Submitted names are contributed by users of this website. The accuracy of these name definitions cannot be guaranteed.
Brandybuck is the surname of Meriadoc, a young Hobbit in J.R.R. Tolkien's "The Lord of the Rings." Possibly derived from the Brandywine
River, which in turn is derived from Sindarin Baranduin
, "Brown River"... [more]
Originally taken from the Welsh place name Brecknock
. Medieval settlers brought this name to Ireland.
A combination of Swedish brant
"steep hill" and the suffix -ing
. A famous bearer was Hjalmar
Branting (1860–1925), Prime Minister of Sweden in the 1920s.
BRAS Dutch, Low German
Dutch and North German: from Old French and Middle Dutch bras ‘arm’. This was probably a descriptive nickname for someone with some peculiarity of the arm, but the word was also used as a measure of length, and may also have denoted a surveyor.
French and English (of both Norman and Huguenot origin): occupational name for a brewer, from Old French brasser
‘to brew’. See also Brasher
Derived from Old Norse broti
"land cleared for cultivation by burning". This was a common farm name in southeastern Norway.
Place-name derived from the Old Norse
words for a "broad clearing".
BRATTÉN Swedish (Rare)
Composed of the personal name Bratt
and the common surname suffix -én
(ultimately from Latin -enius
BRATTEN Scottish (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of the Gaelic surname Mac an Bhreatnaich ‘son of the Briton’, originally denoting a Strathclyde Welsh-speaking Briton. It was applied in Ireland also to people from Brittany.
BRAUNERSHRITHER German, Dutch, English
This name mean Leather (Tanned) Knight, or a fighter of leather armor, or in Dutch, Leather writer, one who branded print on leather
BRAVO Spanish, Portuguese
From a Spanish and Portuguese nickname for a fierce or violent man (from Spanish and Portuguese bravo
"fierce, violent"). This surname was borne by Charles Bravo (1845-1876), a British lawyer and possible murder victim.
Derived from the Old Norse name breithr meaning "broad", or the Old Norse personal name Breithi, combined with the Old English suffix tun
meaning "town, farmstead".
From a medieval nickname for someone who had achieved notable success in jousts or in battle. Nicholas Breakspear (?1100-1159) was the original name of Pope Hadrian IV, the only English pope.
From a short form of any of various personal names formed with Germanic element berth
" bright" "famous".
Habitational name from any of various minor places, for example Brede in Sussex, named with Old English brǣdu
"breadth, broad place" (a derivative of brād
Probably from a medieval nickname for a likable or popular person (from Middle English breden
"to produce" + love
). This surname is borne by Craig Breedlove (1937-), US land-speed record holder.
From Middle High German breit
meaning "broad". a nickname for a stout or fat person.
Derived from the name of a town called "Britz" in Germany + the suffix "mann" for man.
The surname is derived from the old English word brasian, meaning to make out of brass. This would indicate that the original bearer of the name was a brass founder by trade. The name is also derived from the old English Broesian which means to cast in brass and is the occupational name for a worker in brass.
BRETON French, English
French and English: ethnic name for a Breton, from Old French bret
(oblique case breton
) (see Brett
French: nickname from Old French bref ‘small’ + the derogatory suffix -ard.... [more]
Habitational name from any of several farms named Brevik, from Norwegian bred
"broad" and vik
BREYETTE English (American)
Of uncertain origin and meaning. First found in the United States around 1880. Self-taught artist Michael Breyette is a bearer of this surname
This surname originates from the province of Cuneo in the Piedmont region of Italy. It is probably derived from Piedmontese brijador
meaning "postilion, coachman", which itself is ultimately derived from Piedmontese bria
meaning "bridles, reins".... [more]
BRIGGS English, Flemish
This surname is a variant of the more common name Bridges
, which, contrary to appearances, has two possible origins, one the perhaps obvious English topographical or occupational one, and the other locational, from Belgium... [more]
From a Middle English nickname or personal name, meaning "bright, fair, pretty", from Old English beorht
Habitational name from a place in England so named. From Old English berned
"burnt" and leah
BRINER German (Swiss)
Habitational name for someone from Brin in Grison canton (Graubünden) or from the Brin valley.
Not sure about the origin, but after researches, roughly could say it's from "Breton" origins. Mostly used in north/northwest of Italy (Genova, Mantova and surroundings.
English locational surname, taken from the town of the same name in Norfolk. The name means "settlement belonging to Brun" - the personal name coming from the Old English
word for "fire, flame".
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous Riojan municipality.
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous neighborhood of the Castilian municipality of Merindad de Valdeporres.
Broadus is the surname of rapper Snoop Dogg born Cordozar Calvin Broadus Jr
North German topographic name for someone who lived by a swamp, from Middle Low German brook bog
+ the suffix -er denoting an inhabitant.
German in origin, in heraldry a "brock" is represented by a badger. It could mean wet/water and man. It also has been said to mean broker.
This indicates familial origin within the eponymous parish of the municipality of Agolada in the Comarca of O Deza.
Likely composed of Swedish bro
"bridge" and the common surname suffix -én
(ultimately derived from Latin -enius
BRODERICK Irish, Welsh, English
Surname which comes from two distinct sources. As a Welsh surname it is derived from ap Rhydderch
meaning "son of Rhydderch
". As an Irish surname it is an Anglicized form of Ó Bruadair
meaning "descendent of Bruadar"... [more]
Habitational name derived from a number of places, including Bohemia.
Habitational name for someone from a place called for example Brudzyń (formerly Brodzino) in Konin voivodeship, or Brodna in Piła voivodeship.
BROFLOVSKI Popular Culture
Kyle Broflovski (sometimes spelled Kyle Broflovski, Broslovski, Broslofski, Brovlofski or Broflofski) is a main character in the animated television series South Park.
From the name of a place in West Yorkshire meaning "valley brook", from Old English broc
"brook" and denu
Composed of Swedish bro
"bridge" and the common surname suffix -in
(ultimately derived from Latin -inus
Habitational name from any of the many places so called in England. Most of them derived from Old English brom
"broom" and leah
Habitational name from any of several places called Broniki or Bronikowo, in Konin, Leszczno, Piła, and Sieradz provinces.
BROOK German, Dutch
Topographic name for someone who lived by a water meadow or marsh, from Low German brook
, Dutch broek
A surname well represented in Cheshire, and Nottinghamshire.
From a place name meaning "gorse field", from Old English brom
"gorse" and feld
"field, open country".
BROPHY Irish (Anglicized)
Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Bróithe ‘descendant of Bróth’, a personal name or byname of unknown origin. Also Anglicized as Broy.
Habitational name from any of the many places so called in England. The first name element is derived from Old English broc
"fortress", or beorg
"castle". The second element is derived from Old English tun
Dutch occupational name for a brewer of beer or ale, Middle Dutch brouwer
Possibly means "brewer; brewers" relating to one who brews beer.
Topographic name for someone who lived by a marsh or a stream that frequently flooded, from Middle High German bruoch
"water meadow" or "marsh" (cognate to old English broc
"brook", "stream" cf... [more]
Topographic name for someone who lived near a bridge, or an occupational name for a bridge keeper or toll collector on a bridge, from Middle High German bruck(e)
From Polish, Belorussian, or Yiddish bruk
"pavement", possibly an occupational name for a paver.
From Polish brukarz
or Yiddish bruk
"pavement", possibly an occupational name for a paver.
Topographic name for someone living by a bridge or an occupational name for a bridge toll collector; a variant of Bruck
with the addition of the suffix -ner.
From a byname meaning "brother", occasionally used for a younger son, i.e. the brother of someone important, or for a guild member.
BRUECKNER German, German (Silesian)
German (Brückner): from Middle Low German brugge, Middle High German brugge, brücke, brügge ‘bridge’ + the agent suffix -ner, hence a topographic name for someone living by a bridge, an occupational name for a bridge toll collector, or in the southeast (Silesia for example) a bridge keeper or repairer... [more]
BRUEGGEMANN Low German, German
North German (Brüggemann): topographic name for someone who lived near a bridge or a metonymic occupational name for a bridge keeper or street paver, Middle Low German brüggeman (see Bruckman
This is my 2nd great uncle's wife's Surname of German ancestry.
BRUGGER German, American
South German variant or Americanized spelling of North German Brügger (see Bruegger
). habitational name for someone from any of various (southern) places called Bruck or Brugg in Bavaria and Austria.
BRUGMAN Dutch, Swiss
Dutch: topographic name for someone who lived near a bridge or a metonymic occupational name for a bridge keeper, from Dutch brugge ‘bridge’ (see Bridge
); in some cases, it is a habitational name for someone from the Flemish city of Bruges
), meaning ‘bridges’... [more]
BRUMBY Australian (Rare), English
English habitational name from a place in Lincolnshire named Brumby, from the Old Norse personal name Brúni
or from Old Norse brunnr
‘well’ + býr
BRUNETTE French (Quebec)
Variant of Brunet, reflecting the French Canadian pattern of pronouncing the final -t, which is not pronounced in metropolitan French.
First found in Languedoc, France, possibly meaning "brown."
BRUSH Scottish (Rare)
Quite literally means "brush". Might derive from the Scottish Gaelic word bhrus
which means "brush", or the Latin root br
which means "explained". Was a nickname for those described to 'look like a brush'(i.e. hair that sticks up, thin with a big head, etc.)
Habitational surname for someone from a place called Brus.
This unusual surname is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and was originally given either as a topographical name to someone who lived by a briar patch, deriving from the Olde English pre 7th Century "braer, brer", Middle English "brer", prickly thorn-bush, or as a nickname to a prickly individual, "sharp as brere" (Chaucer), from the same word applied in a transferred sense.
This last name is Polish because it's got Z's in them and also it ends with "ski" which is a Polish last name.
Topographic name from brzoza meaning ‘birch tree’.
This indicates familial origin within the Greater Polish village of Brzozogaj.
Habitational name for someone from a place named with brzoza meaning "birch tree", for example Brzozowa, Brzozowice, or Brzozowo.
This indicates familial origin within the Masovian village of Brzumin.
The name came originally from France. An officer of Napoleon Bonaparte during the French Russian war, in 1812 stayed in Poland and married. One of his sons, became a regional Judge and large land owner in the Belarus area of Poland... [more]
Topographic name for someone who lived by a beech tree or beech wood, from Middle High German buoche
, or a habitational name from any of the numerous places so named with this word, notably in Bavaria and Württemberg... [more]
This indicates familial origin within the Lesser Polish village of Buchcice.
Meaning "beech" and denoting someone who lived near beech trees.
Upper German surname denoting someone who lived by a beech tree or beech wood, derived from Middle High German buoche
Habitational name from the former county seat of the county of Buckinghamshire, Old English Buccingahamm
"water meadow (Old English hamm
) of the people of (-inga-
Habitational name from any of the many places in southern England (including nine in Devon) named Buckland, from Old English boc
"book" and land
"land", i.e. land held by right of a written charter, as opposed to folcland
, land held by right of custom.
Occupational name for a goatherd (Middle English bukkeman
) or scholar (Old English bucman
"book man"). It could also be a shortened form of BUCKINGHAM
or a variant of BUCKNAM
A ancient Romanian name of Dacian origin. It means "happy". A legendary Romanian shepherd named Bucur it is said to have founded Bucharest, the present capital or Romania, giving his name to it (The Romanian city name is Bucureşti).
Originated from the Old English personal name Budda, from the word budda
, which means "beetle" or "to swell." Specifically of Celtic Welsh origin.
Nickname from Norman French buge
"mouth" (Late Latin bucca
), applied either to someone with a large or misshapen mouth or to someone who made excessive use of his mouth, i.e. a garrulous, indiscreet, or gluttonous person... [more]
From Japanese 武 (bu) meaning "military, martial" combined with 堂 (dou) meaning "temple, shrine" or from 武道 (budou) meaning "Japanese martial arts".
It is believed to mean "The Blessed One" or "Bless You" in Russian.
BUELTER German, English
Middle European variant of Butler, also meaning "a vat or large trough used to contain wine." The name originated in southern Germany in the mid-seventeenth century.
generally an approving (or ironic) nickname, from Spanish bueno ‘good’.
North German: status name for the mayor or chief magistrate of a town, from Middle Low German bur
‘inhabitant, dweller’, ‘neighbor’, ‘peasant’, ‘citizen’ + mester
Habitational name from any of numerous places called Bugaj.
Possibly derived from Maltese abjad
meaning "white", ultimately from Arabic أَبْيَض (ʾabyaḍ)
From the Old Norse nickname Buggi
, literally "fat man", or from a medieval nickname for an eccentric or strangely behaved person (from Middle English bugge
Means "father of rocks" from Arabic أَبُو (ʾabū)
meaning "father of" and حِجَارَة (ḥijāra)
This indicates familial origin within either of 2 eponymous municipalities: the Castilian one in El Campo de Gómara or the Manchego municipality of Buitrago del Lozoya in Sierra Norte, Comunidad de Madrid.
Habitational name for someone from a place called Bujnowo or Bujnow, named with bujny ‘luxuriant’, ‘bushy’, ‘fertile’.