are used in the country of Switzerland in central Europe.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
From the Germanic personal name RUOM
(Old High German hruom
‘fame’), a short form of RUOMBALD
and similar personal names containing this element.
ROHR German, Jewish
Topographic name for someone who lived in an area thickly grown with reeds, from Middle High German ror
. Also a habitational name from one of the several places named with this word.
ROHRBACH German, German (Swiss)
German and Swiss German: habitational name from any of numerous places called Rohrbach (‘reed brook’ or ‘channel brook’) in many parts of Germany, Switzerland, and Austria. It is a common surname in Pennsylvania.
ROLAND French, German, Scottish
French, German, English, and Scottish: from a Germanic personal name composed hrod
‘renown’ + -nand
‘bold’, assimilated to -lant
‘land’. (Compare ROWLAND
English: Composed of the Germanic elements hrod
‘renown’ + wulf
‘wolf’. This name was especially popular among Nordic peoples in the contracted form HRÓLFR
and seems to have reached England by two separate channels; partly through its use among pre-Conquest Scandinavian settlers, partly through its popularity among the Normans, who, however, generally used the form ROU
This surname means "son of ROLF
," a patronymic surname from northern Germany.
ROMAN Catalan, French, Polish, English, German, Hungarian, Romanian, Ukrainian, Belarusian
From the Latin personal name ROMANUS
, which originally meant "Roman". This name was borne by several saints, including a 7th-century bishop of Rouen.
ROMMEL Upper German, Dutch
Nickname for an obstreperous person, from Middle Low German, Middle Dutch rummeln
to make a noise, create a disturbance (of imitative origin). Variant of RUMMEL
Meaning uncertain. This was the name of German physicist Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (1845-1923) who discovered and studied x-rays. Röntgen called the radiation "X" because it was an unknown type of radiation... [more]
ROOS Estonian, Swedish, Danish, Dutch, German (Swiss), Low German
Means "rose" in Estonian and Dutch. Swedish and Danish variant of ROS
, also meaning "rose". This could be a locational name for someone living near roses, an occupational name for someone who grew roses, or a nickname for someone with reddish skin.
Habitational name for someone who lived at a house distinguished by the sign of a rosebush, Middle High German rōsenboum
ROSENTHAL German, Jewish
name for any of numerous places named rosenthal or rosendahl. means " rose valley"
German: topographic name for "someone who lived at a place where wild roses grew" (see Rose 1), with the suffix -er denoting an inhabitant.German (Röser): habitational name from places called Rös, Roes, or Rösa in Bavaria, Rhineland, and Saxony, or a variant of Rosser.Swiss German (Röser): from a short form of a Germanic personal name based on hrod "renown".English: "unexplained".
French for "rose tree" or "rose bush". A common surname in Francophone areas. It is also the name of a fallen angel who was considered the patron demon of tainted love and seduction.
According to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosemary and Latin dictonaries the name Rosmarin derives from the Latin words 'ros' ('dew' or 'tear') and 'marin' ('sea')... [more]
ROSSEAU French, American
Variant spelling of ROUSSEAU
. Comes from the Old French word rous
meaning "red", likely a nickname for someone with red hair or a particularly rosy complexion.
Means "nightingale" in French, used as a nickname for person with a good singing voice, or ironically, for a raucous person.
From a nickname for a red-haired person, from Middle High German rost
A metonymic occupational name for a limeburner or blacksmith, from Middle High German, Middle Low German rōst
meaning ‘grate, grill’ or Middle High German rōst(e)
meaning ‘fire, embers, pyre, grate’ (typically one for burning lime).
The original spelling of the name is Roßhart. Roß means "horse" and hart means "hard" in German. The name was changed when the family immigrated to the United States in the 1850's. Some took on the name "Rosshart", and some "Roszhart" as the ß has the "sss" sound.
From the elements rot "red" and berg "mountain" meaning "red mountain".
Middle High German rot "red" + vuoz "foot", a nickname for someone who followed the fashion for shoes made from a type of fine reddish leather. Or a variant of Rotfuchs
, from the Middle Low German form fos "fox", a nickname for a clever person.
As far as I've researched the name dates back to a man by the name of Count Palatine Kuno von Rott (~1083). After he got land from the Pfalzfrafs which seem to be a nobile family line.... [more]
Modernization of Rotscheidt, also a city in Germany (Rottscheidt) bearing another modern alternate spelling. When broken down it ultimately means "red" and "piece of wood", implying that the families of today descends from woodwrokers.
Nickname for someone with a ruddy complexion.
Diminutive of Rouge
, a nickname for someone with a ruddy complexion.
This surname was originally used as a derogative nickname for an unscrupulous individual, from Middle Low German rover
meaning "pirate, robber."
ROVER English, German (Anglicized)
This surname is derived from Middle English roof
(from Old English hrof
) combined with the agent suffix (i)er
, which denotes someone who does/works with something. Thus, the surname was originally used for a constructor or repairer of roofs.... [more]
Beautiful flower from France brought over by an immigrant named Page Rozelle. People said when she said something nice or touched you, good luck would come to you.
Patronymic from the personal name Ruccio
, from a short form of various pet names formed with this suffix, as for example Gasparuccio (from Gaspari) or Baldassaruccio (from Baldasare).
RUCH German (Swiss)
It was originally a nickname for a greedy person, from Middle High German ruoch ‘eager,’ ‘intent.’... [more]
Middle High German: nickname rucken
"to move or draw". North German: nickname from Middle Low German rucker "thief", "greedy or acquisitive person". German: from a reduced form of the Germanic personal name RUDIGER
From a Germanic personal name based on hrok
"intent", "eager" (Old High German ruoh
From a personal name composed of Old High German hrōd
"renown" and wolf
"wolf", equivalent to English RALPH
. This name is also found in Slovenia.
The name was likely first bestowed on someone thought to have the characteristics of a heron as a nickname, eventually becoming a hereditary surname.
A last name common in Mexico which is believed to have derived from the French word ruelle (or Portuguese word ruela) meaning lane or alley.
Nickname from Middle High German ruowe
‘quiet’, ‘calm’ or Low German rug
‘rough’, ‘crude’.... [more]
A variant of the Alsacian German (and probably Swiss before that) Ruch. Also a variant of the Danish Rügh (not related as far as is known)
Variant of RUGE
) is also a nickname from Rüde
‘hound.’ Habitational name from places named Rühen, Rüden, Rhüden in northern Germany.
Name given to a person who lived near the Ruhr River in Germany.
RUISARD French (Rare, ?)
Originated as a result of trade between France and the Persian Empires before the Iranian Revolution, probably during the Safavid Dynasty. The surname has its roots in the Persian RIAHI
surname and the Arabic word رِيح (rīḥ) meaning "wind" and the Persian word “sered” before it was altered to fit French spelling rules.... [more]
It is derived from Rumbald, an Old German personal name.
This name is possibly a derivative of the German
word for "envelope" which is spelled 'Umschlag'.
From the old word "runga", meaning stick or whip
Means "wheel" in Italian. This meant that a bearer of this surname was a wheel maker.
Meaning "shaggy," "bristly," "unkempt," or "quick."
Americanized version of the German surname Rüscher or Roshcer. Either a topographic name for someone who lived among rushes or an occupational name for someone who created things out of rushes.
RUTH English, German (Swiss)
English: from Middle English reuthe ‘pity’ (a derivative of rewen to pity, Old English hreowan) nickname for a charitable person or for a pitiable one. Not related to the given name in this case.... [more]
RYDÉN German, Swedish
Can come from the island Rügen in Germany. Bengt Rydén was the cheif editor at a Swedish magazine called Veckans Affärer.
RYNE German (Swiss)
Respelling of Swiss German Rhyn
, a topographic name for someone living on the Rhine river, Middle High German RIN
Nickname for a noisy, rowdy person, from Middle French sab(b)at
From the given name Sabello
, Latin Sabellus
, originally derived from a tribal name.
Nickname for someone perceived to lead a carefree, easy life, from Middle Low German sacht(e) meaning "soft" + leben meaning "life".
Occupational name from Middle High German sacman meaning "baggage servant", one who was in charge of transporting and looking after a knight’s baggage and supplies on campaign.
SADAT German (Rare)
The last name Sadat means "master" and "gentleman," and is originally a religious last name which was popular in the west, more precisely in Germany.
SAENGER German, Jewish
Occupational name for a chorister or a nickname for someone who liked singing, from Middle High German senger, German Sänger meaning "singer".
SAINT English, French
Nickname for a particularly pious individual, from Middle English, Old French saint
"holy" (Latin sanctus
"blameless, holy"). The vocabulary word was occasionally used in the Middle Ages as a personal name, especially on the Continent, and this may have given rise to some instances of the surname.
SALE English, French
English: from Middle English sale ‘hall’, a topographic name for someone living at a hall or manor house, or a metonymic occupational name for someone employed at a hall or manor house. ... [more]
Southern Italian habitational name from the city of Salerno in Campania.
SALLAS Italian, Spanish, Catalan, Occitan, Galician, Portuguese, Aragonese, Asturian, Romanian, Greek
Either a variant of SALAS
, or else a nickname from Arabic, Turkish, or Persian salli
meaning "broad, wide, large, tall".
It is derived from the German words (Salz) meaning "salt", & (Salweide) meaning "water".
Derived from the Italian masculine given name SALVATORE
, which in turn was derived from the Italian noun salvatore
meaning "saviour, rescuer"... [more]
SALZMANN German, Jewish
Occupational name for a producer or seller of salt, from German salz
"salt" + mann
SAMET German, Jewish, Yiddish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) metonymic occupational name for a maker or seller of velvet, from Yiddish samet
‘velvet’ (German Samt
, ultimately from Greek hexamiton, a compound of hex
‘six’ + mitos
SANDBERG Swedish, German, Norwegian
Either a Swedish and Norwegian combination of sand
"sand" and berg
"mountain", or (Middle High) German combination of sand
"sand" and berc
Habitational name from a place to the southeast of the Somme river, named with Latin sana terra
"healthy, wholesome land".
SANTI Italian (Latinized, Archaic)
Santi is a surname of Christian inspiration and it means Son of Santo (Saint)
. It also has a second meaning in plural that is Santos (Saints)
. Santi is a last name that comes from Piedmont (northern Italy)... [more]
From a medieval French nickname for a swarthy person, or for someone who had gone on a Crusade (from Old French sarrazin
"Saracen"). It was borne by American golfer Gene Sarazen (1902-99), original name Eugene Saraceni.
SARD English, French, Spanish, Italian
In the book "Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary by Henry Harrison and Gyda (Pulling) Harrison 1912 - Reprinted 1996.... The Sard surname (which has been in England, Italy and Europe for a long time) is defined thus on page 136...... [more]
Means "Saracen" in Old French, a name used to refer to Arab Muslims in the Middle Ages. It was probably used as a nickname for an unruly person, a person with a dark complexion, or for someone who had taken part in a Crusade.
Occupational nickname for someone who sold sour wine, or perhaps a nickname for someone with a sour disposition, from Middle High German sur
"sour" + win
"wine", i.e. vinegar.
In Middle French (the form of French spoken from 1340 to 1610), it literally means "salt merchant".
Sauve' from France to Canada. Changed probably due to an "a" and an "o" confusion in cursive. My granfather's was typo-ed on WW II old men's sign up in MA. or RI, USA.
Either from Old French savart
meaning "wasteland" or the Germanic elements sab
of uncertain meaning and hard
meaning "brave, hardy".
Italian nickname given to a wise, sage man. Saint Dominic Savio is a well-known bearer of this surname.
The name of an Italian coachbuilder, with one of its famous customers being Ferrari when it doesn't want a design from Pininfarina.
SCALA Italian, Greek
Habitational or topographic name from any of various places named with scala
, "ladder", "steps", "wharf".
Habitational name from Scali in Piedimonte Etneo, Sicily. From greek skali
, "step", "terrace".
Habitational name derived from Scalea in the province of Cosenza, deriving ultimately from medieval Greek skaleia
SCANNADINARI Italian (Rare)
Taken from the Italian scanna
meaning "slaying" and dinari
meaning "money" in the plural form. Therefore, killer of money
Occupational name for a dyer, or as a nickname for someone who habitually wore scarlet or who had bright red hair, From Sicilian scarlatu
Metonymic occupational name for a shepherd, from Middle High German schāf ‘sheep’. In some cases it may have been a nickname for someone thought to resemble a sheep, or a habitational name for someone living at a house distinguished by the sign of a sheep... [more]
German origins (as told to me by my family); popular in Austria and also has Jewish and Slavic origins, according to the internet/ancestry.com.
SCHADE German, Dutch, Scottish, English
German and Dutch: from schade
‘damage’, a derivative of schaden
‘to do damage’, generally a nickname for a thug or clumsy person, or, more particularly, a robber knight, who raided others’ lands.... [more]
SCHAEFER German (?)
Originating in Germany SCHAEFER is a given surname meaning Shepard in German.
Name given to sheepherders, accounding to personal family history.
Occupational name for a cooper, from an agent derivative of Middle High German scheffel
SCHALLER Upper German
From Middle High German word "schal," which means "noise," or "bragging," and as such is was thought to have originally been a nickname for a braggart, or for a market crier.
SCHATTNER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of several places named Schaten or Schatten, or a topographic name for someone living in a shady location, from Middle High German schate
SCHATZ German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) metonymic occupational name for a treasurer, from German Schatz
‘treasure’, Middle High German scha(t)z
. It may also have been a nickname for a rich man (or ironically for a miser), or else for a well-liked person or a ladies’ favorite, from the use of the vocabulary word as a term of endearment... [more]
German diminutive of SCHATZ
, or a nickname for a lover meaning "little sweetheart" (from the same word used as a term of endearment).
The Schauer surname comes from the Middle High German word "schouwen" meaning "to inspect;" as such, the name is thought to have originally been occupational, for some kind of inspector, perhaps an official of a market.
SCHAUMBURG German, Dutch, Belgian
Habitational name from any of the places called Schaumburg or Schauenburg in Germany, or Schauwberg in Brabant, Belgium.
SCHAUS German, Luxembourgish
A nickname for a simpleton, from schaus
, a word in Rhenish Franconian and Lower Rhine dialects of German.
habitational name for someone from Schaubeck near Marbach (Württemberg).
Anglicized version of the German surname, Schütz, "archer," "yeoman," "protect."
Means "noisy" or "loud" from the German word "schel"
Nickname for a disabled person, from Middle High German schemel
"stool", which was used as a crutch by invalids.
SCHENKEL German, Dutch, Jewish
German, Dutch, and Jewish (Ashkenazic): nickname for someone with long or otherwise notable legs, from Middle High German schenkel
, Middle Dutch schenkel
‘thigh’, ‘lower leg’, German Schenkel
It literally means someone who either lives near (or in, if poor &/or homeless) a barn or works within its general vicinity.
SCHILD German, Dutch
Occupational name for a maker or painter of shields, from Middle High German, Middle Dutch schilt
First appeared during the Middle Ages in Central Europe/Germany. The name means "Shield-Maker" and suggests correlation to Blacksmiths or or other forms of metalwork in the time period.
Nickname for someone with a squint, from an agent derivative of Middle High German schilhen, schiln 'to squint'.
SCHLATTER Upper German
Topographic name from Middle High German slâte
"reedy place", or a habitational name from any of several places named Schlatt, from the same word.
Derived from a Middle High German word meaning "feast" and thus used as a nickname for a "gourmet".
Probably a nickname or occupational name for a laborer or carrier, especially in a mine, from Middle Low German slepen, Middle High German slepen 'to drag or carry (a load)' (modern German schleppen, schleifen).
SCHMUCK German, German (Austrian)
From Middle High German smuc meaning "jewel", "finery", hence a metonymic occupational name for a jeweler, or a nickname for someone who wore a prominent jewel or ornament.North German: nickname from Middle Low German smuck meaning "neat", "dainty".
German origin. Means "shock" in German, as in surprise.
SCHOEN German, Jewish, Dutch
German (Schön) nickname for a handsome or pleasant man, from Middle High German schoene
‘fine’, ‘beautiful’; ‘refined’, ‘friendly’, ‘nice’. ... [more]
German (Schönwetter): nickname for someone with a happy disposition, from Middle High German schœn ‘beautiful’, ‘fine’, ‘nice’ + wetter ‘weather’.
Nickname for an offensive person, from Middle High German schemen
Habitational name for someone from any of several places in Germany and Switzerland named Schönenberg.
In the south a topographic name from Middle High German schor(re) 'steep rock', 'rocky shore'.
, an ethnic name for a Scottish person or somebody of such descent.
SCHOTTLANDER German, Jewish, Dutch
From German Schottland
, 'Scotland' and, in some cases, denoted an immigrant from Scotland or Ireland. Numerous Irish fled to continental Europe after the Anglo-Norman invasion in the 13th century.... [more]
Occupational name for a wood turner, Middle Low German scoteler (an agent derivative of scotel ‘wooden bowl’).
SCHRAM German, English, Yiddish
Derived from German Schramme
(Middle High German schram(me)
) and Yiddish shram
, all of which mean "scar".
Some think that the last name Schrock comes from the German word which meant something along the lines of "Jump" or "Leaps" and was probably a nickname to someone who was a great jumper, or someone who was easily startled.