Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Ornamental name or nickname from modern German frisch
, Yiddish frish
FURMAN Polish, Czech, Slovak, Jewish, Slovene, English, German (Anglicized)
Polish, Czech, Slovak, Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic), and Slovenian: occupational name for a carter or drayman, the driver of a horse-drawn delivery vehicle, from Polish, Yiddish, and Slovenian furman
, a loanword from German (see FUHRMANN
Occupational name for a furrier, from Yiddish futer
"fur, fur coat" and Yiddish man
GABRIEL גבריאל, גאַבריעל English, Cornish, Welsh, Scottish, French, German, Catalan, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Croatian, Slovene, Jewish, Indian (Christian)
Derived from the given name GABRIEL
GALANTE Italian, French, Jewish
Comes from the ancient French word "galant" meaning someone in love or who has fun. In the case of Mordecai Galante, a Spanish exile in 16th century Rome, his courteous manners won for him from the Roman nobles the surname "Galantuomo" (gentleman), from which Galante was eventually derived.... [more]
GALICKI Jewish, Polish
A Jewish and Polish surname for someone from a lost location called 'Galice'
Jewish (Ashkenazic) ornamental name or nickname from Yiddish gorfinkl
‘carbuncle’, German Karfunkel
. This term denoted both a red precious or semi-precious stone, especially a garnet or ruby cut into a rounded shape (in which case it is an ornamental name), and a large inflamed growth on the skin like a large boil (in which case it is a descriptive nickname).
GARFUNKEL גאָרפֿינקל Jewish, Yiddish
From גאָרפֿינקל (gorfinkl
), "carbuncle" in Yiddish, which in turns derives from German Karfunkel
. A notable bearer of this surname is Art Garfunkel.... [more]
GAVAZANSKY Belarusian, Jewish
Means "from the town of Gavezhno". Gavezhno is a town in Belarus. For more information go here http://www.jewishgen.org/Belarus/newsletter/54surnames.htm
GELLER Yiddish, German, Russian
The name may derive from the German word "gellen" (to yell) and mean "one who yells." It may derive from the Yiddish word "gel" (yellow) and mean the "yellow man" or from the Yiddish word "geler," an expression for a redheaded man... [more]
GERMAN English, Norman, German, Jewish, Greek
From Old French germain
meaning "German". This sometimes denoted an actual immigrant from Germany, but was also used to refer to a person who had trade or other connections with German-speaking lands... [more]
Occupational name for a worker in gold, from Yiddish gildner 'golden'.
An invented Jewish name, from Yiddish, literally "fine gold". Hermione Gingold (1897-1987) was a British actress.
GINSBURG German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone who came from Gunzberg in Bavaria, Günsburg in Swabia, or Gintsshprik (Königsburg) in East Prussia. Its origin is from the name of the river Günz, written in early Latin documents as Guntia
, which was probably of Celtic origin, and Old High German burg
meaning "Fortress, walled town".
GOGOL Ukrainian, Polish, Jewish
Means "Common goldeneye (a type of duck)" in Ukrainian. Possibly a name for a fowler. A famous bearer was Nikolai Gogol.
Israeli ornamental name from the Golan Heights in Israel.
Ornamental name from modern German Gold
, Yiddish gold
"gold". In North America it is often a reduced form of one of the many compound ornamental names of which Gold
is the first element.
Ornamental name from a compound of German golden
literally meaning "golden" and berg
meaning "mountain, hill".
Ornamental name composed of German Gold
"gold" and Stein
GOLDWATER German (Anglicized), Jewish (Anglicized)
This name is an Anglicized form of the German or Ashkenazic ornamental surname 'Goldwasser', or 'Goldvasser'. The name derives from the German or Yiddish gold', gold, with 'wasser', water, and is one of the very many such compound ornamental names formed with 'gold', such as 'Goldbaum', golden tree, 'Goldbert', golden hill, 'Goldkind', golden child, 'Goldrosen', golden roses, and 'Goldstern', golden star.
Ornamental name from Polish golab
"dove" (from Latin columba
GOREN גורן Jewish
Jewish (Ashkenazic) altered form of HORN
(5), under Russian influence; since Russian has no h
and alters h
in borrowed words to g
. In Israel the name has been reinterpreted by folk etymology as being from Hebrew goren
'threshing floor', which is in fact etymologically and semantically unrelated.
GRAF Jewish, Yiddish
Ornamental name selected, like HERZOG
and other words denoting titles, because of their aristocratic connotations.
GRAU German, Jewish
Nickname for someone with gray hair or a gray beard, from German grau
GREENBERGER German, Jewish
Anglicized form of the German surname Grünberger
, which is formed from the words grün
"mountain", and the habitational suffix -er. This name indicated a person who lived on or near a forest-covered mountain.
Ashkenazi Jewish Surname incorporating Yiddish/German elements meaning “Greenleaf.” Writer and storyboard artist C. H. Greenblatt (born 1972) most known for SpongeBob SquarePants is a famous bearer of this name.
GREENBURGH German, Jewish
The surname Greenburgh is anglicized for the German Jewish surname Greenberg which translates into English as green mountain.
GRODSKY Polish, Jewish
Altered spelling of Polish Grodzki
, a habitational name from Grodziec or Grodzie, places named with gród ‘castle’, ‘fortification’ (cognate with Russian grad)... [more]
A nickname from an inflected form of Yiddish dialect grub
meaning ‘rude' or 'impolite’.
GRUNWALD German, German (Swiss), Jewish
German and Swiss German (Grünwald): habitational name from any of various places named Grün(e)wald, from Middle High German gruene ‘green’ + walt ‘wood’, ‘forest’. ... [more]
GUNZENHAUSER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from either of two places named Gunzenhausen, one in Württemberg and the other in Bavaria.
Occupational name from Ukrainian guralnyk
, Yiddish guralnik
GURSULTUR גרסלתר Jewish (Latinized), Kurdish, Hebrew
This name is a composition of the following words: GUR; Hebrew for "lion cub", SUL; which is an abbreviation of Suleman (Kurdish for king Solomon), TUR; this word is derived from the Arba'ah Turim. The Arbaáh Turim are often called simply the Tur, which is an important Halakhic code.... [more]
GÜTLIN German, Yiddish
Diminutive of GUTE and GUTA, recorded in Frankfurt, Germany throughout the 14th century.
GUTTENBERG German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from any of various places, for example in Bavaria, called Guttenberg, from the weak dative case (originally used after a preposition and article) of Old High German guot ‘good’ + berg ‘mountain’, ‘hill’... [more]
HABERMANN German, Jewish
Occupational name for a grower or seller of oats, composed of the elements HABER
and the agent suffix -mann
HACOHEN הכהן Hebrew
Means "the priest" in Hebrew, from the word ha
which means "the", and the surname COHEN
HAFER German, Jewish
Metonymic occupational name for a grower of or dealer in oats, from German Hafer
"oats". Compare HABER
. As a Jewish surname, it is in many cases ornamental.
Hebrew, shortened from haganah which means soldier
HALBERSHTOT האַלבערשטאָט Yiddish
Yiddish form of HALBERSTADT
. It was first adopted as a surname by Tzvi Hirsh, the rabbi of the eponymous Eastphalian town.
HALEVI הלוי Hebrew
Means "The Levite" in Hebrew, from the word ha
which means "the", and the surname LEVI
Habitational name for someone originally from the city of Heilbronn in Germany, derived from Old High German heil
meaning "whole" or "holy" combined with brunno
HAMBERG German, Danish, Jewish
German, Danish, and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from any of several places named Hamberg. Jewish (Ashkenazic) variant of HAMBURG
HAMBERGER German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name for someone from any of various places named Hamberg. Jewish (Ashkenazic) variant of HAMBURGER
HAMBURG German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from the great city and port at the mouth of the river Elbe, named with the Germanic elements ham
‘water meadow’ + burg
‘fortress’, ‘fortified town’.
HAMMER German, English, Jewish
From Middle High German hamer
, Yiddish hamer
, a metonymic occupational name for a maker or user of hammers, for example in a forge, or nickname for a forceful person.
HATTENDORF German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from places called Hattendorf, near Alsfeld and near Hannover. The element hatt
HAUSER German, Jewish
From Middle High German hus
"house", German haus
, + the suffix -er
, denoting someone who gives shelter or protection.
HAVERBUS האַווערבוס Yiddish, Dutch
From Yiddish/Hebrew Haver (חבר) and Baruch (ברוך), thus literally "blessed friend".
HEID German, Jewish
Topographic name from Middle High German heide, German Heide ‘heath’, ‘moor’. Compare Heath.... [more]
An invented Jewish name based on Hebrew chefets
"pleasure". Lithuanian-born US violinist Jascha Heifetz (1901-1987) was a known bearer.
HIRSCHBERG German, Jewish
Derived from many places named Hirschberg
in the states of Thuringia and North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany, or the historic city of Jelenia Góra
in southwestern Poland. It is composed of Middle High German hirz
meaning "deer, stag" and berg
meaning "hill, mountain"... [more]
HIRSCHFELD German, Jewish, Yiddish
Ornamental name composed of German hirsch
or Yiddish hirsh
meaning "deer" and feld
meaning "field". It is also a topographic name for someone who lived in an area of land frequented by deer or where millets grew.
HOD הוד Hebrew
From the given name HOD
which means "glory, splendor" in Hebrew, more commonly used as a surname.
Derived from the German towns of Hofstetten, Franconia and Hofstaedt, Pomerania. In German, the suffix -er
means "from".... [more]
HOLZINGER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Holzing or Holzingen.
HONIG German, Jewish
Metonymic name for a gatherer or seller of honey, from Middle High German honec
"honey", German Honig
HONIKMAN האָניקמאַן Yiddish
It literally means "honeyman", possibly denoting a beekeeper.
HURBAN English, French, Dutch, German, Sorbian, Czech, Slovak, Polish, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Hungarian, Romanian, Jewish
Variant of URBAN
JABŁONOWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Jabłonowo or Jabłonow; both place names are from jabłoń meaning "apple tree".
JABLONSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from Jablonka, Jablonna, or Jablonica, all places named with jablon
"apple tree", or the diminutive form jablonka.
JACOBI Jewish, English, Dutch, German
From the Latin genitive Jacobi ‘(son) of Jacob’, Latinized form of English Jacobs and Jacobson or North German Jakobs(en) and Jacobs(en).
JAGODZIŃSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Jagodziny, Jagodzinek, or Jagodziniec, all named with jagoda meaning "berry".
JAWORSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of numerous places named Jawory or Jaworze, named with Polish jawor meaning "maple", "sycamore".
Jehle-Romanov surname was given name of monarchical leaders over the areas of eastern Eurasia known as Russia and all Russia's yet upon revolution family erroneously reported all dead. Most family of Alexander died while remaining in Russia, while those whom escaped circa 1880 survived... [more]
JÜNGER German, Jewish
) distinguishing name, from Middle High German jünger
‘younger’, for the younger of two bearers of the same personal name, usually a son who bore the same name as his father... [more]
KALP German, Jewish
From Middle High German kalp ‘calf’, German Kalb, probably applied as a metonymic occupational name for someone who reared calves.
KAPLAN Jewish, Turkish
Means "tiger" in Turkish. This common Jewish surname has a spelling variation: Caplan
. For an unknown reason, Jewish immigrants who passed through the port at Baltimore had their names changed to Caplan
, while the Jewish immigrants who passed through Ellis Island retained the original K
Surname used as a translation of COHEN
, from German Kaplan
or Polish kapłan
Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic) habitational name for someone from Karlin, a suburb of Pinsk in Belarus, in which the Jews formed the majority of the population until the Holocaust. A well-known Hasidic sect originated in Karlin and at one time it attracted so many followers that a (now obsolete) Russian word for ‘Hasid’ was Karliner
(of Yiddish origin)... [more]
KAT קאַט Dutch, Frisian, Afrikaans, Jewish
Means "Cat" in Dutch, Frisian, and Afrikaans, perhaps originally a nickname for someone who owned a cat or somehow resembled a cat.
An abbreviation of the phrase kohen tsedek
From Hebew chazan
, which is an occupational name for a cantor in a synagogue.
KEDEM קדם Hebrew
Either means "east" or "ancient" in Hebrew.
KESLER German, Dutch, Jewish
It is an occupational name that means coppersmith. In alpine countries the name derived from the definition: the one living in the basin of a valley.
KESSLER German, Jewish
Denotes a coppersmith or maker of copper cooking vessels, derived from Middle High German kezzel
meaning “kettle, cauldron”.
Jewish (Ashkenazic) of uncertain origin; perhaps a nickname from Yiddish kil
Of uncertain origin; perhaps a nickname from Yiddish kil
KIMMEL German, Jewish
Derived from Middle High German kumin
and German kümmel
meaning "caraway" (related to Latin cuminum, a word of Oriental origin, like the plant itself), hence a metonymic occupational name for a spicer, literally a supplier of caraway seeds... [more]
KIND English, German, Jewish, Dutch
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) from Middle High German kint
, German Kind
‘child’, hence a nickname for someone with a childish or naive disposition, or an epithet used to distinguish between a father and his son... [more]
KNOLL English, German, Jewish
English and German topographic name for someone living near a hilltop or mountain peak, from Middle English knolle
‘hilltop’, ‘hillock’ (Old English cnoll
), Middle High German knol
Koch - which also has the meaning of Cook in German's origin was however not from that meaning. It origins are to be traced in the Jewish ancestory. The original meaning came from the word Star. Amongst the related surnames (with or without bar in front or a ba or similar appended) are: Koch, Kochba, Kok, Kock, Kuk, Coq, Coqui, Cook (as a translation from the perceived meaning of cook) and a host of others... [more]
Associated with the Polish, then Prussian, then German, now Russian town Königsberg.
Associated with the Polish/Prussian/German/Russian town Königsberg
, now called Kaliningrad
. This surname was borne by the parents of American actor, writer, teacher, and director Walter KOENIG
(1936-) before they emigrated to the United States.
KOREN Slovene, Hebrew
Koren is a surname which has multiple origins. Koren may be a variant of the German occupational surname KORN
, meaning a dealer in grain. Alternatively, it may be a variant of the Greek female name Kora
KOTLARZ Polish, Jewish
Occupational name for a boilermaker or coppersmith, from the Polish word kotlarz
meaning "boilermaker".... [more]
KOWALEWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from places called Kowalew or Kowalewo, named with kowal
"smith" or an occupational name for a blacksmith.
Nickname from Yiddish kozak
from a Ukrainian loanword meaning "warrior", "brave man".
KRÄFT German, Jewish
Nickname for a strong man, from Old High German kraft, German Kraft ‘strength’, ‘power’.
KREISEL קרייסל German, Jewish
Jewish family name and originally a nickname for an active or disorganized person, derived from German kreisel
meaning "spinning top, top", ultimately from kreis
"circle". Alternatively, it could've be used as a nickname for a person with curly hair in the context of "spiral" or "curl".
KRONECKER Jewish, German (Austrian)
Derived from the place name Kroneck in Austria. A famous bearer of this surname was Leopold Kronecker(1823~1891),the German mathematician who worked on number theory.
KRUMHOLZ Jewish, German
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) from Krumbholz
‘bent timber’, ‘mountain pine’, hence probably a metonymic occupational name for a cartwright or wheelwright. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
KUN Hungarian, Jewish
Hungarian: ethnic name for a member of a Turkic people known in English as the Cumanians (Hungarian kún). ... [more]
Metronymic form of KUNE
. This surname is most famous for its association with the American actress named Mila Kunis.
KUPFER German, Jewish
) and Jewish (Ashkenazic) metonymic occupational name for a worker or trader in copper, Middle High German kupfer
, German Kupfer
KURZBERG קורזבערג German, Yiddish, Jewish
From a location name meaning "short mountain" in German, from Middle High German kurz
meaning "short" and berg
meaning "mountain". As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
This surname is a German Jewish given name. A notable bearer is Jared Kushner the son in law of President Donald J. Trump who became president in the year 2016.
Ornamental name from German Lanze
"lance, spear" combined with the agent suffix -er
LANDE French, Norwegian, Jewish
French: topographic name for someone living on a heath, lande
(from Gaulish landa
‘space’, ‘land’), or a habitational name from any of numerous minor places named La Lande from this word.... [more]
LASKI Polish, Hungarian, Jewish
Polish (Laski) and Jewish (from Poland): habitational name from Lasko (now Lask) in Sieradz voivodeship, named with laz, lazy ‘clearing in a forest’. ... [more]
LÄUFER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Lauf, also an occupational name for a messenger or a nickname for a fast runner, from an agent derivative of Middle High German loufen, German laufen ‘to run’.
Habitational name from the city of Lviv in Ukraine, from its German name Lemberg.
LEVAI לֵוִי Jewish
Comes from the Levitic surnames of 'Levi' and 'Levy', signifying the descendants from the Tribe of Levi. All bearers today are of Hungarian–Jewish descent.
LEVENSTEIN Jewish, Yiddish
Jewish (Ashkenazic): ornamental name, or perhaps an ornamental elaboration associated with the name Leyb
; from Middle High German lewe ‘lion’, translating the Yiddish male personal name Leyb
) + German stein ‘stone’, ‘rock’... [more]
From the Biblical personal name Levi
, from a Hebrew word meaning "joining". This was borne by a son of Jacob and Leah (Genesis 29: 34). Bearers of this name are Levites, members of the tribe of Levi, who form a hereditary caste who assist the kohanim
) in their priestly duties.
LICHTER German, Jewish
Occupational name for someone who made candles or possibly for someone who tended a light, from an agent derivative of from Middle High German lieht
, Yiddish likht
LIEB German, Jewish
Nickname for a pleasant or agreeable person, from Middle High German liep
"dear, beloved"; Yiddish lib
or German lieb
. This word was also used as a personal name, both alone (German) and in compounds (German and Jewish).
LIEBERMANN German, Jewish
Derived from German lieb
or Yiddish lib
meaning "dear, beloved". Many Liebermann families originally spelled the name in Hebrew or Cyrillic characters, so variations in the spelling occurred during transliteration to the Latin alphabet.
LINDE German, Dutch, Jewish, Spanish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Topographic name for someone who lived by a conspicuous lime tree, from Middle High German, Dutch linde
, Scandinavian lind
. There are several places, especially in North Germany, named with this word... [more]
LIPOWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Lipowo, Lipowa, or Lipowe, named with an adjectival derivative of Polish lipa meaning "lime tree".
LIPSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Lipie, Lipsk, Lipsko, Lipy, etc., all named with Polish lipa meaning "lime tree".
LISZOVICS Polish, Jewish
This surname has Eastern European connections and has been used by the Jewish population.
LITTMAN German (East Prussian), German (West Prussian), German, Jewish
Derived from Germanized Czech personal names like Litomir (Czech: Ljutomir) and Litobor (Czech: Ljutobor) which ultimately go back to Old Slavic ljutu
"grim; fierce; ferocious; wild". One theory suggests, however, that these given names might have been influenced by ljub-
"love; dear".... [more]
LIVINGSTONE Scottish, Irish, Jewish
Scottish: Habitational name from a place in Lothian, originally named in Middle English as Levingston, from an owner called LEVIN
), who appears in charters of David I in the early 12th century.... [more]
I knew a family with this surname and they were Jewish.
The last name "Logowin" was found in Russia. Emigrants from Russia moved to the USA and changed the last name in "Levin".
LÖWENTHAL Jewish, Swedish
Ornamental name composed of German Löwe
"lion" and T(h)al
"valley"; in some cases the Jewish name would have been an ornamental elaboration associated with the personal name LEVY
or with personal names meaning "lion".
It is one of the oldest family trees in the world, tracing back at least to King DAVID
born c. 1037 BCE, as documented by NEIL ROSENSTEIN
in his book The Lurie Legacy... [more]
An invented Jewish name based on German Lustgarten
"pleasure garden" (perhaps alluding to the Garden of Eden). It was borne by British barrister, writer and broadcaster Edgar Lustgarten (1907-1978), presenter of television crime reconstructions.
MA'AYAN מעין, מעיין Hebrew (Rare)
Means "spring of water" or "fountain" in Hebrew, this is more common as a given name than a surname