Submitted Surnames Starting with C
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous parish in the municipality of Porto do Son.
Occupational name from caballero
"knight, soldier, horseman" (from Late Latin caballarius
CABAÑA Spanish, Portuguese
Habitational name from a place named with Spanish cabaña ‘hut’, ‘cabin’ (Late Latin capanna, a word of Celtic or Germanic origin).
CABAÑAS Spanish, Portuguese
Habitational name from a place named with Spanish cabaña or Portuguese cabanha ‘hut’, ‘cabin’.
Variant spelling of Cabanis
, a habitational name from any of various places in Gard named Cabanis, from Late Latin capannis ‘at the huts’, ablative plural of capanna 'hut'. This name was established in North American in the 18th century, probably by Huguenots.
CABELL Catalan, English, German
As a Catalan name, a nickname for "bald" from the Spanish word cabello
. The English name, found primarily in Norfolk and Devon, is occupational for a "maker or seller of nautical rope" that comes from a Norman French word... [more]
English: metonymic occupational name for a maker of rope, especially the type of stout rope used in maritime applications, from Anglo-Norman French cable
‘cable’ (Late Latin capulum
‘halter’, of Arabic origin, but associated by folk etymology with Latin capere
‘to seize’).... [more]
Derived from Italian cacciatore
meaning "hunter, huntsman", which is ultimately derived from the Italian verb cacciare
meaning "to hunt".... [more]
From the Welsh male personal name Cadog
, a pet-form of Cadfael
(a derivative of Welsh cad
CADEROUSSE French, Literature
A character in the classic novel The Count of Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas. In the novel, Caderousse is a tailor and inkeeper who aids in the arrest of Dantès.
From the name of a city in France, of origin I am not sure of (anyone who knows the name's etymology edit this). This is most notably the name of the car company of the same name, named after Detroit, Michigan founder Antoine de la Mothe, Sieur de Cadillac.
From the Welsh male personal name Cadwgan
, literally probably "battle-scowler". Cadogan Estate is an area of Chelsea and Belgravia, including Cadogan Square, Sloane Street and Sloane Square, owned by the earls of Cadogan, descended from Charles Sloane Cadogan (1728-1807), 1st Earl Cadogan.
From Chinese 蔡 (cài)
referring to the ancient state of Cai during the Zhou
dynasty. In the case of Hui Muslim usage, it is also interpreted as a contraction of the Arabic given name Uthman
CAINE French, English
Originally from a French derogatory nickname for someone with a bad temper.
From Gaelic carn
"cairn", a topographic name for someone who lived by a cairn, i.e. a pile of stones raised as a boundary marker or a memorial.
From the Middle English cake denoting a flat loaf made from fine flour (Old Norse kaka), hence a metonymic occupational name for a baker who specialized in fancy breads. It was first attested as a surname in the 13th century (Norfolk, Northamptonshire).
Means either "goshawk", "wine", or "greyish-blue" in Turkish.
Means "lighter" in Turkish, referring to a tool used to ignite fire. This is also the name of a village in Antalya Province, Turkey.
Nickname from calcare meaning "to tread", "to stamp" + terra meaning "land", "earth", "ground", probably denoting a short person, someone who walked close to the ground, or an energetic walker.
Derived from Spanish caldera
meaning "basin, crater, hollow", ultimately from Latin caldarium
both meaning "hot bath, cooking pot". The word also denotes a depression in volcanoes, and it is commonly used as an element for surnames denoting streams or mountains.
Is a Spanish occupational surname. It is derived from the Vulgar Latin "caldaria" ("cauldron") and refers to the occupation of tinker. As a topographic name from an augmentative of caldera 'basin', 'crater', 'hollow', a common element of stream and mountain names, or a habitational name from a place named with this word, as for example Calderón in Valencia province.
Possibly derived from the River Cale. A famous barer of this name is Welsh musician John Cale (1942- ).
Metonymic occupational name for a burner or seller of lime, from calero
Occupational name for a person who finished freshly woven cloth by passing it between heavy rollers to compress the weave. From Old Franch calandrier
CALLIARI Italian (Latinized, Archaic)
This is an Italian surname, in the north of Italy. Calliari is the result of the deformation of the graphically Calligari
, where you can clearly see excision of the letter or character D, which is located in the middle of the surname... [more]
CALLOWAY American (Modern, Rare)
Means "pebble". From the Old French cail(ou)
'pebble'. Traditionally an English surname, which is a regional name of French Norman origin from Caillouet-Orgeville in Eure, France.
Variation of McKelvey. Meaning rich in possessions or Irish from the French word bald
CAMACHO Spanish, Portuguese
From the ancient European camb
, meaning twisted or disfigured, denoting to someone with visible physical abnormalities, but could possibly also refer to residents of a particularly gnarly tract of land.
Habitational name for someone from a place in Andalusia called Camargo.
Denoted to someone from Cambria, Sicily, possibly of Arabic origin.
English (of Norman origin): habitational name for someone from Caen in Normandy, France.English: habitational name from Cam in Gloucestershire, named for the Cam river, a Celtic river name meaning ‘crooked’, ‘winding’.Scottish and Welsh: possibly a nickname from Gaelic and Welsh cam ‘bent’, ‘crooked’, ‘cross-eyed’.Americanized spelling of German Kamm.
From a medieval nickname for someone with a snub nose (from Old French camus
Respelling of German Kamper
). The surname Camper is recorded in England, in the London and Essex area, in the 19th century; its origin is uncertain, but it may have been taken there from continental Europe.
CAMPION Norman, French
English (of Norman origin) and French: status name for a professional champion (see Champion
), from the Norman French form campion
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous parish of the municipality of Ḷḷena.
Camus is a Basque surname from Bermeo, Vizcaya. Part passed to Cantabria and Chile.
Means "soul, life, being" in Turkish, ultimately of Persian origin.
from the word kaan
CANADA French, English
It derives from the Middle English "cane", a development of the Old French "cane", meaning cane, reed.
From the Turkish town of Çanakkale. Canak is the Anglicised form, which may or may not retain its Turkish pronunciation.
CANAVAN Irish (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Ceanndubháin "descendant of Ceanndubhán
", a byname meaning "little black-headed one", from ceann
"head" combined with dubh
"black" and the diminutive suffix -án
Means "iron soul", derived from Turkish can
meaning "soul, spirit" combined with demir
Derived from the medieval English, male first name Gandelyn, of unknown meaning.
Unexplained.There was a family of this name in Roussillon, France, descended from a partisan of James II named Kennedy, who was exiled in France in the 17th century. The family died out in France in 1868, but may have had an American branch.
Italian regional surname denoting someone who lived by a canal. From the Italian canale
'canal', from the Latin canalis
meaning "canal; conduit; groove; funnel; or ditch". Alternatively, it may come the genus name of wild cinnamon, a diminutive of the Latin canna
The surname Cangussu has its origins in the Tupi-Guarani language and is a variation of Akangu’su, which means 'Jaguar'.
CANIZALES Spanish (Latin American)
This surname came from around the beginnings of 1800 in south regions of Colombia where sugar cane was cultivated. It's a variation of Cañizales
, that literally means "sugar cane fields".
CANNELLA Italian (Modern)
Derived from the word "Cinnamon" in Italian meaning someone who was a baker and or made cinnamon.
The first part of this surname is possibly derived from Spanish cano
"hoary, white-haired, grey-haired". The second part is derived from the given name Manuel
. As such, this name must first have come into being as a nickname, referring to the white or grey hair of a man named Manuel.
Means "singer in a chantry chapel", or from a medieval nickname for someone who was continually singing (in either case from Old Northern French cant
Means "person from Canteleu, Canteloup, etc.", the name of various places in northern France ("song of the wolf").
Name of several places in France. The surname means "Song of the Wolf" from canta and loup as in "place where the wolves howl".
Habitational name from Canterbury in Kent, named in Old English as Cantwaraburg
"fortified town (burgh
) of the people (wara
) of Kent".
Means "tall" or "lofty, elevated", from the Sino-Vietnamese character 高
From the Romansh surname prefix Ca
and the given name Peder
, which is the Scandinavian (and apparently also Romansh) form of Peter
From the Domesday Book of 1086, from the old French word 'capele' meaning chapel.
CAPELLA Spanish, Catalan, Italian
"chapel", a topographic name for someone who lived by a chapel or a metonymic occupational name for someone who worked in one.
Means "singer in a chantry chapel" (from Old Northern French capelain
, a variant of standard Old French chapelain
Is a Italian origin surname from an augmentative of capo ‘head’, applied as a nickname for someone with a big head, probably in the sense ‘arrogant’ or ‘stubborn’ rather than in a strictly literal sense... [more]
CAPOTE Italian (Tuscan)
Capote is a name for person who was the chief of the head from the Italian personal name Capo.
Unexplained. Perhaps a habitational name from Cadshaw near Blackburn, Lancashire, although the surname is not found in England.
Capua is a city and comune in the province of Caserta, Campania, southern Italy, situated 25 km (16 mi) north of Naples on the northeastern edge of the Campanian plain. Ancient Capua was situated where Santa Maria Capua Vetere is now.... [more]
This is the last name of Juliet from William Shakepeare's tragedy, Romeo and Juliet.
Probably means "spice merchant" (from Middle English carewei
CARBAJAL Spanish, Judeo-Spanish
Probably a habitational name demoting someone originally from any of the multiple locations called Carbajal
in León, Asturias, or Zamora in Spain. Alternatively, it may be of pre-Roman origin from the word carbalio
meaning "oak", denoting someone who either lived near an oak tree or who was like an oak tree in some way.... [more]
From a medieval nickname for a dark-haired or swarthy person, from Anglo-Norman carbonel
, literally "little charcoal".
Famous bearers are Carlos Carbonero, a Colombian footballer who plays as a midfielder for Sampdoria on loan from Fénix and Sara Carbonero, a Spanish sports journalist.
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Manchego municipality.
English: metonymic occupational name for someone who carded wool (i.e. disentangled it), preparatory to spinning, from Middle English, Old French card(e) ‘carder’, an implement used for this purpose... [more]
Habitational name from places in the provinces of Almería and Logroño named Cárdenas, from the feminine plural of cárdeno
"blue, bluish purple" (Late Latin cardinus
, from carduus
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Manchego municipality.
From the traditionally British surname, which is a variant of the British surname Caldwell, a from the Old English cald
"cold" and well(a)
Occupational name for a locksmith, Middle English keyere, kayer, an agent derivative of keye.
Carisbrooke is a village on the Isle of Wight; the name is thought to mean "Carey's brook". When in 1917 the British royal family changed its name from the "House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha" to the "House of Windsor" and renounced all German titles, the title of Marquess of Carisbrooke was created for the erstwhile German Prince Alexander of Battenberg.
Combination of the given name KARL
or Swedish karl
"man" and ander
, from classical Greek andros
CARLIN Swedish (Rare)
Combination of the given name Karl
, which is also a common place name prefix, and the common surname suffix -in
(originally from Latin -inus
Habitational name from a place named Carlin in Germany.
From the personal name Karl
, which is also a common place name prefix, and the common surname suffix -ing
Cornish: habitational name from any of three places in Cornwall called Carlyon, in St. Minver and Kea parishes. The first element is Celtic ker ‘fort’; the second could represent the plural of Cornish legh ‘slab’.
Habitational name from a place called Carnegie, near Carmyllie in Angus, from Gaelic cathair an eige
"fort at the gap".
A crossbowman or archer who protected castles and fortresses.
Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Catharnaigh
"descendant of Catharnach", a byname meaning "warlike".
This surname derives from a person who had worked as a "carpenter".
CARRAWAY English (British)
The name Carraway belongs to the early history of Britain, it's origins lie with the Anglo-Saxons. It is a product of their having lived on a road near a field or piece of land that was triangular in shape... [more]
French (Carré): from Old French carré "square", applied as a nickname for a squat, thickset man.
French: from Old French quar(r)el ‘bolt (for a crossbow)’, hence a metonymic occupational name for a maker of crossbow bolts or a nickname for a short, stout man. The word also meant ‘paving slab’, and so it could also have been a metonymic occupational name for a street layer... [more]
English: from Old French carrel, ‘pillow’, ‘bolster’, hence a metonymic occupational name for a maker of these. In some cases perhaps an altered spelling of Irish Carroll
. In other cases perhaps an altered spelling of French Carrel
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous municipality.
CARRERA Spanish, Italian
Spanish: topographic name for someone living by a main road, carrera
‘thoroughfare’, originally a road passable by vehicles as well as pedestrians (Late Latin carraria
(via), a derivative of carrum
‘cart’), or a habitational name from any of various places named with this word.... [more]
The possible roots of the Carrick family name may be from the ancient Strathclyde people of the the Scottish/English Borderlands. Carrick may also be of local origin, referring to those who lived in or near the place called Carrick in Ayrshire... [more]
CARRINGTON English, Scottish
English: habitational name from a place in Greater Manchester (formerly in Cheshire) called Carrington, probably named with an unattested Old English personal name Cara
denoting association + tun
This old Scottish surname was first used by Strathclyde-Briton people. The Carruthers family in the land of Carruthers in the parish of Middlebie, Dumfriesshire. In that are it is pronounced 'Cridders'.... [more]
CARSTAIRS English (British)
From the manor or barony of the same name in the parish of Carstairs (= 1170 Casteltarres, 'Castle of Tarres').
CARTIER French, Norman
Original Norman French form of Carter
. A notable bearer was Breton-French explorer Jacques Cartier (1491-1557), who is known for discovering the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
Means "Rhydderch's fort" in Cumbric. This might refer to the king of Alt Clut, Rhydderch Hael.
Carvalho (Portuguese pronunciation: kɐɾˈvaʎu
), meaning 'oak', is a Portuguese surname, also sometimes used as a Sephardic Jewish surname as well as by families with genetic Norman descent.... [more]
CARVILLE French, Irish
As a French location name it comes from a settlement in Normandy. As an Irish name it derives from a word for "warrior".
CASABUENA Spanish (Modern, Rare)
Means "Happy House" or "House of Happiness" in Spanish, with the Spanish word "Casa", which means "House" and Buena, meaning "Happy" or "Happiness".
CASAGRANDE Spanish, Italian
From the Spanish & Italian words casa
meaning "house" and grande
meaning "big"; literally means "big house".
CASANOVA Catalan, Italian
Catalan and Italian: topographic name from Latin casa
‘house’ + nova
‘new’, or a habitational name from any of the many places named with these words.
CASCALHO Portuguese (?)
What I know about this surname is that it came from Alentejo, a region in Portugal countryside. The eldest Cascalho I know lived in Évora (city in this province) so I assume the name born there...
From Anglo-Norman French cas(s)e
"case, container" (from Latin capsa
), hence a metonymic occupational name for a maker of boxes or chests.
From casa "house" (Latin casa "hut, cottage, cabin"), perhaps originally denoting the occupier of the most distinguished house in a village. Italian chef Cesare Casella (1960 - ) is one such bearer of this name.
From Manx Gaelic Mac Asmuint
"son of Ásmundr
", an Old Norse male personal name meaning literally "god-protection". The surname was borne by Sir Roger Casement (1864-1916), an Irish-born British consular official and rebel.
Catalan family name. Plural of 'casa' meaning 'house', possibly given to people who were given or built a manor or town house or had a slightly better than normal dwelling for their location/village etc..... [more]
From any of various places called Casillas or Las Casillas, from the plural of casilla, a diminutive of Casa. ... [more]
Habitational name for someone from Cawston in Norfolk; the form of the surname reflects the local pronunciation of the place name, which is from the Old Scandinavian personal name Kalfr
and Old English tun
Origin uncertain. This is not known as a surname in Britain. It may be an Americanized form of a French name such as Casault
Either (i) "person from Cassel", northern France, or "person from Kassel", Germany ("fort"); or (ii) a different form of Castle
("person who lives by or lives or works in a castle"). Cassell & Company is a British publishing company, established in 1848 by John Cassell (1817-1865).
CASSEY Scottish, Irish
This surname originated around ancient Scotland and Ireland. In its Gaelic form it is called, 'O Cathasaigh', which means 'the watchful one'.... [more]
CASTIEL Judeo-Christian Legend
The name of an angel of Thursday, travelling and guidance. Used in the show Supernatural for the character portrayed by Misha Collins
A Regional name for someone from Castile in Spain. Castile was an independent kingdom between the 10th and 15th centuries, it formed the largest power in the Iberian peninsula. The name derives from the many castles in the region.
CASTIGLIONE Italian, Jewish
Habitational name from any of numerous places named with this word, from medieval Latin castellio
) ‘fortification’ or ‘small castle’.
Habitational name from Castrogiovanni
, the name until 1927 of Enna in central Sicily.
Meant "bailiff, especially (originally) one who could seize domestic animals in lieu of tax or debt" (from Anglo-Norman cachepol
, from cacher
"to chase" + pol
English patronymic from the Old Norse byname Káti
Derived from the name of the Roman republican statesman Cato, used as a nickname.
Means "person from Catley", Herefordshire and Lincolnshire ("glade frequented by cats"). It was borne by the British botanical patron William Cattley (1788-1835).
This surname is of Old Scandinavian origin, is an English locational name from Catterall, near Garstang in Lancashire, which appeared as "Catrehala" in the Domesday Book of 1086, and "Caterhale" in the Book of Fees of 1212... [more]
Comes from the Irish Gaelic Mac Cathmhaoil
, which was Anglicized to McCawell
and then morphed into Caulfield. Mac Cathmhaoil
comes from a word meaning "chieftan".
CAVA Italian, Catalan, Spanish, Portugese
‘cave’, ‘cellar’ (from Latin cavea
), hence a metonymic occupational name for someone employed in the wine cellars of a great house, a topographic name for someone who lived in or near a cave, or a habitational name from any of numerous places named with this word.
Means "riding" in Italian. An occupational surname for people who worked with horses.
CAVE Norman, French, English
A name of various possible origins. As a Norman French name Cave can mean "bald" from cauf
or it can mean "worker in a wine cellar" or "one who dwelt in or near a cave". As an English name Cave refers to a Yorkshire river whose fast current inspired the name meaning "swift".
Nickname for a bald man, from a diminutive of Anglo-Norman French cauf
English surname, a variant of the English surname Calverley, itself derived from the Old English calf
"calf" and leag