are used in the country of Switzerland in central Europe.
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
German (Westphalian): habitational name from a place named as 'the cold farm', from Middle High German kalt
"cold" + hof
"farmstead", "manor farm’, "court".
Probably from Middle High German kant meaning "jug" (from Latin olla cannata meaning "pot with one spout") and hence an occupational name for a maker or seller of jugs.
Means "Carl's Mountain" in German language, it is also used in other Germanic languages
Combination of the German place name Kassel
) and German Mann
From a pet form of the saint's name Castulus, itself a diminutive of the Latin adjective castus 'chaste'.
From Middle High German gehau
"(mountain) clearing" hence a topographic name for a mountain dweller or possibly an occupational name for a logger.
Topographic name for someone who lived by a mineshaft, from Middle High German kouw(e)
From a regional (Hessian) variant of the habitational name Kues, from a place on the Mosel river, probably so named from Late Latin covis
"field barn", "rack" and earlier recorded as Couese, Cobesa.
Pet name derived from the Old High German personal name Gozwin, of uncertain origin.
Netonymic occupational name for a flax grower or dealer, from Middle High German kute
, from Kaut(e)
"male dove", hence a metonymic occupational name for the owner or keeper of a dovecote.
Topographic name from the Franconian dialect word Kaut(e)
"hollow", "pit", "den".
Nickname for a shy or strange person, from Middle High German kuz
Nickname for a skilled or enthusiastic skittles player, from an agent derivative of Middle High German kegel meaning "skittle", "pin".
Habitational name from various places called Kehl
, notably the town across the Rhine from Strasbourg. In some cases it may be a variant of KÖHLER
Reduced form of the personal name Kagenher, from Old High German gagan 'against' + heri 'army'.
Similar to the origins of Kuiper (Dutch) and Cooper (English), Keiper was an occupation which means "cooper" or "barrelmaker".
nickname from Middle High German kelch "double chin", "goiter". from another meaning of Middle High German kelch "glass", "chalice", hence a metonymic occupational name for a chalice maker or a habitational name for someone living at a house distinguished by the sign of a chalice.
From the name of a place in Rhineland, which is derived from Middle Low German kel
(a field name denoting swampy land) or from the dialect word kelle
meaning "steep path, ravine".
Germanized form of Polish Chelm
‘peak’, ‘hill’, a topographic name for someone who lived by a hill with a pointed summit, or habitational name from a city in eastern Poland or any of various other places named with this word.
From the Old German word "kämmerer," which means "chamberlain." A chamberlain was the person in charge of the noble household; to him would fall the duty of ensuring that the castle and court of the noble ran smoothly.
KEMPER German, Dutch
German: status name denoting a peasant farmer or serf, an agent noun derivative of Kamp
From Middle High German kappe
meaning "hooded cloak". This was an occupational name for someone who made these kind of garments. A notable bearer was German astronomer and mathematician JOHANNES
Possibly derived from the French word 'corbeau', meaning "raven".
KESLER German, Dutch, Jewish
It is an occupational name that means coppersmith. In alpine countries the name derived from the definition: the one living in the basin of a valley.
Occupational name for a maker of cooking vessels from Middle High German kezzel
meaning "kettle, cauldron, boiler".
KESSLER German, Jewish
Denotes a coppersmith or maker of copper cooking vessels, derived from Middle High German kezzel
meaning “kettle, cauldron”.
Comes from the Middle High German word "kübel" meaning a "vat," or "barrel." As such it was an occupational name for a cooper, or barrel maker.
Topographic name from a Westphalian dialect Kiff
"outhouse, tied cottage, shack".
KILBURG German, Luxembourgish
"Kyll castle," from German burg
(castle) near the Kyll river in Germany. Also "wedge mountain" in Swedish: kil
(wedge) and berg
A habitational name for someone from a place named Kill
Kilmester is attested as a surname near Rostock in the 13th century.
The surname hence a metonymic occupational name for a spicer.
KIND English, German, Jewish, Dutch
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) from Middle High German kint
, German Kind
‘child’, hence a nickname for someone with a childish or naive disposition, or an epithet used to distinguish between a father and his son... [more]
KINDER English, German
Habitational name derived from a place in Derbyshire, of unknown etymology. As a German surname, it is derived from German kind
meaning "child", possibly denoting someone who had a lot of children.
Derived from the Middle High German word "kunkel," which meant "spindle." It is thus supposed that the first bearers of this surname were spindle makers in occupation.
German: habitational name from a place named with Middle High German kip
‘point’, ‘peak’ or from Kippingen in the Rhineland.
Topographical name for someone living on a hill, from Kippe 'edge', 'brink'.
German topographic name for someone living near a churchyard, or habitational name for the proprietor or tenant of a farm named as "Church Farm", from Middle High German kirche
"church" + hof
"farmstead", "manor farm".
From a pet form of the Germanic personal name Gisulf.
HouseofNames.com: The Kissinger surname derives from the Old High German word "kisil," meaning "pebble," or "gravel." The name may have been a topographic name for someone who lived in an area of pebbles or gravel; or it may have evolved from any of several places named with this word.
The name is patronymic and it comes from the German first name "Clausen" which is a variant of the name "Nicholas".
Topographic name from Middle Low German clef
Nickname for a prattler or gossip, from Middle High German, Middle Low German kleffer(er)
A combining of the German word klein
"small" and knecht
"servant", originally an occupational name for a secondary hired hand. A famous historic figure who bore this surname was Jakob Friedrich Kleinknecht (8 April 1722 in Ulm - 11 August 1794 in Ansbach), a German composer of many works of chamber music and symphonies, flutist and Kapellmeister (chapel master).
Occupational surname which means "small smith", that is, a maker of small forged items and metal hand tools.
Occupational name for a woodsman or woodworker, from an agent derivative of Middle High German klieben meaning "to cleave or split".
From Middle High German klingen
"to ring or sound" and bīl
"axe", literally "sound the axe", an occupational nickname for a journeyman, carpenter, shipwright (or any occupation involving the use of an axe)... [more]
Occupational surname for a knife maker, literally meaning "knife maker, weapons smith". It is derived from German klinge
Klinger is a German surname meaning ravine or gorge in Old German. The English variant of Klinger is CLINGER
Combination of "kloster" meaning "monastery," and common German suffix Mann.
The ancient and distinguished German surname Klutz is derived from the old Germanic term "Klotz," meaning "awkward, clumsy." The name was most likely initially bestowed as a nickname, either on someone who was clumsy or in an ironic way on someone who was exceptionally graceful.
German status name for a young man or a page, from Middle High German knabe
). In aristocratic circles this term denoted a page or squire (a youth destined to become a knight), while among artisans it referred to a journeyman’s assistant or (as a short form of Lehrknabe) ‘apprentice’... [more]
Occupational name from the German word Knapp
, a variant of Knabe
"young unmarried man". In the 15th century this spelling acquired the separate, specialized meanings "servant", "apprentice", or "miner"... [more]
Comes from Middle High German knuz ‘proud’, ‘arrogant’, ‘daring’, hence a nickname for a haughty person. In Württemberg knaus (and in Switzerland knus) also meant ‘gnarl’, hence a nickname for a short, fat, gnarled person; topographic name for someone living on a hillock, from knaus ‘hillock’ in the Swabian and Alemannic dialects of German
dweller near a hilltop; descendant of Knut (hill, or white-haired); a lumpish, thickset person.
Occupational name, probably for someone who made dumplings, from an agent derivative of Middle High German knödel.
KNOLL English, German, Jewish
English and German topographic name for someone living near a hilltop or mountain peak, from Middle English knolle
‘hilltop’, ‘hillock’ (Old English cnoll
), Middle High German knol
KNORR German (Rare)
The name 'Knorr' was used by a collection of knights during the feudal period in Germanic History. Originally laborers to an existing feudal Lord, they gained their freedom and knight status after sucessfully protecting their master's land from invasion... [more]
KOBOLDT German (Rare)
Derived from German Kobold
(Middle High German kobolt
) "kobold; hobgoblin; puck; imp".
Habitational name for someone from any of several places called Kochendorf, in Württemberg, Schleswig-Holstein, and Bohemia.
Anglicized form of the German name KÖHNLEIN
used by people who moved to the US from Germany during the 19th Century.
German from the adjective kölsch
, denoting someone from Cologne (German Köln
Koerner is an occupational name for a grain merchant or possibly an administrator of a granary. ... [more]
Apparently a nickname from Middle Low German kōlhase, literally "cabbage rabbit".
1. occupational name for a guard or watchman on a tower, Middle Low German kure.... [more]
KOLDEN German, Norwegian
From Middle Low German kolt, kolde ‘cold’, a nickname for an unfriendly person; alternatively, it may be a habitational name, a shortened form of Koldenhof ‘cold farm’ in Mecklenburg (standardized form: Kaltenhof, a frequent place name in northern Germany, East Prussia, Bavaria, and Württemberg).Norwegian: habitational name from a farm called Kolden, from Old Norse kollr ‘rounded mountain top’.
Kolk is an old German word that means '' man who lives by the river'' and Mann is German for 'man'. The name Kolkmann comes from a man who lived by the North Rhine.
From the given name Colo
. Alternatively derived from Middle Low German kolle
The name is derived from the Alemmanic word "Kohler," meaning "charcoal burner," and was most likely originally borne by a practitioner of this occupation.
From German kölsch
, denoting someone from Cologne (Köln in German).
A German habitational name for someone who lives in various places called Konitz in places like Thuringia, Pomerania, Moravia, or West Prussia.
Orginating from KONRAD
, which is a variant of CONRAD
, meaning "brave counsel." The second half of the name indicates one who was a councilman or advisor to someone of importance or power.
Habitational name from any of several places named Koppen.
From Middle High German korn
"grain", a metonymic occupational name for a factor or dealer in grain or a nickname for a peasant.
Derived from German Kate / Kote
, originally from Middle Low German kote
"small house; hut".... [more]
From Middle High German, Middle Low German kote
‘cottage’, ‘hovel’, a status name for a day laborer who lived in a cottage and owned no farmland.
KRÄFT German, Jewish
Nickname for a strong man, from Old High German kraft, German Kraft ‘strength’, ‘power’.
German: nickname for a slim or long-legged person, from Middle Low German krane ‘crane’. Compare KRANICH
KRAIS German, Brazilian
Brazilian adaptation of the German surname Greis; altered for easier comprehension by the Portuguese-speaking population of Brazil.
German: nickname for a long-legged or tall and slender person, from Middle High German kranech ‘crane’.
German metonymic occupational name for a ''basketmaker'', from Middle High German kratte
KREISEL German, Jewish
Jewish family name and originally a nickname for an active or disorganized person, derived from German kreisel
meaning "spinning top, top", ultimately from kreis
"circle". Alternatively, it could've be used as a nickname for a person with curly hair in the context of "spiral" or "curl".
topographic name for someone living in a hollow
From Middle High German kresse
"gudgeon", hence probably a nickname for someone thought to resemble the fish in some way or an occupational name for a fisherman.
From Old High German krassig
Occupational name for a basketmaker or a peddler, from an agent derivative of Middle High German kretze 'basket'.
Topographical name for someone who lived near a cross set up by the roadside, in a marketplace, or as a field or boundary marker, from Middle High German kriuz(e) 'cross'.
Noun to kriegen
meaning "to fight (with words)". Describes a person who likes to argue. A wrangler, a quarreler, a brawler. Literal translation "warrior", from the German noun krieg
"war" and the suffix -er
Probably a habitational name for someone from an unidentified place called Kriegshaus, literally "war house".
KROLL German, Dutch, Polish
Nickname for someone with curly hair, from Middle High German krol
'curly', Middle Low German krulle
'ringlet', 'curl', Middle Dutch croel, crul
(apparently a loanword from German)... [more]
From German Krone 'crown', probably as an ornamental name. Or a nickname for a slender, long-legged individual, from a dialect form of Kranich.
KRUMHOLZ Jewish, German
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic) from Krumbholz
‘bent timber’, ‘mountain pine’, hence probably a metonymic occupational name for a cartwright or wheelwright. As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
German metonymic occupational name for a pastry cook, from German kuchen
‘cake’, or simply a variant of KOCH
Occupational name for a master cook (literally "kitchen master"), a court official.
KUCHLER German (Rare)
Often confused with KÜCHLER
a name for a cookie baker, Kuchler is a noble name for an old german family. Kuchler is origined in a city named Kuchl at the border of todays german bavaria... [more]
KUES German, Dutch
Habitational name from Cues, now part of Bernkastel-Kues in the Rhineland Palatinate.
KÜHL German, Low German
The spelling Kühl results from a folk-etymological association with High German kühl
‘cool’ (Middle High German küel(e)
, a nickname from Middle High German küel
‘cool’, ‘calm’... [more]
Nickname from Middle High German küel
Habitational name from any of various places in Brandenburg and Mecklenburg called Kummerow.
Nickname for a flatterer, from an agent derivative of Middle High German künzen
KUPFER German, Jewish
) and Jewish (Ashkenazic) metonymic occupational name for a worker or trader in copper, Middle High German kupfer
, German Kupfer
Occupational name for a furrier, Middle High German kürsenære, from Middle High German kürsen meaning "fur coat".
KURZBERG German, Yiddish, Jewish
From a location name meaning "short mountain" in German, from Middle High German kurz
meaning "short" and berg
meaning "mountain". As a Jewish surname it is ornamental.
Topographic name of Slavic origin, from Sorbian kut
‘corner’, ‘nook’. Variant of Kutsche
, metonymic occupational name for a coachman or coachbuilder, from the Hungarian loanword kocsi
Surname given to those who had the occupation of cleaning tripe. Combines the words kuttel meaning "tripe" and washer meaning "washer". Bearers of the surname typically live in Austria.
Habitational name for someone from Kuhz, near Prenzlau.
This is the surname of my great-grandfather, of German ancestry.
Occupational or status name for a tenant farmer, from borde
"small farm" (from Frankish bord
"plank") and the definite article la
Norman habitational name from a common village name La Boissière, meaning 'wooded area', from bois 'wood'. possibly a metronymic, from a feminine derivative of BOSSIER
'cooper', denoting the 'wife of the cooper'.
Topographic name from l’abri meaning "the shelter", or a habitational name from a place named with this word.
French (western and southwestern): topographic name for someone living in or near a ravine, from la combe ‘the ravine’ (a word of Gaulish origin, related to English Combe).... [more]
The name of Marquis de Lafayette; a famous French man during the revolutionary war.
French: topographic name for someone who lived near a boundary mark, Old French fitte (Late Latin fixta petra ‘fixed stone’, from the past participle of figere ‘to fix or fasten’), or habitational name from any of several places in western France named with this word
LAFRAMBOISE French, French (Quebec)
Means "raspberry" in French. Most carriers of this surname descend from Joseph Frye, an English colonist from Kittery, Maine, United States, who was captured in an Indian raid in 1695 during King William's War and taken to New France by the First Nations and was baptized into the Catholic faith in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
French: nickname from Old French agace, agasse ‘magpie’ + the definite article l’.
Possibly originated to denote someone from the Italian town of Laghi.
French: topographic name for someone who lived by a granary, a variant of GRANGE
, with the definite article la.
Locational name for someone who lived near a hedge or large bush, from old French "La" the and "Haie" hedge.
LAHNER German, Hungarian
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Lahn in Hungary and Germany. In southern Germany and Austria, Lahn denotes a place where there had been an avalanche or landslide, from Middle High German laen, lēne meaning "avalanche".
French (Normandy): habitational name from any of various places in Normandy, so named from Old Norse lundr
‘grove’, with the definite article la
Italian:vail, the last name of a general in Palrmo, Sicily, Italy.
Habitational name from any of several places so called in Bavaria, Westphalia, and Schleswig-Holstein.
LAMBILLOTTE French (Modern)
Currently, a common name in Wallonia, Belgium with some descendants in USA. Believed to be derived from three terms..."lamb" "ill" "otte". The first term has remained unchanged from early Germanic term; the second is latin for "of the" and the third a dimiuative or feminine form suffix... [more]
Means "the lover" in French. It would be the nickname of an amorous person.
LAND English, German
Topographic name from Old English land
, Middle High German lant
, "land, territory". This had more specialized senses in the Middle Ages, being used to denote the countryside as opposed to a town or an estate.
LANDE French, Norwegian, Jewish
French: topographic name for someone living on a heath, lande
(from Gaulish landa
‘space’, ‘land’), or a habitational name from any of numerous minor places named La Lande from this word.... [more]
LANDIS German, German (Swiss)
German and Swiss German nickname for a highwayman or for someone who lays waste to the land, from Middle High German landoese
LANDRY French, English
From the Germanic personal name Landric
, a compound of land
"land" and ric
LANSDOWNE French, English
The first marquis lansdowne, land owners for there lords and farmers also know as tenants.
Habitational name from places called Lanz or derived from the given name LANZO
Topographic name for someone who lived near the gates of a fortified town (and often was in charge of them; thus in part a metonymic occupational name), from Old French porte
"gateway", "entrance" (from Latin porta
, "door", "entrance"), with the definite article la
From Middle High German lap(pe)
‘cloth’, ‘patch’, ‘rag’; a metonymic occupational name for a mender of clothes or shoes, or a nickname for a simple-minded person.... [more]
LARGE French, English
Originally a nickname derived from Middle English and Old French large
LARIVIÈRE French (Modern)
From the region of Bourgoigne, in France, meaning 'the river'. The name is likely a topographic reference to the physical location, likely a river in this case.
Topographic name for someone who lived at a place where wild roses grew; or a habitational name from a town house bearing the sign of a rose. It may also have been a nickname for a man with a ‘rosy’ complexion, as well as a nickname of a soldier... [more]
1. French: local name or occupational name for someone who lived or worked at a manor house, from Old French sal(e) ‘hall’ (modern French salle; see also SALE
), with the definite article la... [more]
French location name from Lacelle in Orne, northern France and referring to "small rooms or cells inhabited by monks".