Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
BARON English, French
From the title of nobility, derived from Middle English & Old French baron
(ultimately of Germanic origin). Instead of referring to someone of rank, this surname referred to a service in a baronial household or a peasant with ideas above their station... [more]
BARR Scottish, Northern Irish
Habitational name from any of various places in southwestern Scotland, in particular Ayrshire and Renfrewshire, named with Gaelic barr
"height, hill" or a British cognate of this.
Possibly a variant of Barreur
, an agent derivative of barrer ‘to bar’, ‘to close or block off’, hence possibly an occupational name for a jailer or doorkeeper.
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous neighborhood of the municipality of Larrabetzu.
BARRERA Spanish, Catalan
Either a topographic name for someone who lived near a gate or fence, from Spanish and Catalan barrera
meaning "barrier", or a topographic name for someone who lived by a clay pit, from Spanish barrero
, derived from the Spanish word barro
meaning "mud, clay".
Occupational name for a gatekeeper, from Old French barier
The history of the Barrineau family goes back to the Medieval landscape of northern France, to that coastal region known as Normandy. Barrineau is a habitation name, derived from the place name Barrault, in Normandy.... [more]
BARRINGTON English, Irish
English: habitational name from any of several places called Barrington. The one in Gloucestershire is named with the Old English personal name Beorn
+ -ing- denoting association + tun ‘settlement’... [more]
Habitational name from any of the numerous places named with Spanish barrio
"outlying suburb (especially an impoverished one), slum", from Arabic barr
"suburb, dependent village". It may also be a topographic name for someone originating from a barrio.
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous neighborhood of the municipality of Bedia.
Habitational name from any of the numerous places named with Old English bearo
"grove" or from Barrow in Furness, Cumbria, which is named with an unattested Celtic word, barr
, here meaning "promontory", and Old Norse ey
A man employed in wheeling a barrow; specifically, in coal-mining, one who conveys the coal in a wheelbarrow from the point where it is mined to the trolleyway or tramway on which it is carried to the place where it is raised to the surface.
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous municipality.
A Guinean surname meaning the family comes from the Peul, Fulani, or Foulbe ethnic groups of West Africa.
Name for someone living in a village named Bars. This was the surname of American child actress Judith Barsi (June 6, 1978 - July 25, 1988).
Means "of Bar", referring to the city of Bar in the Vínnitsya Oblast.
BARTEK Polish, Czech, Slovak, German
Polish, Czech, Slovak, and eastern German: from a pet form of a vernacular form of the personal name Bartolomaeus (Czech Bartoloměj, Polish Bartłomiej, German Bartolomäus)
This surname originates from the village of the same name in the East Riding of Yorkshire, likely combining the Old Norse personal name Bǫrkr
with Old Norse þorp
BARTLEY English, American
1. English: habitational name from Bartley in Hampshire, or from Bartley Green in the West Midlands, both of which are named with Old English be(o)rc ‘birch’ + leah ‘woodland clearing’; compare Barclay
Last name Bartman is very rare but I believe it’s a English last name .Possibly variant of the last name BAUMAN
BARWICK English, German
English: habitational name from any of various places called Barwick, for example in Norfolk, Somerset, and West Yorkshire, from Old English bere
‘barley’ + wic
‘outlying farm’, i.e. a granary lying some distance away from the main village.... [more]
BARZELAIJ Dutch, Jewish
Dutch form (or "dutchization", if you will) of Barzilai
. Also compare Barzilaij
. This name is found exclusively in the Dutch-Jewish community, and is considered quite rare: there were only 6 bearers in 1947 and less than 5 bearers in 2007.
Derived from Barzillai
, the name of a character from the Talmud. His name meant "man of iron" or "iron-hearted", derived from Hebrew בַּרְזֶל (barzél)
BARZILAIJ Dutch, Jewish
Dutch form (or "dutchization", if you will) of Barzilai
. This name is found exclusively in the Dutch-Jewish community, and is considered quite rare: there were only 112 bearers in 1947 and only 51 bearers in 2007.
Habitational name for someone from a place called Basin.
Means "bush town", from Anglo-Norman French boschet (a little bush) and ville (town).
Means "son of Baske
", a Yiddish female personal name (a pet-form of the Biblical name Bath Seba
). Baskin-Robbins is a US chain of ice-cream parlours founded in Glendale, California in 1945 by Burt Baskin (1913-1969) and Irv Robbins (1917-2008).
From Old French basset
, which is a diminutive of basse
meaning "low, short". It was either used as a nickname for a short person or someone of humble origins.
Meaning of this name is unknown. Possibly derived from Sebastian
The surname Bastiat was first found in Poitou, where this family held a family seat since ancient times.
BASUMATARY Indian, Bodo, Assamese
From a Sanskritized form of the Bodo name बसुमातारी (Baisamatari)
, which meant "mother earth" or "earthly folks". The name was originally used by landowners or landlords.
This indicates familial origin within the Lesser Polish village of Baszowice.
BATAWI Indonesian, Arabic
Means "Betawi" in Arabic, referring to an Indonesian ethnic group native to Jakarta. It is mostly borne by Saudi Arabian citizens of Indonesian descent.
BATEY English (?)
Originates from mostly northern England. Is the presumed given name to fishers. (With it meaning "Small fishing boat" in old English.)
BATHGATE Scottish, English
From the town of Bathgate, west of Edinburgh, Scotland. The town's name derives from Cumbric *beith
, meaning 'boar' (Welsh baedd
) and *gaith
. meaning 'wood' (Welsh coed
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Manchego municipality.
From St. John the Baptist, the first bearers of this name were devoted to this saint. Another etymology would be a patronymic from the given name Battista
, anyway linked to the aforementioned saint.
Tagalog Filipino surname meaning "iron stone", from Tagalog bato
"stone" combined with bakal
Variant spelling of BALCOMBE
, a habitational name from West Sussex derived from Old English bealu
"evil" and cumb
A French surname, coming from the word "baudelaire", which is a short, broad, and curved sword used in heraldry.
BAUDRIC French (Rare)
Derived from the medieval French given name Baudric
, which was a variant form of Baldéric
, the French form of Baldric
Derived from the medieval French given name Baudry
, which was a variant form of Baudric
, a given name that itself was a variant form of Baldéric
). A known bearer of this surname was the French painter Paul-Jacques-Aimé Baudry (1828-1886).
A surname originating from the Rhineland region of Germany. It is derived from German Bauer
in the locals dialects) "farmer" and Deich
in the local dialects) "levee" or Teich
Occupational name for a "builder" in German; from Middle High German 'buwen' 'to build' + meister 'master'. The surname has been used in the strategy series 'Chocolatier' by PlayFirst, one bearer of this is the grandmother of Alex Fletcher in the game, Evangeline Baumeister.
BAUMFREE Dutch, American, African American
This name is clearly derived from Sojourner Truth, a former African-American slave who was born as Isabella Bomefree (but at some point the surname was changed to the more German-looking Baumfree). Although Sojourner's original owners - James and Elizabeth Bomefree/Baumfree - were apparently of Dutch descent, it is questionable whether the surname is really of Dutch origin... [more]
BAUMKÖTTER German (Modern)From the German words 'Baum' meaning 'tree' and 'Kötter' a type of villager who dwelt in a cottage, similar to the Scottish Cotter.
"Presumably a 'Baumkötter' earned money from a small orchard on their property."
Ethnic name from bavaro
"Bavarian" someone from Bavaria, now part of Germany, but formerly an independent kingdom.
Sikh name based on the name of a Jat clan. It is also a title given to the male descendants of the first three Sikh gurus.
Possibly a short form of Baxter
, or maybe from the Anglo-Saxon word box
, referring to the box tree.
Habitational name, probably an altered form of Baxenden, a place near Accrington, which is named with an unattested Old English word bæcstān meaning "bakestone" (a flat stone on which bread was baked) + denu meaning "valley"... [more]
BAY English, French, Dutch
Derived from Middle English and Old French bay
and Middle Dutch bay
, all meaning "reddish brown". It was originally a nickname for someone with a hair color similar to that.
The earliest recorded spelling of the surname was "Besant", "Bezant", or "Beasant", which comes from an old French word "besant", which, in turn, was derived from the Latin term "byzantius aureus". The "byzantius" or "bezant" was a gold coin named after the city of Byzantium (ancient name in BC, later named 'Constantinople' in 330 AD)... [more]
Possibly derived from the legal term bailor
"one who delivers goods". It could also be a respelling of German name BEILER
, an occupational name for an inspector of measures or a maker of measuring sticks... [more]
BAZ-OOL Tuvan (Rare)
Means "another boy" from Tuvan база (baza)
meaning "also, too, another" combined with оол (ool)
Derived from Georgian ბაზი (bazi)
meaning "falcon" or from a given name derived from Tatar базу (bazu)
meaning "to dare" (given in hopes that a son would become a warrior).
Perhaps derived from an Arabic word meaning "foster brother(s)".
Habitational name from a place of this name in Teruel.
BEABER English (American)
Americanized spelling of German Bieber
, from Middle High German biber ‘beaver’, hence a nickname for someone thought to resemble the animal in some way, a topographic name for someone who lived in a place frequented by beavers or by a field named with this word, or a habitational name from any of various place names in Hesse containing this element.
Name for someone living near a beach, stream, or beech tree.
From Old English beam
"beam" or "post". It could be a topographic name from someone living near a post or tree, or it could be a metonymic occupational name for a weaver.... [more]
From the Middle English nickname Bere meaning "bear" (Old English bera, which is also found as a byname), or possibly from a personal name derived from a short form of the various Germanic compound names with this first element... [more]
BEARD English (American)
Nickname for a bearded man (Middle English, Old English beard). To be clean-shaven was the norm in non-Jewish communities in northwestern Europe from the 12th to the 16th century, the crucial period for surname formation... [more]
English habitational name, a variant of Barden
, or from places in Devon and Cornwall called Beardon.
BEAS Spanish (Mexican)
Spanish (common in Mexico): habitational name from any of the places in Andalusia named Beas.
BEAUCHAMP English, French
From the name of various places in France, for example in Manche and Somme, which was derived from Old French beu
meaning "fair, lovely" and champ
BEAUFAY French (Rare)
In most cases, this surname is a locational surname that most likely took its name from the village of Beaufay
, which is nowadays located in the Sarthe department of France. The village was called Bello Faeto
during the Early Middle Ages, ultimately deriving its name from Latin bellus fagus
(or bellum fagetum
) meaning "beautiful beech tree(s)" or "beautiful beech woodland"... [more]
Variation of Buford
. It is derived from the French word "beau
", meaning "beautiful", and "ford
", an Old English word meaning "river crossing".
Habitational name from any of various places in France named Beauregard for their fine view or fine aspect, for example in Ain, Dordogne, Drôme, Lot, and Puy-de-Dôme, from beau
"fair, lovely" and regard
Variant of Beauregard
used by one of the main characters in Roald Dahl's "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory" as well as its film and broadway adaptations.
BEAUSÉJOUR French (Rare)
Literally means "beautiful sojourn", derived from French beau
"beautiful, nice, fine" and French séjour
"sojourn, short stay". As such, this surname is most likely a locational surname, in that it originally referred to a scenic place to sojourn in... [more]
From French place names derived from "beautiful sight".
From the surname of Simone de Beauvoir (1908-1986), a French feminist and philosopher.
Shortened form of Becherer
as well as a surname given to for someone who distilled or worked with pitch, in which case it is derived from Middle High German bech / pech
A famous bearer of this surname was Sidney Bechet (1897–1959), an American jazz saxophonist, clarinetist, and composer.
BECHMANN German (Rare)
Surname denoting someone who worked with pitch, from Middle High German bech / pech
"pitch" and man
, a suffix which can mean "man" or simply be used as a name suffix.
Occupational name for a maker or user of mattocks or pickaxes, from an agent derivative of Old English becca
An Old English name simply meaning "beehive". Famous Irish playwrite Samuel Beckett bears this name.
This surname was taken from an English habitational name from any of the various places, in Kent, Oxfordshire, and Sussex, named Beckley whose name was derived from the Old English byname Becca
and the Old English lēah
"woodland clearing".... [more]
BECKWITH English (African)
Habitational name from a place in West Yorkshire named Beckwith, from Old English bece "beech" + Old Norse viðr "wood" (replacing the cognate Old English wudu).
A notable bearer was French scientist Henri Becquerel (1852-1908) who discovered radioactivity. A becquerel (Bq), the SI unit for radioactivity, is named after him.
BECRAFT English (American)
English, variant of Beecroft. topographic name for someone who lived at a place where bees were kept, from Middle English bee ‘bee’ + croft ‘paddock’, ‘smallholding’.
From the English county Bedfordshire and its principal city or from a small community in Lancashire with the same name. The name comes from the Old English personal name Beda
, a form of the name Bede
and the location element -ford
meaning "a crossing at a waterway." Therefore the name indicates a water crossing once associated with a bearer of the medieval name.
An English habitational surname from a place so named near Nuneaton, in Warwickshire, derived most likely from the Old English personal name Baeda
), suffixed with worþ
, 'enclosure', denoting an enclosed area of land belonging to Baeda.
From Middle English be meaning "bee", Old English beo, hence a nickname for an energetic or active person or a metonymic occupational name for a beekeeper.
BEEDEN English (British)
Probably means "from Beeden", a village near Newbury in Berkshire. Ultimately coming from either Old English byden
, meaning "shallow valley", or from the pre 7th century personal name Bucge
with the suffix dun
, meaning "hill of Bucge".
BEEKMAN German, Anglo-Saxon
This name derives from the pre 5th century Olde German and later Anglo-Saxon word "bah" or "baecc". This word describes a stream, or as a name specifically someone who lived or worked by a stream.
BEER English, German, Dutch, German (Swiss)
Habitational name from any of the forty or so places in southwestern England called Beer(e) or Bear(e). Most of these derive their names from the West Saxon dative case, beara, of Old English bearu ‘grove’, ‘wood’ (the standard Old English dative bearwe being preserved in Barrow)... [more]
BEETHOVEN Dutch, Flemish
Combination of beeth
'beetroot' and hoven
, the plural of Hof
, meaning 'farm'. Beethoven is therefore 'beetroot farms'. There is a village named Betthoven in the province of Liège.
Nickname for a practical joker, from Italian beffa
Probably from French béguin
"(male) Beguin", referring to a member of a particular religious order active in the 13th century, and derived from the surname of Lambert le Bègue, the mid-12th-century priest responsible for starting it... [more]
The surname Behar is of Hebrew origin and is the surname of Moroccan French runner Abdellah Behar (Born 1963)
From the German male personal name Behn
, a shortened form of Bernhard
. A famous bearer was the English novelist and dramatist Aphra Behn (1640-1689).
Habitational name for someone from either of two places called Behringen, near Soltau and in Thuringia, or from Böhringen in Württemberg.
BEIFONG Popular Culture
Surname of Toph from the American TV show "Avatar: The Last Airbender". Could be derived from the Chinese word "北方 (Běifāng)" meaning "north".
The name Beijering Probably comes from the other but wider spread Dutch surname, Meijering. There is'nt much info I was able to find about both surnames except that there are many diferent forms of the surname like: Beije, Beijerink, Beijeringh, Beijer, Meijer, Meijerink, Meijeringh, etc... [more]
This famous surname, one of the earliest recorded in history, and recorded in over two hundred spellings from Benedicte, Benech and Bennet, to Banish, Beinosovitch and Vedyasov, derives from the Roman personal name "Benedictus", meaning blessed.
This indicates familial origin within the Greater Polish village of Bekanówka.
BEKHTI Arabic (Maghrebi)
Derived from Arabic بخت (bakht)
"fortune, chance" (see the Persian name Bakhtiar
); mainly found in Algeria. A notable bearer is Leïla
Bekhti (1984-), a French actress of Algerian origin.
bekker is a regional form of Dutch bakker which means Baker
It indicates familial origin within the eponymous Andalusian municipality with the coordinates 38°34′31″N 5°10′02″W.
Occupational name from Yiddish be(he)lfer
Means "beautiful (as a) flower", derived from Italian bel
"beautiful" combined with Italian fiore
"flower". Two Italian sources claim that this surname was derived from the medieval masculine given name Belfiore
(which has of course the same meaning), but I can find no evidence that this was an actual given name in medieval Italy... [more]
Aristocratic surname from French
, meaning "beautiful grove"; comes from a place name in Leicestershire. A famous namesake is British polar explorer Belgrave Ninnis, who perished in Antarctica on a 1912 expedition.
BELHADJ Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of the pilgrim", from Arabic حَاجّ (ḥājj)
meaning "pilgrim" (chiefly Algerian and Tunisian). It mainly refers to a Muslim who has embarked on the Hajj to Mecca.
Derived from Russian белый (belyy)
meaning "white, fair".
Either a nickname from Czech bílý ‘white’ or a derivative of the female personal name Běla (which also means ‘white’), denoting the son or husband of a woman so named.
Metronymic from the Yiddish female personal name Beyle meaning ‘beautiful’ (related to French belle).
BELINSKY Russian, Jewish
Habitational surname for someone from Belin
in Ukraine, which may be derived from Proto-Slavic *bělъ
Patronymic from the nickname Belka
meaning "squirrel" (a derivative of bely
"white", referring to the animal's white stomach).
From the place name Bellaria, in Milan, Veneto, Piedmont and Sicily, these homonyms widespread throughout Italy.
Name came from the son of a French Noble born in Leicestershire, England. Hamon Bellers took his last name after the Kirby Bellers (Bellars) which was the name of the land given to him by his father.
BELLUMUS Late Roman
Means "beautiful man" derived from the elements bellus
"beautiful" and homo
Name of Italian origin meaning "beautiful world". Famous bearers of the name are the French actor Jean-Paul Belmondo (1933-) and the Italian cross-country skier, twice Olympic champion and four times World champion Stefania Belmondo (1969-).