Submitted Surnames Starting with B
Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
BASUMATARY Indian, Bodo, Assamese
From a Sanskritized form of the Bodo name बसुमातारी (Baisamatari)
, which meant "mother earth" or "earthly folks". The name was originally used by landowners or landlords.
This indicates familial origin within the Lesser Polish village of Baszowice.
BATEY English (?)
Originates from mostly northern England. Is the presumed given name to fishers. (With it meaning "Small fishing boat" in old English.)
BATHGATE Scottish, English
From the town of Bathgate, west of Edinburgh, Scotland. The town's name derives from Cumbric *beith
, meaning 'boar' (Welsh baedd
) and *gaith
. meaning 'wood' (Welsh coed
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Manchego municipality.
From St. John the Baptist, the first bearers of this name were devoted to this saint. Another etymology would be a patronymic from the given name Battista
, anyway linked to the aforementioned saint.
Tagalog Filipino surname meaning "iron stone", from Tagalog bato
"stone" combined with bakal
Variant spelling of BALCOMBE
, a habitational name from West Sussex derived from Old English bealu
"evil" and cumb
A French surname, coming from the word "baudelaire", which is a short, broad, and curved sword used in heraldry.
BAUDRIC French (Rare)
Derived from the medieval French given name Baudric
, which was a variant form of Baldéric
, the French form of Baldric
Derived from the medieval French given name Baudry
, which was a variant form of Baudric
, a given name that itself was a variant form of Baldéric
). A known bearer of this surname was the French painter Paul-Jacques-Aimé Baudry (1828-1886).
A surname originating from the Rhineland region of Germany. It is derived from German Bauer
in the locals dialects) "farmer" and Deich
in the local dialects) "levee" or Teich
BAUMFREE Dutch, American, African American
This name is clearly derived from Sojourner Truth, a former African-American slave who was born as Isabella Bomefree (but at some point the surname was changed to the more German-looking Baumfree). Although Sojourner's original owners - James and Elizabeth Bomefree/Baumfree - were apparently of Dutch descent, it is questionable whether the surname is really of Dutch origin... [more]
BAUMKÖTTER German (Modern)From the German words 'Baum' meaning 'tree' and 'Kötter' a type of villager who dwelt in a cottage, similar to the Scottish Cotter.
"Presumably a 'Baumkötter' earned money from a small orchard on their property."
Ethnic name from bavaro
"Bavarian" someone from Bavaria, now part of Germany, but formerly an independent kingdom.
Sikh name based on the name of a Jat clan. It is also a title given to the male descendants of the first three Sikh gurus.
Possibly a short form of Baxter
, or maybe from the Anglo-Saxon word box
, referring to the box tree.
Habitational name, probably an altered form of Baxenden, a place near Accrington, which is named with an unattested Old English word bæcstān meaning "bakestone" (a flat stone on which bread was baked) + denu meaning "valley"... [more]
BAY English, French, Dutch, Scottish, German, Danish, Norwegian
English, French, and Dutch: nickname for someone with chestnut or auburn hair, from Middle English, Old French bay
, Middle Dutch bay
‘reddish brown’ (Latin badius
, used originally of horses).... [more]
The earliest recorded spelling of the surname was "Besant", "Bezant", or "Beasant", which comes from an old French word "besant", which, in turn, was derived from the Latin term "byzantius aureus". The "byzantius" or "bezant" was a gold coin named after the city of Byzantium (ancient name in BC, later named 'Constantinople' in 330 AD)... [more]
Possibly derived from the legal term bailor
"one who delivers goods". It could also be a respelling of German name BEILER
, an occupational name for an inspector of measures or a maker of measuring sticks... [more]
BAZ-OOL Tuvan (Rare)
Means "another boy" from Tuvan база (baza)
meaning "also, too, another" combined with оол (ool)
Derived from Georgian ბაზი (bazi)
meaning "falcon" or from a given name derived from Tatar базу (bazu)
meaning "to dare" (given in hopes that a son would become a warrior).
BAZZI Arabic, Iranian
Probably from Arabic baezii ‘foster brother(s)’, unrelated children breast-fed by the same wet nurse.
Habitational name from a place of this name in Teruel.
BEABER English (American)
Americanized spelling of German Bieber
, from Middle High German biber ‘beaver’, hence a nickname for someone thought to resemble the animal in some way, a topographic name for someone who lived in a place frequented by beavers or by a field named with this word, or a habitational name from any of various place names in Hesse containing this element.
Name for someone living near a beach, stream, or beech tree.
From Old English beam
"beam" or "post". It could be a topographic name from someone living near a post or tree, or it could be a metonymic occupational name for a weaver.... [more]
From the Middle English nickname Bere meaning "bear" (Old English bera, which is also found as a byname), or possibly from a personal name derived from a short form of the various Germanic compound names with this first element... [more]
BEARD English (American)
Nickname for a bearded man (Middle English, Old English beard). To be clean-shaven was the norm in non-Jewish communities in northwestern Europe from the 12th to the 16th century, the crucial period for surname formation... [more]
English habitational name, a variant of Barden
, or from places in Devon and Cornwall called Beardon.
BEAS Spanish (Mexican)
Spanish (common in Mexico): habitational name from any of the places in Andalusia named Beas.
BEAUCHAMP English, French
From the Old French "beau, bel" meaning "fair" and "lovely" and "champ(s)" meaning "field" or "plain." It is the name of several places in France. It is also the surname of the Beauchamp Family in the hit series Witches of East End.
BEAUFAY French (Rare)
In most cases, this surname is a locational surname that most likely took its name from the village of Beaufay
, which is nowadays located in the Sarthe department of France. The village was called Bello Faeto
during the Early Middle Ages, ultimately deriving its name from Latin bellus fagus
(or bellum fagetum
) meaning "beautiful beech tree(s)" or "beautiful beech woodland"... [more]
Habitational name from any of various places in France named Beauregard for their fine view or fine aspect, for example in Ain, Dordogne, Drôme, Lot, and Puy-de-Dôme, from beau
"fair, lovely" and regard
BEAUSÉJOUR French (Rare)
Literally means "beautiful sojourn", derived from French beau
"beautiful, nice, fine" and French séjour
"sojourn, short stay". As such, this surname is most likely a locational surname, in that it originally referred to a scenic place to sojourn in... [more]
From French place names derived from "beautiful sight".
From the surname of Simone de Beauvoir (1908-1986), a French feminist and philosopher.
Shortened form of Becherer
as well as a surname given to for someone who distilled or worked with pitch, in which case it is derived from Middle High German bech / pech
BECHMANN German (Rare)
Surname denoting someone who worked with pitch, from Middle High German bech / pech
"pitch" and man
, a suffix which can mean "man" or simply be used as a name suffix.
Occupational name for a maker or user of mattocks or pickaxes, from an agent derivative of Old English becca
An Old English name simply meaning "beehive". Famous Irish playwrite Samuel Beckett bears this name.
This surname was taken from an English habitational name from any of the various places, in Kent, Oxfordshire, and Sussex, named Beckley whose name was derived from the Old English byname Becca
and the Old English lēah
"woodland clearing".... [more]
BECKWITH English (African)
Habitational name from a place in West Yorkshire named Beckwith, from Old English bece "beech" + Old Norse viðr "wood" (replacing the cognate Old English wudu).
BECRAFT English (American)
English, variant of Beecroft. topographic name for someone who lived at a place where bees were kept, from Middle English bee ‘bee’ + croft ‘paddock’, ‘smallholding’.
From the English county Bedfordshire and its principal city or from a small community in Lancashire with the same name. The name comes from the Old English personal name Beda
, a form of the name Bede
and the location element -ford
meaning "a crossing at a waterway." Therefore the name indicates a water crossing once associated with a bearer of the medieval name.
An English habitational surname from a place so named near Nuneaton, in Warwickshire, derived most likely from the Old English personal name Baeda
), suffixed with worþ
, 'enclosure', denoting an enclosed area of land belonging to Baeda.
From Middle English be meaning "bee", Old English beo, hence a nickname for an energetic or active person or a metonymic occupational name for a beekeeper.
BEEDEN English (British)
Probably means "from Beeden", a village near Newbury in Berkshire. Ultimately coming from either Old English byden
, meaning "shallow valley", or from the pre 7th century personal name Bucge
with the suffix dun
, meaning "hill of Bucge".
BEEKMAN German, Anglo-Saxon
This name derives from the pre 5th century Olde German and later Anglo-Saxon word "bah" or "baecc". This word describes a stream, or as a name specifically someone who lived or worked by a stream.
BEER English, German, Dutch, German (Swiss)
Habitational name from any of the forty or so places in southwestern England called Beer(e) or Bear(e). Most of these derive their names from the West Saxon dative case, beara, of Old English bearu ‘grove’, ‘wood’ (the standard Old English dative bearwe being preserved in Barrow)... [more]
Nickname for a practical joker, from Italian beffa
Probably from French béguin
"(male) Beguin", referring to a member of a particular religious order active in the 13th century, and derived from the surname of Lambert le Bègue, the mid-12th-century priest responsible for starting it... [more]
From the German male personal name Behn
, a shortened form of Bernhard
. A famous bearer was the English novelist and dramatist Aphra Behn (1640-1689).
Habitational name for someone from either of two places called Behringen, near Soltau and in Thuringia, or from Böhringen in Württemberg.
BEIFONG Popular Culture
Surname of Toph from the American TV show "Avatar: The Last Airbender". Could be derived from the Chinese word "北方 (Běifāng)" meaning "north".
The name Beijering Probably comes from the other but wider spread Dutch surname, Meijering. There is'nt much info I was able to find about both surnames except that there are many diferent forms of the surname like: Beije, Beijerink, Beijeringh, Beijer, Meijer, Meijerink, Meijeringh, etc... [more]
This famous surname, one of the earliest recorded in history, and recorded in over two hundred spellings from Benedicte, Benech and Bennet, to Banish, Beinosovitch and Vedyasov, derives from the Roman personal name "Benedictus", meaning blessed.
This indicates familial origin within the Greater Polish village of Bekanówka.
BEKHTI Arabic (Maghrebi)
Derived from Arabic بخت (bakht)
"fortune, chance" (see the Persian name Bakhtiar
); mainly found in Algeria. A notable bearer is Leïla
Bekhti (1984-), a French actress of Algerian origin.
bekker is a regional form of Dutch bakker which means Baker
Occupational name from Yiddish be(he)lfer
Means "beautiful (as a) flower", derived from Italian bel
"beautiful" combined with Italian fiore
"flower". Two Italian sources claim that this surname was derived from the medieval masculine given name Belfiore
(which has of course the same meaning), but I can find no evidence that this was an actual given name in medieval Italy... [more]
Aristocratic surname from French
, meaning "beautiful grove"; comes from a place name in Leicestershire. A famous namesake is British polar explorer Belgrave Ninnis, who perished in Antarctica on a 1912 expedition.
BELHADJ Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of the pilgrim", from Arabic حَاجّ (ḥājj)
meaning "pilgrim" (chiefly Algerian and Tunisian). It mainly refers to a Muslim who has embarked on the Hajj to Mecca.
Derived from Russian белый (belyy)
meaning "white, fair".
Either a nickname from Czech bílý ‘white’ or a derivative of the female personal name Běla (which also means ‘white’), denoting the son or husband of a woman so named.
Metronymic from the Yiddish female personal name Beyle meaning ‘beautiful’ (related to French belle).
From the place name Bellaria, in Milan, Veneto, Piedmont and Sicily, these homonyms widespread throughout Italy.
Name came from the son of a French Noble born in Leicestershire, England. Hamon Bellers took his last name after the Kirby Bellers (Bellars) which was the name of the land given to him by his father.
BELLUMUS Late Roman
Means "beautiful man" derived from the elements bellus
"beautiful" and homo
Occupational name for a furrier, from an agent derivative of Middle High German bel(li)z
Habitational name for someone from Belz in Ukraine.
This indicates familial origin within the Lesser Polish village of Bełzów.
BEN Arabic (Maghrebi)
Maghrebi variant of Arabic بْن (bn)
, a form of اِبْن (ibn)
meaning "son (of), offspring". It is often used as a prefix for other Maghrebi patronymic names (such as Benali
"son of Ali
" or Ben Amor
"son of Amor
BEN ALI Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Ali (1)
" in Arabic (chiefly Tunisian). A notable bearer is Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (1936-), the second President of Tunisia.
From a derivative of Bene, a short form of the various omen names formed with this element (from Latin bene ‘well’), such as Benedetto, Benvenuto, etc.
Benda is short form from names Benjamin or Benedikt.
BENDER German, German (East Prussian)
As a German surname, Bender is a regional occupational surname from the Rhineland area denoting a "barrel-maker" (the Standard German Fassbinder
became "Fassbender" in the local dialects and ultimately was shortened to Bender).... [more]
Of Latin origin. Due to an early association as a saint's name and a papal name, often said to mean "blessed." Originally the Latin elements are 'bene-' meaning "good" or as an adverb "well" plus '-dict,' meaning "spoken." Thus, the literal meaning is "well spoken." ... [more]
BEN HADJ Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of the pilgrim"; the title Hadj
refers to a Muslim who has successfully completed the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. This surname is mainly found in Tunisia.
BENKIRANE Arabic (Maghrebi)
From Arabic بْن (bn)
meaning "son" combined with كِيرَان (kīrān)
meaning "forges, furnaces", possibly denoting descent of a blacksmith or metalworker (chiefly Moroccan).
BENNANI Arabic (Maghrebi)
Meaning unknown; mainly found in Morocco. A notable bearer is Princess Lalla Salma
of Morocco (1978–), born as Salma Bennani.
From the Germanic name Berno, which was derived from Old German "bero", meaning bear.
Habitational name from either of two places called Benington, in Hertfordshire and Lincolnshire, or from Long Bennington in Lincolnshire. The first is recorded in Domesday Book as Benintone
"farmstead or settlement (Old English tūn
) by the Beane river"; both Lincolnshire names are derived from the Old English personal name Beonna
combined with -ing-
, a connective particle denoting association, and tūn
Habitational name from any of various places named Bentham, from Old English beonet
"bent grass" + ham
"homestead" or hamm
"enclosure hemmed in by water".
South German: (in Alemannic areas) from a short form of the Germanic personal name Berthold, or to a lesser extent of Bernhard
BENZEMA Arabic (Maghrebi)
This is the surname of French professional footballer Karim Benzema who is of Algerian descent.
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous municipality.
Possibly a habitational name from a place called Berber near Kevelaer.
Occupational name for a barber, from berber(in) meaning "barber", from Turkish.
The surname is derived from the given name Bernd
and was formerly written "Bernd sin Sohn" which meant "son of Bernd
". The spelling Berentzen developped through the years.
English: habitational name from a place in the parish of Alstonfield, Staffordshire named Beresford, from Old English beofor ‘beaver’ (or possibly from a byname from this word) + Old English ford ‘ford’... [more]
Traced to 1437, Bergamo. A 'bergamini' was known as a person famrmed and sold milk cows
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous municipality.
Origin unidentified. Possibly a German habitational name from places in Hamburg and Lower Saxony called Bergedorf, Bargdorf in Lower Saxony, or Bergsdorf in Brandenburg.
Swedish surname meaning "mountain branch". From berg
"mountain" and gren
Swedish surname meaning "mountain branch". From berg
"mountain" and kvist
Combination of Swedish berg
"mountain" and the popular surname suffix -in
, derived from Latin -inus
meaning "descendant of". The second element could also be derived from Swedish lind
"lime tree" or lin
From the name of a village located in the Piedmont province in Italy. A notable bearer is Pope Francis (born Jorge Mario Bergoglio), the current Pope of the Catholic Church.
The surname Bergsma had orinally been German. It was then taken over to Holland possibly in the sixteenth century.... [more]
BERLIN German, English, Swedish
Habitational name from the city in Germany, the name of which is of uncertain meaning. It is possibly derived from an Old Slavic stem berl-
or from a West Slavic word meaning "river lake".... [more]
BERN German, Scandinavian, German (Swiss)
German and Scandinavian: from the personal name Berno, a pet form of Bernhard. In South German it comes from the habitational name from Bern, Switzerland, notably in the south; in other parts from the personal name Berno
BERNADOTTE French, Swedish
Possibly from the name of a building in the French city of Pau called de Bernadotte
. This was originally a French non-noble surname, but a member of the family later became King of Sweden.
The surname of BERNASCONI is of Italian origin, a locational name meaning the dweller on or near a small hill. The names of habitation are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages, farmsteads or other named habitations... [more]