PORTNOY Jewish, Belarusian, Ukrainian
Occupational name for a tailor from Russian portnoj (an adjective derivative of port "uncut cloth").
PORTUGAL Spanish, Portuguese, English, Catalan, French, Jewish
Spanish, Portuguese, Catalan, English, French, and Jewish surname meaning ethnic name or regional name for someone from Portugal or who had connections with Portugal. The name of the country derives from Late Latin Portucale, originally denoting the district around Oporto (Portus Cales, named with Latin portus ‘port’, ‘harbor’ + Cales, the ancient name of the city)... [more]
POZNANSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name from the city of Poznan in west-central Poland, or possibly from other places of this name, in Katowice and Siedlce voivodeships.
PREMINGER פרמינגר Jewish
Meaning unknown, possibly a nickname for a person deported to Spain, derived from the name of a location in Portugal.
PREPON Jewish
This is the surname of American actress Laura Prepon (born March 7, 1980).
PRESS English, Jewish
A nickname for a pious individual from the Middle English form of "priest" or possibly someone employed by a priest. In the Jewish sense, one whose occupation was to iron clothes.
PRIEL פריאל, פרי-אל Hebrew
Means "the fruit of god"
PRINS Dutch, Jewish
Means "prince" in Dutch, but almost never a surname for a prince. Instead, it's an occupational surname for someone in the service of a prince or a nickname for someone who acted in a regal manner. The surname is also Jewish Dutch and is used as an ornamental adoption of Dutch prins still meaning "prince".
RABINOVICH ראבינאוויטש Yiddish, Russian
Means "son of the rabbi" (through the name Rabin), referring to a scholar or teacher of the Torah in Judaism.
RABINOVITCH ראבינאוויטש Yiddish
Variant transcription of RABINOVICH.
RABINOVITZ ראבינאוויטש Yiddish
Variant of RABINOVICH.
RABINOWICZ Jewish
Polish Jewish name meaning son of rabbi from the root rabi meaning "rabbi" combined with the Polish patronymic suffix -owicz "son of"
RABINOWITZ Jewish
Germanized variant of RABINOVICH.
RABINSKY Jewish
From the root rabi "rabbi" combined with the Polish suffix -ski
RACHLYN Jewish (Rare), Polish (Rare), Brazilian (Rare)
Rachlyn is a Jewish surname derived directly from polish "Rachman". This surname is very rare and apparently only few members in Brazil, descendants of Polish survivors of Holocaust.... [more]
RACHMAN Ukrainian, Jewish
Rachman is an old Jewish name which means "Merciful" in Hebrew.... [more]
RACHVALSKY Jewish
No history
RAIJ Spanish, Judeo-Spanish, Portuguese, Romani (Caló)
Borrowed from Hindi राइज (raij) meaning "rice". This surname is found among Christian and Jewish Caló families.
RAK Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Hungarian, Jewish
Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovenian, Hungarian (Rák), and Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic): from Slavic rak ‘crab’, ‘lobster’, or ‘crayfish’. This was applied as an occupational name for someone who caught and sold crayfish, crabs, or lobsters, or as a nickname to someone thought to resemble such a creature... [more]
RATHER German, Jewish
1. Occupational name for a counsellor or nickname for a wise person, from Middle High German rater ‘adviser’. ... [more]
RATZON רָצוֹן Hebrew (Modern)
Means "will, wish, desire" in Hebrew.
RAVID רביד Hebrew (Modern)
From the given name RAVID, means "ornament, necklace" in Hebrew.
RAVIV רביב Hebrew
From Hebrew רָבִיב (raviv) meaning "droplet, rain, drizzle".
RAZ רז Hebrew (Modern)
From the given name RAZ, means "secret" in Hebrew.
RECHT German, Jewish
Nickname for an upright person, from Middle High German reht, German recht "straight". As a Jewish name it is mainly of ornamental origin.
REGEV רגב Hebrew
Means "clod of earth" in Hebrew.
REICH German, Jewish
Nickname for a wealthy or powerful man, from Middle High German rīch "of noble descent, powerful, rich", German reich "rich".
REICHENBERG German, Jewish
Habitational name from various places named Reichenberg in several different areas of Germany. As an ornamental name, it is composed of German reich(en) meaning "rich" and berg meaning "mountain, hill".
REICHER רייכער German, German (Austrian), Jewish
Derived from various placenames called Reich, Reichau, Reichen.
REISE German, Jewish
German (Westphalia) topographic name, from Middle Low German ris, res ‘swamp’. ... [more]
REISNER Jewish
Jewish (Ashkenazic) nickname for a traveler, from an agent derivative of German reisen ‘to travel’ (see REISE). Also a variant of REIS.
REISS German, Jewish, French (Huguenot)
German: variant of REIS or from any of several Germanic personal names composed with ric ‘power(ful)’. Also from the French Huguenot forename RIS, rendered as REIS and REISS.... [more]
RENLEY Jewish (Rare), English (Rare)
Possibly derived from the Old English rinc "man, warrior" or rim 'edge, circular edge' or possibly wraenna 'wren', and leah "field, clearing".
RESHEF רשף Hebrew
From the given name RESHEPH.
REVERE English, French, Judeo-Italian
French: variant of Rivière, Rivoire, or Rivier, topographic name for someone living on the banks of a river, French rivier ‘bank’, or habitational name from any of the many places in France named with this word.... [more]
REYTBLAT Yiddish
Means "red leaf" in Yiddish. This is somewhat rare, chiefly used by Jews from Russia and Ukraine.
REZNIKOV Russian, Ukrainian, Jewish
Jewish occupational name for a ritual slaughterer, derived from Yiddish reznik (of Slavic origin).
RIFKIN Jewish
Metronymic from the Yiddish female given name Rifke from the Hebrew given name RIVKA (see REBECCA), with the addition of the Slavic suffix -in.
RIFKIND Jewish
Variant of RIFKIN. The final element was changed due to the influence of the Yiddish noun kind "child" (German: "Kinder").
RIVES French, Jewish
Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic): from the Yiddish female personal name RIVE a back-formation from RIVKE (see Rifkin).... [more]
ROCHMAN Jewish
Metronymic from the Yiddish given name RUCHEL + suffix man "man".
ROCKMAN German, Jewish
Possibly an altered spelling of ROCHMAN.
ROGIN Jewish
Habitational name from any of various villages named Rogi or from Rogin, all in Belarus.
ROHR German, Jewish
Topographic name for someone who lived in an area thickly grown with reeds, from Middle High German ror. Also a habitational name from one of the several places named with this word.
ROSEN German, Jewish
Means "Roses" in German
ROSENBAUM Jewish
Ornamental adoption of modern German Rosenbaum "rose bush".
ROSENBLUTH Jewish
Means "rose bloom" in Middle High German.
ROSENTHAL German, Jewish
name for any of numerous places named rosenthal or rosendahl. means " rose valley"
ROSENZWEIG German, Jewish
A German and Jewish surname, meaning "rose twig" or "branch".
ROSSBACH Jewish
Jewish or Eastern European
ROSSDALE Jewish
Anglicized variant of German-Jewish ROSENTHAL.... [more]
ROTHMAN German, Jewish
German (ROTHMANN) and Jewish (Ashkenazic): nickname for a person with red hair, from an elaborated form of ROTH 1. ... [more]
ROTHSTEIN German, Jewish
From German rot meaning "red" and stein meaning "stone".
ROWE Jewish
A shortened form of the surname Horowitz, a variant of the surname Horovic, from the town of Horovice, Czech Republic.
ROYZNBARG רויזןבאַרג Yiddish
Yiddish form of ROSENBERG.
RUA Jewish (Rare)
Israel, Spain
RUBIN רובין Jewish
From the given name REUBEN.
RUBINOV Russian, Jewish
Means "son of RUBIN" in Russian, though it could also be derived from Russian рубин (rubin) "ruby".
RUBINSTEIN German, Jewish, Polish
Means "ruby stone", from rubin and stein. Rubin means "ruby" in German and stein means "stone" in German.
RUESCH German (Swiss), Jewish
Swiss/German variant of RUSCH. Meaning "shaggy," "bristly," "unkempt," or "quick."
RUTMAN Jewish, German
1. Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic): origin uncertain; perhaps a variant of ROTHMAN. ... [more]
RYBAK Polish, Russian, Belarusian, Ukrainian, Jewish
Means "fisherman" in some Slavic languages. Derived from the word ryba "fish". A famous bearer is Byelarusian-Norwegian artist Alexander Rybak (b. 1986) who won the Eurovision Song Contest in 2009.
SABAT Jewish
Jewish (Ashkenazi) ornamental name from German Sabbat "Sabbath".
SADE שדה Hebrew
Means "field" in Hebrew.
SAENGER German, Jewish
Occupational name for a chorister or a nickname for someone who liked singing, from Middle High German senger, German Sänger meaning "singer".
SAFER Jewish
Variant of SAFIR.
SAFIR Jewish, Yiddish
Ornamental name from northeastern Yiddish dialect safir and German Saphir ‘sapphire’.
SALOMÓN סלומון Jewish, Spanish
From the given name SALOMÓN.
SALTZMAN Jewish, German
Altered spelling of SALZMANN.
SALZMANN German, Jewish
Occupational name for a producer or seller of salt, from German salz "salt" + mann "man".
SAMET German, Jewish, Yiddish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) metonymic occupational name for a maker or seller of velvet, from Yiddish samet ‘velvet’ (German Samt, ultimately from Greek hexamiton, a compound of hex ‘six’ + mitos ‘thread’).
SAND English, Scottish, Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, German, Jewish
Topographic name for someone who lived on patch of sandy soil, from the vocabulary word sand. As a Swedish or Jewish name it was often purely ornamental.
SAPERSTEIN Jewish, German
“Sapphire” and “stone”
SAPIR ספיר Hebrew
Means "sapphire" in Hebrew.
SAPIRO Jewish
Varient of SHAPIRO.
SARFATI צרפתי Judeo-Spanish
From Hebrew צרפתית (tsar'fatít) meaning "French". It was traditionally used to refer to the Biblical location of Tzarfat, which is sometimes identified as modern-day France.
SARVER English, Jewish
English and Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic) occupational name from Old French serveur (an agent derivative of server ‘to serve’), Yiddish sarver ‘servant’.
SAX Jewish
Jewish (Ashkenazic) variant spelling of SACHS.
SCHAFFNER German, Jewish, German (Swiss)
German: occupational name for a steward or bailiff, variant of Schaffer.
SCHATTENSTEIN Latvian, Russian, Jewish
Notes from DANIEL SATTEN (1896-1972) say that Mordechai Block (1797-) returned to Russia (Latvia) with the surname SCHATTENSTEIN... [more]
SCHATTNER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of several places named Schaten or Schatten, or a topographic name for someone living in a shady location, from Middle High German schate "shade", "protection".
SCHATZ German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) metonymic occupational name for a treasurer, from German Schatz ‘treasure’, Middle High German scha(t)z. It may also have been a nickname for a rich man (or ironically for a miser), or else for a well-liked person or a ladies’ favorite, from the use of the vocabulary word as a term of endearment... [more]
SCHECHTER Yiddish
Yiddish name meaning "butcher."
SCHENKEL German, Dutch, Jewish
German, Dutch, and Jewish (Ashkenazic): nickname for someone with long or otherwise notable legs, from Middle High German schenkel, Middle Dutch schenkel, schinkel ‘thigh’, ‘lower leg’, German Schenkel ‘thigh’.
SCHIEROKAUER German, Yiddish
Derived from the town of Sieraków in the Silesian Voivodeship in Poland.
SCHILD Jewish
From German Schild "shield", "(house) sign", applied either as an ornamental name or as a habitational name for someone who lived in a house distinguished by a sign.
SCHNEID German, Jewish
Variant form of Schneider. Means "cut"
SCHOEN German, Jewish, Dutch
German (Schön) nickname for a handsome or pleasant man, from Middle High German schoene ‘fine’, ‘beautiful’; ‘refined’, ‘friendly’, ‘nice’. ... [more]
SCHOMER Jewish
From Hebrew shomer "watchman".
SCHOTTLANDER German, Jewish, Dutch
From German Schottland, 'Scotland' and, in some cases, denoted an immigrant from Scotland or Ireland. Numerous Irish fled to continental Europe after the Anglo-Norman invasion in the 13th century.... [more]
SCHRAM German, English, Yiddish
Derived from German Schramme (Middle High German schram(me)) and Yiddish shram, all of which mean "scar".
SCHULER Jewish
Occupational name for a Talmudic scholar or the sexton of a synagogue, from an agent derivative of Yiddish shul "synagogue".
SCHWAB German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): regional name for someone from Swabia (German Schwaben), from Middle High German Swap, German Schwabe ‘Swabian’. The region takes its name from a Germanic tribe recorded from the 1st century BC in the Latin form Suebi or Suevi, of uncertain origin; it was an independent duchy from the 10th century until 1313, when the territory was broken up.
SCHWARTZMAN Jewish
Nickname for a dark-skinned or dark-haired person, from German schwarz meaning "black" and man meaning "man, person".
SCHWER Upper German, German, Jewish
South German relationship name from Middle High German sweher ‘father-in-law’. ... [more]
SCHWIMER German, Jewish
Occupational name meaning "swimmer" in German. As a Jewish name, it may be ornamental.
SEGEV שגב Hebrew
Means "exaltation, greatness" in Hebrew.
SEID Jewish
Metonymic occupational name from German Seide and Yiddish zayd "silk"
SEIDE German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): from Middle High German side, German Seide ‘silk’ (from Late Latin seta, originally denoting animal hair), hence a metonymic occupational name for a manufacturer or seller of silk.
SEIDENBERG German, Jewish
Derived from several places with the same name. As an ornamental name, it is derived from German seide meaning "silk" and berg meaning "mountain".
SEIDMAN Jewish, German
Derived from SEID.
SEIF German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a soap maker, from Middle High German seife, German Seife 'soap'.
SEINFELD German, Jewish
From the German word sein "to be" and the word of German Jewish origin feld which means "field". It was a name given to areas of land that had been cleared of forest.
SENDER סענדער, סנדר Yiddish
From the given name SENDER, a Yiddish diminutive of ALEXANDER or ALEKSANDR.
SEUSS German, Jewish
Means "sweet", "pleasant", or "agreeable".
SHAI שַׁי Hebrew (Modern)
From the unisex given name SHAI.
SHAKED Hebrew
Means Almond in Hebrew
SHAKHAR Hebrew (Modern)
Means "dawn" in Hebrew.
SHALEV שלו Jewish
From the given name SHALEV.
SHALIT שליט Hebrew
From Hebrew שליט (shalit) meaning "ruler" or "ruling, governing, dominant".
SHANI שָׁנִי Hebrew
Means "red, scarlet" in Hebrew. From the given name Shani (1).
SHAPIRA שפירא Jewish
Variant of SHAPIRO.
SHARABI שרעבי Judeo-Arabic
Denotes someone originally from the district of Sharab in western Yemen.
SHARON שרון Hebrew
From an Old Testament place name, in Hebrew שָׁרוֹן (Sharon), which means "plain", referring to the fertile plain near the coast of Israel.
SHATNER German (Anglicized), Jewish (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of SCHATTNER. A notable bearer was Canadian actor William Shatner (1931-), who is known for his roles as Captain James T. Kirk in 'Star Trek', T.J. Hooker in 'T.J. Hooker', Denny Crane in 'Boston Legal', and the Priceline Negotiator in Priceline.com commercials.
SHAVIT שביט‎ Jewish
From the given name SHAVIT.
SHEMESH שמש Hebrew
Means "sun" in Hebrew.
SHEMTOV שמטוב, שם-טוב Hebrew (Modern)
Means "good name", derived from Hebrew שם (shem) means "name" and טוב (tov) means "good".
SHERESHEVSKY שרשבסקי Russian, Jewish
Russian Jewish surname derived from Шерешёво (Shereshyovo), the Russian name for the Belarusian city of Шарашова (Sharashova), itself probably derived from the Belarusian dialectal word шэраш (sherash) meaning "ice on (a) river" or "gray"... [more]
SHIMMEL שימל Yiddish
From the given name SHIMMEL, a Yiddish diminutive of SHIMON.
SHIRAN שירן Hebrew
SHLOMOV Jewish, Russian
Means "son of SHLOMO".
SHNAYDERMAN שנײַדערמאַן Yiddish
It literally means "snitherman".
SHOEN German (Anglicized), Jewish
Americanized spelling of German or Ashkenazic Jewish SCHÖN or SCHOEN.
SHOHAM שוהם Hebrew
Means "onyx" in Hebrew.
SHOSHAN שושן‎‎ Hebrew
From Hebrew שׁוֹשָׁן (shoshán) meaning "lily".
SHPIGL שפּיגל Yiddish
Yiddish form of SPIEGEL.
SHPILBARG שפּילבאַרג Yiddish
Yiddish form of SPIELBERG.
SHTEYNFELD שטײנפֿעלד Yiddish
It means "stone field".
SHTEYNHOYZ שטיינהויז Yiddish
It literally means "stonehouse".
SHULMAN שולמן Jewish
It is a Jewish-Polish surname that first appeared around 1090. It means Rabai, Gabbai, or Shamash. These are occupations that take place in a Shul-Synagogue. Shul is the Yiddish word for Synagogue. The name litterally means 'man that goes to the Synagogue'.
SHULTS שולץ Jewish (Anglicized, Rare)
The name Shults comes from one of those ancient dukedoms, territories and states that would eventually form a part of present day Germany. At its birth in the Middle Ages, it was used to indicate someone who worked as a town-mayor derived from the medieval name "Schultheis" which has the same meaning.... [more]
SHVARTSEBORD שוואַרצעבאָרד Yiddish
It literally means "black beard".
SILBER German, Jewish
From Middle High German "silber," meaning "silver." Metonymic occupational name for a silversmith, or often, in the case of the Jewish surname, an ornamental name.
SILBERBERG Jewish
The meaning of the name is "silver mountain" and comes from Germany
SILBERMAN German, Jewish
Variant of SILBER, with the addition of Middle High German man meaning "man" or Yiddish man meaning "man".
SILBERSTEIN German, Jewish
From Middle High German silber "silver" and stein "stone"; a habitational name from a place so named in Bavaria, or a topographic name.... [more]
SILVERMAN זילבערמאן Jewish
Variant of ZILBERMAN.
SIMANTOV סימנטוב, סימן-טוב Hebrew (Modern)
Means "good sign", derived from Hebrew סימן (siman) means "sign" and טוב (tov) means "good".
SIMKIN Jewish
Means "son of Simke", Simke being a diminutive of the Yiddish feminine name Sime (from Hebrew SIMCHA, literally "joy").
SIMÓN סימון Jewish, Spanish
From the given name SIMÓN.
SISSELMAN Yiddish
Possibly from German meaning "sweet man"
SLONIM Jewish
Habitational name from Slonim, a city in Belarus.
SLUTSKY Jewish
Habitational name for someone from Slutsk, a city in Belarus.
SNOW English, Jewish (Anglicized)
Nickname denoting someone with very white hair or an exceptionally pale complexion, from Old English snaw "snow".... [more]
SNYDER Dutch, English, German, Yiddish, Jewish
Means "tailor" in Dutch, an occupational name for a person who stitched coats and clothing.... [more]
SOBAĹ Belarusian, Jewish
Belarusian form of SOBOL.
SOHINKI Jewish
Unknown meaning. A notable bearer is YouTube Personality Matt Sohinki, better known simply as Sohinki, who is a member of Smosh Games.
SOLOMÓN סולומון Jewish, Spanish
From the given name SOLOMÓN.
SONTAG German, Jewish
"sunday;" usually given to a person who was born on a sunday.
SORENSON Jewish
Means "son of the son of Sore", a Yiddish female personal name (from Hebrew SARA, literally "princess"), with the addition of the Slavic possessive suffix -in and German Sohn "son".
SOROKA Ukrainian, Jewish
From the nickname Soroka meaning "magpie", which indicates a thievish person or a person with a white streak of hair among black hair.
SPECTOR Jewish
Occupational name from Polish szpektor "teacher's assistant in a Jewish school", a derivative of Polish inspecktor "supervisor".
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