Submitted Surnames Starting with B

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Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
BELOV Russian
Derived from the word "Bely", meaning "white".
BELOVA Russian
Feminine counterpart of Belov.
BELOVUK Serbian
Means "white wolf" in Serbian.
BELRIO Spanish
From the Spanish word meaning "beautiful river".
BELYAKOV Russian
Derived from the Russian word belyak meaning "white rabbit".... [more]
BELYAKOVA Russian
Derived from the Russian word belyak meaning "white rabbit".... [more]
BELZER German
Occupational name for a furrier, from an agent derivative of Middle High German bel(li)z "fur"
BELZER Jewish
Habitational name for someone from Belz in Ukraine.
BEŁZOWSKI Polish
This indicates familial origin within the Lesser Polish village of Bełzów.
BEN Arabic (Maghrebi)
Maghrebi variant of Arabic بْن (bn), a form of اِبْن (ibn) meaning "son (of), offspring". It is often used as a prefix for other Maghrebi patronymic names (such as Benali "son of Ali" or Ben Amor "son of Amor").
BÉNA Hungarian
Nickname from béna ‘lame’, or from a pet form of Benedek.
BENA Italian
From a reduced form of the medieval personal name Benenato.
BEN-AHARON Hebrew
Means "son of Aaron" in Hebrew.
BEN AHMED Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Ahmed"; predominantly used in Tunisia.
BENAÏSSA Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Aïssa" in Arabic (chiefly Algerian and Moroccan).
BEN ALI Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Ali (1)" in Arabic (chiefly Tunisian). A notable bearer is Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (1936-), the second President of Tunisia.
BENALI Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Ali"; used in Algeria and Morocco.
BEN AMOR Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Umar" in Arabic, chiefly used in Tunisia.
BENANTI Italian
From a derivative of Bene, a short form of the various omen names formed with this element (from Latin bene ‘well’), such as Benedetto, Benvenuto, etc.
BEN ARI Hebrew
Means "son of Ari (1)" in Hebrew.
BEN ASHER Hebrew
Means "son of Asher" in Hebrew.
BENAVIDES Spanish
Patronymic name from the Medieval personal name Ben Avid, of Arabic origin, derived from ibn Abd meaning "son of the servant of God".
BENAYOUN Judeo-Spanish, Northern African
Moroccan Jewish surname meaning "son of Ayoun", based off of an Amazigh (Berber) transcription of the Hebrew personal name Chayyim.
BEN BRAHIM Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Brahim" in Arabic (chiefly Maghrebi).
BENBRAHIM Arabic (Maghrebi)
Variant of Ben Brahim (chiefly Moroccan and Algerian).
BENDA Czech
Benda is short form from names Benjamin or Benedikt.
BEN DAVID Hebrew
Means "son of David" in Hebrew.
BEN DAYAN Hebrew
Means "son of Dayan (a judge)" in Hebrew.
BENDER German, German (East Prussian)
As a German surname, Bender is a regional occupational surname from the Rhineland area denoting a "barrel-maker" (the Standard German Fassbinder became "Fassbender" in the local dialects and ultimately was shortened to Bender).... [more]
BEN DOR Hebrew
Means “son of Dor” in Hebrew.
BENDTSDATTER Danish (Archaic), Norwegian (Archaic)
Strictly feminine patronymic for Bendt.
BENDY American
A notable example of this surname is Anthony Bendy
BENEDICT English
Of Latin origin. Due to an early association as a saint's name and a papal name, often said to mean "blessed." Originally the Latin elements are 'bene-' meaning "good" or as an adverb "well" plus '-dict,' meaning "spoken." Thus, the literal meaning is "well spoken." ... [more]
BENEDICTSON English
English surname meaning "Son of Benedict"
BENEFIEL French (Modern, Rare)
Meaning: Bean field
BENELLI Italian
The distinguished surname Benelli originated in an area of Italy, known as the Papal States. Although people were originally known only by a single name, it became necessary for people to adapt a second name to identify themselves as populations grew and travel became more frequent... [more]
BEN EZRA Hebrew
Means "son of Ezra" in Hebrew.
BENFARÈS Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Farès" in Arabic (chiefly Algerian and Moroccan).
BENGTSON English, Swedish
Variant of the Swedish surname Bengtsson.
BEN HADJ Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of the pilgrim"; the title Hadj refers to a Muslim who has successfully completed the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. This surname is mainly found in Tunisia.
BEN HAIM Hebrew
Means "son of Chayyim" in Hebrew.
BENHAIM Judeo-Spanish, Northern African
Variant of Ben Haim used by Jews in North Africa.
BENHASSI Arabic (Maghrebi)
A notable bearer is Hasna Benhassi (1978-), a retired Moroccan middle-distance runner.
BEN HASSINE Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Husayn" in Arabic (chiefly Tunisian).
BEN ISRAEL Hebrew
Means "son of Israel" in Hebrew.
BENJAMIN English
From the given name Benjamin.
BEN JEDDOU Arabic (Maghrebi)
Meaning uncertain; primarily used in Tunisian Arabic.
BENJELLOUN Arabic (Maghrebi)
From a Moroccan surname of Andalusian origin and unknown meaning.
BEN KHALIFA Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Khalifa" (primarily used for Tunisian and Algerian Arabic).
BENKIRANE Arabic (Maghrebi)
From Arabic بْن (bn) meaning "son" combined with كِيرَان (kīrān) meaning "forges, furnaces", possibly denoting descent of a blacksmith or metalworker (chiefly Moroccan).
BENKOWSKI Polish
Polish Origin
BEN LARBI Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Larbi" in Arabic (primarily Tunisian and Moroccan).
BEN MANSOUR Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Mansour" (chiefly Tunisian).
BEN MENACHEM Hebrew
Means "son of Menachem" in Hebrew.
BEN MOHAMED Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Mohamed" (chiefly Maghrebi).
BEN MOSHE Hebrew
Means "son of Moshe" in Hebrew.
BENMOUSSA Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Moussa" in Arabic.
BENNANI Arabic (Maghrebi)
Meaning unknown; mainly found in Morocco. A notable bearer is Princess Lalla Salma of Morocco (1978–), born as Salma Bennani.
BEN NATAN Hebrew
Means "son of Natan" in Hebrew. (see Nathan)
BENNETTSON English
Means 'Son of Bennett'.
BENNI Italian
"son of Benno". From Bennus.
BENNING German
From the Germanic name Berno, which was derived from Old German "bero", meaning bear.
BENNINGFIELD English, Anglo-Saxon
Benningfield is believed to be either ... [more]
BENNINGTON English
Habitational name from either of two places called Benington, in Hertfordshire and Lincolnshire, or from Long Bennington in Lincolnshire. The first is recorded in Domesday Book as Benintone "farmstead or settlement (Old English tūn) by the Beane river"; both Lincolnshire names are derived from the Old English personal name Beonna combined with -ing-, a connective particle denoting association, and tūn.
BENNOUNA Arabic (Maghrebi)
Meaning unknown, most likely of Arabic origin (chiefly Moroccan).
BENOIT French
From the given name BENOIT.
BENRAMDANE Arabic (Maghrebi)
Variant of Ben Romdhane (chiefly Algerian).
BEN ROMDHANE Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Ramadan" in Arabic (chiefly Tunisian).
BENS Dutch, German
Patronymic from a short form of Bernhard.
BEN SAID Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Sa'id", mainly used in Tunisia.
BENSAÏD Arabic (Maghrebi), Judeo-Spanish
Means "son of Sa'id" in Arabic and Hebrew, used in Morocco and Algeria.
BENSALEM Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Salem" in Arabic (chiefly Algerian).
BENSEN English
Related to Benson, meaning "Son of Ben"
BEN SHALOM Hebrew
Means "son of peace" in Hebrew.
BEN SHIMON Hebrew
Means "son of Shimon" in Hebrew.
BEN SHUSHAN Hebrew
Means "son of the lily" in Hebrew.
BEN SIMON Hebrew
Means "son of Simon" or "son of Shimon" in Hebrew.
BENSIMON Judeo-Spanish, Northern African
Variant of Ben Simon used by Jews in North Africa.
BENSLIMANE Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Slimane" in Arabic (chiefly Moroccan and Algerian).
BENSOUSSAN Judeo-Spanish, Northern African
Maghrebi Jewish surname meaning "son of Shoshannah".
BENTALEB Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Taleb" in Arabic (chiefly Moroccan and Algerian).
BENTHAM English
Habitational name from any of various places named Bentham, from Old English beonet "bent grass" + ham "homestead" or hamm "enclosure hemmed in by water".
BENTS German
Variant of Benz.
BEN TZVI Hebrew
Means "son of Tzvi" in Hebrew.
BENWARE French
Americanized spelling of BENOIT.
BEN YA'AKOV Hebrew
Means "son of Yaakov" or "son of Jacob" in Hebrew.
BEN YAHIA Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Yahia" in Arabic (chiefly Tunisian).
BEN YAIR Hebrew
Means “son of Yair” in Hebrew.
BENYAMINA Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Yamina" in Arabic (chiefly Algerian).
BEN YOSEF Hebrew
Means "son of Yosef" in Hebrew.
BENYOUCEF Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Youcef (see Joseph)"; mainly found in Algeria.
BEN YOUNES Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Younes" in Arabic (chiefly Tunisian).
BEN YOUSSEF Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means "son of Youssef"; mainly used in Tunisia.
BENZ German
South German: (in Alemannic areas) from a short form of the Germanic personal name Berthold, or to a lesser extent of Bernhard
BEN ZAIED Arabic (Maghrebi)
Means “son of Zayd” in Arabic (chiefly Tunisian).
BEN ZAKEN Hebrew
Means "son of the old man" in Hebrew. (see Zaken)
BEN ZE'EV Hebrew
Means "son of Ze'ev" in Hebrew.
BENZEMA Arabic (Maghrebi)
This is the surname of French professional footballer Karim Benzema who is of Algerian descent.
BEN ZION Hebrew
Means "son of Zion" in Hebrew.
BEQIRAJ Albanian
Meaning unknown.... [more]
BERA Turkish, Arabic
Means "knowledgeable, smart, beautiful".
BERASTEGI Basque
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous municipality.
BERÁSTEGUI Basque (Spanish)
Castilianized form of Berastegi.
BERBER German
Possibly a habitational name from a place called Berber near Kevelaer.
BERBERIĆ Bosnian
Occupational name for a barber, from berber(in) meaning "barber", from Turkish.
BERCOVICI Romanian
Romanian form of Berkovich.
BERENTZEN German
The surname is derived from the given name Bernd and was formerly written "Bernd sin Sohn" which meant "son of Bernd". The spelling Berentzen developped through the years.
BERESFORD English
English: habitational name from a place in the parish of Alstonfield, Staffordshire named Beresford, from Old English beofor ‘beaver’ (or possibly from a byname from this word) + Old English ford ‘ford’... [more]
BERETHNET Literature
Used by Samantha Shannon in her book The Priory Of The Orange Tree as the surname of the queens of Inys, a fictional queendom in the book.... [more]
BERETTA Italian
Northern Italian variant spelling of Berretta.
BERGAMIN Italian
Traced to 1437, Bergamo. A 'bergamini' was known as a person famrmed and sold milk cows
BERGARA Basque
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous municipality.
BERGDAHL Swedish
Combination of Swedish berg "mountain, hill" and dal "valley".
BERGDORF German
Origin unidentified. Possibly a German habitational name from places in Hamburg and Lower Saxony called Bergedorf, Bargdorf in Lower Saxony, or Bergsdorf in Brandenburg.
BERGERON French (Cajun)
Cajun, French Canadian
BERGGREN Swedish
Swedish surname meaning "mountain branch". From berg "mountain" and gren "branch".
BERGH Swedish
Variant of Berg.
BERGHOLD German
Surname that denoted the owner of a vineyard.
BERGHORST German
Topographical name for someone who lived by a wilderness area on a mountain, from Berg 'mountain', 'hill' + Horst 'wilderness' (see Horst).
BERGIN Swedish
Derived from Swedish berg "mountain" and the common surname suffix -in.
BERGKVIST Swedish
Combination of Swedish berg "mountain" and kvist "branch".
BERGLIN Swedish
Combination of Swedish berg "mountain" and the popular surname suffix -in, derived from Latin -inus, -inius meaning "descendant of". The second element could also be derived from Swedish lind "lime tree" or lin "flax, linseed".
BERGLIND Swedish
Combination of Swedish berg "mountain, hill" and lind "linden tree".
BERGMANN German, Swedish (Rare)
German variant of BERG combined with the suffix mann "man".
BERGMARK Swedish
Combination of Swedish berg "mountain, hill" and mark "land, ground, field".
BERGOGLIO Italian
From the name of a village located in the Piedmont province in Italy. A notable bearer is Pope Francis (born Jorge Mario Bergoglio), the current Pope of the Catholic Church.
BERGQVIST Swedish
Variant spelling of Bergkvist.
BERGSMA Dutch
The surname Bergsma had orinally been German. It was then taken over to Holland possibly in the sixteenth century.... [more]
BERKELEY English
It is English and it is also a surname.
BERLIN Swedish
Of uncertain origin. The name could be a shortened form of BERGLIN. It could also be a habitational name from the city in Germany or from a place in Sweden named with ber or berg "mountain"... [more]
BERLIN German, English
Habitational name from the city in Germany, the name of which is of uncertain meaning. It is possibly derived from an Old Slavic stem berl- meaning swamp or from a West Slavic word meaning "river lake".
BERLIŃSKI Polish, Jewish
Habitational name for someone from Berlin.
BERMAN Yiddish
It literally means "bearman".
BERN German, Scandinavian, German (Swiss)
German and Scandinavian: from the personal name Berno, a pet form of Bernhard. In South German it comes from the habitational name from Bern, Switzerland, notably in the south; in other parts from the personal name Berno.
BERNADOTTE French, Swedish
Possibly from the name of a historical province in Southern France named Béarn. This was originally a French non-noble surname. French general Jean Baptise Bernadotte (1763-1844) became the king of Sweden as Charles XIV John (Swedish: Karl XIV Johan) in 1818 and founded the current royal house in Sweden, House of Bernadotte.
BERNARDES Portuguese
It means "son of Bernardo".
BERNASCONI Italian
The surname of BERNASCONI is of Italian origin, a locational name meaning the dweller on or near a small hill. The names of habitation are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages, farmsteads or other named habitations... [more]
BERNER English, Norman
From the Norman personal name Bernier from Old English beornan ‘to burn’, hence an occupational name for a burner of lime (compare German Kalkbrenner) or charcoal. It may also have denoted someone who baked bricks or distilled spirits, or who carried out any other manufacturing process involving burning... [more]
BERNER German, Low German
German habitational name, in Silesia denoting someone from a place called Berna (of which there are two examples); in southern Germany and Switzerland denoting someone from the Swiss city of Berne. ... [more]
BERNET French
From a pet form of Bernard.
BERNETT Scottish, English
Altered spelling of Scottish and English Burnett or French Bernet.
BERNFIELD German
An Americanized variant of the German surname, "Bergfeld", meaning "mountain field".
BERNINI Italian
Bernini was the surname of famous sculptor and architect Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598-1680).
BERNIUS German (Latinized), Lithuanian
German-Latinized form of Berner.... [more]
BERNOULLI French
French patronymic surname that was derived from the first name Bernoul (which was probably derived from Bernold or Bernolf).
BERNTSEN Norwegian, Danish
Means "son of BERNT".
BERRETTA Italian
From berretta, originally meaning ‘hooded cloak’ (Latin birrus), later ‘headdress’, ‘bonnet’, hence a metonymic occupational name for a maker of such headgear or a nickname for an habitual wearer.
BERRICK English
Variation of Barwick.
BERROA Basque
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous neighborhood of the municipality of Baigorri in the French canton of Euskal Mendialdea.
BERRYANN Medieval English (Rare)
The name is pre 7th century Olde English and later Olde French. It derives from the word burri or berri, translating as a fortress or castle and means 'one who dwelt at the castle'. The suffix 'man' also indicates that it was job descriptive for a guard or keeper of the castle... [more]
BERRYCLOTH English (Rare)
This name is of English locational origin, from the place called Barrowclough near Halifax in West Yorkshire.
BERSFORD English (Canadian)
Named after the city 'Bersford'... [more]
BERTHOLM Swedish (Rare)
Possibly a combination of the name Bert and holm (see Holm).
BERTIZ Basque
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous neighborhood of the Navarrese municipality of Bertizarana.
BERTOCCHI Italian
Comes from a pet form of the personal name Berto.
BERTRAM German
Derived from the German given name Bertram.
BERTUCCI Italian
Diminutive of BERTO.
BERTUZZI Italian
variant of Bertucci.
BÉRUBÉ French
Habitational name from some minor place named with Old French bel ru "beautiful stream", with the subsequent pleonastic addition of , variant of bel "beautiful".
BERUŠKA Czech
Allegedly derived from Czech beruška "ladybird; ladybug".
BERWALD German, Swedish (Rare), Danish (Rare)
Originally derived from the given name Bernwald, composed of Old High German bern, bero "bear" and wald "ruler". Later altered to Bärwald "bear forest", from German Bär "bear" and Wald "forest"... [more]
BESALÚ Catalan
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous municipality.
BESEMER German
Occupational name meaning "broom maker".
BESHIMOV Kyrgyz
Possibly derived from the given name Beshim. A known bearer is Bakyt Beshimov, the deputy chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan.
BESKE German
Likely derived from Peschke and Peske, vernacular forms of the given name Petrus.
BESKOW Swedish
Derived from the name of the city Beeskow in Germany. A notable bearer was Swedish author and illustrator Elsa Beskow (1874-1953).
BESS English
Popularly grown surname from the diminuative form of "Elizabeth" during any time of a Queen Elizabeth
BESSA Portuguese
Origin in the name Beça surname of medieval ancestry
BESSEL German
Of uncertain origin; possibly from the name of a place or river.
BESSELMAN German
Derived from the German surname BESSEL + suffix man "man".
BESTAUTY Ossetian
Derived from Ossetian бистэ (biste) meaning "village, suburb" or from Persian به (beh) meaning "good, excellent, better". In the case of the former, it would have been used to indicate the place of residence of an ancestor.
BETANCES Spanish, American (Hispanic)
Unexplained; probably related to Betanzos, the name of a town near A Coruña in Galicia.
BETANZOS Galician
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous municipality.
BETETA Spanish
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Manchego municipality.
BETH English
From the given name Beth, itself a short form of Elizabeth and Bethany.
BETHEL English, Welsh (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of Welsh ab Ithel "son of ITHEL".
BETHENCOURT French, English, Portuguese (Rare)
Bettencourt and Bethencourt are originally place-names in Northern France. The place-name element -court (courtyard, courtyard of a farm, farm) is typical of the French provinces, where the Frankish settlements formed an important part of the local population... [more]
BETTENCOURT French, English, Portuguese (Rare)
Bettencourt and Bethencourt are originally place-names in Northern France. The place-name element -court (courtyard, courtyard of a farm, farm) is typical of the French provinces, where the Frankish settlements formed an important part of the local population... [more]
BETZ German
Derived from a Thuringian short form of the personal name Bernhard.
BEVER German
Nickname from bever ‘beaver’, possibly referring to a hard worker, or from some other fancied resemblance to the animal.
BEVIER French (German)
From Old French bevier, meaning "a measure of land". This was probably a nickname for someone who owned or worked such a piece of land. This surname was first found in Austria, where the name Bevier came from humble beginnings but gained a significant reputation for its contribution to the emerging medieval society.
BEVILACQUA Italian
From Italian bevi l'acqua "drinks water", a nickname likely applied ironically to an alcoholic.
BEXLEY English
Habitational name from Bexley (now Bexleyheath in Greater London), which was named from Old English byxe ‘box tree’ + leah ‘woodland clearing’.
BEY French, German, Frisian
North German and Frisian: from the Old Frisian personal name Beyo or Boy/Boye (see Boye).... [more]
BEY Indian (Muslim), Assamese, Turkish, Arabic (Maghrebi)
Derived from the Ottoman Turkish title بك (beg) (modern Turkish bey) meaning "ruler, chief, lord, master".
BEYINCÉ French, Louisiana Creole
Louisiana Creole form of Boyancé.... [more]
BEZOS Spanish
From bezo meaning "thick lips" in Spanish, referring to a person with blubber or thick lips.
BHAER German
Likely a variant of German BAER, meaning "bear". A notable bearer is character Friedrich Bhaer, Jo's husband in Little Women by Louisa May Alcott.
BHAGAT Indian, Nepali, Hindi, Marathi, Gujarati, Bengali, Urdu, Punjabi
Hindu and Jain name derived from Sanskrit भक्त (bhákta) meaning "devotee, adorer".
BHAKTA Sanskrit
From Sanskrit meaning 'devotee'.
BHALLI BHULLA Punjabi (Modern, Rare)
This surname originates from the Punjab. It is a sub-cast of Bhullars Jats. bhalli and bhulla are descendants of Shaheed Baba Khus haal Singh Bhullar , who was a Sikh Empire head Military officer from 1809 to 1835.
BHARUCHA Indian (Parsi)
Refers to the city of Bharuch in Gujarat, India, which is thought to be derived from the name of a figure in Hindu mythology.
BHASIN Indian, Hindi, Punjabi
Believed to be derived from Sanskrit भानु (bhānu) meaning "ray of light" or "sun".
BHATNAGAR Indian, Hindi
A surname native to India, prevalent mainly among the Hindu Kayasthas.
BHATTI Punjabi, Sindhi, Indian
Punjabi Rajput name derived from Sanskrit भट्ट (bhaṭṭa) meaning "lord".
BHAUMIK Bengali, Indian
Variant transcription of Bhowmik.
BHOWMICK Bengali, Indian
Variant transcription of Bhowmik.
BHOWMIK Bengali, Indian
Means "landowner, landlord" in Bengali, ultimately derived from Sanskrit भूमि (bhūmi) "earth, soil, ground".
BHUIYAN Indian, Bengali, Hindi
Variant transcription of Bhuyan.
BHULLAR Punjabi (Latinized, Rare)
Bhullars and Maans are brothers, and the ancient Jat Bhullar and Maan founded the word Jat and first called themselves Jat, hence this is the first founder of Jat words
BHUYAN Indian, Bengali, Assamese, Odia
Means "landlord, chieftain", derived from Sanskrit भूमि (bhū́mi) meaning "earth, soil".
BI Chinese
Probably from the name of a people living to the west of China in ancient times, who integrated with the Han Chinese during the Han dynasty (206 bc–220 ad). The character also means ‘finish’, ‘conclude’.
BIAŁACZOWSKI Polish
This indicates familial origin within the Lesser Polish village of Białaczów.
BIAŁKOWSKI Polish
habitational name for someone from a place called Bialkowo in Plock and Torun voivodeships
BIAN Chinese
Romanization of a Chinese surname, which in Pinyin may be respectively Biàn, Biān or Biǎn. The former, written with the character means "to be impatient", "to be in a hurry" or "excitable" and is by far the most common... [more]
BIANCANIELLO Italian
It means "white ring".... [more]
BIANCHINI Italian
Means "little white one"
BIBER German
Varient of Bieber.
BIBLE English
From the given name BIBEL or an altered spelling of German BIEBL.
BIBYLTY Ossetian
Derived from Georgian ბიბილო (bibilo) meaning "scar" or "crest", used to refer to a person with a distinctive scar on their face.
BICKEL German, German (Swiss), Jewish
German: from bickel ‘pickaxe’ or ‘chisel’, hence a metonymic occupational name for someone who made pickaxes or worked with a pickaxe or for a stonemason. South German: from a pet form of Burkhart... [more]