BAIRNSFATHEREnglish From a medieval nickname in Scotland and northern England for the (alleged) father of an illegitimate child (from northern Middle English bairnes "child's" + father). This surname was borne by British cartoonist and author Bruce Bairnsfather (1888-1959).
BLANCHFLOWEREnglish From a medieval nickname applied probably to an effeminate man (from Old French blanche flour "white flower"). This surname was borne by Northern Irish footballer Danny Blanchflower (1926-1993).
BUENAVENTURASpanish Spanish: from the personal name Buenaventura meaning ‘good fortune’, bestowed as an omen name or with specific reference to the Italian bishop and theologian St Bonaventura (canonized in the 14th century).
CHVIEDAROVIČBelarusian (Rare) Means "son of CHVIEDAR". A notable bearer is Mikalaj Čarnuševič (1904-1981), the Belarusian poet, prose writer and translator better known by his nickname Mikola Chviedarovič.
DESRUISSEAUXFrench, French (Quebec) Topographic name for someone who lived in an area characterized by streams, from the fused preposition and plural definite article des meaning "from the" and ruisseaux (plural of ruisseau) meaning "stream".
DICKENSHEETSEnglish (American) Americanized spelling of German Dickenscheid, a habitational name from a place named Dickenschied in the Hunsrück region. The place name is from Middle High German dicke ‘thicket’, ‘woods’ + -scheid (often schied) ‘border area’ (i.e. ridge, watershed), ‘settler’s piece of cleared (wood)land’.
FRANKENSTEINGerman In German means "stone of the Franks". The name appeared mostly in the regions of Westphalia and Rhineland. In Mary Shelley (1797-1851)'s "Frankenstein", the main character, Victor Frankenstein (1770-1793) and his family bore this name... [more]
HIGGINBOTHAMEnglish Habitational name from a place in Lancashire now known as Oakenbottom. The history of the place name is somewhat confused, but it is probably composed of the Old English elements ǣcen or ācen "oaken" and botme "broad valley"... [more]
HOLLINGSHEADEnglish Habitational name from a lost place in County Durham called Hollingside or Holmside, from Old English hole(g)n "holly" and sīde "hillside, slope"; there is a Hollingside Lane on the southern outskirts of Durham city... [more]
HÖRSCHELMANNGerman This denotes familial origin in the former village of Hörschel (annexed to Eisenach in 1994).
KARIATSUMARIJapanese (Rare) Combination of 狩り (kari) meaning "hunt(ing)" and 集まり (atsumari) meaning "gathering, meeting, assembly," mainly concentrated in Kagoshima prefecture in southern Japan.... [more]
KARKAVANDIANArmenian, Iranian Those belonging to the Karkevand/Garkevand district of Iran who are most likely of Armenian origin. Typical modern Armenian last names end with the originally patronymic suffix -յան or -եան, transliterated as -yan, -ian, or less often '-jan'... [more]
KARUNANAYAKESinhalese From Sanskrit करुणा (karuna) meaning "compassion, kindness, mercy" and नायक (nayaka) meaning "hero, leader".
KRZYŻANOWSKIPolish habitational name for someone from Krzyżanów in Piotrków or Płock voivodeships, Krzyżanowo in Płock or Poznań voivodeships, or various places in Poland called Krzyżanowice, all named with krzyż ‘cross’.
LIEBERKNECHTGerman A compound name where lieber is derived from the given name Liebert and kneckt is an occupational surname for a journeyman, from the Middle Low German knecht meaning "knight’s assistant, servant".
MCGARTHWAITEIrish This is my last name, my fathers last name my grandfather my great grandfather
MCGILLICUDDYIrish The surname McGillicuddy comes from the Irish Mac GiollaMochuda, meaning 'son of the devotee of St. Mochuda'. It's part of the O'Sullivan sect and comes from the West part of Ireland in county Kerry... [more]
NONNENMACHERGerman Occupational name for a gelder of hogs, from Middle High German nunne, nonne meaning "nun", and by transfer "castrated hog" + an agent derivative of machen meaning "to make".
NORDENSKIÖLDSwedish Derived from the two Swedish words "norden" which refers to the region of Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Norway and Iceland. The other word, skiöld, is an old way of spelling the word "sköld" that means shield.... [more]