Submitted Surnames Starting with L

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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
LIIVIK Estonian
Liivik is an Estonian surname meaning "sandy outcrop with sparse vegetation".
LIJEWSKI Polish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Lijewo in Włocławek voivodeship.
LILANDRIZ Dutch
Last name, supposedly from Hollad
LILANDROZ Dutch
Last name from Holland
LILJA Swedish, Finnish
Means "lily" in Swedish and Finnish. It is also used as a first name (see Lilja).
LILJEGREN Swedish
A combination of two Swedish words; lilja meaning "lily" and gren meaning "branch".
LILJEMAN Swedish (Rare)
From the Swedish lilja meaning "lily" and the suffix man meaning "man."
LILL Estonian
Lill is an Estonian surname, literally meaning "flower".
LILLAKAS Estonian
Lillakas is an Estonian surname meaning "lilac".
LILLARD Belgian
Habitational name from either of two places called Li(e)laar, in Gavere and Sint-Maria-Oudenhove, East Flanders.
LILLE Estonian
From the Estonian word lilled which means "flower"
LILLEALLIK Estonian
Lilleallik is an Estonian surname meaning "floral/flower source".
LILLELEHT Estonian
Lilleleht isan Estonian surname meaning "flower leaf".
LILLEMÄGI Estonian
Lillemägi is an Estonian surname meaning "flowery mountain".
LILLEMETS Estonian
Lillemets is an Estonian surname meaning "flower forest".
LILLEORG Estonian
Lilleorg is an Estonian surname meaning "flower(y) valley".
LILLEPOOL Estonian
Lillepool is an Estonian surname meaning "floral at/towards".
LILLEVÄLI Estonian
Lilleväli is an Estonian surname meaning "flower field".
LILLEVÄLJA Estonian
Lillevälja is an Estonian surname meaning "floral/flowery outside".
LILLEVERE Estonian
Lillevere is an Estonian surname meaning "flower/floral blood".
LILLEY English
Derived from the female given name ELIZABETH
LILLICRAP English
From a medieval nickname for someone with very fair hair (literally "lily-head").
LILLIS Irish, English
Metronymic from LILLY.
LILLY English
Derived from Lilly, a pet name for ELIZABETH. It was also used as a nickname for someone with fair skin or hair, and is derived from Old English lilie meaning "lily (the flower)"... [more]
LILLYWHITE English
From a medieval nickname for someone with very fair hair or complexion. It was borne by English cricketers James Lillywhite (1842-1929), first captain of England, and William Lillywhite (1792-1854), pioneer of overarm bowling, uncle of James... [more]
LILY English
Derived from Lily, a pet name for ELIZABETH. It was also used as a nickname for someone with fair skin or hair, and is derived from Old English lilie meaning "lily (the flower)"... [more]
LIM Korean
12th most common surname in Korea. ... [more]
LIMA Portuguese
Topographic name for someone living on the banks of the river of this name (of pre-Roman origin, probably akin to a Celtic element lemos, limos 'elm').
LIMANOWSKI Polish
This indicates familial origin within the Lesser Polish town of Limanowa.
LIMB Medieval English
Rare name of medieval English origin. A dialectal variant of the locational name 'Lumb', from places so called in Lancashire and West Yorkshire, and derives from the Old English pre-7th Century 'lum(m)'... [more]
LIMBO Italian
It comes from latin word "limbus". It has religious origin.... [more]
LIMO African
Most common in Kenya.
LIMON Spanish
An occupational name for a grower or seller of the fruit.
LIMONES Spanish
Variant of LIMON.
LINCOURT French (Quebec)
Possibly a habitational name.
LIND Swedish, English
Derived from Swedish and Middle English lind "lime tree".
LINDAHL Swedish
Combination of Swedish lin "flax, linseed" or lind "lime tree" and dal "valley".
LINDBERGH Swedish (Rare), English (Rare)
Rare variant spelling of LINDBERG. A famous bearer was American aviator Charles Lindbergh (1902-1974) who was the first person to fly non-stop from America to mainland Europe in 1927.
LINDE German, Dutch, Jewish, Spanish, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish
Topographic name for someone who lived by a conspicuous lime tree, from Middle High German, Dutch linde, Scandinavian lind. There are several places, especially in North Germany, named with this word... [more]
LINDELL German, English
Derived from the German linde, meaning "lime tree."
LINDELÖF Swedish
Combination of Swedish lind "lime tree" and löf (an archaic spelling of löv) "leaf".
LINDEMANN German
Means "soft man" in German, from the elements lind, meaning "soft, flexible", and mann, meaning "man".
LINDER German
Derived from the German word linde, which means lime tree.
LINDERMAN English (Rare)
From the given name Lynn, combined with the surname mann.
LINDERS Dutch
Dutch name from the Linder tree.
LINDFORS Swedish
Combination of Swedish lind "lime tree, linden" and fors "rapid, waterfall".
LINDH Swedish
Variant spelling of LIND.
LINDHAGEN Swedish
Lindhagen is derived from Swedish lind ("linden tree") and hage ("enclosed pasture"). Carl Lindhagen was the Chief Magistrate of Stockholm in the early 1900s. There are presently less than 200 people with this surname living in Sweden.
LINDLEY English, German
English habitational name from either of two places in West Yorkshire called Lindley, or from Linley in Shropshire and Wiltshire, all named from Old English lin ‘flax’ + leah ‘wood’, ‘glade’, with epenthetic -d-, or from another Lindley in West Yorkshire (near Otley), named in Old English as ‘lime wood’, from lind ‘lime tree’ + leah ‘woodland clearing’... [more]
LINDMAA Estonian
Lindmaa is an Estonian name meaning "bird land".
LINDMÄE Estonian
Lindmäe is an Estonian surname meaning "bird mountain/hill".
LINDPERE Estonian
Lindpere is an Estonian surname meaning "bird family".
LINDSTEDT Swedish
Combination of Swedish lind "lime tree" and stad "town, city" (spelling possibly influenced by German Stadt, also meaning "town, city").
LINDSTRØM Norwegian
Norwegian form of LINDSTRÖM.
LINDT German, Dutch
The Lindt surname comes from an Upper German word "lind," which meant "tender" or "gentle hearted." In some instances, especially in Saxony, the surname evolved from the personal name Lindemuth. In general, the similar phonetic name Linde comes from "Linden," which was a type of tree.... [more]
LINDVEE Estonian
Lindvee is an Estonian surname meaning "bird water".
LINE Danish, Norwegian, French
From the given name LINE.
LINEBAUGH German (Anglicized)
Americanized spelling of German LEINBACH.
LINEBERRY English, German, Dutch, West Frisian
Americanized spelling of LEINBERG.
LINGARD English
Habitational name from Lingart, Lancashire, or Lingards Wood in Marsden, West Yorkshire.
LINGERFELT American (South)
Americanized spelling of German Lingenfeld, a habitational name from a place so named in the Palatinate.
LINH Vietnamese
From Sino-Vietnamese 靈 (linh) meaning "spirit, soul".
LINIKOJA Estonian
Linikoja is an Estonian surname meaning "cloth stream".
LINK English
Comes from Old English word "hlinc"
LINKLATER Scottish
Scottish (Orkney) habitational name from either of two places named Linklater (in South Ronaldsay and North Sandwick).
LINLEY English
This surname can be derived from a place of the same name in Shropshire, which is derived from Old English lín meaning "flax, linen" and leah meaning "clearing." As a modern surname, it can also be a variant of Lindley (Lindley is used in 2 places in Yorkshire), which is derived from Old English lind meaning "lime tree" and leah.
LINN Scottish, Scots, English, Irish, German, Jewish, Finnish (Anglicized), Estonian
As a Scottish and Northern English surname, it is a variant of LYNE. Its usage as an English name is primarily by Scots living in Northern England.... [more]
LINNA Estonian
Linna is an Estonian surname meaning (urban) "town" or "city".
LINNAEUS Swedish (Rare)
Latinized form of LIND. A famous bearer was Swedish botanist Carl Linneaus (b. 1707 - d. 1778). His father adopted the name Linnaeus after a big lime tree (lind in Swedish) that grew on the family homestead in Vittaryd parish, Småland.
LINNAMÄE Estonian
Linnamäe is an Estonian surname meaning "urban (city) mountain".
LINNANE Irish, English
Anglicized form of O'LENNON.
LINNÉ Swedish
Swedish form of LINNAEUS.
LINNEY English
From an Old English female personal name LINDGIFU, LINDGEOFU, composed of the elements lind ‘lime (wood)’, i.e. ‘shield’ (a transferred sense) + gifu, geofu ‘gift’.
LINNUS Estonian
Linnus is an Estonian surname meaning "castle" or "citadel".
LINNUSTE Estonian
Linnuste is an Estonian surname relating to "linnus", meaning "castle" or "citadel".
LINT Estonian
Lint is an Estonian surname meaning "ribbon".
LINZEY English
This is a variant of LINDSEY.
LIONG Chinese (Hakka), Chinese (Hokkien)
Hakka and Hokkien romanization of LIANG.
LIONS English
Variant of LYONS influencd by the spelling of the word lion
LIPIŃSKI Polish
habitational name for someone from Lipno, Lipin, Lipiny, or Lipino, or other places named with Polish lipa ‘lime tree’.
LIPNJAK Croatian
Derived from lipa meaning ''linden tree''.
LIPOWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Lipowo, Lipowa, or Lipowe, named with an adjectival derivative of Polish lipa meaning "lime tree".
LIPP Estonian
Lipp is an Estonian surname meaning "flag".
LIPPINCOTT English
A habitational name meaning "of Luffincott," a parish in Devon, England. Named from Old English uncertain first element + cot ‘cottage’.
LIPPMAA Estonian
Lippmaa is an Estonian surname meaning "flag/pennant/banner land".
LIPPS German
Derived from Lippe, a place in Westphalia, Germany. The name is a variant of the first name Philipp.
LIPSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Lipie, Lipsk, Lipsko, Lipy, etc., all named with Polish lipa meaning "lime tree".
LIPYANCE Slavic
George Lipyance emmigrated to the us in 1903. Many different spellings early on. Lipyance is now used my ancestors.
LISBOA Portuguese
Habitiational name from Lisbon.
LISERANI Italian
A famous bearer is Italian-born American actor Gino Corrado Liserani (1893 - 1982), who went by Gino Corrado on film
LIŠIĆ Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Possibly derived from Albanian lesh, meaning "fur".
LISIECKI Polish
Habitational name for someone from Lisiec in Konin voivodeship or a place called Liszki, both named with lis meaning "fox".
LISIEWSKI Polish
Habitational name for someone from Lisiewice in Skierniewice voivodeship, named with lis meaning "fox".
LISITSYN Russian
Derived from Russian лисица (lisitsa) meaning "fox".
LIŠKA Czech
Liška means "fox" in Czech. A famous bearer is actor Pavel Liška.
LISLE Norman, English, French
English (of Norman origin) and French: variant spelling of LYLE.
LISOWSKI Polish
Name for someone from any of various locations named Lisowa, Lisowo, Lisów or Lisowice, all derived from Polish lis meaning "fox".
LIST Hungarian
Variant of LISZT.
LISZEWSKI Polish
Habitational name for someone from any of various places called Lisewo (also Liszewo), named with Polish lis meaning "fox".
LISZOVICS Polish, Jewish
This surname has Eastern European connections and has been used by the Jewish population.
LISZT Hungarian
Liszt is a Hungarian surname that literally means "flour".... [more]
LITTLEJOHN Scottish, English
Distinguishing epithet for the smallest of two or more bearers of the common personal name JOHN. Compare MEIKLEJOHN... [more]
LITTLEWOOD English (British)
This surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and may be either a locational or topographical surname. If the former, it derives from any of several minor places in West Yorkshire, such as Littlewood in Wooldale near Holmfirth, all of which are so called from the Olde English pre 7th Century "lytel", little, small, and "wudu", wood... [more]
LITTMAN German (East Prussian), German (West Prussian), German, Jewish
Derived from Germanized Czech personal names like Litomir (Czech: Ljutomir) and Litobor (Czech: Ljutobor) which ultimately go back to Old Slavic ljutu "grim; fierce; ferocious; wild". One theory suggests, however, that these given names might have been influenced by ljub- "love; dear".... [more]
LITVIN Russian
Means "Lithuanian" in several Slavic languages.
LITVINA Russian
Feminine form of LITVIN.
LITVINCHUK Ukrainian, Russian, Belarusian
Derived from Russian литвин (litvin) historically denoting a Lithuanian or Belarusian person.
LITWAK Polish
Means "Lithuanian" in Polish.
LIVAZA Dungan
Dungan surname of unknown meaning; the second element is derived from Chinese 娃子 (wázǐ) meaning "child".
LIVELY English
A modern English surname possibly derived from a lost village called Laefer-leah which would give it the meaning "the farm by the lake".... [more]
LIVELY English
Nickname from Middle English lifly, "lively", "nimble".
LIVENGOOD German
The surname LIVENGOOD is the Americanized version of Leibendgut. Leibengut is Swiss-German in origin. It has been written as Livengood and Levengood in America. Records show the family name back to 1550, in Aarwangen, Canton of Berne, Switzerland... [more]
LIVINGSTON English, Scottish
This surname is thought to be derived from Middle English Levingestun meaning "Leving's town" or "Leving's settlement."
LIVINGSTONE Scottish, Irish, Jewish
Scottish: Habitational name from a place in Lothian, originally named in Middle English as Levingston, from an owner called LEVIN (LEWIN), who appears in charters of David I in the early 12th century.... [more]
LIWANAG Filipino, Tagalog
Means "radiance, light" in Tagalog.
LIWOSZ Polish
It comes from the name "liswoze" which means to be a all around "good person". Even though it is a nickname, It may have been derived from occupation because of the name's meaning to be a "Funny man".
LIYANAGE Sinhalese
Of unknown meaning.
LIZ Spanish
History unknown; surname known in the Dominican Republic
LIZAK Polish
Nickname from lizac 'to lick'.
LIZÁRRAGA Basque
Habitational name from any of three places called Lizarraga, in Navarra and Alava and Guipuzcoa provinces, which are named from Basque lizarr (or le(i)zar) "ash tree" and the locative suffix -aga.
LIZOVICH Jewish
I knew a family with this surname and they were Jewish.
LJUNGBERG Swedish
Combination of Swedish ljung "heather" and berg "mountain".
LLEWYS Welsh
Original Welsh form of "Lewis" used by the former Royal Family of Wales. Most people with the surname "Lewis" derive from the Royal Family. Very few people still have the surname "Llewys," but it is not unheard of.
LLONGORIA Asturian
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous neighborhood of the parish of Samartín de Llodón in the municipality of Balmonte.
LLORIS Catalan
Professional French goalkeeper Hugo Lloris had that surname
LLORIS Catalan
Means "son of LLORENTE" in Catalan. A known bearer of this surname is professional French goalkeeper Hugo Lloris.
LOAFMAN English (American)
Americanized spelling of German LAUFMANN.
LOAIZA Basque
Topographic name from Basque loa meaning "mud", "mire", with the suffix -tza denoting abundance.
ŁOBACZEWSKI Polish
This indicated familial origin within either Łobaczew Duży or Łobaczew Mały, 2 Polesian villages in Gmina Terespol.
LOBIANCO Italian
Derived from the words lo "the" and bianco "white".
LÕBU Estonian
Lõbu is an Estonian surname meaning "fun" and "merriment".
LÕBUS Estonian
Lõbus is an Estonian surname meaning "cheery", "pleasant" and "amusing".
LOCH German
From German Loch "hole", ultimately derived from Middle High German loch "hole, hollow, valley".
LOCH Scottish
From Scottish Gaelic loch "lake".
LOCHNER German
Means "a place where rivers meet with a partial obstruction from a wooden dam. "
LOCK English, Dutch, German
Habitational name from any of various places called Loock, from look ‘enclosure’.
LOCKE English, Dutch, German
English, Dutch, and German: variant of LOCK. ... [more]
LOCKETT English
Diminutive of the male given name LUKE.
LOCKHART Scottish, German
Scottish: of uncertain origin, probably from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements loc ‘lock’, ‘bolt’ + hard ‘hardy’, ‘brave’, ‘strong’. English: occupational name for a herdsman in charge of a sheep or cattlefold, from Old English loc ‘enclosure’, ‘fold’ + hierde ‘herd(er)’.
LOCKLEAR English
Variant of LOCKYER. Locklear is an occupational name of anglo-saxon origin meaning "locksmith".
LOCKLEY English
Refers to the region of Loxley in Staffordshire, England.
LOCKS Various
This hypnotic surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and it has three distinct possible sources. Firstly, it may be a metonymic occupational name for a locksmith, from the Old English pre-7th Century "loc", lock, fastening.
LOCKYEAR English
Variant spelling of LOCKYER.
LOCKYER English
Variant of LOCKLEAR. Lockyer is an occupational name of anglo-saxon origin meaning "locksmith".
LODGE English
Local name for someone who lived in a small cottage or temporary dwelling, Middle English logge (Old French loge, of Germanic origin). The term was used in particular of a cabin erected by masons working on the site of a particular construction project, such as a church or cathedral, and so it was probably in many cases equivalent to an occupational name for a mason... [more]
LODU Estonian
Lodu is an Estonian surname meaning "marsh" or "fen".
LOEPP Dutch
Variant of LOOP.
LOESCH German
German metonymic occupational name from Middle High German lösch ‘fine leather’.
LOESCHER German
German variant of Löscher, an occupational name for a fireman, from Middle High German leschen ‘to extinguish’. Als a variant of LOESCH and LESCHER or a derivative of Loesche.
LOEWEN Dutch
Dutch variant of LOEWE.
LÖF Swedish
From an archaic Swedish spelling of löv "leaf".
LÖFFLER German
Derived from German löffel, it denotes a person who produces or trades spoons.
LOFLIN Irish
Possibly a variant spelling of Irish Laughlin. This is a common name in NC.
LÖFQUIST Swedish
Combination of Swedish löv "leaf" and kvist "branch".
LÖFSTRÖM Swedish
Combination of Swedish löv "leaf" and ström "stream".
LÖFVÉN Swedish (Rare)
Combination of Swedish löv "leaf" and the common surname suffix -én, a derivative of Latin -enius "descendant of". Stefan Löfven (b. 1957) is a Swedish politician and the prime minister of Sweden since 2014.
LOGLISCI Italian
My grandfather's family name who were from Gravina di Puglia
LOGOWIN Jewish
The last name "Logowin" was found in Russia. Emigrants from Russia moved to the USA and changed the last name in "Levin".
LOHAN Irish
Variant of LOGAN.
LÕHMUS Estonian
Lõhmus is a common Estonian surname meaning "linden".
LÕHMUSSAAR Estonian
Lõhmussaar is an Estonian surname meaning "linden island".
LOHU Estonian
Lohu is an Estonian surname derived from "lohutus", meaning "comfort" and "console".
LOID Estonian
Loid is an Estonian surname meaning "languid" and "inert".
LOIGO Estonian
Loigo is an Estonian surname possibly derived from "loiguline" meaning "puddly".
LOIK Estonian
Loik is an Estonian surname meaning "puddle".
LOISEAU French
Means "The Bird" in French.
LOIT Estonian
Loit is an Esotnian surname meaning "flare". Also, probably from "loits", meaning "incantation" or "spell".
LOIZOS Greek
Greek variation of the name LOUIS.
LOKAJ Slovak
Footman/Lackey in history meant "servant"
LOKERSON Dutch
May be derived from LOCKE, Dutch meaning enclosure.
LOKHVITSKIY Ukrainian (Rare)
This indicates familial origin within the city of Lokhvytsia in Ukraine.
LOKIER English (British)
Variant of LOCKYER, an occupational name for a locksmith.
LOKK Estonian
Lokk is an Estonian surname meaning "crimp" or "curl".
LØKKEN Norwegian
Habitational name from any of numerous farmsteads so called. Derived from Old Norse lykkja "enclosure".
LOLOKHOEV Ingush (Russified)
Russified form of an Ingush surname derived from the name of an Ingush teip (clan), itself derived from Lyalakh, the name of a mountain village. The village's name itself is of unknown meaning.
LOMACHENKO Ukrainian
From the Ukrainian word lom- which means "scrap" in Ukrainian
LO MÀGLIO Italian
Literally means "the hammer." However, "the" would normally be represented as "il" in Italian, in this case.
LOMAS English, Scottish, Scottish Gaelic
Variant spelling of "Lomax", meaning a steam pool devoted from Lumhalghs, Lancs. Also variant spelling of "Lennox", meaning Elmwood in Gaelic.
LOMASNEY Irish
From Gaelic Ó Lomasna meaning "descendant of Lomasna", a byname from lom "bare" and asna "rib".
LOMAX English
Lomax is a territorial surname, derived from the hamlet of Lumhalghs, near Bury, Greater Manchester, and meaning "pool nook" or "recess". Notable persons with the surname Lomax include: Alan Lomax (1915–2002) American musicologist, son of John Avery Lomax... [more]
LOMENZO Italian
From Sicilian "menzo" meaning middle.
LOMP Estonian
Lomp is an Estonian surname meaning "pond" or "puddle".
LON Lao
Lao form of LIN.
LONARDO Italian
Variant of LEONARDO, characteristic of central–southern Italy.
LONG Chinese
From Chinese 龍 (lóng) meaning "dragon".
LONGBOTTOM English, Literature, Popular Culture
English (West Yorkshire) topographic name for someone who lived in a long valley, from Middle English long + botme, bothem ‘valley bottom’. Given the surname’s present-day distribution, Longbottom in Luddenden Foot, West Yorkshire, may be the origin, but there are also two places called Long Bottom in Hampshire, two in Wiltshire, and Longbottom Farm in Somerset and in Wiltshire.
LONGFELLOW English
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was an American poet and educator whose works include "Paul Revere's Ride", The Song of Hiawatha, and Evangeline.
LONGSTOCKING Literature
The last name of Pippi Longstocking. English form of LÅNGSTRUMP.
LONGYEAR English
Meaning uncertain.
LONIE Irish
A variant of LOONEY meaning "warrior."
LÖNN Swedish
Means "maple" in Swedish.
LOO Estonian
Loo is an Estonian surname; from a few geographic names in Estonia. Most notably, the small borough of Loo in Harju County.
LOODUS Estonian
Loodus is an Estonian surname meaning "nature/natural".
LÖÖF Swedish
Variant of LÖF.
LOOG Estonian
Loog is an Estonian surname meaning "windrow" (a line of raked hay or sheaves of grain laid out to dry in the wind).
LOOK English
Habitational name from Look in Puncknowle, Dorset, named in Old English with luce ‘enclosure’.
LOOK English, Scottish
From a vernacular pet form of LUCAS.
LÕOKE Estonian
Lõoke is an Estonian surname, meaning "lark".
LOOMETS Estonian
Loomets is an Estonian surname possibly derived from "loom" (animal)" and "mets (forest)".
LOOMIS English
Derived from Lomax (Lumhalghs), near Bury, Lancashire, which means "pool nook/recess."
LOONEY Irish
From the Irish name O'Luanaigh, "descendant of Luanach," a personal name meaning warrior.
LOOP Dutch
Habitational name from de Loop (meaning "the watercourse"), in the province of Antwerp.
LOOR Estonian
Loor is an Estonian surname meaning "veil" and "fog".
LOORAND Estonian
Loorand is an Estonian surname possibly derived from "loor" meaning "veil" and "fog" and "rand" meaning "beach": "fog(gy) beach".
LOORITS Estonian
Loorits is an Estonian surname derived from "loor" meaning "veil", "fog" and "shroud".
LOOSAAR Estonian
Loosaar is an Estonian surname possibly derived from "lood" ("level") and "saar" ("island"); or "loog" ("windrow") and "saar" ("ash tree").
LÕÕTS Estonian
Lõõts is an Estonian surname meaning "bellows" and "accordian".
LOOTUS Estonian
Lootus is an Estonian surname meaning "hope".
LÖÖV Swedish
Variant of LÖF.
LÖÖW Swedish
Variant of LÖF.
ŁOPACIŃSKI Polish
This indicates familial origin within the Masovian village of Łopacin.
LÕPP Estonian
Lõpp is an Estonian surname meaning "end".
LORAH American
Americanized form of French Loreaux, from a variant of the personal name LOREL, a pet form of LAURENT... [more]
LORAIN French
Occupational name for a saddler, derived from the Old French word lorain, meaning "a leather strap used on a horse's breastplate".
LORANG French
Surname of uncertain origin. Might be derived from:... [more]
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