This is a list of submitted surnames in which an editor of the name is cutenose
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Occupational name from a diminutive of grabarz ‘grave digger’.
Topographic name for someone who lived by a dike or ditch, or habitational name from either of two places in Thuringia named with this word: Grabe and Graba.
Metonymic occupational name for a sealer of weights and measures, from Middle High German hāme ‘(standard) measure’.
Probably a variant of Harefield, a habitational name from a place so named, for example the one Greater London or Harefield in Selling, Kent, which are both apparently named from Old English here ‘army’ + feld ‘open country’.
From Middle English halfmark ‘half a mark’, probably a nickname or status name for someone who paid this sum in rent.
Habitational name from Haineville or Henneville in Manche, France, named from the Germanic personal name Hagano
+ Old French ville
Nickname for a scarred or maimed person, from Middle English, Old English hamel
According to MacLysaght, a shortened Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hÁdhmaill
"descendant of Ádhmall
", which he derives from ádhmall
Shortened Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó hAinbhthín (modernized as Ó hAinifín) ‘descendant of Ainbhthín’, a personal name derived from ainbhíoth ‘non-peace’, ‘storm’.
Habitational name from a place called Hanham in Gloucestershire, which was originally Old English Hānum, dative plural of hān ‘rock’, hence ‘(place) at the rocks’. The ending -ham is by analogy with other place names with this very common unstressed ending.
English surname transferred to forename use, from the Norman French personal name Herluin
, meaning "noble friend" or "noble warrior."
Habitational name from any of the places in various parts of Germany called Hasselbach.
Hatsu is both a Japanese surname and a unisex name meaning "Beginning." Notable bearers of this surname is Akiko Hatsu (Japanese manga artist) and a bearer of the first name form is Hatsu Hioki (Japanese wrestler).
HAZARD English, French, Dutch
Nickname for an inveterate gambler or a brave or foolhardy man prepared to run risks, from Middle English, Old French hasard
, Middle Dutch hasaert
(derived from Old French) "game of chance", later used metaphorically of other uncertain enterprises... [more]
Habitational name for someone from a place called Hegge(n) or ter Hegge(n), derived from a word meaning ‘hedge’.
HEID German, Jewish
Topographic name from Middle High German heide, German Heide ‘heath’, ‘moor’. Compare Heath.... [more]
HOTALING English (American)
Americanized spelling of Dutch Hoogteijling, an indirect occupational name for a productive farmer, from hoogh ‘high’ + teling ‘cultivation’, ‘breeding’.
HUMBOLDT German (?)
Derived from the Germanic given name Hunibald
. Notable bearers of this surname were Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859), a Prussian naturalist, geographer, explorer and polymath, and his brother Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767-1835), a linguist, philosopher and diplomat.
Habitational name for someone from Hintschingen, earlier Huntzingen.
From a Norman form of the Middle English personal name Wol(f)rich (with the addition of an inorganic initial H-).
Habitational name from a place in Devon called Huxford (preserved in the name of Huxford Farm), from the Old English personal name Hōcc or the Old English word hōc ‘hook or angle of land’ + ford ‘ford’.
Habitational name from an unidentified place in northern England, perhaps so called from Old English hæsel
(or the Old Norse equivalent hesli
) ‘hazel’ + hop
Possibly from a shortened form of the personal name Ianni + varone, a variant of barone ‘baron’; literally ‘baron John’.
From Japanese 蘓 (ikeru) meaning "revive, resurrect".
JACOBI Jewish, English, Dutch, German
From the Latin genitive Jacobi ‘(son) of Jacob’, Latinized form of English Jacobs and Jacobson or North German Jakobs(en) and Jacobs(en).
Means "little Jean" from Old French petit
"small" and the given name Jean
, originally a nickname for a small man called Jean (or applied ironically to a large man), or a distinguishing epithet for the younger of two men named Jean.... [more]
Written with characters meaning ‘oar’ and ‘plain’, this name is found mostly in western Japan.
KALP German, Jewish
From Middle High German kalp ‘calf’, German Kalb, probably applied as a metonymic occupational name for someone who reared calves.
Topographic name meaning ‘(one who lives) near where gold (or any metal) is found’. Found in the island of Okinawa, where it is variously written. ... [more]
KARDASHIAN Armenian (Expatriate)
Means "son of the stonemason" frm Armenian քարտաշ (kʿartaš)
meaning "stonecutter, stonemason" combined with the suffix -յան (-yan)
denoting descent. Notable bearers include the Armenian-American Kardashian family with Robert Kardashian (1944-2003), a former businessman and Kimberly "Kim" Kardashian (1980-), a television personality and socialite.... [more]
Derived from the name of the Kastrati tribe inhabiting the region of Malësia in northern Albania.
KAULITZ German (East Prussian)
Famous bearers of this surname are Bill Kaulitz (German singer, songwriter, voice actor, designer, and model) and his twin brother Tom Kaulitz (German singer, songwriter, voice actor, designer, and model) are both in the German pop-rock / alternative rock band, Tokio Hotel.
'Side or bank of the river'; written two ways, with two different characters for kawa ‘river’. One family is descended from the northern Fujiwara through the Saionji family; the other from the Sasaki family... [more]
From Japanese 川 (kawa)
meaning "river, stream, brook" and 島 (shima)
or 嶋 (shima)
both meaning "island".
KENOBI Popular CultureObi-Wan
Kenobi is a fictional character in the 'Star Wars' saga, created by George Lucas. The meaning of the name is not known, but as Lucas was very much influenced by Japanese samurai movies, it is possible that the name is a combination of Japanese 剣 (ken) "sword" and 帯 (obi) "belt".
Possibly derived from a Breton place name, apparently composed of Breton kêr
"city" and the name Jean
KLOR German (Austrian)
The Klor surname may have evolved from the feminine personal name Klara. Or it may have come from the Middle High German and Middle Low German "Klar," meaning "Pure" or "Beautiful".
There is only one Chinese character for the surname Ko. There are ten different Ko clans, but they are all descended from the Ko clan of Cheju Island. There is no historical information regarding the founder of this clan, but there is a legend which tells of three men who appeared from a cave on the north side of Cheju Island’s Halla Mountain... [more]
'Small island'; mostly found along the coast between Tōkyō and Kyōto and in the Ryūkyū Islands; an alternate reading found farther east is Ojima. Another Kojima with a different first character but similar meaning is found in western Japan.
KOLDEN German, Norwegian
From Middle Low German kolt, kolde ‘cold’, a nickname for an unfriendly person; alternatively, it may be a habitational name, a shortened form of Koldenhof ‘cold farm’ in Mecklenburg (standardized form: Kaltenhof, a frequent place name in northern Germany, East Prussia, Bavaria, and Württemberg).Norwegian: habitational name from a farm called Kolden, from Old Norse kollr ‘rounded mountain top’.
Written with characters meaning ‘now’ and ‘rice paddy’, this version of the name is found mostly in eastern Japan. In western Japan it is pronounced Imata.
Variously written, most usually with characters meaning ‘now’ or ‘near’ and ‘field’. Found mostly in eastern Japan, farther to the northeast it is pronounced Imano.
From Middle High German, Middle Low German kote
‘cottage’, ‘hovel’, a status name for a day laborer who lived in a cottage and owned no farmland.
KRÄFT German, Jewish
Nickname for a strong man, from Old High German kraft, German Kraft ‘strength’, ‘power’.
Shortened form of Krishna or of any other name beginning with Krishna (such as Krishnan, Krishnaswami, Krishnamurthy, etc.), used in the U.S. by families from southern India. It is not in use in India.
Hindu name from Sanskrit kṛṣnamūrti meaning ‘manifestation of the god Krishna’, from krisna ‘black’ (epithet of an incarnation of the god Vishnu) + murti ‘image’, ‘manifestation’... [more]
Nickname meaning ‘little priest’ or possibly a patronymic for an illegitimate son of a priest, from ksiadz ‘priest’ + the diminutive suffix -ek.nickname meaning ‘little prince’, from a diminutive of ksia?ze ‘prince’.
Written with characters meaning ‘long time’ and ‘method’, this name is found mostly in the Ryūkyū Islands.
Meaning "sunken ground"; variously written, mostly with characters used phonetically. Found mostly in western Japan, apparently taken from several habitational names. Many unrelated families descend from various branches of the Taira
, and other great families.
Means "bear valley", from Japanese 熊 (kuma)
meaning "bear" and 谷 (gai)
From Japanese 国 (kuni) meaning "a land, a large place" combined with 田 (da) meaning "paddy, field".
From Japanese 草 (kusayanagi) meaning "grass" or 日 (kusayanagi) meaning "sun, day". Other kanji combinations are possible.
KUZMA Ukrainian, Belarusian
From the personal name Kuzma
, Greek Kosmas, a derivative of kosmos ‘universe’, ‘(ordered) arrangement’. St. Cosmas, martyred with his brother Damian in Cilicia in the early 4th century ad, came to be widely revered in the Eastern Church.
‘valley’, generally an ornamental name adopted during the name conversion movement of the 19th and early 20th centuries. Often, it was adopted by Finnish bearers of Swedish names containing the Swedish element dal
LACERDA Portuguese, Spanish
Nickname for someone with remarkably thick or long hair, or with an unusually hairy back or chest. From Spanish and Portuguese la cerda
‘the lock (of hair)’.
Ornamental name composed of the elements lager
‘laurel’ + quist
, an old or ornamental spelling of kvist
Variant of Malfa
, most probably a habitational name for someone from Malfa on the island of Salina (Messina), although the name has also been linked with Amalfi in Salerno and Melfi in Potenza.
From the Germanic personal name Lanzo
, originally a short form of various compound names with the first element land ‘land’, ‘territory’ (for example, Lambert), but later used as an independent name... [more]
LÄUFER German, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Lauf, also an occupational name for a messenger or a nickname for a fast runner, from an agent derivative of Middle High German loufen, German laufen ‘to run’.
Occupational name for a physician’s servant, from Leach 1 + Middle English man ‘manservant’.
Variant spelling of Lledó, a habitational name from Lledó d’Empordà in Girona province.
From Leiter ‘leader’, status name for a foreman or for the leader of a military expedition, from Middle High German leiten ‘lead’.German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): variant of Leitner.
Hhabitational name for someone from a place called Lewandów in Warszawa voivodeship, named with the vocabulary word lewanda
"lavender". Famous bearer of this surname is Polish footballer Robert Lewandowski.
LIDDINGTON English, Scottish (Rare)
This surname is derived from a geographical locality. "of Liddington", a parish in Rutland, near Uppingham; a parish in Wiltshire, near Swindon.
From a Germanic personal name, composed of the elements liub
"beloved, dear" and hard
LINDT German, Dutch
The Lindt surname comes from an Upper German word "lind," which meant "tender" or "gentle hearted." In some instances, especially in Saxony, the surname evolved from the personal name Lindemuth. In general, the similar phonetic name Linde comes from "Linden," which was a type of tree.... [more]
LITTLEJOHN Scottish, English
Distinguishing epithet for the smallest of two or more bearers of the common personal name John
. Compare Meiklejohn
. In some cases the nickname may have been bestowed on a large man, irrespective of his actual personal name, in allusion to the character in the Robin Hood legend, whose nickname was of ironic application.... [more]
Habitational name from any of three places called Lizarraga, in Navarra and Alava and Guipuzcoa provinces, which are named from Basque lizarr
) "ash tree" and the locative suffix -aga
Habitational name from any of numerous farmsteads so called. Derived from Old Norse lykkja
Habitational name from Look in Puncknowle, Dorset, named in Old English with luce ‘enclosure’.
From a short form of any of the Germanic personal names formed with liut- ‘people’ as the first element.
Unexplained. It may be from the Albanian personal name Maqo. Derivation from a Greek name ending in -akis, which has been suggested, is implausible.
MACHI Japanese (Rare)
町 (machi) means 'town' or 'street'. Some occurrences in America could be shortened versions of longer names beginning with this element, not common in Japan.
MAESTRE Portuguese, Spanish
Occupational name from old Spanish and Portuguese maestre
meaning 'master', 'master craftsman', 'teacher'.
Habitational name from any of several places named Maia, especially one in Porto.
Habitational name from Maià de Montcal, a village in Girona, or any of several other places named with Maià, which is of pre-Roman origin.
MAJ Polish, Jewish
Surname adopted with reference to the month of May, Polish maj. Surnames referring to months were sometimes adopted by Jewish converts to Christianity, with reference to the month in which they were baptized or in which the surname was registered.
Town of the Capcir district, in the Northern Catalonia, now part of the Pyrénées-Orientales department in France.
Topographic name for someone who lived by a meadow, from Mead 1 + the suffix -er, denoting an inhabitant.
Habitational name with the agent suffix -er, either from Mainz, earlier Mentz, derived from the medieval Latin name Mogontia (Latin Mogontiacum, probably from the Celtic personal name Mogontios), or from Menz in Brandenburg and Saxony.
MESSI African, Arabic, Italian
Famous bearer of this surname is Lionel Messi (born 1987-), an Argentinian footballer of Italian descent.
From a title of respect, Urdu mian
meaning ‘sir’ (from Persian miyān
meaning ‘between’), used to address an older man. In Bangladesh this is common as a suffix added to the name of a respected person, especially a senior member of a village community.
Habitational name from Miano in Naples, Parma, and Teramo; Miane in Treviso; or Mian in Belluno.
Castilianized form of Mieres
, a habitational name from Catalan and Asturian-Leonese Mieres, towns in Catalonia and Asturies.
Nickname from a derivative migac ‘to twinkle or wink’.
Probably from Middle English milk
‘milk’, applied as a metonymic occupational name for a producer or seller of milk.In some instances, probably a translation of German Milch, a variant of Slavic Milich or of Dutch Mielke (a pet form of Miele), or a shortening of Slavic Milkovich.
Topographic name from miškinis ‘forest’, ‘forest spirit’. This name is also established in Poland.
From a pet form of the personal name Dymitr
Meaning ‘three rice paddies’, the name is more common in eastern Japan. It is also pronounced Santa or Sanda in western Japan.
The name could mean ‘three arrows’, ‘three valleys’ or ‘shrine’, the latter being the most common. Some occurrences in America are the result of shortening longer names.
Variously written, usually with characters meaning ‘three houses’. In the 5th and 6th centuries, Japanese rulers based in the Yamato region (present-day Nara prefecture) established royal rice-growing estates (miyake) throughout their realm in order to increase their income and consolidate their power... [more]
From Japanese 水 (mizu) meaning "water" combined with 玉 (tama) meaning "jewel, ball". Other kanji combinations are possible. ... [more]
According to a study of Mu Ying's Name record, the surname came to be when descendants of the antediluvian ruler Zhuanxu abbreviated the name of his city, Moyangcheng (莫陽城; in modern-day Pingxiang County, Hebei) and took it as their surname... [more]
Habitational name from either of two places in Dumfriesshire called Moat, named from Middle English mote ‘moat’, ‘ditch’, originally referring to the whole system of fortifications. In some cases it may have been a topographic name for someone who lived in or near a moated dwelling.
Habitational name from Moros in Zaragoza province, so named from the plural of moro ‘Moor’, i.e. ‘the place where the Moors live’.
Habitational name from any of several places called Mos(e)ley in central, western, and northwestern England. The obvious derivation is from Old English mos ‘peat bog’ + leah ‘woodland clearing’, but the one in southern Birmingham (Museleie in Domesday Book) had as its first element Old English mus ‘mouse’, while one in Staffordshire (Molesleie in Domesday Book) had the genitive case of the Old English byname Moll.
Topographic name from a derivative of Old French motte ‘fortified stronghold’.
Nickname from Middle English mūs
‘mouse’ + ēage
There is only one Chinese character for the Na surname. Some sources indicate that there are 46 different Na clans, but only two of them can be documented, and it is believed that these two sprang from a common founding ancestor... [more]
This surname is used as 永松, 長松 or 永末 with 永 (ei, naga.i) meaning "eternity, lengthy, long," 長 (chou, osa, naga.i) meaning "leader, long," 松 (shou, matsu) meaning "pine tree" and 末 (batsu, matsu, sue) meaning "close, end, posterity, powder, tip."
Japanese: ‘long field’; from a very common place name. The name, which is listed in the Shinsen shōjiroku, is written in two ways, in roughly equal numbers, one being found mostly in eastern Japan and the other in western Japan; both are also found in Okinawa Island... [more]
This is a Japanese surname, Famous bearers of this surname are Shinji Nagashima (Born as Shin'ichi Nagashima, Is Japanese a manga artist).
From a personal name based on Arabic nāfi meaning‘beneficial’, ‘profitable’.This surname is commonly found in America than Arabic speaking countries.
This surname combines 中 (chuu, ata.ru, uchi, naka) meaning "centre, in(side), mean (not as in the way a person acts), middle" or 仲 (chuu, naka) meaning "go-between, relationship" with 松 (shou, matsu) meaning "pine tree." One bearer of this surname is inventor Yoshirō Nakamatsu (中松 義郎), also known as Dr... [more]
Nickname for an interfering person, Polish napora, derivative of napierać meaning ‘to insist on somebody doing something’.
Topographic name for someone who lived by an orange grove, from Spanish naranjo ‘orange tree’ (from naranja ‘orange’, Arabic nāránjya), or a habitational name from a place named Naranjo in A Coruña and Códoba provinces... [more]
Nickname for a foolish or silly person, from Middle High German narr ‘fool’, ‘jester’.
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): nickname for a new innkeeper, from Middle High German niuwe ‘new’ + wirt and German neu + Wirt ‘master of a house’, ‘innkeeper’.
NOVO Galician, Portuguese
Nickname from Portuguese and Galician novo ‘new’, ‘young’ (Latin novus). The word was also occasionally used in the Middle Ages as a personal name, particularly for a child born after the death of a sibling, and this may also be a source of the surname.
Derived from Italian occhi
"eyes" and pinti
"painted", denoting someone with dark eyelashes or with flecked or blood-shot eyes.
Habitational name from any of several farmsteads in Rogaland and Hordaland named Odland, from Old Norse Árland, a compound of á ‘small river’ (or another first element of uncertain origin) + land ‘land’, ‘farm’.
From a common habitational name meaning ‘large bridge’. Many bearers may be unrelated; some have Taira or Fujiwara connections. This surname is mostly found in central Japan.
OJALA Estonian, Finnish
meaning ‘ditch’, ‘channel’ + the local suffix -la, a habitational name from any of the numerous farms so named throughout Finland, early settlement of the country having been concentrated along waterways... [more]
Meaning "rice paddy on the hill"; variously written. This is a common place name throughout Japan, but the surname is mostly found in western Japan. ... [more]
Metonymic occupational name for a player of a musical instrument (any musical instrument, not necessarily what is now known as an organ), from Middle English organ (Old French organe, Late Latin organum ‘device’, ‘(musical) instrument’, Greek organon ‘tool’, from ergein ‘to work or do’).
From a rare medieval personal name, attested only in the Latinized forms Organus
(masculine) and Organa
From English owner
meaning "a person who owns something".
Habitational name, from a farm so named from the personal name Paavo
, vernacular form of Paulus
, + the locative ending -la. Both the farm name and the surname can be traced back to the 15th century... [more]
Habitational name from a place in Warwickshire, so named from the Old English personal name Pac(c)a + wudu ‘wood’.
Habitational name from any of the various minor places, for example in the provinces of Burgos, Guadalajara, and Valladolid, named from Spanish padilla ‘frying pan’, ‘breadpan’ (Latin patella, a diminutive of patina ‘shallow dish’), a word which was commonly used in the topographical sense of a gentle depression.
Topographic name for a field or meadow which was used at Easter as a playground; etymologically two sources seem to be combined: Latin pascuum ‘pasture’ and Middle Low German pāsche(n) ‘Easter’.
Habitational name from places in Burgos and Salamanca named Peñaranda.
Ornamental name composed of German Perle
‘pearl’ + Stein
Topographic name from piana ‘plain’, ‘level ground’, from Latin planus, or a habitational name from any of the places named with this word.
Topographic name for someone who lived on a plain or plateau, Italian piano (Latin planum, from the adjective planus ‘flat’, ‘level’).
PICA Italian, Catalan
Nickname for a gossipy or garrulous person, from the central-southern Italian word pica ‘magpie’. Compare Picazo.Catalan: habitational name from any of the numerous places called Pica.Catalan: from either pica ‘pointed object’ (weapon, etc.) or a derivative of picar ‘to prick’.
PINK English, German
Nickname, possibly for a small person, from Middle English pink penk
g ‘minnow’ (Old English pinc).English (southeastern): variant of Pinch
.Variant spelling of German Pinck
, an indirect occupational name for a blacksmith, an onomatopoeic word imitating the sound of hammering which was perceived as pink(e)pank... [more]
A famous bearer of this surname is Spanish/Catalan footballer Gerard Piqué.
Habitational name from the city of Pisa in Tuscany. The city was probably founded by Greek colonists, but before coming under Roman control it was in the hands of the Etruscans, who probably gave it its name... [more]
PISULA Polish, Lithuanian
Informal nickname for a scribe or clerk, from a derivative of Polish pisać ‘to write’.
Nickname for a braggart or bogeyman, of uncertain Slavic origin.
From a dialect word for standard German Pfau ‘peacok’, a nickname for a vain person or for someone with a strutting gait.
POLAND English, German, French (Anglicized), Irish (Anglicized)
English and German name is derived from the Middle High German Polan
, which means "Poland". The surname originally signified a person with Polish connections.This French surname originated from an occupational name of a poultry breeder, or from a fearful person; it is derived from the Old French poule
, which means "chicken".In other cases, particularly in Ireland, the English Poland is a variant of Polin,which is in turn an Anglicised form of the original Gaelic spelling of Mac Póilín
, which translated from Irish means "son of little Paul"... [more]
Topographic name for someone who lived near a pool or pond, Middle English pole (Old English pōl), or a habitational name from any of the places named with this word, as for example Poole in Dorset, South Pool in Devon, and Poole Keynes in Gloucestershire.
Nickname for a chatterer or grumbler, from an agent derivative of Middle High German breglen ‘to chatter’, ‘complain’, ‘yell’, ‘roar’.
PRUE English, French
English: nickname for a redoubtable warrior, from Middle English prou(s)
‘brave’, ‘valiant’ (Old French proux
Of Slavic origin, habitational name from Podewils in Pomerania.
Habitational name from any of the numerous places named Puente, from puente ‘bridge’.
Habitational name from any of the numerous places named Puerto, in most cases from puerto
‘harbor’ (from Latin portus
Habitational name from Pusey in Oxfordshire (formerly in Berkshire), so called from Old English peose, piosu ‘pea(s)’ + ēg ‘island’, ‘low-lying land’, or from Pewsey in Wiltshire, recorded in Domesday Book as Pevesie, apparently from the genitive case of an Old English personal name Pefe, not independently attested + Old English ēg ‘island’.
Habitational name form Pusey in Haute-Saône, so named from a Gallo-Roman personal name, Pusius, + the locative suffix -acum.
Habitational name from any of several places so named in Rhineland, Westphalia, and Pomerania, but in most cases a topographic name from Middle Low German putte ‘pit’, ‘well’, ‘puddle’, ‘pond’.
PYBURN English (?)
Apparently from some lost or minor place so named. 1881 British census has 109; KH.
Metonymic occupational name for an adviser, counselor, or member of a town council, from raad ‘advice’, ‘counsel’.
Altered spelling of Ravensburger
, a habitational name for someone from Ravensburg in Württemberg, but there are a number of similar surnames, for example Raffenberg, a farm name near Hamm, and Raffsberger.
Habitational name from Ragusa in Sicily, or from the ancient city of Dubrovnik on the Dalmatian coast of Croatia (Italian name Ragusa).
Nickname for a rough individual, from a North German variant of Rauh
RAINWATER English (American)
Americanized form of the German family name Reinwasser, possibly a topographic name for someone who lived by a source of fresh water, from Middle High German reine ‘pure’ + wazzer ‘water’.
RAISCH German, German (Swiss)
From Middle High German rīsch, rūsch ‘reed’, ‘rush’, hence a topographic name for someone who lived near a reed bed, or perhaps a metonymic occupational name for someone who used or harvested reeds... [more]
Occupational name for a taxman or accountant, from an agent derivative of Middle High German reiten ‘to reckon’, ‘to calculate’.
RAK Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovenian, Hungarian, Jewish
Polish, Czech, Slovak, Slovenian, Hungarian (Rák), and Jewish (eastern Ashkenazic): from Slavic rak ‘crab’, ‘lobster’, or ‘crayfish’. This was applied as an occupational name for someone who caught and sold crayfish, crabs, or lobsters, or as a nickname to someone thought to resemble such a creature... [more]
RASTOGI Indian, Hindi
Possibly derived from Rohtas
, the name of a district in Bihar, India, itself from the name of a Hindu deity.
Nickname from Middle High German recke ‘outlaw’ or ‘fighter’. North German and Westphalian: from Middle Low German recke ‘marsh’, ‘waterlogged ground’, hence a topographic name, or a habitational name from a place named with this term.
RIDDELL Scottish, English
From a Norman personal name, Ridel
. Reaney explains this as a nickname from Old French ridel
‘small hill’ (a diminutive of ride
‘fold’, of Germanic origin), but a more probable source is a Germanic personal name derived from the element rīd
Patronymic from the personal name Ruccio
, from a short form of various pet names formed with this suffix, as for example Gasparuccio (from Gaspari) or Baldassaruccio (from Baldasare).
Habitational name for someone from a place called Ruciany in Siedlce.
Topographic name for someone who lived near a pond where duckweed grew, from Polish rzasa ‘duckweed’.
Nickname from Polish dialect rzonca, standard Polish rzodca ‘land steward’.
Nickname for an eager or ebullient person from a derivative of rzucic ‘to throw’, ‘to throw oneself at someone’.
There are three Chinese characters associated with this surname. Two of these are extremely rare and are not treated here. The remaining Sa surname is also quite unusual. There are two distinct clans, one of Kyŏngsang South Province’s Kŏch’ang County and the other originating with a refugee from Ming China who came to Korea near the end of the Koryŏ period (ad 918–1392).
SÁ Portuguese, Galician
Variant spelling of Saa
, a habitational name from any of the numerous places named Saa, mainly in northern Portugal and Galicia.
SAFIR Jewish, Yiddish
Ornamental name from northeastern Yiddish dialect safir and German Saphir ‘sapphire’.
Castilianized variant of Basque Zaldibar, a habitational name from a place so named in Biscay province. The place name is of uncertain derivation: it may be from zaldu ‘wood’, ‘copse’ or from zaldi ‘horse’ + ibar ‘water meadow’, ‘fertile plain’.
Derived from Arabic سَمْح (samḥ)
meaning "magnanimous, generous".
SAN JOSÉ Spanish
Habitational name from any of the places named for a local church or shrine dedicated to St. Joseph.... [more]
Hindu (Brahman) name, from Sanskrit šāstrī ‘versed in the Shastras’ (from šāstra ‘book of rules’, ‘religious treatise’).
SAXENA Indian, Hindi
Believed to mean "friend of the army" from Sanskrit सखा (sakhā)
meaning "friend, companion" and सेना (sénā)
From a personal name based on Arabic sayyid ‘lord’, ‘master’, ‘chief’. This is a title of respect used for the descendants of Fatima, daughter of the Prophet Muhammad.
Metonymic occupational name for a shepherd, from Middle High German schāf ‘sheep’. In some cases it may have been a nickname for someone thought to resemble a sheep, or a habitational name for someone living at a house distinguished by the sign of a sheep... [more]
German (Schönwetter): nickname for someone with a happy disposition, from Middle High German schœn ‘beautiful’, ‘fine’, ‘nice’ + wetter ‘weather’.