AbazaArabic From the name of the Abazin (or Abaza) people native to the Northwest Caucasus. This name was adopted by Abazins, Circassians, and Abkhaz who were expelled from the Caucasus in the 19th century.
AbdyldaevKyrgyz Means "son of Abdylday" from a given name either derived from Arabic Abdullah or from Arabic عبد ال (ʿabd al) meaning "servant of the" combined with the Turkish word day meaning "support, foundation".
AbitbolJudeo-Spanish Means "father of drums" (figuratively referring to a drum maker) from Arabic أَبُو (abū) meaning "father" and طَبْل (ṭabl) meaning "drum".
AbkhazavaGeorgian, Mingrelian Most likely from Georgian აფხაზი (apkhazi) meaning "Abkhaz". Alternately, it may be from the Adjaran (Muslim) given name Abkhas, derived from Arabic أب ('ab) meaning "father" and خاص (khas) meaning "special, particular".
ƏfəndiyevAzerbaijani Means "son of the effendi" from the Ottoman title افندي (efendi) meaning "lord, master".
AfghanzadaPersian, Afghani Means "son of the Afghan", from Pashto and Persian افغان (afǧân) referring to an inhabitant of Afghanistan or a member of the Pashtun ethnic group combined with the Persian suffix زاده (-zâde) meaning "offspring".
AghaeiPersian From the Persian title آقا (âqâ) meaning "sir, lord, mister".
AgrbaAbkhaz Most likely derived from Abkhaz агыруа (ā́gər-uā) meaning "Mingrelian, farm labourer, serf", historically used to refer to the Mingrelians, an ethic sub-group of the Georgians. Alternatively, it could be from Abkhaz агара (āgārā) meaning "to take" or "to bring"... [more]
AlgerieArabic (Maghrebi) Derived from the French Algérie meaning "Algeria" (referring directly to the country itself). It also refers to someone from Annaba, Algeria.
Al-ghamdiArabic Means "the Ghamdi", referring to the Ghamd tribe of Saudi Arabia.
AlhadeffJudeo-Spanish Possibly an occupational name for a weaver from Arabic الهداف (al-̣haddāf) meaning "the weaver's shuttle". Alternately, it may be from Arabic الهدى (al-hadā) meaning "the guided one".
AlhambraSpanish Refers to the Alhambra, a palace complex located in Granada, Spain. The name itself is derived from Arabic الْحَمْرَاء (Al-Ḥamrā) meaning "the red one" or, ultimately, from Arabic أَحْمَر (ʾaḥmar) "red".
Al HarbiArabic Originally indicated a person from the Harb tribe derived from Arabic حَرْبيّ (ḥarbiyy) meaning "military, war, army".
Al SaudArabic From Arabic سُعُود (suʿūd), the verbal noun form of سَعَدَ (saʿada) meaning "to be fortunate, to be propitious". This is the name of the House of Saud (آل سعود), the ruling Royal Family of Saudi Arabia... [more]
Al-ShamiArabic Means "the Levantine or "the Syrian", derived from Arabic شَامِيّ (šāmiyy) meaning "Levantine, Syrian, Damascene".
Al-ShehriArabic Means "the Shehri" in Arabic, referring to a member of the Shehri (شهري) tribe of Saudi Arabia.
Al-ZahraniArabic Means "the Zahrani" in Arabic, referring to the Zahran (زهران) tribe in Saudi Arabia. The name itself is derived from Arabic زهراني (zahran) meaning "flowering, blossoming", ultimately from زَهْرَة (zahra) meaning "flower, blossom" (see Zahrah).
ArshbaAbkhaz Most likely from a contracted form of Arabic أَرْشَد (ʾaršad) meaning "most sensible, most reasonable" or Persian ارشد (arshad) "senior, superior, eldest" combined with Abkhaz аԥа (āpā) "son".
AsherEnglish Name for someone who dwelled by an ash tree, from Middle English asche or asshe meaning "ash tree".
AshiqPunjabi, Urdu Derived from Arabic عَاشِق (ʿāšiq) meaning "enamored, infatuated" or "admirer, lover", ultimately from عِشْق (ʿišq) "being in love".
AshkatsaoAbazin Possibly from an Abkhaz word meaning "lazy", used as a nickname for a lazy person.
AshkenaziJewish From a nickname given by Jews in Slavic countries to Jews from Germany. It was also used to denote a Yiddish-speaking Jew who had settled in an area where non-Ashkenazic Jews were the majority. The name ultimately comes from Hebrew אַשְׁכְּנַז (ashk'náz), a location mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, which is likely from Assyrian Aškūza.
AshubaAbkhaz Possibly from Abkhaz ашә (āš°) meaning "cheese" or "beech" or ашәа (āš°ā) meaning "song".
AvidzbaAbkhaz Derived from Georgian ავი (avi) meaning "currish, severe, sullen" combined with ძე (dze) "son" and Abkhaz аԥа (āpā) "son". The name was most likely borne by Georgians under the spelling Avidze, which was modified with the Abkhaz suffix -ba after migration to Abkhazia.