Browse Submitted Surnames
This is a list of submitted surnames in which an editor of the name is LMS
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
From an Italian surname coming from the place name Abruzzi in eastern Italy (the modern name is Abruzzo). This place name may derive from the Praetutii, an ancient tribe inhabiting the region.
This name derives from the surname Abelson, meaning "son of Abel." Patronymic.
Derived from a surname. It is the name of a parish in Fife, Scotland, on the northern shore of the Frith of Forth, whence the possessor took his surname; from Aber, marshy ground, a place where two or more streams meet; and cruime or crombie, a bend or crook... [more]
Combination of Swedish å
"small river" and berg
A different form of Abernethy
, which originally meant "person from Abernethy", Perth and Kinross ("confluence of the (river) Nethy"). This was one of the surnames of the Scots who settled in northern Ireland during the ‘plantation’ in the 17th century, and it was brought to the U.S. as the name of a Southern plantation owner.
ACHIO Spanish (Latin American)
Possibly derived from the town, Achio, near Guadalajara in Mexico. The name itself is probably from the Nahuatl achio
AGASSI Armenian, Persian, Italian
The surname Agassi most likely evolved from a nickname for someone resembling a mappie, perhaps jokingly referred to as chattering or nagging person. ... [more]
AHLBORN Swedish (Rare)
Combination of Swedish al
"alder" and -born
, a Swedish surname suffix derived from German geboren
As a Finnish surname, it is derived from Finnish aho
"glade", "forest clearing". It was also formerly a popular ornamental name in Northern Finland, especially among Swedes living there. It is now a 'protected' surname in Finland, which means someone may only bear it via birthright or marriage.... [more]
AIZEN Popular Culture
This Japanese surname is used as 藍染 with 藍 (ran, ai) meaning "indigo" and 染 (sen, shi.mi, shi.miru, -shi.meru, -ji.miru, so.maru, so.meru, -zo.me, -zome) meaning "colour, dye, paint, print, stain." Normally, this would be romanticised as Aizome.... [more]
From the name of a whitish kind of gypsum used for vases, ornaments and busts, ultimately deriving from Greek alabastros
, itself perhaps from Egyptian 'a-labaste
"vessel of the goddess Bast
ALARIE French, French (Quebec)
French: reflex of the Visigothic personal name Alaric
, which is composed of Germanic elements meaning ‘all power’. This form was established in Quebec from 1681.
ALBAZ Jewish, Northern African
Ashkenazic Jewish name meaning, "falconer" found mainly amongst Jewish peoples emigrating from Algeria and Morocco.
English: ostensibly a topographic name containing Middle English cott
‘cottage’ (see Coates
). In fact, however, it is generally if not always an alteration of Alcock
, in part at least for euphemistic reasons.
Official website of the the City of Alfés (in the Province Lleida, Catalonia, Spain) says:... [more]
Etymological origin unknown, possibly from the latin word alias
, meaning "different".
AMBERG German, Jewish
German and possibly Jewish (Ashkenazic) habitational name from any of several settlements called Amberg (literally ‘by the mountain’), including a city in Bavaria. It could also be a topographic name of identical etymology... [more]
AMES English, German
English: from the Old French and Middle English personal name Amys
, which is either directly from Latin amicus
‘friend’, used as a personal name, or via a Late Latin derivative of this, Amicius
AMORY English, Norman
English from a Germanic personal name, Aimeri
, composed of the elements haim
‘home’ + ric
‘power’. (The same elements constitute the etymology of Henry
.) The name was introduced into England from France by the Normans... [more]
man, warrior... a surname that derives from the personal name "Andreas", meaning manly, and was held by the first of Christ's disciples.
ANDRULEWICZ Lithuanian (Modern, Rare), Polish (Modern, Rare), Jewish (Modern, Rare), Latvian
, it means "ben-Adam"
("ben" being "son" in Hebrew; Adam meaning "man"). The Andrulevičiuses were originally Sephardic kohanim whom immigrated to Lithuania, and then Poland, Latvia, and other countries.
Reduced form of any of various Greek surnames derived from the forename Angelos
(from #angelos ‘messenger’, ‘angel’), as for example Angelopoulos
ANSELMO Italian, Spanish
Comes from the personal name Anselmo
, which is of Germanic origin (see Anselm). This was a distinctively Langobardic name, and was especially common in Lombardy in the Middle Ages.
AO Chinese (?)
Chinese from the name of Da Ao, a teacher of the legendary emperor Zhuan Xu
(26th century bc).
ARGYLE Scottish, Scottish Gaelic
From the regional name Argyll, a county of southwestern Scotland, named in Gaelic as Earre Ghàidheal ‘coast of the Gaels’. Argyll was the earliest part of Scotland to be settled by Gaelic speakers from Ireland from the 6th century onwards... [more]
ARGYLL Scottish, Scottish Gaelic
From the regional name Argyll, a county of southwestern Scotland, named in Gaelic as Earre Ghàidheal
‘coast of the Gaels’. Argyll was the earliest part of Scotland to be settled by Gaelic speakers from Ireland from the 6th century onwards... [more]
ARISEN English (Modern)
From a Dutch surname that means "son of Aris
". In The Netherlands, this name is never used as a first name, since Dutch law strictly prohibits the use of surnames as first names. Therefore, if this name is indeed sometimes used as a first name in the United States (where it *is* allowed to use surnames as first names), one should classify Arisen as an (American-)English first name.
ARMOUR Scottish, Northern Irish
From Middle English, Old French armure
, blended with the agent noun armer
), hence an occupational name for a maker of arms and armor. The collective noun armure denoted offensive weapons as well as the more recently specialized sense of protective gear.
Habitational name from any of numerous places named with arroyo
"watercourse", "irrigation channel."
English: habitational name from any of the numerous places in northern and eastern England called Ashby, from Old Norse askr
‘ash’ or the Old Norse personal name Aski
English (chiefly Lancashire) topographic name from Middle English asche
‘ash tree’ + croft
‘enclosure’, or a habitational name from a minor place named with these elements.
pronouncec assel brudd the origin of the name id unknown but the family were first fiund in heworth .george asselbrough married sarah keatlie in heworth.they had george b1752-1833 alston,srag 17154c nicholas 1757 - 1813 felling pit disaster.peter 1760 james 1762,... [more]
Combination of Swedish å
"creek, small river, stream" and ström
"stream, current, flow".
English: topographic name for someone whose dwelling was ‘by the clearing or meadow’, Middle English atte lee
. The word lea
(Old English leah
) originally meant ‘wood’, thence ‘clearing in a wood’, and, by the Middle English period, ‘grassy meadow’.
This surname is derived from the Germanic given name Aldwin
, of which the Old English equivalent is Ealdwine
. Also compare Alden
, which is a surname that has the same etymological origins. The surname Auden was probably formed during the time of the Norman French occupation of England, as Germanic names containing -al-
usually became -au-
in Norman French... [more]
Italian (Campania) dialect variant of Uccello
‘bird’, hence either a nickname for a diminutive, birdlike person or an occupational name for a fowler. Compare Auciello
Americanized form of Dutch Ackerman
. This was a frequent name in New Netherland in the 17th century.
Arabic from a shortened form of Aba
, accusative case of Abu
Chinese from the name of the kingdom of Ba, which existed in Sichuan during the Zhou
dynasty (1122–221 bc). Descendants of some of the ruling class adopted the name of the kingdom as their surname... [more]
Bacharachas is a derivate of the Bacharach that is a town in Germany.
Apparently an extremely rare name of French origin, but isn't used as a first name in France. It might come from the rather uncommon French surname Bardinette
, which apparently is a variant spelling of the surname Bardinet
BAINEBRIDGE English, Irish
Bridge over the Bain, An English town named for its place on the river Bain, now used as a surname. Lives near the bridge over the white water... [more]
English and Scottish: derogatory nickname from a derivative of bald
‘bald-headed’ (see also Bald
BANKSY English, Popular Culture
This is pseudonyms Banksy is a pseudonymous England-based graffiti artist, political activist, film director, and painter. Banksy's real name might be Robin Gunningham. How Banksy got his pseudonym is unknown... [more]
Spanish occupational name for a barber-surgeon (see Barber
), Spanish barbero
, from Late Latin barbarius
, a derivative of barba
‘beard’ (Latin barba
English: habitational name from places in North and West Yorkshire named Barden, from Old English bere
‘barley’ (or the derived adjective beren
) + denu
SURNAME Town cryer, or someone who shouts out notices
Southern English habitational name for someone who lived by a barn.
BARWICK English, German
English: habitational name from any of various places called Barwick, for example in Norfolk, Somerset, and West Yorkshire, from Old English bere
‘barley’ + wic
‘outlying farm’, i.e. a granary lying some distance away from the main village.... [more]
BAUMFREE Dutch, American, African American
This name is clearly derived from Sojourner Truth, a former African-American slave who was born as Isabella Bomefree (but at some point the surname was changed to the more German-looking Baumfree). Although Sojourner's original owners - James and Elizabeth Bomefree/Baumfree - were apparently of Dutch descent, it is questionable whether the surname is really of Dutch origin... [more]
From the surname of Simone de Beauvoir (1908-1986), a French feminist and philosopher.
An Old English name simply meaning "beehive". Famous Irish playwrite Samuel Beckett bears this name.
BEETHOVEN Dutch, Flemish
Combination of beeth
'beetroot' and hoven
, the plural of Hof
, meaning 'farm'. Beethoven is therefore 'beetroot farms'. There is a village named Betthoven in the province of Liège.
Aristocratic surname from French
, meaning "beautiful grove"; comes from a place name in Leicestershire. A famous namesake is British polar explorer Belgrave Ninnis, who perished in Antarctica on a 1912 expedition.
BELLUMUS Late Roman
Means "beautiful man" derived from the elements bellus
"beautiful" and homo
English: habitational name from a place in the parish of Alstonfield, Staffordshire named Beresford, from Old English beofor ‘beaver’ (or possibly from a byname from this word) + Old English ford ‘ford’... [more]
BERNER English, Norman
From the Norman personal name Bernier
from Old English beornan
‘to burn’, hence an occupational name for a burner of lime (compare German Kalkbrenner
) or charcoal. It may also have denoted someone who baked bricks or distilled spirits, or who carried out any other manufacturing process involving burning... [more]
BERNER German, Low German
German habitational name, in Silesia denoting someone from a place called Berna (of which there are two examples); in southern Germany and Switzerland denoting someone from the Swiss city of Berne. ... [more]
, originally meaning ‘hooded cloak’ (Latin birrus
), later ‘headdress’, ‘bonnet’, hence a metonymic occupational name for a maker of such headgear or a nickname for an habitual wearer.
BERRYANN Medieval English (Rare)
The name is pre 7th century Olde English and later Olde French. It derives from the word burri
, translating as a fortress or castle and means 'one who dwelt at the castle'. The suffix 'man' also indicates that it was job descriptive for a guard or keeper of the castle... [more]
Habitational name from Bexley (now Bexleyheath in Greater London), which was named from Old English byxe
‘box tree’ + leah
BIELER German, Jewish
Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from any of the many places in eastern Europe whose name incorporates the Slavic element byel-
BINETTE French (Quebec)
Altered spelling of French Binet
, a short form of Robinet
, a pet form of Robert
. The spelling reflects the French Canadian custom of pronouncing the final -t, which would be silent in metropolitan French.
BIRCH English, German, Danish, Swedish (Rare)
From Middle High German birche
, Old English birce
, Old Danish birk
, all meaning "birch". This was likely a topographic name for someone living by a birch tree or a birch forest... [more]
Metonymic occupational name for an iron worker, from Middle English blome
‘ingot (of iron)’.
BLUFORD English, American (South)
Possibly an English habitational name from a lost or unidentified place. The name occurs in records of the 19th century but is now very rare if not extinct in the British Isles. In the U.S. it is found chiefly in TX and TN.
Ornamental name composed of German Blume
"flower" and Berg
BLUTH German, Jewish
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): ornamental name from Middle High German bluot, German Blüte ‘bloom’, ‘flower head’. ... [more]
Possibly a combination of Swedish bod
"shed, shack, small building" and the common surname suffix -én
(originally a derivative of Latin -enius
"descendant of"). Also a possible habitational name from places named with Bod-
From the Germanic personal name Baldo
, a short form of the various compound names with the first element bald
From Middle English bolt
meaning "bolt", "bar" (Old English bolt
meaning "arrow’). In part this may have originated as a nickname or byname for a short but powerfully built person, in part as a metonymic occupational name for a maker of bolts... [more]
Italian from the medieval personal name Bongiorno
(composed of bono
‘good’ + giorno
‘day’), bestowed on a child as an expression of the parents’ satisfaction at the birth (‘it was a good day when you were born’).
Combination of an unknown first element and the common surname suffix -én
(originally from Latin -enius
"descendant of"). Also possible habitational name derived from places named with Bor-
, such as Borås, Borensberg, and Borlänge... [more]
BORKOWSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from a place called Borki, Borkowice, or Borek, all named with Polish bór
'pine forest', or from Borków, which derives from the personal name Borek
+ the possessive suffix -ow
BOUJETTIF Northern African (Archaic)
Meaning, "The family of the son of the Clever Head" or "One Whom Possess a Clever Head." Bou
(normally used in the North African Regions of the Maghrib Countries) has 2 possible derivative meanings both originating from the Arabic language, "Son of..." or an Arabic word Tho
meaning, "One Who Possess A Quality." Jettif
is a variance of Jettef
which is derived from the ancient Tamazight or Imazighen (popularly known as Berber) and is pronounced "j-ixf" which means Clever, head, or brain."
Occupational name for a herdsman, from Old French bouvier
, Late Latin boviarus
, a derivative of bos
, genetive bovis
BRANDIS German, Jewish, Swiss
German & Swiss: Habitational name from a former Brandis castle in Emmental near Bern, Switzerland, or from any of the places so named in Saxony, Germany. A famous bearer of the name is Jonathan Brandis
French and English (of both Norman and Huguenot origin): occupational name for a brewer, from Old French brasser
‘to brew’. See also Brasher
BRATTÉN Swedish (Rare)
Composed of the personal name Bratt
and the common surname suffix -én
(ultimately from Latin -enius
BRETON French, English
French and English: ethnic name for a Breton, from Old French bret
(oblique case breton
) (see Brett
North German topographic name for someone who lived by a swamp, from Middle Low German brook bog
+ the suffix -er denoting an inhabitant.
Likely composed of Swedish bro
"bridge" and the common surname suffix -én
(ultimately derived from Latin -enius
Composed of Swedish bro
"bridge" and the common surname suffix -in
(ultimately derived from Latin -inus
Dutch occupational name for a brewer of beer or ale, Middle Dutch brouwer
BRUMBY Australian (Rare), English
English habitational name from a place in Lincolnshire named Brumby, from the Old Norse personal name Brúni
or from Old Norse brunnr
‘well’ + býr
North German: status name for the mayor or chief magistrate of a town, from Middle Low German bur
‘inhabitant, dweller’, ‘neighbor’, ‘peasant’, ‘citizen’ + mester
English variant of Birkin
, a habitational name from the parish of Birkin in West Yorkshire, so named with Old English bircen
‘birch grove’, a derivative of birce
North German: status name for the mayor or chief magistrate of a town, from Middle Low German bur
‘inhabitant, dweller’, ‘neighbor’, ‘peasant’, ‘citizen’ + mester
Descriptive nickname from Old French burnete
‘brown’ (see Burnett
). Possibly also a reduced form of Buronet
, from a diminutive of Old French buron
BYERS Scottish, English
Scottish and northern English topographic name for someone who lived by a cattleshed, Middle English byre
, or a habitational name with the same meaning, from any of several places named with Old English b¯re
, for example Byers Green in County Durham or Byres near Edinburgh.
English: metonymic occupational name for a maker of rope, especially the type of stout rope used in maritime applications, from Anglo-Norman French cable
‘cable’ (Late Latin capulum
‘halter’, of Arabic origin, but associated by folk etymology with Latin capere
‘to seize’).... [more]
Respelling of German Kamper
). The surname Camper is recorded in England, in the London and Essex area, in the 19th century; its origin is uncertain, but it may have been taken there from continental Europe.
CAMPION Norman, French
English (of Norman origin) and French: status name for a professional champion (see Champion
), from the Norman French form campion
Italian regional surname denoting someone who lived by a canal. From the Italian canale
'canal', from the Latin canalis
meaning "canal; conduit; groove; funnel; or ditch". Alternatively, it may come the genus name of wild cinnamon, a diminutive of the Latin canna
From the personal name Karl
, which is also a common place name prefix, and the common surname suffix -ing
CARRERA Spanish, Italian
Spanish: topographic name for someone living by a main road, carrera
‘thoroughfare’, originally a road passable by vehicles as well as pedestrians (Late Latin carraria
(via), a derivative of carrum
‘cart’), or a habitational name from any of various places named with this word.... [more]
CARRINGTON English, Scottish
English: habitational name from a place in Greater Manchester (formerly in Cheshire) called Carrington, probably named with an unattested Old English personal name Cara
denoting association + tun
CASANOVA Catalan, Italian
Catalan and Italian: topographic name from Latin casa
‘house’ + nova
‘new’, or a habitational name from any of the many places named with these words.
Origin uncertain. This is not known as a surname in Britain. It may be an Americanized form of a French name such as Casault
English patronymic from the Old Norse byname Káti
Variant of Chambers
. The -l- was originally an orthographic device to indicate the length of the vowel after assimilation of -mb- to -m(m)-.
Derived from the personal names Josse
, which are derived from the Latin word "gaudere" and is a cognate in origin with the word "joy."
chourey surname basically belongs to kurmi caste
CLEVELAND Old English, English, Popular Culture
English regional name from the district around Middlesbrough named Cleveland ‘the land of the cliffs’, from the genitive plural (clifa
) of Old English clif
‘bank’, ‘slope’ + land
CLEVELAND Norwegian (Anglicized)
Americanized spelling of Norwegian Kleiveland
, habitational names from any of five farmsteads in Agder and Vestlandet named with Old Norse kleif
"rocky ascent" or klefi
"closet" (an allusion to a hollow land formation) and land
This unusual surname is of Old Norse origin and is found particularly in Scotland. It derives from an Old Norse personal name Kobbi
, itself from an element meaning large, and the Gaelic bain
, denoting a fair person, with the diminutive ('little' or 'son of') form Cobbie
English (Essex and Suffolk): nickname from the jackdaw, Middle English co
, Old English ca
). The jackdaw is noted for its sleek black color, raucous voice, and thievish nature, and any of these attributes could readily have given rise to the nickname.
COLDEN English, Scottish
English: habitational name from a place in West Yorkshire named Colden, from Old English cald
‘charcoal’ + denu
COMBEFERRE Literature (?)
Combeferre is the surname of one of the strong, persuasive members of the ABC in Victor Hugo's novel Les Misérables. Meaning is unknown.
CONKLIN Irish, Dutch
Origin unidentified. Most likely of Dutch origin (the name is found in the 18th century in the Hudson Valley), or possibly a variant of Irish Coughlin
French topographic name for someone who lived near a sorb or service tree, Old French cormier
, the name of the fruit for which the tree was cultivated, apparently of Gaulish origin).
Traditionally an Irish surname meaning "spear". From the Irish Gaelic corragán
which is a double diminutive of corr
COTTON English, French
English: habitational name from any of numerous places named from Old English cotum
(dative plural of cot
) ‘at the cottages or huts’ (or sometimes possibly from a Middle English plural, coten
Courfeyrac is the surname that Victor Hugo used for Marius' closest friend in the friend of the ABC. Meaning is unknown.
CRABB English, Scottish, German, Dutch, Danish
English and Scottish, from Middle English crabbe, Old English crabba
‘crab’ (the crustacean), a nickname for someone with a peculiar gait. English and Scottish from Middle English crabbe
‘crabapple (tree)’ (probably of Old Norse origin), hence a topographic name for someone who lived by a crabapple tree... [more]
From Cranshaw in Lancashire, named from Old English cran(uc)
‘crane’ + sceaga
French (adjectival form Crété
‘crested’): nickname for an arrogant individual, from Old French creste
‘crest (of a hill)’ (Late Latin crista
), used with reference to the comb of a rooster... [more]
CROZIER English, French
English and French occupational name for one who carried a cross or a bishop’s crook in ecclesiastical processions, from Middle English, Old French croisier
CRUSOE English (Rare)
According to Reaney and Wilson this name was taken to England by John Crusoe, a Huguenot refugee from Hownescourt in Flanders, who settled in Norwich.
Regional name for someone from Cumberland in northwestern England (now part of Cumbria).
This is an English surname, deriving from the village so-named in North Yorkshire. The village takes its name from the Cumbric element cumb
meaning 'dale' (cognate with Welsh cwm
, 'valley') and Old Norse dalr
meaning 'valley', forming a compound name meaning 'dale-valley'.
CURRIE Scottish, Irish
Irish: Habitational name from Currie in Midlothian, first recorded in this form in 1230. It is derived from Gaelic curraigh
, dative case of currach
‘wet plain’, ‘marsh’. It is also a habitational name from Corrie in Dumfriesshire (see Corrie
Polonized form of the German surname Zwirner
, an occupational name for a yarn or twine maker, from an agent derivative of Middle High German zwirn
Eastern German: from a pet form of the Slavic personal names Dalibor
, which are both derived from dal-
Scottish habitational name from a place near Selkirk, first recorded in 1383 in the form Dalglas, from Celtic dol-
‘field’ + glas
DANGAL Nepali (Modern)
The surname Dangal is supposed to be the shortened form of the demonym Dangali (pronounced DHAA-NGAA-LEE) for Dang (pronounced DHAA-NG), a district in Mid-Western Nepal. The surname is found to have been adopted by various communities, especially the Tiwaris (for the surname Tiwari), after they migrated to various regions of the countries and the locals in those regions referred to them as Dangalis (later shortened to Dangal) instead of their original surnames.
DARLING Literature, English, Scottish
English and Scottish: from Middle English derling
, Old English deorling
‘darling’, ‘beloved one’, a derivative of deor
‘dear’, ‘beloved’ (see Dear
). This was quite a common Old English byname, which remained current as a personal name into the 14th century... [more]
DAUGHTRY English, Norman
English (of Norman origin) habitational name, with fused French preposition d(e), for someone from Hauterive in Orne, France, named from Old French haute rive
‘high bank’ (Latin alta ripa
DAW Irish (Anglicized)
Irish anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Deaghaidh
, ‘descendant of Deaghadh
’, a personal name of uncertain origin. It may be composed of the elements deagh-
‘good’ + ádh
‘luck’, ‘fate’; some such association seems to lie behind its Anglicization as Goodwin.
Nickname for a noisy or troublesome person, from Anglo-French de(s)rei
‘noise’, ‘trouble’, ‘turbulence’ (from Old French desroi
). topographic for someone who lived by a deer enclosure, from Old English deor
‘deer’ + (ge)hæg
DERRY Irish, English
English variant of Deary
, or alternatively a nickname for a merchant or tradesman, from Anglo-French darree
‘pennyworth’, from Old French denree
. ... [more]
French: variant of De Var
, a habitational name for someone from a place named Var, for example in Charente. Respelling of French Devors
, a habitational name, with the preposition de
, for someone from Vors in Aveyron.
DIALLO Western African
A common name throughout West Africa, it is the French transcription of a surname of Fula origin.
Americanized form of a Jewish surname, spelled in various ways, derived from modern German Diamant
"diamond", or Yiddish dimet
, from the Middle High German diemant
(via Latin from Greek adamas ‘unconquerable’, genitive adamantos, a reference to the hardness of the stone)... [more]
Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Diamáin
"descendant of Diamán", earlier Díomá
, a diminutive of Díoma
, itself a pet form of DIARMAID
English variant of Dayman
). Forms with the excrescent d are not found before the 17th century; they are at least in part the result of folk etymology.
Irish: reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Dubháin
‘descendant of Dubhán
’, meaning ‘the little black one’, a common name in the 16th century in southern Ireland, or Ó Damháin
‘descendant of Damhán
’ meaning ‘fawn’, ‘little stag’, a rare Ulster name... [more]
DOHRMANN Low German
North German topographic name for someone who lived by the gates of a town or city (see Thor