All Submitted Surnames

Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Couter English
The couter (also spelled "cowter") is the defense for the elbow in a piece of plate armour. Initially just a curved piece of metal, as plate armor progressed the couter became an articulated joint.... [more]
Coutinho Portuguese
Diminutive of Couto.
Couzens English
Patronymic form of Cousin.
Cova Catalan, Galician
Topographic name from Catalan and Galician cova ‘cave’, or a habitational name from a place named with this word, in the provinces of Lugo, Ourense, Pontevedra, Catalonia and Valencia.
Coventry English
habitational name from the city of Coventry in the West Midlands, which is probably named with the genitive case of an Old English personal name Cofa (compare Coveney) + Old English treow 'tree'.
Coverdale English (British)
From the valley (Dale) of the river Cover.... [more]
Covert English, French
The surname is probably topographical, for someone who either lived by a sheltered bay, or more likely an area sheltered by trees. The formation is similar to couvert, meaning a wood or covert, and originally from the Latin "cooperio", to cover... [more]
Covey Irish, English
Irish: reduced form of MacCovey, an Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac Cobhthaigh (see Coffey).... [more]
Cowan Scottish (Anglicized), Northern Irish (Anglicized), English (Canadian)
This surname, widespread in Scotland and Ulster, is an Anglicized form of the old Gaelic Mac Eoghain or MacEoin... [more]
Coward English
several origins... [more]
Cowart English
Variant of Coward.
Cowburn English
The place-name, in turn, comes from the Old English cocc, meaning "rooster," and burna, meaning "a stream." As such, the surname is classed as a local, or habitational name, derived from a place where the original bearer lived or held land.
Cowdell English (British)
Cowdell is derived from a geographical locality. 'of Coldwell' (v. Caldwell), a township in the union of Bellingham, Northumberland Also of Colwell, a township in the union of Hexham, same county.
Cowell English (British)
Means "son of Nicholas". A famous bearer is British talent manager Simon Cowell (1959-).
Cowen Scottish, English (British)
Scottish and northern English: variant spelling of Cowan.
Cowgill English
From the name of a hamlet in West Riding of Yorkshire.
Cowie Scottish
habitational name from any of several places, especially one near Stirling, named Cowie, probably from Gaelic colldha, an adjective from coll ‘hazel’
Cowley Irish, Manx
Contracted anglicised form of the Norse-Gaelic surname "Mac Amhlaoibh", meaning "son of Amhlaoibh". See also: Olafson, Olafsen, Ólafsson, and Ólafsdóttir
Cowlishaw English
Derived from either of two minor places named Cowlishaw, in Derbyshire and Lancashire, England.
Coy Irish
Reduced form of McCoy.
Coyac Nahuatl
Meaning uncertain, possibly derived from Nahuatl coyahuac "broad, wide" or coyoctic "a hole, something with a hole in it".
Coyle Irish
Irish reduced variant of McCool.
Cozart French
Variant of Cossart.
Cozzolino Italian
Diminutive of Cozzo.
Crabb English, Scottish, German, Dutch, Danish
English and Scottish, from Middle English crabbe, Old English crabba ‘crab’ (the crustacean), a nickname for someone with a peculiar gait. English and Scottish from Middle English crabbe ‘crabapple (tree)’ (probably of Old Norse origin), hence a topographic name for someone who lived by a crabapple tree... [more]
Crabbe English, Literature, Popular Culture
The character 'Vincent Crabbe' has this surname in the Harry Potter series.
Crabtree English
The ancestors of the Crabtree surname lived in the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. It comes from when they lived in the county of Yorkshire. Their name, however, indicates that the original bearer lived near a prominent crabtree.
Crăciun Romanian
Crăciun is the Romanian word for Christmas.
Craft English (American)
Variant of Croft and Americanized spelling of Kraft.
Cragg Scottish, Irish, English
Variant of Craig, from Middle English Crag.
Craighead Scottish
Habitational name for someone who lived in places of this name in Scotland.
Craigmile Scottish
Derived from Craigmyle, a place in the village of Kincardine O'Neil, in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. It could also be an occupational name for a baker who made cracknel biscuits.
Crain Manx
Variant of Craine.
Craine Manx
Shortened Anglicization of Manx Mac Ciaráin "son of Ciarán" or Mac Giolla Ciaráin "son of the devotee of Ciarán".
Cram English
From the the Scottish place name Crambeth (now Crombie), a village and ancient parish in Torryburn, Fife.
Cramer German, English
Variant of German surname Krämer.
Cran Anglo-Saxon
This picturesque name is of Anglo Saxon origin and is a nickname surname given to a tall thin man, or someone with long legs, or some other fancied resemblance to the bird. The derivation is from the old English "cran(uc)", "cron(uc)", "cren(uc)", which means a crane and until the introduction of a separate word in the 14th Century also a heron... [more]
Crandall Scottish
Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac Raonuill "son of RAONULL".
Crane English, Dutch
1. English: nickname, most likely for a tall, thin man with long legs, from Middle English cran ‘crane’ (the bird), Old English cran, cron. The term included the heron until the introduction of a separate word for the latter in the 14th century... [more]
Cranford English
English: habitational name from any of several places, for example in the county of Middlesex (now part of Greater London) and Northamptonshire (Cranford St. Andrew and Cranford St. John), named with Old English cran ‘crane’ + ford ‘ford’.
Cranley Irish
The surname Cranley was first found in Ulster (Irish: Ulaidh), where they held a family seat but were also to be found in County Offaly and Galway. The sept is styled the Princes of Crich Cualgne and are descended from Cu-Ulladh, a Prince in 576.
Cranshaw English
From Cranshaw in Lancashire, named from Old English cran(uc) ‘crane’ + sceaga ‘grove’, ‘thicket’.
Cranston Scottish
Combination of the Old English byname Cran "crane" and Old English tun "settlement".
Craparotta Italian
From Sicilian crapa "she-goat" and rotta "broken".
Crascì Sicilian
From Sicilian craxi, an obsolete word meaning "wine", ultimately from Ancient Greek κρᾶσις (krasis) "mixture, blending".
Crashman American
Surnames of fictional characters Carl and Chloe Crashman from Carl².
Crastan Romansh
Derived from the given name Christian.
Cratchit Literature
Bob Cratchit is a fictional character in Charles Dickens' "A Christmas Carol" novella. Bob Cratchit works for Ebenezer Scrooge as an underpaid clerk.
Crauwels Flemish, Dutch, German
Derrives from the Middle Dutch (medieval Dutch) word "crauwel" and Middle High German word "kröuwel" which means "flesh hook", "curved fork" or "trident". The word is no longer used. The first person with this name was most likely a farmer, butcher or a person that runned an inn or a hostel that was named after this tool.
Craven Irish, English
Irish: Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Crabháin (County Galway) or Mac Crabháin (Louth, Monaghan) ‘descendant (or ‘son’) of Crabhán’... [more]
Cravotta Sicilian
From a Sicilian immigrant to America, Cravotta was changed to Cravatta upon arrival at Ellis Island. The name means "bowtie."
Craw English, Scottish, Northern Irish
One who had characteristics of a crow; sometimes used as an element of a place name e.g. Crawford, and Crawfordjohn in Lanarkshire, Crawshawbooth in Lancashire, and Crawley in Sussex
Crawfordjohn Medieval Scottish
One who came from Crawfordjohn in Lanarkshire; not to be confused with nearby Crawford, also in Lanarkshire.
Crawley English, Irish (Anglicized)
English: habitational name from any of the many places called Crawley, named with Old English crawe ‘crow’ + leah ‘woodland clearing’. Compare Crowley... [more]
Craxi Italian
Variant of Crascì.
Creamer English
Derived from Middle English and Old French creme "cream". This was an occupational name for a seller of dairy products.
Creangă Romanian, Moldovan
A Surname commonly used in Romania and Moldova.... [more]
Crease English
Variant of Creese.
Creath English
Reduced form of the Scottish McCreath.
Creek English
Creel Scottish Gaelic (Anglicized, Modern)
Fish Basket. The word Creel relates to Crille in Gaelic meaning weave.
Creepingbear Indigenous American, Arapaho (?)
From the English words creeping and bear.
Creese English
From Middle English crease "fine, elegant".
Creevey Celtic
Variant of Creevy.... [more]
Creig Scottish, English
Derived from Scottish Gaelic crioch "border".
Creighton English
From Irish 'crioch' meaning "border", and Old English 'tun' meaning "town".
Crellin Manx
Manx: shortened form of Gaelic Mac Nialláin ‘son of Niallán’ a diminutive of the personal name Niall. This name has been explained as a metathesized form of Crennall
Crema Italian, German
From the italian city "Crema"
Creme English
Variant spelling of Cream.
Cremins Irish
An Anglicized form of the Irish Gaelic Ó Cruimín
Crennall Manx
Contracted form of "Mac Raghnaill" meaning "son of Raghnall
Crenshaw English
The derivation of this surname is from the Old English pre 7th Century "Crawa", a crow, with "sceaga" a grove, thus "Crowswood". The earliest recording of this placename is in the Lancashire Inquests of 1324 and appears as "Croweshagh".
Crepeau French
From the Latin word, crispus, meaning "curly hair".
Crescencio Spanish
From the given name Crescencio
Crescenzo Italian
From the given name Crescenzo
Crespin American (Hispanic)
A Last name originating from Colonial New Mexico. It is derived from the last name Crespi
Crespolini Italian
Italian diminutive form of Crespo.
Cress German, Jewish, Belarusian
A variant of the German surname Kress. From the Middle High German "kresse" meaning "gudgeon" (a type of fish) or the Old High German "krassig", meaning "greedy". Can also be from an altered form of the names Erasmus or Christian, or the Latin spelling of the Cyrillic "КРЕСС".
Cresta Italian, Romansh
Derived from Italian and Romansh cresta "crest" (ultimately from Latin crista). This name was perhaps applied as a topographic name for someone who lived by the crest of a mountain or as a nickname with reference to the comb of a rooster.
Crete French
French (adjectival form Crété ‘crested’): nickname for an arrogant individual, from Old French creste ‘crest (of a hill)’ (Late Latin crista), used with reference to the comb of a rooster... [more]
Creus Catalan
Means "crosses" in Catalan, the plural of creu. Also compare Spanish Cruces. A famous bearer of this surname is the Spanish footballer Xavi Hernández Creus (1980-).
Crew English
From the given name Crew, possibly a variant of Crewe
Criado Portuguese, Spanish
Occupational name from criado ‘servant’.
Cribbs English (Rare)
Unknown origin. Likely either from the Old English given name Crispin, which derives from a Latin nickname meaning "curly-haired", or from the place Cribbis near Lauder, England.
Crichton English, Scottish
Variant of Creighton. It could also in some cases be an anglicized form of Dutch Kruchten.
Cricks American
"living near a river." Comes from a similar origin of Rios
Crider German
Americanized spelling of German Kreider.
Cripps English
Occupational name of a pouch maker. Derived from the Middle English plural "crippes" meaning pouch. Metathesized version of Crisp.
Crisafulli Italian
Derived from a Greek name, perhaps from χρυσός (khrysos) "gold" and φύλλον (phyllon) "leaf, foliage".
Crisologo Spanish (Philippines)
Unaccented form of Crisólogo primarily used in the Philippines.
Crispen English
Variant spelling of Crispin.
Crispim Portuguese
Derived from the given name Crispim.
Crispin English, French
From the Middle English, Old French personal name Crispin.
Crist English
Applied to someone who played the part of christ in a pageant
Cristales Central American, Filipino, Spanish (Mexican, Rare), South American (Rare)
Plural form of Spanish cristal meaning "crystal."... [more]
Cristea Romanian
From the given name Cristea.
Cristiano Italian
From the given name Cristiano.
Cristóbal Spanish
From the given name Cristóbal.
Cristobal Spanish (Philippines)
Unaccented form of Cristóbal primarily used in the Philippines.
Cristoforo Italian
From the given name Cristoforo.
Crivelli Italian
From the Italian crivello, which is derived from the Latin cribrum, meaning "sieve," (a mesh food strainer); likely an occupational name for a maker or user of sieves.
Crnjac Croatian
Derived from crn, meaning "black".
Crnković Croatian
Derived from crn "black". The name refers to a person who was dark-skinned, or a person from the region Crna Gora "Black Mountain" (modern-day Montenegro).
Croak English
Variant of Croke
Croake English
Variant of Croak
Croaker English
Meant "person from Crèvecoeur", the name of various places in northern France ("heartbreak", an allusion to the poverty of the local soil).
Croan Irish
Variant of Croghan.
Crobu Italian
From Sardinian crobu "crow", or a place of the same name.
Crock English
Meaning "barrel," signifying one who made or worked with barrels.
Crockett English, Scottish
Nickname for someone who affected a particular hairstyle, from Middle English croket ''large curl'' (Old Norman French croquet, a diminutive of croque "curl", "hook").
Crockett Scottish
Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac Riocaird "son of Richard".
Croese Dutch
Dutch variant of Cruz.
Crofter English
A surname of Scottish origin used in the Highlands and Islands and means “an owner or a tenant of a small farm”. The Old English word croft seems to correspond with the Dutch kroft meaning “a field on the downs”.
Crofton English
Derived from a place name meaning "town with a small enclosed field" in Old English.
Croghan Irish (Anglicized)
Irish Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac Conchruacháin ‘son of Cú Cruacháin’, a personal name meaning ‘hound of Croghan’... [more]
Croitoru Romanian
Croitoru is a Romanian-language surnames derived from the occupation of croitor, meaning "tailor".
Croix French
French cognate of Cross.
Croke English
Derived from the Irish name Cróc or the Norse name Krókr
Crompton English
Derived from the Old English word "Crometun"
Cromwell English
Habitational name from places in Nottinghamshire and West Yorkshire named Cromwell, from Old English crumb "bent, crooked" and well(a) "spring, stream".
Cronholm Swedish
Ornamental name derived from Swedish krona (from Latin corona) meaning "crown" and holme (Old Norse holmr) meaning "small island".
Cronine Irish
Variant of Cronin
Cronkhite Dutch (Anglicized)
Americanized form of Dutch Krankheid, derived from an abstract noun meaning "weakness", most likely a nickname for a sickly individual.
Cronkite Dutch (Anglicized)
Variant form of Cronkhite. A well-known bearer of this surname was the American broadcast journalist and anchorman Walter Cronkite (1916-2009).
Crook Scottish, English
Possible origin a medieval topographical surname, denoting residence from the Middle English word "crok" from the Old NOrse "Krokr". Possibly a maker or seller of hooks. Another possibility is meaning crooked or bent originally used of someone with a hunch back.
Crooks English
Habitational name from Crookes in Sheffield (Yorkshire), named with Old Norse krókr ‘hook, bend’.... [more]
Croom English
Based on a nickname for a crippled person or a hunchback, derived from Middle English crom(p) and Old English crumb, meaning "bent", "crooked", or "stopping". (See Crump.)
Croom English
An occupational surname for a maker, seller, or user of hooks. Derived from Middle English crome or cromb, meaning "hook" or "crook".
Croom English
A habitational surname, describing someone who lived in a place named Croom or Croome.
Croom English (American)
Americanized spelling of Krumm.
Crooms English
Variant of Croom.
Croslay English
The name is derived from their residence in a region known as the "cross" or "for the dweller at the cross."
Crossan Irish
Irish reduced form of McCrossen, an Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac an Chrosáin ‘son of the satirist’... [more]
Crossfield English (British)
English Surname. Originated in Anglo-Saxon Families who lived at the Cross fields.
Crossley English
From the word cross, of Latin origin, and leah "woodland, clearing". Indicated that the bearer lived by a cross in a clearing
Crosthwaite English
Means the clering of the cross
Crough English
Variant of Croke
Crow English
From Middle English crow, Old English crawa, applied as a nickname for someone with dark hair or a dark complexion or for someone thought to resemble the bird in some other way.
Crowcroft English
From the village in England, Crowcroft
Crowe English
Variant of Crow.
Crowley Irish (Anglicized), English
Irish: Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Cruadhlaoich ‘descendant of Cruadhlaoch’, a personal name composed of the elements cruadh ‘hardy’ + laoch ‘hero’. ... [more]
Crowner English
Means "coroner" (from Anglo-Norman corouner "coroner", a derivative of Old French coroune "crown").
Crownover German (Anglicized)
Americanised spelling of German Kronauer, denoting someone from Kronau, a town near Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It could also be an Americanised form of Kronhöfer (a variant of Grünhofer), a habitational name for someone from a lost place called Grünhof, derived from Middle High German gruene meaning "green" or kranech meaning "crane" and hof meaning "farmstead".
Crowther English
Originally meant "person who plays the crowd (an ancient Celtic stringed instrument)". It was borne by British entertainer Leslie Crowther (1933-1996).
Croy Irish (Anglicized)
A shortened form of the surname McRoy, from Irish Gaelic Mac Rúaidh "son of Ruadh", literally "the red one".
Croy Scottish
Means "person from Croy", the name of various places in Scotland.
Croydon English
From the name of a town in England, which comes from Anglo-Saxon croh “crocus” and denu “valley”.
Crozier English, French
English and French occupational name for one who carried a cross or a bishop’s crook in ecclesiastical processions, from Middle English, Old French croisier.
Crudup German (Anglicized)
Probably an Americanised form of North German Gratop, a nickname for an old man, derived from Middle Low German gra meaning "gray" and top meaning "braid". Famous bearers of this name include the Americans Billy Crudup (1968-), an actor, and Arthur Crudup (1905-1974), a Delta blues singer, songwriter and guitarist.
Cruijff Dutch
Referred to a person with curly locks of hair, derived from Middle Dutch cruuf, cruve literally meaning "curl, lock", ultimately from Latin curvus. A famous bearer was the Dutch soccer player Johan Cruijff (1947-2016), as well as his son Jordi Cruijff (1974-), also a noted soccer player; both are better known as Johan Cruyff and Jordi Cruyff respectively.
Cruikshank Scottish
From a medieval Scottish nickname for someone with a crooked leg (from Scots cruik "bent" + shank "leg"). This was the surname of British caricaturist George Cruikshank (1792-1872) and British actor Andrew Cruikshank (1907-1988).
Crumb English
From the English word "crumb".
Crumbaugh English (American)
Americanised form of German Krumbach or Swiss German Grumbach.
Crumble German
Probably an altered form of German Krumpel or Krümpel a nickname from Middle High German krum(p) 'deformed crooked'; skeletal deformities were common in the Middle Ages often as a result of childhood illnesses such as rickets.
Crumbley English
Derived from the Old English word crump meaning "bent, crooked." Perhaps a name for a person with an abnormal spine. One notable person with this surname is evil doer Ethan Crumbley, who was a school shooter in Oxford High School in Michigan.
Crump English
Originally a nickname for a crippled or deformed person, from Middle English cromp, crump meaning "bent, crooked, stooping" (from Old English crumb).
Crumrine German (Anglicized)
Americanised spelling of Krumreihn.
Crus Spanish
Variant of Cruz.
Cruse English, Irish
Name for someone from an unidentified place in Normandy, from Old French crues, crus, creus "hollow".
Cruse English (British)
Possible nickname from Middle English crus, cruse "bold, fierce".
Cruse German
Variant of Krause.
Crusoe English (Rare)
According to Reaney and Wilson this name was taken to England by John Crusoe, a Huguenot refugee from Hownescourt in Flanders, who settled in Norwich.
Cruyff Dutch
Variant of Cruijff. This name was borne by Johan Cruyff (1947-2016) and his son Jordi Cruyff (1974-), both Dutch soccer players.
Cruzan Dutch
Americanized spelling of Cruyssen.
Csatár Hungarian
Meaning unknown.
Csepregi Hungarian
Someone from the district of Csepreg in Hungary
Csizmazia Hungarian
Means "bootmaker" in Hungarian.
Vietnamese form of Qu, from Sino-Vietnamese 瞿 (cù).
Cua Catalan
Nickname from Catalan cua meaning "tail".