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A Scottish surname of unknown origin and meaning. A clerihew is a humorous or satirical verse consisting of two rhyming couplets in lines of irregular metre about someone who is named in the poem. It was invented by the British author Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956; Clerihew was his mother's maiden name)... [more]
English regional name from the district around Middlesbrough named Cleveland ‘the land of the cliffs’, from the genitive plural (clifa
) of Old English clif
‘bank’, ‘slope’ + land
CLEVELAND Norwegian (Anglicized)
Americanized spelling of Norwegian Kleiveland
, habitational names from any of five farmsteads in Agder and Vestlandet named with Old Norse kleif
"rocky ascent" or klefi
"closet" (an allusion to a hollow land formation) and land
Probably means "person from Cleveley", Lancashire ("woodland clearing by a cliff").
English surname meaning "cliff" in Old English, originally belonging to a person who lived near a cliff.
CLOONEY English, Irish
From Gaelic Ó Cluanaigh
meaning "descendant of Cluanach
". Cluanach was a given name derived from Irish clauna
"deceitful, flattering, rogue".
Habitational name from any of various places, for example in Essex, Suffolk, and Warwickshire, named Clopton from Old English clopp(a) meaning "rock", "hill" + tūn meaning "settlement".
CLORE English (American)
Americanized spelling of German KLOR
(from a short form of the medieval personal name Hilarius (see Hillary) or Klar).
this name is of the noble family in Orkney islands known as the closson whom came to Orkney with the viking raiders in the early 900's and they founded the noble house of closson there of
Topographic name for someone who lived near an outcrop or hill, from Old English clud
"rock" (only later used to denote vapor formations in the sky).
From the Germanic personal name Hlodald
, composed of the elements hlod
"famous, clear" and wald
"rule", which was borne by a saint and bishop of the 6th century.
CLOUGH English (British)
The distinguished surname Clough is of ancient Anglo-Saxon origin. It is derived from the Old English "cloh," meaning "ravine" or "steep-sided valley," and was first used to refer to a "dweller in the hollow."
Derived from pre 7th century word "cloh" meaning a ravine or steep-sided valley.
CLUTTERBUCK English, Dutch (Anglicized, ?)
English surname of unknown origin, possibly a corrupted form of a Dutch surname derived from Dutch klateren
"to clatter" and beek
"brook". The original surname may have been brought to England by Flemish weavers whom Edward III brought to England in the 14th century to teach their techniques to the English, or by Huguenots who fled the Netherlands in the 16th century to escape religious persecution... [more]
This indicates familial origin near the River Clwyd.
From Navajo tłʼaaí
meaning "lefty, left-handed one", from the verb nishtłʼa
"to be left-handed".
A river in the south-west of Scotland, running through Inverclyde, Ayrshire, Dunbartonshire, Lanarkshire, and the city of Glasgow. The second longest in Scotland; and the eighth longest in the United Kingdom... [more]
From the Polish noun 'trzmiel', which means "bumblebee."
Origin uncertain. Most probably a reduced form of Irish McCoach, which is of uncertain derivation, perhaps a variant of MCCAIG
Possibly an altered spelling of French Coache, from the Norman and Picard term for a damson, probably applied as a metonymic occupational name for a grower or seller of plums.
From Irish Gaelic Mac Caochlaoich
"son of Caochlaoch
", a personal name meaning literally "blind warrior".
The initial bearer of this surname lived in a little cottage.
This unusual surname is of Old Norse origin and is found particularly in Scotland. It derives from an Old Norse personal name Kobbi
, itself from an element meaning large, and the Gaelic bain
, denoting a fair person, with the diminutive ('little' or 'son of') form Cobbie
From the medieval male personal name Cubald
(from Old English Cūthbeald
, literally "famous-brave").
COCHRANE Scottish, Scottish Gaelic, Irish
Derived from the 'Lowlands of Cochrane' near Paisley, in Renfrewshire, Scotland. Origin is uncertain, the theory it may have derived from the Welsh coch
meaning "red" is dismissed because of the historical spelling of the name Coueran
nickname from Middle English cok ‘cock’, ‘male bird or fowl’ (Old English cocc), given for a variety of possible reasons. Applied to a young lad who strutted proudly like a cock, it soon became a generic term for a youth and was attached with hypocoristic force to the short forms of many medieval personal names (e.g. Alcock, Hancock, Hiscock, Mycock)... [more]
"gourd", "pumpkin", applied either as an occupational name for a grower or seller of gourds or a nickname for a rotund individual.
English (Essex and Suffolk): nickname from the jackdaw, Middle English co
, Old English ca
). The jackdaw is noted for its sleek black color, raucous voice, and thievish nature, and any of these attributes could readily have given rise to the nickname.
The House of Coffin is an ancient English family which originated in Devonshire.
Habitational name from Coggeshall in Essex, England, which was derived from Cogg
, an Old English personal name, and Old English halh
meaning "nook, recess".
Recorded in several forms as shown below, this is a surname of two possible nationalities and origins. Firstly it may be of Scottish locational origins, from the lands of Cogle in the parish of Watten, in Caithness, or secondly English and also locational from a place called Cogges Hill in the county of Oxfordshire... [more]
COIT Medieval Welsh, French, English
The surname Coit was first found in Carnarvonshire, a former country in Northwest Wales, anciently part of the Kingdom of Gwynedd, and currently is divided between the unitary authorities of Gwynedd and Conwy, where they held a family seat... [more]
COJUANGCO Chinese (Filipino)
From Hokkien 許寰哥 (Khó͘ Hoân-ko)
, which was the nickname of Co Yu Hwan (許玉寰), a Chinese migrant who arrived in the Philippines in the 19th century. This is the name of a prominent political and business family in the Philippines.
Medieval English nickname which meant "idle dreamer" from Cockaigne
, the name of an imaginary land of luxury and idleness in medieval myth. The place may derive its name from Old French (pays de) cocaigne
"(land of) plenty", ultimately from the Low German word kokenje
, a diminutive of koke
"cake" (since the houses in Cockaigne are made of cake).
Habitational name from a place near Catterick in North Yorkshire.
COLDEN English, Scottish
English: habitational name from a place in West Yorkshire named Colden, from Old English cald
‘charcoal’ + denu
With variant COLLEY
can mean "dark" or "blackbird" or it can be a nickname for Nicholas.
From a medieval nickname for someone with dark or black hair, from Old English cola
"charcoal" and feax
With variant COLEY
, can mean "dark" or "blackbird" or it can be a nickname for Nicholas. Colley was used as a surname for generations of students from the same family taught by a teacher over many years in James Hilton's sentimental novel "Goodbye, Mr... [more]
This name is derived from Middle English cole
, from Old English col
meaning "coal", combined with the agent suffix (i)er
, which denotes someone who does/works with something. Thus, the surname was originally used for a burner, gatherer or seller of coal.
A variant of Collins
, itself a patronymic of given names Collin or Colin, both ultimately nicknames for Nicholas.
It literally means "apiaries", denoting someone who either worked at some or lived near some.
From the personal name Colo, a short form of Nicolo (see Nicholas). (Colò) nickname from medieval Greek kolos ‘lame’, classical Greek kylos.
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous parish in Ribadeva.
From a French word for a military rank of an officer who led a column of regimental soldiers. Could be a nickname for someone with a military bearing or demeanor.
COMBEFERRE Literature (?)
Combeferre is the surname of one of the strong, persuasive members of the ABC in Victor Hugo's novel Les Misérables. Meaning is unknown.
COMMANDER Anglo-Saxon, French
From Middle English comander
and also from Old French comandeor
, all meaning "commander", "leader" or "ruler". The first recorded use of the name is through a family seat held in Somerset.
Habitational name from any of the numerous places throughout England (but especially in the south) named Compton, from Old English cumb meaning "short, straight valley" + tūn meaning "enclosure", "settlement".
Means "conception'' in Spanish, in reference to the Immaculate Conception of Virgin Mary.
Reduced form of McCone. Americanized spelling of North German Kohn or Köhn, or Kuhn.
Means "seller of rabbits", or from a medieval nickname for someone thought to resemble a rabbit (in either case from Middle English cony
CONG TANG TON NU Vietnamese
Often written with the middle two words uncapitalized when with a full name; example: Con tang ton Nu Hue Hue. The first name is Hue Hue, and the surname is Cong tang ton Nu. It is a female royal Vietnamese surname created by the NGUYEN
CONKLIN Irish, Dutch
Origin unidentified. Most likely of Dutch origin (the name is found in the 18th century in the Hudson Valley), or possibly a variant of Irish COUGHLIN
Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Conalláin or Ó Caoindealbháin.
Probably from a medieval nickname, perhaps applied to a domineering person. This surname is borne by the British poet, historian and critic Robert Conquest (1917-).
The surname Conran is derived from 'O Conarain', and Conran is a more anglicized version.... [more]
Italian: from the title of rank conte ‘count’ (from Latin comes, genitive comitis ‘companion’). Probably in this sense (and the Late Latin sense of ‘traveling companion’), it was a medieval personal name; as a title it was no doubt applied ironically as a nickname for someone with airs and graces or simply for someone who worked in the service of a count.
CONTRACTOR Indian (Parsi)
Parsi occupational surname for a contractor, or someone who works on the basis of a contract. As the British rule of India demanded for all Parsees to adopt a surname, many adopted English vocabulary based on their occupation (i.e. ENGINEER
CONWAY Welsh, Scottish, Irish
As a Welsh surname, it comes from the name of a fortified town on the coast of North Wales (Conwy formerly Conway), taken from the name of the river on which it stands. The river name Conwy
may mean "holy water" in Welsh.... [more]
Anglicized form of the Gaelic name "MacCogadhain"; composed of the Gaelic prefix "mac," which means "son of," and the Gaelic personal name "Cuchogaidh", which means "Hound of War". The name is also found in Ireland as Cogan, Coggan, Coggen, Cogin, Coggon, Coogan and Goggin(s).
Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac Giolla Chúille ‘son of the servant of (Saint) Mochúille’, a rare Clare name.
Probably an occupational name for a college servant or someone with some other association with a university college, for example a tenant farmer who farmed one of the many farms in England known as College Farm, most of which are or were owned by university colleges.
A Sussex, England surname of uncertain meaning. Could be a local pronunciation of COTTER
, meaning "cottage dweller" for a serf in the feudal system allowed to live in a cottage in exchange for labor on the cottage owner's estate.
Some sources say that Copeland is English: "one that is good at coping". Another says Copeland is Northern English and Scottish, from Cumberland and Northumberland meaning "bought land". Old Norse, kaupa-land for‘bought land’.
Americanized spelling, probably originally spelled Kopenhaver or Koppenhaver. Means "owner of a hill".
Coppola is an occupational name for someone who makes 'coppolas', which are a type of hat. The word 'coppola' literally means 'hat' in Neapolitan dialect. The name also could have been for someone who frequently wore a coppola too.... [more]
For full analysis of the origin for the name Copus/Copas I would refer you to my family website copusfamily.co.uk
CORBETT English, Scottish, Welsh
Nickname from Norman French corbet
meaning 'little crow, raven'. This surname is thought to have originated in Shropshire. The surname was taken by bearers to Scotland in the 12th Century, and to Northern Ireland in the 17th Century.... [more]
CORBIN English, French
Derived from French corbeau
meaning "raven," originally denoting a person who had dark hair.
Variant of CORBIN
, notably borne by current Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn (1949-).
Means "hunchback" in Spanish. It would denote a person with a curved spine.
From the given name Corda
(a short form of Accord(i)o, literally "agreement") + the suffix -asco
Either from the French word corde
meaning "cord/rope/string", or from the Latin word cor
meaning "heart." This was the surname of Charlotte Corday, the assassin who killed Jacobin leader Jean-Paul Marat during the French revolution.
Derives from Old French Cordon
meaning "a seller of ribbon" or from Cordoan
, a locational job description for a worker in fine kid leather. Originally associated with the city of Cordova in Spain... [more]
Indicates someone who was originally from the city of Córdoba (Cordova)
in Andalusia, Spain. The name itself is derived from Phonecian Qʾrtuba
meaning "Juba’s city", itself from Phonecian qʾrt
meaning "city" and juba
referring to King Juba I of Numidia.
An occupational surname for a cordwainer or shoemaker, and derived from Old French cordouanier
, literally meaning "cobbler".
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous parish of the municipality of Pravia.
From a medieval nickname for a proud man (from Old French cuer de roi
"heart of a king").
Metonymic occupational name for a supplier of red or purple dye or for a dyer of cloth, Middle English cork
(of Celtic origin; compare CORKERY
CORKERY Irish (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Corcra
"descendant of Corcra
", a personal name derived from corcair
"purple" (ultimately cognate with Latin purpur
From Manx Gaelic Mac Thorliot
"son of Thorliot
", a male personal name derived from Old Norse Thórrljótr
, literally "Thor-bright".
French topographic name for someone who lived near a sorb or service tree, Old French cormier
, the name of the fruit for which the tree was cultivated, apparently of Gaulish origin).
Nickname meaning "crow, jackdaw" in Italian, applied to someone who was talkative or thought to resemble a crow or jackdaw in some other way.
One who came from Cornwall, a county in the South West of England.
One who came from Cornwall, a county in the South West of England.
Habitational name from Cornwell in Oxfordshire, named from Old English corn, a metathesized form of cron, cran ‘crane’ + well(a) ‘spring’, ‘stream’.variant of Cornwall.
It was a name given to a dark-haired person. In Yorkshire and Suffolk, the surname Corpus is derived from the Old Norse word korpr, which means raven; in Oxfordshire, the surname is derived from the Old French word corp, which has the same meaning.